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Encyclopedia > Potato famine

Potato famine may mean or refer to:

  • The Irish Potato Famine (1845–1849)
  • The Highland Potato Famine (1846 - 1857)

An 1849 depiction of Bridget ODonnell and her two children during the famine. ... In the Highlands of Scotland, in the mid 19th century, most croftters were very dependent on potatoes as a source of food. ...

Background

The potato famines of the mid 19th century arose from an infestation of potato blight, Phytophthora infestans, which spread across Europe in the 1840s. Wherever the potato crop was lost, its effect was widely felt – in France and England for example. However, the nature of agriculture in Ireland, Norway, Sweden and the Scottish Highlands meant that in these places the proportion of the food supply normally in the form of potatoes was much greater than where the soils were better and the climate less wet. The loss was therefore much more keenly felt than it was where other foods were available in the first season and other crops could subsequently be planted, so restoring a full supply of carbohydrate food in later years. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name Phytophthora infestans (Mont. ... // Events and Trends Technology First use of general anesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long The first electrical telegraph sent by Samuel Morse on May 24, 1844 from Baltimore to Washington, D.C.. War, peace and politics First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... The Scottish Highlands are the mountainous regions of Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault. ... Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk. ...


In both the Highlands and Lowlands of Scotland and in Ireland, this was not so readily possible owing to soils, climate and in many cases, lack of capital for investment in new seed-stock and methods. The Scottish Lowlands ( an Galldachd in Gaelic ), although not officially a geographical area of the country, in normal usage is generally meant to include those parts of Scotland not referred to as the Highlands (or Gàidhealtachd), that is, everywhere due south and east of a line (the Highland Boundary... Capital has a number of related meanings in economics, finance and accounting. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Irish Potato Famine - definition of Irish Potato Famine in Encyclopedia (3768 words)
The Famine was at least fifty years in the making, due to the disastrous interaction of British economic policy, destructive farming methods, and the unfortunate appearance of "the Blight" —the potato fungus that almost instantly destroyed the major food source for the majority population.
That the Famine "amounted to genocide" by the British against the Irish is a divisive issue and largely representative of the difference in perspective and attitudes among the Irish-Americans from Irish nationals.
The use of the potato and sub-division produced two interlinked side-effects; with increased food energy the number of surviving male heirs was quickly increasing, while with the prospect of inheriting a land-holding, heirs married young and produced large families-hence increasing subdivision into smaller estates for their own heirs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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