FACTOID # 30: If Alaska were its own country, it would be the 26th largest in total area, slightly larger than Iran.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Positivist model


Positivism can have several meanings.

Contents


Law

Legal positivism is a view which, in contrast to the natural law view, claims that a legal system can be defined independently of evaluative terms or propositions. Sometimes legal positivism is understood as the view that laws must be obeyed, whatever their content. The late Carlos Nino called the former view "methodological" and the latter "ideological," claiming that only the former was philosophically defensible. Legal positivism is a school of thought in modern and contemporary jurisprudence and the philosophy of law. ... The natural law or law of nature is a system of the justice that exists independently of the positive law of a given political order. ... Aphorism Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Legal code Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Find more information on Law by searching one of Wikipedias sibling projects: Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Law The Australian Institute of Comparative... Carlos Santiago Nino (1943-1993) was an Argentine moral, legal and political philosopher. ...


Political Theory

A highly complex political theory which stems from the Enlightenment legacy. It refers to objective ways of knowing, that a process needs to be rational and scientific. It seeks to separate the subject from the values we apply to it, and argues that it is possible to develop value-free knowledge. An opposing tradition is that of postpositivism, which holds that knowledge cannot be value-free or neutral, and that our world is entrenched in meaning and history. The Age of Enlightenment refers to the 18th century in European philosophy, and is often thought of as part of a larger period which includes the Age of Reason. ... In philosophy, postpositivism is, as the prefix indicates, a metatheoretical stance following positivism. ...


Literature

In Poland, the period in literature after the January 1863 Uprising until the turn of the 20th century is known as the Positivist period. Famous Polish Positivist writers included (some, for part of their careers): ... The January Uprising was the longest Polish uprising against Tsarist Russia: it began January 22, 1863, and the last insurgents were not captured until 1865. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... For other meanings of positivism, see Positivism. ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ...

More broadly, Positivism was a major social ideology of Poland in that period and helped stimulate a growing interest in science, technology and economic development. Adam Asnyk (born September 11, 1838 in Kalisz, died August 2, 1897 in Krakow), was a Polish poet and dramatist. ... 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Eliza Orzeszkowa (1842-1910 ), Polish novelist, was born near Grodno, of the noble family of PawÅ‚owski. ... take you to calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... BolesÅ‚aw Prus BolesÅ‚aw Prus (pronounced: [bÉ”lεswaf prus]; August 20, 1847 – May 19, 1912), born Aleksander GÅ‚owacki, was a Polish journalist, short-story writer, and novelist. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Maria Konopnicka (born on May 23, 1842 in Suwałki - October 8, 1910 in Lwów) was a Polish poet, novelist, translator and essayist. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Henryk Sienkiewicz Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (pronounce: [γεnrɨk É•enkieviʧ]) (May 5, 1846 - November 15, 1916) was a Polish novelist, one of the outstanding writers of the second half of the 19th century. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... Gabriela Zapolska: pseudonym of the Polish novelist and actress Maria G. Śnieżko-Błocka (born March 30, 1857, in Podhajce, Austrian Galicia, now Pidhaytsi, Ukraine - died December 17, 1921, in Lwów, Poland, now Lviv, Ukraine). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Stefan Å»eromski Stefan Å»eromski (pronounce: [stεfan ʒεromski]) (1864-1925) was a Polish novelist and writer. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Philosophy

Positivist philosophy states the theoretical attitude maintaining that the only authentic knowledge is the scientific knowledge. ... Pierre-Simon Laplace Pierre-Simon, Marquis de Laplace (March 23, 1749 – March 5, 1827) was a French mathematician and astronomer who put the final capstone on mathematical astronomy by summarizing and extending the work of his predecessors in his five volume Mécanique Céleste (Celestial Mechanics) (1799-1825). ... Logical positivism (later referred to as logical empiricism, also referred to as neo-positivism) is a philosophy (of science) that originated in the Vienna Circle in the 1920s. ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... The Vienna Circle was a group of philosophers and scientists organized in Vienna under Moritz Schlick. ...

Social science

In sociology, anthropology, and other social sciences, the term social positivism was closely connected to naturalism and can be traced back to the philosophical thinking of Auguste Comte in the 19th century. In Comte's view, positivism is an approach to improving the world through science. Positivists believe that there is little if any methodological difference between social sciences and natural sciences; societies, like nature, operate according to laws. Social interactions of people and their consequences are the subject of sociology studies. ... Anthropology (from the Greek word άνθρωπος, human) consists of the study of humankind (see genus Homo). ... Terms like SOSE (Studies of Society & the Environment) not only refer to social sciences but also studies of the environment. ... This article describes the term positivism as used in social sciences, especially within the science of sociology. ... Sociological naturalism is a term used in sociology, for the view that natural world and social world are roughly identical and governed by similar principles. ... Auguste Comte Auguste Comte (full name Isidore Marie Auguste François Xavier Comte) (January 17 (recorded January 19), 1798 - September 5, 1857) was a positivist thinker and came up with the term of sociology to name the new science made by Saint-Simon. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Terms like SOSE (Studies of Society & the Environment) not only refer to social sciences but also studies of the environment. ... The lunar farside as seen from Apollo 11 Natural science is the study of the physical, nonhuman aspects of the Earth and the universe around us. ... Society - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Aphorism Critical legal studies Jurisprudence Law (principle) Legal research Legal code Natural justice Natural law Philosophy of law Religious law External links Find more information on Law by searching one of Wikipedias sibling projects: Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Law The Australian Institute of Comparative...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ralph Dumain: "The Autodidact Project": Igor Naletov: "Alternatives to Positivism": Conclusion (2280 words)
Positivist philosophy which pulled through many difficult periods in the course of its long history has evidently entered a new critical stage in its evolution.
The crisis of positivist philosophy manifests itself not only in the disagreement with science and its main tendencies but also in the emergence of new schools and trends within the philosophy of science coming out with sharp criticism of some positivist dogmas and proposing methodological alternatives to its traditions.
Nevertheless, despite the apparent distinctions from the inductivist model defended by positivism there is striking resemblance between the two models: both of them postulate direct and simple connection between empirical knowledge and theory and assert.the conventional character of basic empirical statements, if not laws themselves.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m