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Encyclopedia > Potsdam
Potsdam
Sanssouci, former summer palace of Frederick the Great
Coat of arms Location
Administration
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
District Urban district
Lord Mayor Jann Jakobs (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 187.28 km² (72 sq mi)
Elevation 35-114 m
Population  148,691  (31/10/2006)[1]
 - Density 794 /km² (2,056 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate P
Postal codes 14401–14482
Area code 0331
Website potsdam.de

Coordinates: 52°24′0″N 13°4′0″E / 52.4, 13.06667 Download high resolution version (2544x930, 658 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about the German palace. ... Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große, Frederick the Great, January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ... Potsdam (Germany) Coat of Arms Permission gained by German wiki editor from city of Potsdam - see Bild:Potsdam_Wappen. ... Image File history File links Karte_Deutschland. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... For the similarly spelled Brandenberg, see Brandenberg (Austria) or Brandenburg (disambiguation) Location Coordinates , , Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE4 Capital Potsdam Minister-President Matthias Platzeck (SPD) Governing parties SPD / CDU Votes in Bundesrat 4 (of 69) Basic statistics Area  29,479 km² (11,382... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... SPD redirects here. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Potsdam [ˈpɔtsdam] is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. It is situated on the Havel River, southwest of Berlin. It is a part of the Metropolitan area Berlin/Brandenburg. Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... For the similarly spelled Brandenberg, see Brandenberg (Austria) or Brandenburg (disambiguation) Location Coordinates , , Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE4 Capital Potsdam Minister-President Matthias Platzeck (SPD) Governing parties SPD / CDU Votes in Bundesrat 4 (of 69) Basic statistics Area  29,479 km² (11,382... For the Biblical Havel, see Abel. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Potsdam is known as the former residence of the Prussian kings until 1918. The city features a series of interconnected lakes and unique cultural landscapes, in particular the parks and palaces of Sanssouci, the largest World Heritage Sites in Germany. For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... This article is about the German palace. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


The Potsdam district of Babelsberg also serves as one of the leading centers of European film production. The Filmstudio Babelsberg has significant historical value as the oldest large-scale film studio in the world. The Deutsches Filmorchester Babelsberg frequently records soundtracks for domestic and foreign-based film productions. Castle of Babelsberg with the river Havel as one part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Observatory on the Babelsberg UEFA Womens Cup final Potsdam-Babelsberg or short Babelsberg is the largest district of the city of Potsdam, Germany today. ... Filmstudio Babelsberg Logo showing a scene from Metropolis The Babelsberg Studios is a film studio located in Potsdam-Babelsberg, Germany. ... The German Film Orchestra Babelsberg (also known as Deutches Filmorchester Babelsberg in German) is a symphony orchestra based in Potsdam, Germany. ...


The city developed into a center of science in Germany beginning in the 19th century. Today there are 3 public colleges and more than 30 research-institutes in Potsdam.

Contents

Headline text

Geography

Templiner See in south Potsdam

Potsdam is situated south-west of Berlin. The area was formed from a series of large moraines during the last ice age. Today the city consists of 75% green area, with just 25% covered with buildings or streets. There are about 20 lakes and rivers in Potsdam, for example the Havel, the Griebnitzsee, Templiner See, Tiefer See, Jungfernsee, Teltowkanal, Heiliger See and the Sacrower See. The tallest hill is the 114-metre (374 ft)-high Kleiner Ravensberg. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This article is about geological phenomena. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... For the Biblical Havel, see Abel. ...


Potsdam is divided into 7 historic city districts and 9 new Ortsteile (village parts), which joined the city in 2003. The appearance of the city districts is quite different. The districts in the north and the in the center consist mainly of historical buildings, the south of the city is dominated by larger areas of newer buildings.



In 1932 Potsdam was the first school to be shut out in a college level basketball game by Plattsburgh. The final score of the game was a mere 62-0. It was first time in history that the losing team could not net a goal. After Potsdam changed their name form the Cubs the Bears to show that they were serious. Ryan P. Rossi, the main center forward in the 1932 game commented "I couldn't believe and embarassed to be apart of that team.


History

Document from the Holy Roman Empire in 993 mentioning Poztupimi.

Potsdam was probably founded in the 7th century as a Slavic village called Poztupimi, centred on a castle. A possible translation of the name might be beneath the oaks. It was first mentioned in writing in 993, and by 1317 it was mentioned as a small town, by now German, which gained its town charter in 1345. In 1573 it was still a small market town of 2000 inhabitants. The Thirty Years' War (1618 - 1648) destroyed nearly half the town. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 320 pixelsFull resolution (4134 × 1653 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 320 pixelsFull resolution (4134 × 1653 pixels, file size: 2. ... The New Palace in Sanssouci Park The New Palace from the south Front view of the New Palace The New Palace (German: Neues Palais) is a palace situated on the western side of the Sanssouci royal park in Potsdam. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Combatants Sweden  Bohemia Denmark-Norway (Until 1643) Dutch Republic France Scotland England Saxony  Holy Roman Empire ( Catholic League) Spain Austria Bavaria Commanders Frederick V Buckingham Leven Gustav II Adolf â€  Johan Baner Cardinal Richelieu Louis II de Bourbon Turenne Christian IV of Denmark Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar Johann Georg I of...


Potsdam's fortunes changed dramatically when it was chosen in 1660 as the hunting residence of Frederick William I, elector of Brandenburg, the core of the powerful state that later became the Kingdom of Prussia. It also housed a Prussian barracks. Friedrich Wilhelm I of Brandenburg. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... The Brandenburg-Prussian state was formed in 1618 when the Duchy of Prussia came under the control of the Elector of Brandenburg (part of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation). ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... A barracks housing conscripts of Norrbottens regemente in Boden, Sweden. ...

Voltaire at the residence of Frederick II in Potsdam. Partial view of an engraving by Pierre Charles Baquoy, after N. A. Monsiau.

After the Edict of Potsdam in 1685 Potsdam became a centre of European immigration. Its religious freedom attracted people from France (Huguenots), Russia, the Netherlands, and Bohemia. The edict allowed a faster population growth and a recovery of the economy. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the singer of the same name, see Voltaire (musician). ... Frederick II (German: ; January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was a King of Prussia (1740–1786) from the Hohenzollern dynasty. ... Voltaire at the residence of Frederick II in Potsdam, Prussia. ... Upon learning of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes by the Edict of Fontainebleau (October 1685), Fredrich Wilhelm, the elector of Brandenburg, issued a proclamation giving French Huguenots safe passage to Berlin, offered them tax-free status for ten years, and allowed them to hold French-language services. ... From the 16th to the 18th century the name Huguenot was applied to a member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, historically known as the French Calvinists. ...


Later the city was adopted as a full residence of the Prussian royal family. The majestic buildings of the royal residence were built mainly during the reign of Frederick the Great. One of these buildings is the Sanssouci Palace (French: "without cares", by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, 1744), famed for its formal gardens and Rococo interiors. Other buildings in the royal residence complex include the Neues Palais and the Orangery. Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große, Frederick the Great, January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ... This article is about the German palace. ... Officer, architect and painter Georg Wenzeslaus Baron von Knobelsdorff in a portrait by Adam Manyoki, a court painter from Dresden Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff (Born 17 February 1699 at Kuckädel in what is now Krosno OdrzaÅ„skie (Crossen an der Oder); Died 16 September 1753 in Berlin) was a... A style of 18th century French art and interior design, Rococo style rooms were designed as total works of art with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings. ... The New Palace in Sanssouci Park The New Palace from the south Front view of the New Palace The New Palace (German: Neues Palais) is a palace situated on the western side of the Sanssouci royal park in Potsdam. ... The Orangery Palace The Orangery Palace (German: Orangerieschloss) is also known as the New Orangery on the Klausberg, or just the Orangery. ...


While Berlin was the official capital of Prussia and later of the German Empire, the court remained in nearby Potsdam, where many government officials settled. In 1914 the Emperor Wilhelm II signed the Declaration of War in the New Palace in Potsdam. The city lost this status as a second capital in 1918, when World War I ended and Wilhelm II abdicated. This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... German Emperor Wilhelm (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht, Prince of Prussia 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (de: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. ... The New Palace in Sanssouci Park The New Palace from the south Front view of the New Palace The New Palace (German: Neues Palais) is a palace situated on the western side of the Sanssouci royal park in Potsdam. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... German Emperor Wilhelm (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht, Prince of Prussia 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (de: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. ...


At the beginning of the Third Reich a ceremonial handshake between President Paul von Hindenburg and the new Chancellor Adolf Hitler took place on 21 March 1933 in Potsdam's Garnisonkirche (Garrison Church), symbolising a coalition of the military (Reichswehr) and Nazism. Potsdam was severely damaged in bombing raids during World War II. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with President of Germany. ... Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known universally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a German field marshal and statesman. ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ... Hitler redirects here. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Reichswehr flag (1921-1935). ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Potsdam Conference in 1945 with Churchill, Truman and Stalin.

The Cecilienhof palace was the scene of the Potsdam Conference from 17 July to 2 August 1945, at which the victorious Allied leaders (Harry S. Truman; Winston Churchill followed by Clement Attlee; and Stalin) met to decide the future of Germany and postwar Europe in general. The conference ended with the Potsdam Agreement and the Potsdam Declaration. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 793 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (803 × 607 pixel, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Big Three at the Potsdam Conference in Germany: Prime Minister Winston Churchill, President Harry S. Truman and Generalissimo Josef Stalin, seated in garden. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 793 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (803 × 607 pixel, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Big Three at the Potsdam Conference in Germany: Prime Minister Winston Churchill, President Harry S. Truman and Generalissimo Josef Stalin, seated in garden. ... Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin meeting at the Potsdam Conference on July 18, 1945. ... The exterior of the Cecilienhof palace Schloss Cecilienhof is in the Northern part of the New Gardens in Potsdam, close to the Jungfernsee lake. ... Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin meeting at the Potsdam Conference on July 18, 1945. ... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other persons named Harry Truman, see Harry Truman (disambiguation). ... Churchill redirects here. ... Clement Richard Attlee, 1st Earl Attlee, KG, OM, CH, PC (3 January 1883 – 8 October 1967) was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1945 to 1951. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... The Potsdam Agreement, or the Potsdam Proclamation, was an agreement on policy for the occupation and reconstruction of Germany and other nations after fighting in the European Theatre of World War II had ended with the German surrender of May 8, 1945. ... The Potsdam Declaration or the Proclamation Defining Terms for Japanese Surrender (not to be confused with the Potsdam Agreement) was a statement issued on July 26, 1945 by Harry S. Truman, Winston Churchill, and Chiang Kai-Shek which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan as agreed upon at the...

The Glienicke Bridge, used for exchanging spies during the Cold War

The government of East Germany (also known as the GDR) endeavoured to erase the symbols of Prussian militarism. Many historic buildings, some of them badly damaged in the war, were torn down. Image File history File links Glienicker_Brücke2. ... Image File history File links Glienicker_Brücke2. ... The famous Glienicke bridge in Berlin, used for exchange of spies during the Cold War View from Potsdam through Jungfernsee The Glienicke bridge is a bridge in Berlin which spans the Havel River to connect the cities of Berlin and Potsdam. ... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Militarism or militarist ideology is the doctrinal view of a society as being best served (or more efficient) when it is governed or guided by concepts embodied in the culture, doctrine, system, or people of the military. ...


Potsdam, lying to the southwest of Berlin, bordered on West Berlin after the construction of the Berlin Wall. The walling off of West Berlin not only cut Potsdam off from West Berlin, but also doubled commuting times to East Berlin. The Glienicke Bridge across the Havel connected the city to West Berlin and was the scene of some Cold War exchanges of spies. East German construction workers building the Berlin Wall, November 20, 1961. ... The famous Glienicke bridge in Berlin, used for exchange of spies during the Cold War View from Potsdam through Jungfernsee The Glienicke bridge is a bridge in Berlin which spans the Havel River to connect the cities of Berlin and Potsdam. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... SPY may refer to: SPY (spiders), ticker symbol for Standard & Poors Depository Receipts SPY (magazine), a satirical monthly, trademarked all-caps SPY (Ivory Coast), airport code for San Pédro, Côte dIvoire SPY (Ship Planning Yard), a U.S. Navy acronym SPY, short for MOWAG SPY, a...


After German reunification, Potsdam became the capital of the newly re-established state of Brandenburg. The are many ideas and efforts to reconstruct the original appearance of the city, most remarkable the Potsdam City Palace and the Garrisonchurch. This article is about the 1990 German reunification. ... For the similarly spelled Brandenberg, see Brandenberg (Austria) or Brandenburg (disambiguation) Location Coordinates , , Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE4 Capital Potsdam Minister-President Matthias Platzeck (SPD) Governing parties SPD / CDU Votes in Bundesrat 4 (of 69) Basic statistics Area  29,479 km² (11,382... The Potsdam City Palace The remaining stables The newly built Fortuna Gate The Potsdam City Palace was the second official residence (the winter residence) of the Markgraf and Kurfürst of Brandenburg, and later of the King of Prussia and Kaiser of the German Empire. ...


Politics

Administration

The Old Town Hall

Potsdam has had a mayor (Bürgermeister) and city council since the fifteenth century. From 1809 the city council was elected, with a mayor (Oberbürgermeister) at its head. In the Third Reich the mayor was selected by the NSDAP and the city council dissolved; it was reconstituted in token form after the Second World War, but free elections did not take place until after reunification. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (850x950, 173 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Potsdam Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (850x950, 173 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Potsdam Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... The Nazi swastika The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei), better known as the NSDAP or the Nazi Party was a political party that was led to power in Germany by Adolf Hitler in 1933. ... Reunification is the political unification of separate political entities which had previously been united. ...


Today the city council is the central administrative organ of the city. The last local elections took place on 26 October 2003, with the next in 2008. From 1990 to 1999 the Chairman of the city council was known as the "town president". Today this person is called simply the "chairman of the city council". The mayor is elected directly. In the last mayoral election, on 22 September 2002, no candidate gained an overall majority, and a run-off election was held between Jann Jakobs (SPD) and Hans-Jürgen Scharfenberg (PDS), with Jann Jakobs gaining the narrowest of victories, with 50.1%. is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Social Democratic Party of Germany Spectral Power Density ... PDS can refer to: A number of political parties: Germany: the Party of Democratic Socialism (Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus) India: the Party of Democratic Socialism Ireland: the Progressive Democrats party. ...


The Landtag Brandenburg, the parliament of the federal state of Brandenburg is situated in the capital Potsdam. It is planned to move into the building of the Potsdam City Palace, after the end of the reconstruction in 2011. Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... The Potsdam City Palace The remaining stables The newly built Fortuna Gate The Potsdam City Palace was the second official residence (the winter residence) of the Markgraf and Kurfürst of Brandenburg, and later of the King of Prussia and Kaiser of the German Empire. ...


Sister towns

Potsdam has city partnerships with the following cities: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

LaFayette, GA
Opole Silesia, Poland 1973 Perugia Italy 1990
Bobigny France 1974 Sioux Falls South Dakota, USA 1990
Jyväskylä Finland 1985 Bonn North Rhine-Westphalia 1988
Lucerne Switzerland 2002

Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Opole ( ; German: ) is a city in southern Poland on the Oder River (Odra). ... Silesia (English pronunciation [], Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlůnsk) is a historical region in central Europe, located along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes, Carpathian (Silesian Beskids) mountain range. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Location of Perugia in Italy Coordinates: , Country Region Province Province of Perugia Government  - Mayor Renato Locchi Area  - City 449 km²  (1,165 sq mi) Elevation 493 m (1,617 ft) Population (July 2006)[1]  - City 161,390  - Density 359/km² (929. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Bobigny is a town and commune of France, in the suburbs is of Paris, chief town of the arrondissement of the Seine-Saint-Denis. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Photo of the waterfall in Sioux Falls Sioux Falls is the largest city located in South Dakota. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Fireworks in Jyväskylä Jyväskylä (IPA: [jyʋæsËŒkylæ]) is a city located in central Finland, 147 km from Tampere and 270 km from Helsinki, near the lakes Päijänne and Keitele. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Historic Town Hall of Bonn (view from the market square). ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Lucerne (disambiguation). ...

Education and research

Landmark buildings of the University of Potsdam

Potsdam is a university town. The University of Potsdam was founded in 1991 as a university of the State of Brandenburg. Its predecessor was the Akademie für Staats- und Rechtswissenschaften der DDR "Walter Ulbricht", a college of education founded in 1948 which was one of the GDR's most important colleges. There are about 17,500 students today in the University. Image File history File linksMetadata University_of_Potsdam_at_Neues_Palais. ... Image File history File linksMetadata University_of_Potsdam_at_Neues_Palais. ... The New Palace campus of the University of Potsdam at the old stables The University of Potsdam is a German university, situated across four campuses in Potsdam, Brandenburg, including the New Palace of Sanssouci. ... The New Palace campus of the University of Potsdam at the old stables The University of Potsdam is a German university, situated across four campuses in Potsdam, Brandenburg, including the New Palace of Sanssouci. ... A college (Latin collegium) can be the name of any group of colleagues; originally it meant a group of people living together under a common set of rules (con-, together + leg-, law). As a consequence members of colleges were originally styled fellow and still are in some places. ...

The Einstein Tower was built in 1921 to house research on the theory of relativity.

In 1991 the Fachhochschule was founded as the second college with today 2.400 students. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (819x614, 167 KB) Licensing de: Einsteinturm in Potsdam. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (819x614, 167 KB) Licensing de: Einsteinturm in Potsdam. ... The Einsteinturm or Einstein Tower in Potsdam, Germany The Einstein Tower is an astrophysical observatory in the Albert Einstein Science Park in Potsdam, Germany designed by architect Erich Mendelsohn. ... Two-dimensional analogy of space-time curvature described in General Relativity. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In addition there is a College of Film and Television (Hochschule für Film und Fernsehen "Konrad Wolf" HFF), founded in 1954 in Babelsberg, the foremost centre of the German film industry since its birth with 600 students today. Castle of Babelsberg with the river Havel as one part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Observatory on the Babelsberg UEFA Womens Cup final Potsdam-Babelsberg or short Babelsberg is the largest district of the city of Potsdam, Germany today. ...


There are also several research foundations, including a Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research, Max Planck Institutes for Gravitational Physics (Albert-Einstein-Institute), Colloids and Interfaces, and Molecular Plant Physiology, the Potsdam Astrophysical Institute and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, which employs 140 people in researching climate change. The Fraunhofer Society (German Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft) is a German research organization named after the German physicist Joseph von Fraunhofer, with 58 institutes spread over Germany each focusing on different fields of applied science, as opposed to the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, which works mostly on basic science. ... The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. ... “Einstein” redirects here. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 450,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ...


Along with universities, Potsdam is home to known secondary schools. Montessori Gesamtschule Potsdam, located in western Potsdam, attracts 400 students from all around Brandenburg and Berlin. Montessori Oberschule Potsdam is located at Schlüterstraße 2 D-14471 in west Potsdam, Germany, near to Sanssouci Park. ...


Sights in Potsdam

Palace Sanssouci, the symbol of the city

Potsdam was historically a centre of European immigration. Its religious tolerance attracted people from France, Russia, the Netherlands, and Bohemia. This is still visible in the culture and architecture of the city. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 363 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: de: Potsdam, Deutschland: Schloss Sanssouci mit Weinberg en: Potsdam, Germany: Sanssouci Palace with vineyard Date: picture taken on August 06, 2005 Author... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 363 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: de: Potsdam, Deutschland: Schloss Sanssouci mit Weinberg en: Potsdam, Germany: Sanssouci Palace with vineyard Date: picture taken on August 06, 2005 Author... This article is about the German palace. ...


The attraction that draws most visitors to Potsdam is Park Sanssouci, 2 km west of the city centre. In 1744 King Frederick the Great ordered the construction of a residence here, where he could live sans souci ("without worries", in the French spoken at the court). The park hosts many magnificent buildings: Sanssouci Park around 1900 Sanssouci Park is a large park surrounding Sanssouci Palace in Potsdam, Germany. ... Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große, Frederick the Great, January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ...

  • The Sanssouci Palace (Schloss Sanssouci), a relatively modest palace of the Prussian royal and German imperial family
  • The Orangery Palace (Orangerieschloss), former palace for foreign royal guests
  • The New Palace (Neues Palais), built between 1763 and 1769 to celebrate the end of the Seven Years' War, in which Prussia ousted Austria from its centuries-long role as the dominant power in German affairs. It is a much larger and grander palace than Sanssouci, having over 200 rooms and 400 statues as decoration. It served as a guest house for numerous royal visitors.
  • The Charlottenhof Palace (Schloss Charlottenhof), a Neoclassical palace by Karl Friedrich Schinkel built in 1826
  • The Roman Baths (Römische Bäder), built by Karl Friedrich Schinkel and Ludwig Persius in 1829-1840. It is a complex of buildings including a tea pavilion, a Renaissance-style villa, and a Roman bathhouse (from which the whole complex takes its name).
  • The Chinese Tea House (Chinesisches Teehaus), an eighteenth-century pavilion built in a Chinese style, which was the fashion of the time.
Fortunaportal and Nikolaikirche at Alter Markt

The Old Market Square (Alter Markt) is Potsdam's historical centre. For three centuries this was the site of the City Palace (Stadtschloß), a royal palace built in 1662. Under Frederick the Great, the palace became the winter residence of the Prussian kings. The palace was severely damaged by bombing in 1945 and demolished in 1961 by the Communist authorities. In 2002 the Gate of Fortune (Fortunaportal) was rebuilt in its original historic position, which marks the first step in the reconstruction of the palace. The Old Market Square is dominated today by the dome of the Nicolas Church (Nikolaikirche), built in 1837 in the classical style. It was the last work of Karl Friedrich Schinkel, who designed the building but did not live to see its completion. It was finished by his disciples Friedrich August Stüler and Ludwig Persius. The eastern side of the Market Square is dominated by the Old City Hall (Altes Rathaus), built in 1755 by the Dutch architect Jan Bouman (1706-1776). It has a characteristic circular tower, crowned with a gilded Atlas bearing the world on his shoulders. This article is about the German palace. ... The Orangery Palace The Orangery Palace (German: Orangerieschloss) is also known as the New Orangery on the Klausberg, or just the Orangery. ... The New Palace in Sanssouci Park The New Palace from the south Front view of the New Palace The New Palace (German: Neues Palais) is a palace situated on the western side of the Sanssouci royal park in Potsdam. ... Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Great Britain and its American Colonies Electorate of Hanover Iroquois Confederacy Kingdom of Portugal Electorate of Brunswick Electorate of Hesse-Kassel Philippines Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of France Empire of Russia Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and... Charlottenhof Palace is located southwest of Sanssouci, Potsdam. ... The Old Museum in Berlin Karl Friedrich Schinkel (March 13, 1781 - October 9, 1841) was a German architect and painter. ... The Roman Baths (Germ. ... The Chinese House The Chinese House (German: Chinesische Haus) is a garden pavilion in Sanssouci Park in Potsdam. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2576x1932, 1137 KB) en: Please report references to AndiF de: Quellenangabe und Beleg an AndiF erbeten. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2576x1932, 1137 KB) en: Please report references to AndiF de: Quellenangabe und Beleg an AndiF erbeten. ... The Potsdam City Palace The remaining stables The newly built Fortuna Gate The Potsdam City Palace was the second official residence (the winter residence) of the Markgraf and Kurfürst of Brandenburg, and later of the King of Prussia and Kaiser of the German Empire. ... Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große, Frederick the Great, January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ... The Old Museum in Berlin Karl Friedrich Schinkel (March 13, 1781 - October 9, 1841) was a German architect and painter. ... Friedrich August Stüler in 1840 Friedrich August Stüler (January 28, 1800 in Mühlhausen - March 18, 1865 in Berlin) was an influental Prussian architect and builder. ... Babelsberg Castle in Potsdam-Babelsberg Ludwig Persius (15th February 1803-12th July 1845) was a Prussian architect and a student of Karl Friedrich Schinkel. ...

Potsdam's Brandenburg Gate

North of the Old Market Square is the oval French Church (Französische Kirche), erected in the 1750s by Boumann for the Huguenot community, and the Brandenburg Gate (built in 1770, not to be confused with the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1136x852, 152 KB) (Uploaded using CommonsHelper or PushForCommons) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Potsdam Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1136x852, 152 KB) (Uploaded using CommonsHelper or PushForCommons) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Potsdam Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... From the 16th to the 18th century the name Huguenot was applied to a member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, historically known as the French Calvinists. ... The Brandenburg Gate The Brandenburg Gate (German: Brandenburger Tor) is a former city gate and one of the main symbols of Berlin, Germany. ...


Another landmark of Potsdam is the two-street Dutch Quarter (Holländisches Viertel), an ensemble of buildings that is unique in Europe, with about 150 houses built of red bricks in the Dutch style. It was built between 1734 and 1742 under the direction of Jan Bouman to be used by Dutch craftsmen who had been invited to settle here by King Frederick Wilhelm I. Today this area is one of Potsdam's most visited neighborhoods. Frederick William I (German: Friedrich Wilhelm I) (August 14, 1688 – May 31, 1740) of the House of Hohenzollern, was the King in Prussia from 1713 until his death. ...


North of the city center is the Russian colony Alexandrowka, a small enclave of Russian architecture (including an Orthodox chapel) built in 1825 for a group of Russian immigrants. Since 1999 the colony has been a UNESCO world heritage site.


East of the Alexandrowka colony is a large park, the New Garden (Neuer Garten), which was laid out beginning in 1786 in the English style. The site contains two palaces—one of them, the Palace Cecilienhof, where the Potsdam Conference was held in July and August, 1945. The Marble Palace was built in 1789 in the style of Classicism. The exterior of the Cecilienhof palace Schloss Cecilienhof is in the Northern part of the New Gardens in Potsdam, close to the Jungfernsee lake. ... Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin meeting at the Potsdam Conference on July 18, 1945. ... Classicism door in Olomouc, The Czech Republic Teatr Wielki in Warsaw Church La Madeleine in Paris Classicism, in the arts, refers generally to a high regard for classical antiquity, as setting standards for taste which the classicist seeks to emulate. ...


Another interesting area of Potsdam is Babelsberg, a quarter east of the centre, housing the UFA film studios (Babelsberg Studios), and an extensive park with some interesting buildings, including the Babelsberg Palace (Schloß Babelsberg, a neo-Gothic palace designed by Schinkel). The Einstein Tower was built between 1920 and 1924 by architect Erich Mendelsohn on the top of the Telegraphenberg. Castle of Babelsberg with the river Havel as one part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Observatory on the Babelsberg UEFA Womens Cup final Potsdam-Babelsberg or short Babelsberg is the largest district of the city of Potsdam, Germany today. ... UFA logo Universum Film AG, better known as Ufa or UFA, was the principal film studio in Germany, home of the German film industry during the Weimar Republic and through World War II, and a major force in world cinema during its brief existence from 1917 to 1945. ... Filmstudio Babelsberg Logo showing a scene from Metropolis The Babelsberg Studios is a film studio located in Potsdam-Babelsberg, Germany. ... Neo-gothic architecture is an American branch of the Gothic revival style that was imported from England in the 1830s. ... The Einsteinturm or Einstein Tower in Potsdam, Germany The Einstein Tower is an astrophysical observatory in the Albert Einstein Science Park in Potsdam, Germany designed by architect Erich Mendelsohn. ... Translation in progress Erich Mendelsohn (21 March 1887 – 15 September 1953) was a German Jewish architect, known for his expressionist buildings in the 1920s, the first in their style. ...


There are many parks in Potsdam, most of them belonging to UNESCO World Heritage sites. Some of them are: UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...

References

External links

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  • Official city homepage (in english)
  • GermanPlaces - Potsdam - Information, pictures and slideshows (English)
  • Interactive aerial tour of Potsdam
  • Tourist attractions in Potsdam

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