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Encyclopedia > Pour le Mérite
Blue Max Medal File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 02:23, 10 Aug 2003 . . Soze (57162 bytes) (Blue Max... The Blue Max (version graded with oak leaves)

The Pour le Mérite, known informally as the Blue Max, was The Federal Republic of Germany ( German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is one of the worlds leading industrialised countries, located in the heart of Europe. Due to its central location, Germany has more neighbours than any other European country: these are Denmark in the north, Poland and the Czech Republic in the... Germany's highest military An Order is a decoration, awarded by a government to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity. Modern orders and decorations can trace its origin back to the medieval Orders of Chivalry. By the time of the Renaissance, most European monarchs either acquired an existing... order awarded during Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... World War I.


The award was first founded in Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). However, her succession to the Holy Roman Empire is contested widely because she... 1740, named in French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. In 1999 French was the 11th most spoken language in the world being spoken by about 77 million people (called Francophones) as a mother tongue, and... French, the language of the royal court, for merit. Until 1810 the award was both a civilian and military honor. In January of that year, The national name Prussia (in Prussian: Prusa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian Prusai, Latin: Prussia or Borussia) was used by a wide variety of political factions during the 2nd millennium. At different times it has denoted a geographical region, a dukedom, a Polish province, a Polish fief, a kingdom... Prussian This article treats the generic title monarch. For the origins of the word king and its English use, see Germanic king. For other meanings of the word, see Monarch (disambiguation) A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state. The word derives from Greek monos archein, meaning one... king Frederick William III Frederick William III, known in German as Friedrich Wilhelm III, reigned as king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. The son of King Frederick William II of Prussia, Frederick William was born in Potsdam on August 3, 1770, and became Crown Prince in 1786, when his father... Friedrich Wilhelm III decreed that the award could only be presented to serving military personnel.


In Events February 21 - John J. Greenough patents the sewing machine. March 5 - Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande. This is the first such invasion since the Texas Revolution. March 30 - Anesthesia is used for... 1842, the The national name Prussia (in Prussian: Prusa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian Prusai, Latin: Prussia or Borussia) was used by a wide variety of political factions during the 2nd millennium. At different times it has denoted a geographical region, a dukedom, a Polish province, a Polish fief, a kingdom... Prussian This article treats the generic title monarch. For the origins of the word king and its English use, see Germanic king. For other meanings of the word, see Monarch (disambiguation) A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state. The word derives from Greek monos archein, meaning one... king Photograph of Frederick King Frederick William IV of Prussia (October 15, 1795 - January 2, 1861), the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. Frederick William was educated by private tutors, many of whom were experienced civil servants. He... Friedrich Wilhelm IV founded the so-called peace class of the award, the Pour le Mérite für Wissenschaften und Künste (Order Pour le Mérite for Science and Arts), with the three sections humanities, natural science and fine arts. One of the most famous artists who received the peace class of Pour le Mérite was Käthe Kollwitz (she was deprived of it later by the Nazis).


In 1866 is a common year starting on Monday. Events January – June January 6 – Ottoman troops clash with men of a Maronite leader Karam in St. Doumit in Lebanon - Turks are defeated January 12 - Royal Aeronautical Society is formed ( London) January 28 - 800 Maronite troops clash with Ottoman troops... 1866 a special military Grand Cross class of the award was established.


It was during Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. Battle aftermath. Remains of the Chateau Wood World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations, and the War to End All Wars, was a world conflict occurring from 1914 to... World War I that the award gained its primary notoriety. Although it could be awarded to any military official, it was most well known as an award for aerial combat. In the aerial war a fighter pilot was initially entitled to the award upon downing eight enemy aircraft. A flying ace is a military aviator who has shot down five or more enemy aircraft. The term originated in World War I in France, when French newspapers described Adolphe Pegoud as a flying ace after he became the first pilot to shoot down five German aircraft. Ace is also... Ace Max Immelmann Max Immelmann (September 21, 1890 - June 18, 1916) was a German World War I Flying ace. He was born in Dresden the son of a paper board container factory owner. After leaving school he joined Eisenbahnregiment Berlin. During 1913 - 1914 he studied mechanical engineering in Dresden. When World... Max Immelmann was the first airman to receive the award, after which it became known among his fellow pilots, on account of its color and its recipient, as the Blue Max — in German, Blauer Max).

Manfred von Richthofen. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 02:22, 11 Aug 2003 . . Soze (6863 bytes) (Manfred von...  wearing the "Blue Max".
Manfred von Richthofen. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 02:22, 11 Aug 2003 . . Soze (6863 bytes) (Manfred von... Enlarge
Baron Manfred Albrecht von Richthofen (May 2, 1892–April 21, 1918) was a German pilot and is still regarded today as the ace of aces. He was a very successful fighter pilot, military leader and flying ace who won 80 air combats during World War I. Richthofen was known... Manfred von Richthofen wearing the "Blue Max".

The number of aircraft downed needed to win the award continued to increase during the war; eventually it became a requirement to down twenty enemy airplanes.


Recipients of the Blue Max were required to wear the badge, which was a blue The Maltese Cross (✠) has been the symbol of the Christian warrior since the First Crusade. It is in the form of four V shaped arms joined together at their bases, so that each arm has two points, and the cross has eight points in all. Maltese Cross Today the... Maltese Cross with Genera Aquila Haliaeetus Pithecophaga Circaetus (*) Scientists argue whether Accipitriformes are a separate order, or belong to the Falconiformes. Eagles are large birds of prey, which are found mainly in the Old World, with only two species (Bald Eagle and Golden Eagle) in North America and a few in South America... eagles between the arms, and the royal This article is about algorithms for encryption and decryption. For an overview of cryptographic technology related to encryption, see cryptography. In cryptography, encryption is the process of obscuring information to make it unreadable without special knowledge. While encryption has been used to protect communications for centuries, only organisations and individuals... cipher and the words 'Pour le Mérite' on the cross, whenever in uniform. Notable recipients included Baron Manfred Albrecht von Richthofen (May 2, 1892–April 21, 1918) was a German pilot and is still regarded today as the ace of aces. He was a very successful fighter pilot, military leader and flying ace who won 80 air combats during World War I. Richthofen was known... Manfred von Richthofen, better known as the 'Red Baron', Field Marshal Erwin Rommel Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel (November 15, 1891–October 14, 1944) was one of the most distinguished German Field Marshals and commander of the Deutsches Afrika Korps in World War II. He is also known by his nickname The Desert Fox (Wüstenfuchs). Early life and... Erwin Rommel, the famed "Desert Fox" of WWII, and Hermann Göring Hermann Wilhelm Göring (also spelled Hermann Goering in English) ( January 12, 1893 – October 15, 1946) was a prominent and early member of the Nazi party, founder of the Gestapo, and one of the main architects of Nazi Germany. He is often quoted from... Hermann Göring, later to become one of the most senior leaders of the Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. The Third Reich is an Anglicization of the German... Third Reich. The last living holder of the Pour le Mérite was A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. The English word novel derives from the Italian word novella, meaning a tale, a piece of news. The novel is longer (40,000 words and onwards) and... novelist Ernst Jünger who died in 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. Events January January 1998 - A massive ice storm, caused by El Niño, strikes New England, southern Ontario and Quebec, resulting in widespread power failures, severe damage to... 1998 and who, at the age of 23, was the youngest ever recipient as well.


The award was abolished along with Kaiser is a German title meaning emperor, derived from the Roman title of Caesar, as is the Slavic title of Czar. The Holy Roman Emperors (962 - 1806) (the First German Reich) called themselves Kaiser; they saw their rule as a continuation of that of the Roman Emperors and so used... Kaiser Wilhelm II German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II of Prussia and Germany, Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern ( January 27, 1859– June 4, 1941) was the last German Emperor ( Kaiser) and the last King (König) of Prussia, ruling from 1888 to 1918. Known popularly to... Wilhelm II's abdication on November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. Events 694 - Hispano-Visigothic king Egica accuses Jews of aiding Moslems, and sentences all Jews to slavery. 1282 - Pope Martin IV excommunicates King Peter III of Aragon. 1492 - Peace... 9 November 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). Events January-February January 8 - President Woodrow Wilson announces his Fourteen Points for the aftermath of World War I. January 24 - a decree of the Council of Peoples Commissars, introducing the Gregorian calendar in Russia since February... 1918.


In Summary of notable events in 1952. Events January events January 8 - West Germany has 8 million refugees inside its borders. January 24 - Sudden heavy snowfall in Algeria. January 24 - Vincent Massey sworn in as first Canada-born Governor-General of Canada. February events February 2 - A Cuba moving northeast. The... 1952, the President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. Etymologically, a president is one who presides, who sits in leadership (from Latin prae- before + sedere to sit). Originally, the term usually referred to the presiding officer of a ceremony or meeting (i.e. chairman); but... President of West Germany was the informal but almost universally used name for the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 until 1990, during which years the Federal Republic did not yet include East Germany. Since the German reunification of 1990, the Federal Republic of Germany is informally called simply Germany. The Federal... West Germany, Theodor Heuss (January 31, 1884 - December 12, 1963) was a German politician and first Federal President of West Germany. Theodor Heuss was born in Brackenheim, near Heilbronn. Theodor Heuss studied art history and state studies in Munich and Berlin. He received his doctorate in 1905 in Munich. In 1908 he... Theodor Heuss, revived the peace class of the order as an autonomous organization under the protection of the German President (although it is not a state order like the The Bundesverdienstkreuz (the official name is Verdienstorden der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany) is the only general Order of Merit of the Federal Republic Of Germany. It has eight classes, in ascending order: Verdienstmedaille (Medal of Merit) Verdienstkreuz am Bande (Cross of Merit on... Bundesverdienstkreuz).


External links

  • http://www.pourlemerite.org

 
 

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