Posthumous honors are those bestowed after the death of the person honored. Military honors are sometimes given to persons who have died in combat. In many republics, effigies of heads of state may appear on currency only posthumously. Some awards, such as the Nobel Prize, are famously known for not being able to be awarded posthumously. The Darwin Awards are usually granted posthumously unless the receiver of the award rendered him or herself unable to reproduce. In Roman Catholicism, recognition of a person as a saint or as a Doctor of the Church is always posthumous.
Algernon Sydney (or Sidney), (January 1623 – December 7, 1683), was an English politician, an opponent of King Charles II of England. ... The Silmarillion is a collection of J. R. R. Tolkiens works, edited and published posthumously by his son Christopher, with the assistance of fantasy fiction writer Guy Gavriel Kay. ... J. R. R. Tolkien in 1972, in his study at Merton Street (from by H. Carpenter) John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (January 3, 1892 â September 2, 1973) was the author of The Hobbit and its sequel The Lord of the Rings. ... Eleutheria is a play by Samuel Beckett, written in French in 1947. ... Samuel Beckett Samuel Barclay Beckett (April 13, 1906 – December 22, 1989) was an Irish playwright, novelist and poet. ... The Trial book cover The Trial (German Der ProzeÃ) is a surreal novel by Franz Kafka about a character named Joseph K., who awakens one morning and, for reasons that one never discovers, is arrested and subjected to the rigours of the judicial process for an unspecified crime. ... This article is about novel by Kafka, see The Castle (Kadare) for another novel by the same name. ... Amerika book cover Amerika was a novel written by Franz Kafka, published in 1927, which describes the adventures of a sixteen-year-old European emigrant called Karl Rossman in the United States, as a punishment for being seduced by a maid, to meet his uncle who receives him at his... Franz Kafka approximately 1917 Franz Kafka (b. ... 2003 Penguin Books paperback edition The Man with the Golden Gun is a James Bond novel by Ian Fleming that was first published in 1965. ... 2003 Penguin Books paperback edition Octopussy and the Living Daylights is a collection of James Bond short stories, by Ian Fleming, published in the United Kingdom and the United States by Glidrose Productions, in 1966, as postscript to his James Bond canon. ... Ian Fleming Ian Lancaster Fleming (May 28, 1908–August 12, 1964) is an English author, best remembered for writing the James Bond series of novels as well as the childrens story, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang. ... The featured ship of the Andromeda television show, the Andromeda Ascendant Gene Roddenberrys Andromeda is a science fiction television series, a posthumous creation of Gene Roddenberry. ... Bust of Homer, one of the earliest European poets, in the British Museum Poetry (ancient Greek: ÏÎ¿Î¹ÎµÏ (poieo) = I create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... Gerard Manley Hopkins (July 28, 1844 - June 8, 1889) was a British Victorian poet and Jesuit priest, whose verse has been widely admired for the vividness of its expression. ... William Shakespeare—born April 1564; baptised April 26, 1564; died April 23, 1616 (O.S.), May 3, 1616 (N.S.)—has a reputation as the greatest of all writers in English. ... Poetry (ancient Greek: poieo = create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... The narrative poem The Rape of Lucrece is the graver work promised by English dramatist-poet William Shakespeare in his dedication to his patron, Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, in Venus and Adonis. ... A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state. ... A posthumous name (è«¡è/è¬è Pinyin: shÃ¬ hÃ o; Romaji: shigÅ/tsuigÅ; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ... Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... A Darwin Award is an honor given to any person who has helped to improve the human gene pool by removing themselves from it in a spectacularly stupid manner. The more imbecilic the loss of reproductive capability, i. ... Reproduction is perhaps most commonly used in the context of biological reproduction and sex: Sexual reproduction is a biological process by which organisms create descendants through the combination of genetic material. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... In Roman Catholicism, a Doctor of the Church is a theologian from whose teachings the whole Christian church is held to have derived great advantage and to whom eminent learning and great sanctity have been attributed by a proclamation of the Pope or of an ecumenical council. ...
The posthumous name is commonly used when naming most Chinese royalty, most Korean royalty, almost all Vietnamese royalty and all the emperors of Japan, except the four most recent emperors, Akihito, Hirohito (the Shōwa emperor), the Taishō emperor and the Meiji emperor.
Posthumous names in China and Vietnam were given to honor lifetime accomplishment: many people who were not related to the emperor have posthumous names.
The use of posthumous names was stopped in the Qin Dynasty, because Qin Shi Huang proclaimed that it is disrespectful for the descendants, or "later emperors" (嗣皇帝) to judge their elders, or the "prior emperors" (先帝).
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