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Encyclopedia > PowerPC 600
The PowerPC 601 prototype reached first silicon in October 1992
The PowerPC 601 prototype reached first silicon in October 1992

The PowerPC 600 family was the first family of PowerPC processors built. They were designed at the Somerset facility in Austin, Texas, jointly funded and staffed by engineers from IBM and Motorola as a part of the AIM alliance. Somerset was opened in 1992 and its goal was to make the first PowerPC processor and then keep designing general purpose PowerPC processors for personal computers. The first incarnation became the PowerPC 601 in 1993, and the second generation soon followed with the PowerPC 603, PowerPC 604 and the 64-bit PowerPC 620. IBM PowerPC 601 Microprocessor PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... Big Blue redirects here. ... Motorola (NYSE: MOT) is an American international communications company based in Schaumburg, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. ... AIM was an alliance formed in 1991 between Apple Computer, IBM and Motorola to create a new computing standard based on the PowerPC architecture. ...


The real family is the 601, 603, 604 and 620. All others are either derivative work or completely different processors, sharing the name only as prototypes.

Contents

Nuclear family

PowerPC 601

An IBM manufactured 80 MHz PowerPC 601
An IBM manufactured 80 MHz PowerPC 601
An IBM manufactured 100 MHz PowerPC 601v. Notice the slightly smaller die
An IBM manufactured 100 MHz PowerPC 601v. Notice the slightly smaller die

The PowerPC 601 was the first generation of microprocessors to support a subset of the PowerPC instruction set. It was introduced at the same time as IBM POWER2 line of processors. Basically it a simplified and thus cheaper version of the RISC Single Chip (RSC) processor, with support for some PowerPC instructions not in the POWER instruction set added. Worth noting is that it didn't include all the PowerPC instructions, so it acted more like a bridge between the POWER and the future PowerPC processors. It also included the 60x bus technology from Motorola's 88110 RISC-processors. It was designed in just 12 months and was pushed hard to establish PowerPC on the market early. Download high resolution version (678x678, 37 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (678x678, 37 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... IBM PowerPC 601 Microprocessor PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... An instruction set, or instruction set architecture (ISA), describes the aspects of a computer architecture visible to a programmer, including the native datatypes, instructions, registers, addressing modes, memory architecture, interrupt and exception handling, and external I/O (if any). ... Big Blue redirects here. ... Released in September 1993 and in use until 1998: 15 million transistors per chip The POWER2 added a second floating-point unit (FPU) and more cache. ... RISC Single Chip (RSC) is a microprocessor used in IBM RS/6000 models 220 and 230. ... Look up Power in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The 88000 (m88k for short) is a microprocessor design produced by Motorola. ...


The was designed to suit several applications and had support for external L2 cache and symmetric multiprocessing. It had a four stage pipeline, 4 functional units, including a floating point unit, an integer unit, a branch unit and a sequencer unit (a little used heritage from the RSC). The processor also included a memory management unit. Diagram of a CPU memory cache A CPU cache is a cache used by the central processing unit of a computer to reduce the average time to access memory. ... Symmetric Multiprocessing, or SMP, is a multiprocessor computer architecture where two or more identical processors are connected to a single shared main memory. ... A floating point unit (FPU) is a part of a CPU specially designed to carry out operations on floating point numbers. ... The arithmetic logic unit/arithmetic-logic unit (ALU) of a computers CPU is a part of the execution unit, a core component of all CPUs. ... MMU, short for memory management unit, is a class of computer hardware components responsible for handling memory accesses requested by the CPU. Among the functions of such devices are the translation of virtual addresses to physical addresses (i. ...


It was launched in 1993, manufactured by both IBM and Motorola, using a 0.6 µm aluminum based CMOS process, at speeds ranging from 50 to 80 MHz. The die was 121 mm² large, had 2.8 million transistors and included 32 kB unified L1 cache which was very much at the time. Thanks partly to the large cache it was considered a high performance processor in its segment, readily beating Intel's competitor Pentium. PowerPC 601 was used in the first Power Mac computers from Apple, and in some RS/6000 machines from IBM. Static CMOS Inverter Complementary-symmetry/metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) (see-moss, IPA:), is a major class of integrated circuits. ... Diagram of a CPU memory cache A CPU cache is a cache used by the central processing unit of a computer to reduce the average time to access memory. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... Pentium logo, with MMX enhancement The Pentium is a fifth-generation x86 architecture microprocessor by Intel. ... Power Macintosh, or Power Mac, is the name of a line of Apple Macintosh personal computers based on various models of PowerPC microprocessors. ...


PowerPC 601v

An updated version, PowerPC 601v, 74 mm² small using a 0.5 µm fabrication process, followed in 1994 with speeds 100-120 MHz.

PowerPC 603

A 100 MHz Motorola PowerPC 603 in a wire bond Quad Flat Package.
A 100 MHz Motorola PowerPC 603 in a wire bond Quad Flat Package.
A 200 MHz Motorola PowerPC 603 in a ceramic Ball Grid Array packaging.
A 200 MHz Motorola PowerPC 603 in a ceramic Ball Grid Array packaging.

The PowerPC 603 was the first processor implementing the complete 32-bit PowerPC Architecture as specified. It was designed to be a low cost, low end processor for portable and embedded use. One of the main fetures was power saving functions (doze, nap and sleep mode) that could dramatically reduce power requirements, drawing only 2 mW in sleep mode. The 603 has a four stage pipeline and five execution units: integer unit, floating point unit, branch prediction unit, load/store unit and a system registry unit. It has separate 8kB L1 caches for instructions and a 32/64 bit 60x memory bus, reaching up to 75 MHz. The 603 core doesn't support SMP in hardware. Wire bonding is a method of making interconnections between a microchip and the outside world as part of semiconductor device fabrication. ... A QFP or Quad Flat Package is an integrated circuit device with component leads extending from each of the four sides. ... A Ball Grid Array is a type of surface-mount packaging used for integrated circuits. ... IBM PowerPC 601 Microprocessor PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... A router, an example of an embedded system. ... Symmetric Multiprocessing, or SMP, is a multiprocessor computer architecture where two or more identical processors are connected to a single shared main memory. ...


The PowerPC 603 had 1.6 million transistors and was manufactured by IBM and Motorola on a 0.5 µm fabrication process. The die was 85 mm² large drawing 3W at 80 MHz. The 603 architecture is the direct ancestor to the PowerPC 750 architecture, marketed by Apple as the PowerPC "G3". PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple-IBM-Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ...


It was used in low end and portable Macintosh models but also found widespread use in different embedded appliances. The processor got a somewhat bad reputation in Apple's computers since the 68k emulation software didn't fit into the relatively small caches causing some degraded performance in older software. For other uses, see Macintosh (disambiguation) and Mac. ... Apple Macintosh models grouped by CPU type. ... The Mac 68K emulator was a software emulator built into all versions of the Mac OS for PowerPC. This emulator permitted the running of applications and system code that were originally written for the 680x0 based Macintosh models. ...

  • IBM white paper about PowerPC 603

PowerPC 603e / 603ev

The performance issues of the 603 was addressed in the PowerPC 603e. The L1 caches was enlarged and enhanced to 16 kB four-way set-associative data and instruction caches. The clock speed of the processors was doubled too, reaching 200 MHz. Later on, while shrinking the fabrication process to 0.35 µm, speeds up to 300 MHz was achieved. This part is sometimes called PowerPC 603ev. The 603e and 603ev have 2.6 million transistors each and are 98 mm² and 78 mm² large respectively. The 603ev draws a maximum of 6 W at 300 MHz.


The PowerPC 603e was the first mainstream desktop processor to reach 300 MHz. The 603e was also used in accelerator cards from Phase5 for the Amiga line of computers, with CPUs ranging in speeds from 160 to 240 MHz. The PowerPC 603e is still sold today by IBM and Freescale, and others like Atmel. The PowerPC 603e was also the heart of the BeBox from Be Inc. The BeBox is notable since it is is a multiprocessing system, something the 603 wasn't designed for. Phase5 Digital Products was a computer hardware manufacturer that made boards consisting of an Amiga computer: the A1200, A3000 or A4000, accompanied by a PowerPC/m68k accelerator board: the BlizzardPPC or CyberStormPPC. The company went out of business in 2000, after an announcement on July 22nd, 1999 with QNX Software... The original Amiga 1000 (1985) with Commodore 1080 monitor The Amiga is a family of home/personal computers originally developed by Amiga Corporation as an advanced home entertainment and productivity machine. ... Atmel ATMEGA32 microcontroller Atmel AT90S2333 microcontroller Atmel Corporation (NASDAQ: ATML) is a manufacturer of semiconductors, founded in 1984 by George Perlegos. ... The BeBox The BeBox was a short-lived dual processor PC, offered by Be Incorporated to run their own operating system, BeOS. The BeBox made its debut in October 1995 (BeBox Dual603-66). ... Be, Incorporated was the company that developed the BeOS operating system and BeBox computer. ... Multiprocessing is traditionally known as the use of multiple concurrent processes in a system as opposed to a single process at any one instant. ...

G2

The PowerPC 603e core, renamed G2 by Freescale, is the basis for many embedded PowerQUICC II processors, and as such it keeps on being developed. Freescale's PowerQUICC II SoC processors bear the designation MPC82xx, and come in a variety of configurations reaching 450 MHz. American corporation Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. ... PowerQUICC is the name for several Power Architecture based microcontrollers from Freescale Semiconductor. ... System-on-a-chip (SoC or SOC) is an idea of integrating all components of a computer system into a single chip. ...


e300

Freescale has enhanced the 603e core, calling it e300, in the PowerQUICC II Pro embedded processors. Larger 32/32 kB L1 caches and other performance enhancing measures were added. Freescale's PowerQUICC II Pro SoC processors bear the designation MPC83xx, and come in a variety of configurations reaching speeds up to 667 MHz. PowerQUICC is the name for several Power Architecture based microcontrollers from Freescale Semiconductor. ... System-on-a-chip (SoC or SOC) is an idea of integrating all components of a computer system into a single chip. ...


PowerPC 604

A 233 GHz Motorola PowerPC 604e mounted on a Phase5 CyberstormPPC processor card for the Commodore Amiga 4000 series computers.
A 233 GHz Motorola PowerPC 604e mounted on a Phase5 CyberstormPPC processor card for the Commodore Amiga 4000 series computers.
A 200 MHz IBM PowerPC 604e processor on the CPU module of a Apple Network Server 700.
A 200 MHz IBM PowerPC 604e processor on the CPU module of a Apple Network Server 700.

The PowerPC 604 was introduced in 1994 alongside the 603 and was designed as a high performance chip for workstations and entry level servers and as such had support for symmetric multiprocessing in hardware. The 604 was used extensively in Apple's high end systems and was also used in in Macintosh clones, IBM's low end RS/6000 servers and workstations, accelerator boards to Amigas and as an embedded CPU for telecom applications. Image File history File links Motorola_PowerPC_604e_233MHz_2. ... Image File history File links Motorola_PowerPC_604e_233MHz_2. ... Phase5 Digital Products was a computer hardware manufacturer that made boards consisting of an Amiga computer: the A1200, A3000 or A4000, accompanied by a PowerPC/m68k accelerator board: the BlizzardPPC or CyberStormPPC. The company went out of business in 2000, after an announcement on July 22nd, 1999 with QNX Software... The A4000, or Commodore Amiga 4000, was the successor of the A2000 and A3000 computers. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (852x852, 254 KB)200 MHz IBM PowerPC 604e processor on the CPU module of a Apple Network Server 700. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (852x852, 254 KB)200 MHz IBM PowerPC 604e processor on the CPU module of a Apple Network Server 700. ... An Apple Network Server The Apple Network Server (ANS) was a short-lived line of PowerPC-based server computers manufactured by Apple Computer from February 1996 to April 1997, when it was discontinued due to very poor sales. ... Sun SPARCstation 1+, 25mhz RISC processor from early 1990s A workstation, such as a Unix workstation, RISC workstation or engineering workstation, is a high-end technical computing desktop microcomputer designed primarily to be used by one person at a time, but can also be accessed remotely by other users when... Symmetric Multiprocessing, or SMP, is a multiprocessor computer architecture where two or more identical processors are connected to a single shared main memory. ... This article is about the tree and its fruit. ... The StarMax 3000/160MT, a Macintosh clone manufactured by Motorola. ... The original Amiga 1000 (1985) with Commodore 1080 monitor The Amiga is a family of home/personal computers originally developed by Amiga Corporation as an advanced home entertainment and productivity machine. ...


The 604 is a superscalar processor capable of issuing four instructions simultaneously. The 604 has a six stage pipeline and six execution units that can work in parallel, finishing up to six instructions every cycle. Two simple and one complex integer units, one floating point unit, one branch processing unit managing out-of-order execution and one load/store unit. It has separare 16 kB data and instruction L1 caches and a 32/64 bit 60x memory bus, reaching up to 50 MHz. Processor board of a CRAY T3e parallel computer with four superscalar Alpha processors A superscalar CPU architecture implements a form of parallelism called Instruction-level parallelism within a single processor. ... ALU redirects here. ... A floating point unit (FPU) is a part of a CPU specially designed to carry out operations on floating point numbers. ... In computer science, out-of-order execution is a paradigm used in most high-speed microprocessors in order to make use of cycles that would otherwise be wasted by a certain type of costly delay. ...


The PowerPC 604 had 3.6 million transistors and was manufactured by IBM and Motorola on a 0.5 µm fabrication process. The die was 196 mm² large drawing 14-17W at 133 MHz. It operated at speeds between 100 and 180 MHz.

PowerPC 604e

The PowerPC 604e was introduced in 1996 and added a a condition register unit and separate 32 kB data and intruction L1 caches among other changes to its memory subsystem and branch prediction unit, resulting in a 25% performance increase compared to its predecessor. It had 5.1 million transistors and was manufactured by IBM and Motorola on a 0.35 µm fabrication process. The die was 148 mm² or 96 mm² large, manufactured by Motorola and IBM respectively, drawing 16-18W at 233 MHz. It operated at speeds between 166 and 233 MHz and supported a memory bus up to 66 MHz.

PowerPC 604ev "Mach5"

The PowerPC 604ev, 604r or "Mach 5" was introduced in 1997 and was essentially 604e fabricated by IBM and Motorola on a newer process, reaching higher speeds and a lower energy consumption. The die was 47 mm² small manufactured on a 0.25 µm process drawing 6W at 250 MHz. It operated at speeds between 250 and 400 MHz and supported a memory bus up to 100 MHz.


While Apple dropped the 604ev in 1998, in favour for the PowerPC 750, IBM kept using it in low end RS/6000 computers for several years. 300 MHz Motorola PowerPC 750 processor with off-die L2 cache on the CPU module of a PowerMac G3. ...


PowerPC 620

The PowerPC 620 was the first 64-bit processor implementing the entire PowerPC Architecture. It was a second generation PowerPC alongside the 603 and 604, but geared towards the high end workstation and server market. It was powerful on paper and was initially supposed to be launched alongside its brethren but it was delayed until 1997. When it did arrive, the performance was comparably poor and the considerably cheaper 604e beat it. The 620 was therefore never produced in large quantities and found very little use. The sole user of PowerPC 620 was Groupe Bull in its Escala UNIX machines, but they didn't deliver any large numbers. IBM, which intended to use it in workstations and servers, decided to wait for the even more powerful RS64 and POWER3 64-bit processors instead. In computing, a 64-bit component is one in which data are processed or stored in 64-bit units (words). ... IBM PowerPC 601 Microprocessor PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... Groupe Bull (also known as Bull Computer or, informally, as Bull) is a French computer company based in Paris. ... The IBM RS64 family of processors is used in the RS/6000 and AS/400 server product lines. ... Released in 1998: 15 million transistors per chip The first 64-bit symmetric multiprocessor (SMP), POWER3 is completely compatible with the original POWER instruction set -- and compatible with the PowerPC instruction set as well. ...


The 620 was similar to the 604. It has a five stage pipeline, same support for symmetric multiprocessing and the same number of execution units; a load/store unit, a branch unit, an FPU, and three integer units. With a larger 32/32 kB L1 cache, a wider and faster 128 bit memory bus, access to up to 128 MB large L2 caches, and more powerful branch and load/store units that had more buffers, the 620 was very powerful. The branch prediction table was also larger and could dispatch more instructions so that the processor can handle out of order execution more efficiently than the 604. The floating point unit was also enhanced compared to the 604. With a faster fetch cycle and support for several key instruction in hardware (like sqrt) made it, combined with faster and wider data buses, a more efficient than the FPU in the 604.


The 620 was produced by Motorola in a 0.5 µm process, it had 6.9 million transistors, and the die was 311 mm² large. Speeds at 120-150 MHz, drawing 30 W at 133 MHz. A later model was built using a 0.35 µm, reaching 200 MHz.

Extended family

PowerPC 602

The PowerPC 602 was a stripped down version of PowerPC 603, specially made for game consoles by Motorola and IBM in 1995. It has reduced L1 caches (4k instruction and 4k data), a singe precision floating point unit and a back scaled branch prediction unit. It was offered at speeds ranging from 50 to 80 MHz, and drew 1.2 W at 66 MHz. It comprised of 1 million transistors and it was 50 mm² large manufactured at a 0.5 µm process.


3DO developed the M2 game console with two PowerPC 602, but it was never marketed. 3DO can refer to: The 3DO Company, a developer of computer and video game software and hardware 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, the name of a number of video game consoles based on specifications created by above company This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... The Panasonic M2 was a video game console design developed by 3DO and then sold to Matsushita (known internationally as Panasonic) for $100,000,000 [1]. However, before it could be released, Matsushita cancelled the project in 1996, unwilling to compete against fellow Japanese electronics giant Sonys PlayStation due...

PowerPC 603Q

In 1996 the fabless semiconductor company Quantum Effect Devices (QED) made a PowerPC 603 compatible processor named "PowerPC 603Q" which didn't have anything, but the name, in common with any other 603. It was a from ground up implementation of the 32 bit PowerPC specification targeted at the high end embedded market. As such it was small, simple, energy efficient, but powerful; equaling the more expensive 603e while drawing less power. It had an in order, 5 stage pipeline with a single integer unit, a double precision floating point unit and separate 16 kB instruction and 8 kB data caches. It was 69 mm² small using a 0.5 µm fabrication process and drew just 1.2 W at 120 MHz. A fabless semiconductor company specializes in the design and sale of hardware devices implemented on semiconductor chips. ... Quantum Effect Devices was a company originally named Quantum Effect Design, incorporated in 1991. ... In computing, double precision is a computer numbering format that occupies two storage locations in computer memory at address and address+1. ...


603Q was designed for Motorola, but they withdrew from the contract before 603Q went into full production and QED could not continue to market the processor since they lacked a PowerPC license of their own.

PowerPC 613

"PowerPC 613" seems to be a name Motorola had given a third generation PowerPC. It supposedly was renamed "PowerPC 750" in response to Exponential's x704 processor that was designed to outgun the 604 by a wide margin. There are hardly any sources confirming any of this though and it might be pure speculations, or a reference to a completely different processor. PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple-IBM-Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ...


PowerPC 614

Similar to PowerPC 613, the "PowerPC 614" might have been a name given by Motorola to a third generation PowerPC, and later renamed by the same reason as 613. It's been suggested that the part was renamed "PowerPC 7400", and Motorola even bumped it to the fourth generation PowerPC even though the architectural differences between "G3" and "G4" was small. There are hardly any sources confirming any of this though and it might be pure speculations, or a reference to a completely different processor.


PowerPC 615

The "PowerPC 615" is a little known PowerPC processor announced by IBM in 1994. Its main feature was to incorporate an x86 core on die, thus making the processor able to natively process both PowerPC and x86 instructions. An operating system running on PowerPC 615 could either chose to execute 32 bit or 64 bit PowerPC instructions, 32 bit x86 instructions or a mix of three. Mixing instructions would involve a context switch in the CPU with a small overhead. Minix and a special developer version of OS/2 could run. x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... MINIX is an open source, Unix-like operating system (OS) based on a microkernel architecture. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


It was 330 mm² large and manufactured by IBM on a 0.35 µm process. It was pin compatible with Intel's Pentium processors and comparable in speed. The processor was only produced in prototype examples and the program was killed in part by the fact that Microsoft would probably never give support for the processor. Engineers working on the PowerPC 615 would later find their way to Transmeta working on their Crusoe processor. Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... Pentium logo, with MMX enhancement The Pentium is a fifth-generation x86 architecture microprocessor by Intel. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Transmeta NASDAQ: TMTA develops computing technologies with a focus on reducing power consumption in electronic devices. ... Crusoe is a family of x86-compatible microprocessors from Transmeta. ...

PowerPC 625

"PowerPC 625" was the early name for the Apache series 64-bit PowerPC processors, designed by IBM based on the "Amazon" PowerPC-AS instruction set. They were later renamed "RS64". The designation "PowerPC 625" was never used for the final processors. The IBM RS64 family of processors is used in the RS/6000 and AS/400 server product lines. ...


PowerPC 630

"PowerPC 630" was the early name for the high end 64-bit PowerPC processor, designed by IBM to unify the POWER and PowerPC instruction sets. It was later renamed "POWER3", probably to separate it from the more consumer oriented "PowerPC" processors used by Apple. POWER is a RISC instruction set architecture designed by IBM. The name is a acronym for Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC. POWER is also the name of a series of microprocessors that implements the instruction set architecture. ... IBM PowerPC 601 Microprocessor PowerPC is a RISC microprocessor architecture created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM. Originally intended for personal computers, PowerPC CPUs have since become popular embedded and high-performance processors as well. ... Released in 1998: 15 million transistors per chip The first 64-bit symmetric multiprocessor (SMP), POWER3 is completely compatible with the original POWER instruction set -- and compatible with the PowerPC instruction set as well. ... Apple Computer, Inc. ...


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