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Encyclopedia > Posterior cerebral artery
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The arterial circle and arteries of the brain. The posterior cerebral arteries (middle of figure) arise from the basilar artery.
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The arterial circle and arteries of the brain. The posterior cerebral arteries (middle of figure) arise from the basilar artery.

In human anatomy, the posterior cerebral artery is the blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the posterior aspect of the brain (occipital lobe). It arises from the basilar artery and connects with the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery and internal carotid artery via the posterior communicating artery. Circle of Willis in the human brain. ... The basilar artery is one of the arteries which the brain supplies with oxygen-rich blood. ... Jump to: navigation, search Human anatomy or anthropotomy is a special field within anatomy. ... Jump to: navigation, search The arterial system The blood vessels are part of the circulatory system and function to transport blood throughout the body. ... Jump to: navigation, search Red blood cells (erythrocytes) are present in the blood and help carry oxygen to the rest of the cells in the body Blood is a circulating tissue composed of fluid plasma and cells (red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets). ... The occipital lobes are the visual processing center of mammalian brains. ... The basilar artery is one of the arteries which the brain supplies with oxygen-rich blood. ... The middle cerebral artery (MCA) is one of the three major arteries that supplies blood to the brain. ... The carotid artery is a major artery of the head and neck that supplies blood to the head and neck. ...


Also see

Circle of Willis in the human brain. ...

External links

  • The Arteries of the Brain - Gray's Anatomy
  • Posterior Cerebral Artery Stroke - emedicine.com
Major blood vessels

Arteries: anterior cerebral | anterior communicating | anterior tibial | aorta | artery of Adamkiewicz | axillary | basilar | brachial | brachiocephalic | bronchial | carotid | celiac artery | circle of Willis | common carotid | common iliac | common hepatic | dorsalis pedis | external iliac | external carotid | facial | femoral | gastroduodenal | gastroepiploic | hepatic | iliac | inferior mesenteric | internal carotid | internal thoracic | lateral thoracic | left gastric | marginal | maxillary | middle cerebral | middle meningeal | ophthalmic | peroneal | popliteal | posterior cerebral | posterior communicating | posterior tibial | profunda femoris | pulmonary | radial | renal | splenic | subclavian | superior mesenteric | ulnar | umbilical | vertebral
Veins: anterior tibial | axillary | azygos | basilic | brachial | brachiocephalic | cephalic | common iliac | ductus venosus | external iliac | femoral | great saphenous | hepatic | iliac | inferior mesenteric | inferior vena cava | jugular | median cubital | peroneal | popliteal | portal | posterior tibial | profunda femoris | pulmonary | radial | renal | small saphenous | splenic | subclavian | superior mesenteric | superior vena cava | ulnar | vein of Galen | venae cavae Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ... List of blood vessels This is an incomplete list, which can or may never satisfy any subjective standard for completeness. ... Section of an artery An artery or arterial is also a class of highway. ... The anterior cerebral artery supplies oxygen to most medial portions of frontal lobes and superior medial parietal lobes. ... Jump to: navigation, search The arterial circle and arteries of the brain. ... Anterior tibial artery and the muscles and bones of the leg - anterior view of right leg. ... The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... The artery of Adamkiewicz is an artery that arises from the abdominal aorta and supplies the lower two thirds of the spinal cord. ... Axillary artery and its branches - anterior view of right upper limb and thorax. ... The basilar artery is one of the arteries which the brain supplies with oxygen-rich blood. ... The brachial artery is a blood vessel of the upper arm. ... Jump to: navigation, search The brachiocephalic artery (or trunk) is an artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood to the right arm and the head. ... Bronchial Artery The bronchial arteries supply nutrients and oxygen to the root of the lungs, the supporting tissues of the lungs, and the visceral pleura of the lungs. ... The carotid artery is a major artery of the head and neck. ... celiac artery ... Circle of Willis in the human brain. ... Left Common Carotid Artery- One of three arteries that originate along the aortic arch. ... Bifurcation of the aorta and the right iliac arteries - side view. ... Jump to: navigation, search Branches of the celiac artery - stomach in situ. ... In anatomy, the dorsalis pedis artery of the lower limb carries blood to the dorsal surface of the foot, from the anterior tibial artery. ... Bifurcation of the aorta and the right iliac arteries - side view. ... The carotid artery is a major artery of the head and neck. ... The Facial artery is an artery that supplies blood to several cranial structures. ... Femoral artery and its major branches - right thigh, anterior view. ... Branches of the celiac artery. ... Branches of the celiac artery. ... Hepatic artery is an artery that distributes blood to the liver, pancreas and gallbladder as well as to the stomach and duodenal portion of the small intestine. ... The Iliac artery is one of the large arteries supplying blood to the pelvis and legs. ... In anatomy, inferior mesenteric artery supplies the large intestine from the left colic (or splenic) flexure to the upper part of the rectum. ... The carotid artery is a major artery of the head and neck that supplies blood to the head and neck. ... Jump to: navigation, search Right internal thoracic artery and its branches. ... Jump to: navigation, search Lateral thoracic artery and the axillary artery, with its other branches - anterior view of right upper limb and thorax. ... The left gastric artery arises from the coeliac trunk, and runs along the superior portion of the lesser curvature of the stomach, while the right gastric artery supplies the inferior portion. ... Jump to: navigation, search Frontal view of the abdominal aorta and the territory supplied by the inferior mesenteric artery. ... The maxillary artery is the larger of the two terminal branches of the external carotid artery. ... The middle cerebral artery (MCA) is one of the three major arteries that supplies blood to the brain. ... The middle meningeal artery is typically the first branch of the first part (retromandibular part) of the maxillary artery; one of the two terminal branches of the external carotid artery. ... The opthalmic artery is a branch of the internal carotid artery which supplies branches to supply the eye and other structures in the orbit: Central retinal artery Supraorbital artery Supratrochlear artery Lacrimal artery Dorsal nasal artery Short posterior ciliary arteries Long posterior ciliary arteries Posterior ethmoidal artery Anterior ethmoidal artery... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... The profunda femoris artery (also known as the deep femoral artery, or the deep artery of the thigh) is a branch of the femoral artery that, as its name suggests, travels more deeply (posteriorly) than the rest of the femoral artery. ... The pulmonary arteries carry blood from the heart to the lungs. ... Arteries of the right forearm - anterior view. ... Jump to: navigation, search Human kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The renal arteries normally arise off the abdominal aorta and supply the kidneys with blood. ... Branches of the celiac artery. ... The subclavian artery is a major artery of the upper thorax that mainly supplies blood to the head and arms. ... The superior mesenteric artery arises from the anterior surface of the aorta, just inferior to the origin of the celiac trunk, and supplies the intestine from the duodenum and pancreas to the left colic flexure. ... Arteries of the right forearm - anterior view. ... Umbilical arteries carry deoxygenated blood from the fetus to the placenta in the umbilical cord. ... The vertebral arteries are branches of the subclavian arteries. ... In geology, a vein is a regularly shaped and lengthy occurrence of an ore; a lode. ... In human anatomy, the anterior tibial vein of the lower limb carries blood from the anterior compartment of the leg to the popliteal vein which is forms when it joins with the posterior tibial vein. ... Anterior view of right upper limb and thorax - axillary vein and the distal part of the basilic vein and cephalic vein. ... The azygos vein is so named because it is unpaired, having no matching vein on the left side of the body. ... Jump to: navigation, search In human anatomy, the basilic vein is a superficial vein of the upper limb. ... Jump to: navigation, search In human anatomy, the brachial vein is a deep vein of the upper limb. ... The Brachiocephalic vein is also known as the innominate vein, the left and right brachiocephalic veins in the upper chest are formed by the union of each corresponding jugular vein and subclavian vein. ... This vein is located in the superficial fascia along the anterolateral surface of the biceps brachii muscle and is often visible through the skin. ... The common iliac veins are formed by the external iliac veins and internal iliac veins and together, in the abdomen at about the level of the umbilicus, form the inferior vena cava. ... In the fetus, the ductus venosus connects the left umbilical vein with the upper inferior vena cava. ... Jump to: navigation, search Veins of the abdomen and lower limb - inferior vena cava, common iliac vein, external iliac vein, internal iliac vein, femoral vein and their tributaries. ... In the human body, the femoral vein is a blood vessel that accompanies the femoral artery in the same sheath. ... Great saphenous vein and its tributaries. ... Superior vena cava, inferior vena cava (IVC), azygos vein and their tributaries. ... In human anatomy, iliac vein refers to several anatomical structures located in the pelvis: External iliac vein - terminates at the common iliac vein, drains the femoral vein. ... The portal vein and its tributaries. ... This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ... The external and internal jugular veins are veins that bring deoxygenated blood from the head back to the heart via the superior vena cava. ... Jump to: navigation, search Superficial veins of the upper limb. ... Jump to: navigation, search In anatomy, the peroneal vein (also known as the fibular vein) of the lower limb carries blood from the lateral compartment of the leg to the popliteal vein. ... The politeal vein parrallels the popliteal artery but carries the blood from the knee joint and muscles in the thigh and calf back to the heart. ... The portal vein is a major vein in the human body draining blood from the digestive system and its associated glands. ... In anatomy, the posterior tibial vein of the lower limb carries blood from the posterior compartment and plantar surface of the foot to the popliteal vein which is forms when it joins with the anterior tibial vein. ... Profunda femoris vein is a large vein in the thigh. ... The pulmonary veins carry blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. ... In anatomy, the radial vein is the main blood vessel, with de-oxygenated blood, of the lateral aspect of the forearm. ... Kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The kidneys are bean-shaped excretory organs in vertebrates. ... Small saphenous vein and its tributaries. ... The portal vein and its tributaries - the largest are the superior mesenteric vein and splenic vein. ... The subclavian vein is a continuation of the axillary vein and runs from the outer border of the first rib to the medial border of scalenus anterior muscle. ... The portal vein and its tributaries. ... Jump to: navigation, search The superior Venca Cava has one testicle attatched to the upper part of its interlectual structure. ... Jump to: navigation, search In anatomy, the ulnar vein is the main blood vessel, with de-oxygenated blood, of the medial aspect of the forearm. ... The vein of Galen (VG), also known as the great cerebral vein, is one of the large blood vessels in the skull draining the cerebrum (brain). ... The brachiocephalic veins, superior vena cava, inferior vena cava, azygos vein and their tributaries The superior and inferior venae cavae are the veins that return the blood from the body into the heart. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
VI. The Arteries. 3b. The Arteries of the Brain. Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. (607 words)
The cerebral arteries are derived from the internal carotid and vertebral, which at the base of the brain form a remarkable anastomosis known as the arterial circle of Willis.
It is formed in front by the anterior cerebral arteries, branches of the internal carotid, which are connected together by the anterior communicating; behind by the two posterior cerebral arteries, branches of the basilar, which are connected on either side with the internal carotid by the posterior communicating (Figs.
The vessels of the cortical arterial system are not so strictly “terminal” as those of the ganglionic system, but they approach this type very closely, so that injection of one area from the vessel of another area, though possible, is frequently very difficult, and is only effected through vessels of small caliber.
biology - Circle of Willis (201 words)
It is formed by both the internal carotid arteries and the basilar artery.
After the internal carotid arteries enter the skull from each side, they will each trifurcate into the anterior cerebral artery, middle cerebral artery, and posterior communicating artery.
The two anterior cerebral arteries from both sides are joined together anteriorly by the anterior communicating artery.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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