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Encyclopedia > Powered armor
It has been suggested that the section Exoskeletons in modern and near-future technology from the article Exoskeleton be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)
Conceptual drawing of an exoskeleton produced by the U.S Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
Conceptual drawing of an exoskeleton produced by the U.S Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

Powered armor (also mechanized, battle, personal armor and suits) is a military/science fiction concept referring to a type of armored self-powered exoskeleton that is typically intended for use in battle, construction and survival in dangerous environments. Because the great weight of such a suit would be impractical for a human to wear without assistance, such suits are typically portrayed as providing enhanced strength and mobility to their wearers by some means (be it hydraulics, artificial muscle fibers, or anti-gravity), enabling them to move around while wearing the suit as though unencumbered. One can consider modern spacesuits and hard diving suits to be a very early type of unarmed powered armor. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... An exoskeleton, in contrast to an endoskeleton, is an external anatomical feature that supports and protects an animals body. ... An exoskeleton, in contrast to an endoskeleton, is an external anatomical feature that supports and protects an animals body. ... Image File history File links Exoskeleton. ... The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Alternative meanings: vehicle armour, Armor (novel) A hoplite wearing a helmet, a breastplate and greaves (and nothing else). ... // Mechanical power In physics, power (symbol: P) is the amount of work W done per unit of time t. ... An exoskeleton, in contrast to an endoskeleton, is an external anatomical feature that supports and protects an animals body. ... The Battle of Waterloo by William Sadler. ... Cranes are essential in large construction projects, such as this skyscraper Construction on the North Bytown Bridge in Ottawa, Canada. ... In the physical sciences, weight is the interaction of matter with a gravitational field. ... Binomial name Homo sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies Homo sapiens idaltu(extinct) Homo sapiens sapiens Homo (genus). ... Hydraulics is a branch of science and engineering concerned with the mechanical properties of liquids. ... A kinemassic field generator from U.S. Patent 3,626,605: Method and apparatus for generating a secondary gravitational force field Anti-gravity is a hypothetical means of countering or otherwise modifying the effects of gravity, typically in the context of spacecraft propulsion. ... Apollo 15 space suit A spacesuit is a complex system of garments, equipment, and environmental systems designed to keep a person alive and comfortable in the harsh environment of outer space. ... Two divers, one wearing a 1 atmosphere diving suit and the other standard diving dress, preparing to explore the wreck of the RMS Lusitania, 1935. ...


In most portrayals of powered armor, the suit is usually not much larger than a human. In fact, it is more accurately described as a battlesuit with mechanical and electronic mechanisms designed to augment the wearer's abilities. In addition to the benefits provided by the exoskeleton, other popular features include internal life support for hostile environments, protection from environmental hazards such as radiation and vacuum, weapons targeting systems, firearms affixed directly to the suit itself, and transportation mechanisms that allow the wearer to fly, make giant leaps, or speed by on ground. All of these systems are usually powered by some on-board, self-sufficient power source. Masamune Shirow's Landmates in Appleseed used simple internal combustion engines installed into the thigh assembly of the armor. Still, more fantastic power sources have been introduced; in Halo and Halo 2, the Master Chief's MJOLNIR armor is powered by minituarized fusion reactors. Similarly, in Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within, the suits are powered by single-celled organisms cultured in Ovo Packs. Life support, in the medical field, refers to a set of therapies for preserving a patients life when essential body systems are not functioning sufficiently to sustain life unaided. ... The natural environment comprises all living and non-living things that occur naturally on Earth. ... Radiation has a variety of different meanings. ... For other uses, see vacuum cleaner and Vacuum (musical group). ... The bayonet, still used in war as both knife and spearpoint. ... A fire-control system is a computer, often mechanical, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target. ... An assortment of modern firearms using fixed ammunition, including military assult rifles, a sporting shotgun (fourth from bottom), and a tactical shotgun (third from bottom). ... Masamune Shirow (士郎 正宗 Shirō Masamune) is a manga artist of international renown. ... Promotional poster for Appleseed (2004) Appleseed (Japanese: アップルシ-ド) is a science fiction manga created by Masamune Shirow which, like much of his work, merges elements of the cyberpunk and mecha genres with a heavy dosage of politics, philosophy, and sociology. ... Halo around the sun at the South Pole (NOAA) A halo (also known as a nimbus or Gloriole) is a ring of light that surrounds an object. ... Halo 2 is the sequel to the blockbuster and critically-acclaimed Halo: Combat Evolved, and features a newly built game engine and the Havok physics engine, new weapons and vehicles, new multiplayer maps, and a storyline that continues the story begun in Halo: Combat Evolved. ... Master Chief SPARTAN 117 (John) This article is about the main character in the Halo video game series. ... Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within is a science fiction movie by Hironobu Sakaguchi, the creator of the Final Fantasy series of video games. ...


Japanese animation (anime) and comics (manga) often feature powered armor in the mecha subgenre; both the subgenre and the suits are called "mecha". Most mecha are not human-enhancing exoskeletons so much as human-operated robots, although there are some exceptions to the rule. The distinction between smaller mecha and their smaller cousins (and likely progenitors), the powered armor suits, is blurred; according to one definition, a mecha is piloted while a powered armor is worn. Anything large enough to have a cockpit where the pilot is seated is generally considered a mecha. Masamune Shirow's "Landmates" are featured prominently in Appleseed and Bubblegum Crisis, and are an example of powered armor that is worn. Conversely, the "Armored Trooper" of Armored Trooper VOTOMS are an example of piloted powered armor-sized mecha. Animation is the illusion of motion created by the consecutive display of images of static elements. ... A scene from Cowboy Bebop (1998) Anime (アニメ) is a style of animation originating in Japan. ... // Controversy regarding the terminology Note: Although it takes the form of a plural noun, the common usage when referring to comics Scholars disagree on the definition of comics; some claim its printed format is crucial, some emphasize the interdependence of image and text, and others its sequential nature. ... A page from the Marmalade Boy manga, volume 1 (Japanese version) Manga (漫画) is the Japanese word for comics and/or cartoons (not necessarily animated, this includes print cartoons); outside of Japan, it usually refers specifically to Japanese comics. ... The title mecha RX-78-2 Gundam from the popular anime Mobile Suit Gundam In some works of science fiction, mecha (singular or plural, less frequently meka) or mechs (singular: mech) (sometimes referred to as giant robots) are piloted or remote-controlled limbed vehicles. ... A humanoid robot holding a trumpet In practical usage, a robot is a mechanical device which performs its tasks either according to direct human control, partial control with human supervision, or autonomously. ... Masamune Shirow (士郎 正宗 Shirō Masamune) is a manga artist of international renown. ... Promotional poster for Appleseed (2004) Appleseed (Japanese: アップルシ-ド) is a science fiction manga created by Masamune Shirow which, like much of his work, merges elements of the cyberpunk and mecha genres with a heavy dosage of politics, philosophy, and sociology. ... Bubblegum Crisis is an anime OVA series that takes at least part of its inspiration from Philip K. Dicks and Ridley Scotts Blade Runner. ... Armored Trooper VOTOMS (Soko Kihei Botomuzu) is a 52-episode anime television series, created by Ryusuke Takahashi and Sunrise, aired in Japan from April 1, 1983 to March 23, 1984. ...


The first citable examples of powered suits were the Fat Man underwater suits (with mechanical pantograph arms and a propulsion system), which debuted in Tom Swift and His Jetmarine (1954). The powered suit of Robert A. Heinlein's 1959 novel Starship Troopers can be seen as spawning the entire sub-genre concept of military "powered armor". A Japanese animated version of Starship Troopers was produced by Sunrise with mechanical designs by Studio Nue, which presented a reasonable visual portrayal of how the suit operated (although the OAV story differed greatly from the Heinlein novel). 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Heinlein autographing at the 1976 Worldcon Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most influential and controversial authors in science fiction. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Juan Rico flies his powered suit into battle with the Skinnies. ... Founded in 1972, Sunrise Inc. ... Original Video Animation (OVA) is an acronym used in Japan for anime that are released directly to video, without being first broadcast on TV or released in theaters. ...


Numerous American comic book characters use powered armor, primarily the Marvel Comics superhero Iron Man, who is an industrialist who fights evil and protects his company with a special suit of powered armor of his own design. Other notable powered armor users in Western comics include Steel, the Batman Beyond version of Batman, X-O Manowar, and the supervillain Doctor Doom. The Fallout computer role-playing game series is notable for its use of powered armors in retro-'50s style. The bounty hunter Samus Aran in the Metroid video game series wears a Power Suit with an attached arm cannon, which grants her the ability to roll into a ball around 1 meter in diameter or perform very high spinning jumps. The super-soldier Master Chief in the video game series Halo is clad in energy-shielded and strength-enhancing armored suit weighing nearly one thousand pounds, called the MJOLNIR battle armor, that can allow him to turn over armored vehicles, and the character is so heavily associated with the suit that he is never depicted outside of the armor. Though at both the end of Halo and the start of Halo 2, the Master Chief is helmetless, with his head offscreen. In the movie Aliens, mechanized exosuits are used in loading cargo for spaceships, as well as Ripley's duel with the queen alien. Also, the Clones in Star Wars: Republic Commando sport a version of powered armor (though it is more armor than power). A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... It has been suggested that Felicia (pseudonym) be merged into this article or section. ... Superman (left) and Batman, two of the most recognizable and influential superheroes. ... Iron Man is a Marvel Comics superhero. ... Steel is a name used by several fictional characters owned and published by DC Comics in their universe. ... Cover art by Bruce Timm from the Batman Beyond comic book miniseries, depicting Batman battling Blight. ... The DC Comics superhero Batman (originally and still sometimes referred to as The Batman) is a fictional character who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Cover image of X-O Manowar #39 by Valiant comics X-O Manowar is the title character of a 68-issue comic book series that ran from 1991-1996, and revisited in the limited 6-issue series Unity 2000 in 1999. ... Doctor Doom, one of the most archetypical supervillains. ... Doctor Doom (real name Victor von Doom) is a Marvel Comics supervillain. ... Fallout is a computer role-playing game produced by Tim Cain and published by Interplay in 1997. ... Computer role-playing games (CRPGs), often shortened to simply role-playing games (RPGs), are a type of video or computer game that traditionally uses gameplay elements found in paper-and-pencil role-playing games. ... Retro is a contemporary term used to describe things from a bygone era. ... // Events and trends This map shows two essential global spheres during the Cold War in 1959. ... A bounty hunter is an individual who seeks out fugitives for a monetary reward. ... Samus Aran Samus Aran is a video game character created by Nintendo, and is the main protagonist in the Metroid series. ... Box art of the first Metroid game The Metroid games are a series of video games produced by Nintendo. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... The items in the Metroid series are the driving force behind its gameplay. ... Master Chief SPARTAN 117 (John) This article is about the main character in the Halo video game series. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ... Halo: Combat Evolved, or simply Halo, is a video game in the first-person shooter (FPS) genre, created by the Microsoft-owned Bungie Studios. ... MJOLNIR Mark VI battle armour, as seen on the cover of Halo 2 MJOLNIR battle armor is a fictional suit of battle armor in the Halo series of video games and novels used by the Spartan II super soldiers, most notably by the seriess protagonist Master Chief. ... Halo: Combat Evolved, or simply Halo, is a video game in the first-person shooter (FPS) genre, created by the Microsoft-owned Bungie Studios. ... Halo 2 is the sequel to the blockbuster and critically-acclaimed Halo: Combat Evolved, and features a newly built game engine and the Havok physics engine, new weapons and vehicles, new multiplayer maps, and a storyline that continues the story begun in Halo: Combat Evolved. ... Aliens in the plural may refer to more than one of several types of aliens, such as extraterrestrial beings or those foreign to a place The Aliens was the name of Roky Ericksons backing band Aliens is a 1986 film starring Sigourney Weaver and the sequel to Alien Aliens...


Powered armor is heavily used in science fiction role-playing games, such as Rifts, to allow weak and mundane humans to compete in combat with supernatural and super-powerful adversaries. Two common examples of Powered Armor (or just Power Armor) in that series are the 10 foot Glitter Boy, which is covered in a coat of mirror-like, laser-resistant alloys; and the jet flight capable Strategic Armor Military Assault Suit (commonly called the SAMAS or Sam). Games Workshop´s science fiction world Warhammer 40,000 is most famous for Space Marines, the ultimate genetically engineered superhuman warriors who wear ancient powered armors that are seen almost as godlike in their lost technology. Battletech universe also has such armor, in form of Elemental Clan battle armor, later adopted by the Inner Sphere. In the Metroid series of video games a constant game mechanic is that Samus Aran must upgrade her Power Suit in order to access new areas of the game. The Half-Life 2 mod known as Dystopia features power armor for its Light and Medium classes. Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... A role-playing game (RPG) is a type of game in which players assume the roles of characters and collaboratively create narratives. ... Rifts is a multi-genre role-playing game created by Kevin Siembieda in 1990 and published continuously by Palladium Books since then. ... Binomial name Homo sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies Homo sapiens idaltu(extinct) Homo sapiens sapiens Homo (genus). ... The style of the Games Workshop logo is copied in the titles of many of their games Games Workshop (GW) is a British game production and retailing company. ... Cover of the Warhammer 40,000 4th edition rulebook Warhammer 40,000 (informally known as Warhammer 40K or just 40K) is a science fiction tabletop miniature wargame, produced by the British gaming company Games Workshop. ... For Space Marines in the general science fiction genre, see space marine. ... A superhuman is something exceeding normal human standards. ... 20 Year Anniversary of BattleTech logo BattleTech (MechWarrior) is a science-fiction board game (wargame) (designed by FASA in 1984) which simulates warfare in the distant future of the 31st century, where humans battle in gigantic walking machines powered by fusion reactors (known as BattleMechs), tanks, spaceships and other aircraft... Box art of the first Metroid game The Metroid games are a series of video games produced by Nintendo. ... Computer and video games A screenshot of Tetris for the Nintendo Game Boy A console game (better known as a video game) is a form of interactive multimedia used for entertainment, which consists of a moveable image displayed on a screen that is usually controlled and manipulated using a handheld... Samus Aran Samus Aran is a video game character created by Nintendo, and is the main protagonist in the Metroid series. ... Half-Life 2 is a first-person shooter computer game and the highly anticipated sequel to Half-Life, developed by Valve Corporation. ... Ministry of Defence or Ministry of Defense may refer to the Ministry of Defence in: Afghanistan China France Guatemala Greece India New Zealand Norway Saudi Arabia Singapore United Kingdom Soviet Union This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Dystopias logo. ...


An alternative sci-fi concept to the powered armor would be the skinsuit, a very thin (hence the name) and flexible powered armor variant. The skinsuit can be used as an environmental-protection suit, similar to spacesuit (for example, in the Honorverse universe), or may have some artificial muscle that increases strength, resistance and endurance, but in that case sacrifices environmental protection, sensory equipment, and built-in weaponry. The suits seen in the anime and manga versions of Spriggan and Gantz or skull suit from Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty would be prime example of this form of armor. The military uniforms in the webcomic Schlock Mercenary are almost universally skinsuits, utilzing buckminsterfullerene tubule-weave cloth and incorporating antigrav systems to allow a soldier flight capabilities. Apollo 15 space suit A spacesuit is a complex system of garments, equipment, and environmental systems designed to keep a person alive and comfortable in the harsh environment of outer space. ... The Honorverse is the semi-official name for the setting of a military science fiction series of stories by David Weber featuring Honor Harrington, the Horatio Hornbloweresque heroine. ... A scene from Cowboy Bebop (1998) Anime (アニメ) is a style of animation originating in Japan. ... A page from the Marmalade Boy manga, volume 1 (Japanese version) Manga (漫画) is the Japanese word for comics and/or cartoons (not necessarily animated, this includes print cartoons); outside of Japan, it usually refers specifically to Japanese comics. ... Spriggan is a manga comic series, which was created by Hiroshi Takashige and Ryoji Minagawa during the early 90s. ... Gantz DVD vol. ... Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (commonly abbreviated MGS2) is a stealth-based game that was developed and published by Konami for the PlayStation 2 in 2001. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Schlock Mercenary Schlock Mercenary is a webcomic by Howard Tayler. ... Buckminsterfullerene (C60) Fullerenes are molecules composed entirely of carbon, taking the form of a hollow sphere, ellipsoid, or tube. ... A kinemassic field generator from U.S. Patent 3,626,605: Method and apparatus for generating a secondary gravitational force field Anti-gravity is a hypothetical means of countering or otherwise modifying the effects of gravity, typically in the context of spacecraft propulsion. ...


There has been some limited work on creating real powered armor, though the actual utility of such systems in combat is still in debate. The United States government agency Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (D.A.R.P.A.) lists it as one area of research they are pursuing. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military. ...


See also

An exoskeleton, in contrast to an endoskeleton, is an external anatomical feature that supports and protects an animals body. ...

External link

  • Wired Magazine Issue 13.01 | Jan 2005 - Tetsujin, the world's first exoskeleton weight-lifting competition

  Results from FactBites:
 
Armor (3124 words)
Juggernaut armor was originally developed during the Rise of the Empire era for use by large mercenary and militia forces that required additional heavy firepower for infantry support without additional manpower.
The power cells on the suit are easily disrupted, though, and if the wearer takes any damage while the camouflage effect is active, the suit shuts down until the power cells can be recalibrated (a process taking roughly 10 minute).
The armor also includes a copy of the utility belt stormtroopers are issued, which includes high-tension wire, grappling hooks, several spare blaster power packs, ion flares, concentrated rations, spare comlink, water packs, 2 medpacs, and some additional supplies pouches.
Powered Armor (6516 words)
Powered armor of various types is a long-time concept in science fiction, the basic idea having been around since at least the Forties.
Soft armor - such as is used in ballistic vests - has the advantage that it is lighter for the same level of protection, in part because it yields with impact, catching the projectile like a net.
Armor on a tank or a battleship is angled in the vertical plane - that is, away from the horizontal - but that isn't practical for armor on a human.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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