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Encyclopedia > Potchefstroom
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Potchefstroom is a large academic town with the North-West University, situated on the banks of the Mooi River (literally pretty river), 120 km west-southwest of Johannesburg in the North West Province of South Africa. Image File history File links Potchefstroom Flag. ... Image File history File links Potchefstroom Flag. ... Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ... ÁÊã{} This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: theres no such thing: Northwest University is not hyphenated If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... Categories: South Africa stubs | North West Province | Provinces of South Africa ...

The town, founded in 1838 by the Voortrekkers, was the oldest settlement of people of European descent in the then Transvaal. It served as the first capital of the Zuid Afrikaanse Republiek (ZAR) (South African Republic in English). Also, for a short time during the 1840s, the towns of Potchefstroom and Winburg as well as their surrounding territories were joined in a political entity known as the Republic of Winburg-Potchefstroom. Voortrekker leader Andries Hendrik Potgieter was elected as head of the republic. Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Voortrekkers (Afrikaans for pioneers, literally those who move ahead or first/forward traveler) were white Afrikaner farmers, then known as Boers, who in the 1830s and 1840s emigrated during a series of mass movements of a number of separate trekking contingents under different leaders in what is called the... This article is about the continent. ... Flag of Transvaal The Transvaal (lit. ... Capital Pretoria Created 1857 - Independence 1881 - Boer Rebelion Dissolved 1877 - 1st British Annexation 1900 - Formal Annexation Language Afrikaans The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, or ZAR), often informally known as the Transvaal Republic, was an independent country in southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... // Events and Trends Technology First use of anaesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long War, peace and politics First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi New Zealand. ... Winburg is a small mixed farming town in the Free State Province of South Africa. ... Andries Hendrik Potgieter (1792 - 1852) was a South African Boer political figure. ...

On the 16 December 1880, the first shots of the First Boer War were fired when the Boers laid siege to the old fort. The siege ended amicably on 23 March 1881. The British built a concentration camp here during the Second Boer War to house Boer women, children and elderly men. December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The First Boer War also known as the Transvaal War, was fought from December 16, 1880 until March 23, 1881. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ... 1881 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A concentration camp is a large detention center created for political opponents, aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war. ... Boer guerrillas during the Second Boer War There were two Boer wars, one from December 16, 1880-March 23, 1881 and the second from October 11, 1899-May 31, 1902 both between the British and the settlers of Dutch, French and German origin (called Boers, Afrikaners or Voortrekkers) in South... Boer is the Afrikaans (and Dutch) word for farmer which came to denote the descendants of the Afrikaans-speaking migrating farmers of the expanding eastern Cape frontier. ...

The town is also host to the annual Aardklop Festival, an Afrikaans cultural festival held in late September each year. The tone of this article is inappropriate for an encyclopedia article. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia with smaller numbers of speakers in Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe and Zambia. ...



Today Potchefstroom is known as the City of Expertise and is home to, inter alia, four tertiary institutions and 30 schools, as well as numerous research bureaus and training centres.

The North-West University

The North-West University is a merged tertiary educational institution that was created on 1 January 2004, with campuses at Potchefstroom, Mafikeng, Vanderbijlpark and Mankwe. The Potchefstroom Campus (formerly Potchefstroom University, founded in 1869) is the largest and the head office of the University is situated there. With its merged status the North-West University became one of the bigger universities in South Africa with approximately 32 000 students (full-time and distance education students). January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mafikeng is the capital of the North West Province, South Africa, 870 miles NE of Cape Town and 492 miles SSW of Bulawayo by rail, and 162 miles in a direct line W by N of Johannesburg. ... Vanderbijlpark is an industrial city next to the Vaal River in southern Gauteng, South Africa. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The Potchefstroom campus of the North-West University (nicknamed Pukke) was formerly known as the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education (abbreviated PU for CHE). ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...

Potchefstroom College of Education

The Potchefstoom College of Education, originally the Normal College, was founded in 1919. Initially the College was housed in galvanised iron buildings on the same premises as the Potchefstroom High School for Boys, and it moved to its present location in 1923. 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Technical College Potchefstroom

The Technical College Potchefstroom came into existence in 1939 when the Union Education Department started "continuation classes". The annual increase in student numbers bears testimony to the important role played by this tertiary body. 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Agricultural Centre

The Agricultural Centre, previously known as the Experimental Farm (1902) and Agricultural College (1939), is currently the largest single agricultural service point on one terrain in Southern Africa. The centre houses the headquarters of the Highveld Region of the Department Agriculture, the Grain Crops Institute as well as the Agricultural College with its modern training facilities. 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...



Potchefstroom is known as the North-West Province's "Home of Sport". The provincial headquarters of 17 of the most important sports are situated in the city. The City Council places a high priority on the establishment, maintenance and upgrading of the sport facilities under its control, especially to meet the variety of sporting and recreational needs of its youthful community. The Mooi River trails as well as other trails add extra colour and variety to these facilities available to resident and tourist alike.

Olën Park / Kenneth McArthur Oval

Both these Western Transvaal sports headquarters were laid out in 1892. Olën Park, named after Charlie Olën, former president of the West Province and offers the rugby enthusiast matches up to international level. As from 1995 soccer matches are also played at this venue. 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The Oval was named after Kenneth McArthur, the Potchefstroom policeman who in 1912 was awarded a gold medal for winning the marathon at the Olympic Games. The high standard of illumination at the grounds makes the televising of large permit meetings possible. Kennedy Kane Kenneth McArthur (February 10, 1881 - June 13, 1960) was a South African athlete, winner of the marathon race at the 1912 Summer Olympics. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Places of Interest

Lakeside Holiday Resort

Situated on the banks of the Potchefstroom Dam in the Mooi River, offers chalets, a caravan park, a variety of facilities and entertainment such as water sports, angling, a swimming pool and a supertube.

Dome Bergland Nature Park

The site of a meteorite impact some 2 000 million years ago. A fascinating geographic phenomenon in that it is different in shape and vegetation from its surrouding areas. Creating the riches reef in the world, many trails take visitors to this remarkable natural feature and many activities are on offer, including hiking, riverrafting, canoeing, mountain climbing, abseiling, mountain biking and fly fishing. A meteorite is a small extraterrestrial body that impacts the Earths surface. ...

Boskop Dam Nature Reserve

Yachting takes place on the waters of this dam.

Potchefstroom Museum

The complete history of human experience and interaction in the area is covered by this museum.

National Monuments

The city has many buildings and other structures that have been declared national monuments, such as: The Old Gunpowder House, Old Police Station Building, Kruger Kraal Opstal, Heimat Building, Magistrate's Office.


The country's oldest Reformed Churches and its oldest stone-built Hervormde Church are found in the town. St Mary's Anglican Church, built in 1891, is notable for its magnificent stained glass windows. 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

The Green Belt

10 km running along side the Mooi River in the centre of the city, hosts the 18-hole country club, twice the venue for South African Open tournaments.

OPM Prozesky Bird Sanctuary

Which attracts bird lovers from far and wide to its +- 200 bird species.

Buffelsvlei Wild Animal Park

Buffelsvlei has the following activities available: Game drives with or without guide, hiking, bicycle riding, horse riding, swimming, clay-pigeon shooting, biltong and trophy hunting. There is a volleyball court, a bar with DSTV and a pool table, picnic and braai facilities.

City Hall

The stately City Hall in Edwardian Classicictic design was inaugurated in 1909. Together with the City Hall of Krugersdorp it is the oldest existing City Hall north of the Vaal River in South Africa. The western façade is strictly symmetrical with the 26m high ornamental, domed tower as a central axis. The clockwork and bell with its Westminster chimes were manufactured in the Netherlands.

Trim Park

The Trim Park is situated in the Green Belt area adjacent to the Mooi River. This natural paradise through which the Mooi River trail meanders, is a delightful recreational area and has lately also developed as an ideal venue for shows and other festivities.


Potchefstroom is an important industrial growth point of North West Province. Potchindustria houses, inter alia, steel, food and chemical industries which concentrate on delivering locally, nationally an internationally. Increasing interest and investment, even by foreign industrialists, reflect the vitality and potential of this sector. The City Council's marketing program is geared towards paying special attention to each new investor and presenting the best package to suit his needs.


Image:N West.jpg Apart from sports and recreational activities , the city offers a rich variety of entertainment. The Sanlam Auditorium of the North-West University serves as theatre for the city and neighboring towns. Performances to a large extent meet the cultural needs of the community. Local and other artists of high caliber perform regularly in the well-equipped venues. Student life contributes greatly to the entertainment program of the community. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Art Market

A monthly activity which has become a familiar sight in the City Council gardens. A colourful and gay atmosphere is created by the exhibitions of a wide variety of home industries. The market gives residents and tourists the opportunity to make interesting purchases.

Business Centre

The city's business centre comprises a variety of commercial firms, including shopping centres of large chain store groups, as well as office space for the numerous professional services. The Kerk Street semi-pedestrian mall adds a colourful character to the business centre which makes every visit a highly enjoyable experience.

The Bult

The Bult is synomymous with the student community of Potchefstroom and offers, inter alia, a wide variety of restaurants and other eating places in its business centre. As a national monument the Oak Avenue which is 6,84km long, contributes to the picturesque atmosphere of Tom Street in the Bult area. The trees, planted in 1910, cover an area from the Agricultural College to the Lakeside Holiday Resort. Despite Stellenbosch being known as the "City of Oaks", Potchefstroom actually has more of these trees. Stellenbosch is the second oldest European settlement in South Africa after Cape Town, and is located in the Western Cape Province. ... Oaks is the name of several places in the United States: Oaks in Missouri. ...

North Western Command

The headquarters of the NWC is situated in Potchefstroom and also accentuates the important role which the city plays with regard to the activities of the South African National Defence Force in North West Province. The South African National Defence Force (SANDF) is the name of the armed forces of South Africa. ...

External links

  • Gateway to Potchefstroom

  Results from FactBites:
About Potchefstroom - History (522 words)
Besides Potchefstroom's claim to being the oldest town in the North West, few other towns are symbolical of South Africa's constitutional, cultural and religious development.
Potchefstroom is furthermore a historical town as it was the first town north of the Vaal River.
A noteworthy fact is that the first shots of the First War of Independence were fired in Potchefstroom in 1880 and that the town also played a prominent role during the guerilla phase of the Anglo Boer War (1899 -1902).
AllRefer.com - Potchefstroom (South African Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (226 words)
The oldest European town in what was the Transvaal, Potchefstroom was founded in 1838 and served as capital of the Transvaal until 1860.
The British captured Potchefstroom during the South African War of 1899 to 1902.
Potchefstroom Univ. for Christian Higher Education, an agricultural college, and a theological seminary are in the town.
  More results at FactBites »



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