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Encyclopedia > Portuguese Guinea

Portuguese Guinea was the name for what is today Guinea-Bissau from 1446 to September 10, 1974. Events Mehmed II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire is forced to abdicate in favor of his father Murad II by the Janissaries. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ...

The flag of the Guinea Company, a Portuguese company that traded in slaves around the Guinea coast in the early 1500s
The flag of the Guinea Company, a Portuguese company that traded in slaves around the Guinea coast in the early 1500s

Though the country had claimed the area four years earlier, Portuguese explorer Nuno Tristão sailed around the coast of West Africa, reaching the Guinea area in about 1450, searching for the source gold, other valuable commodities, and slaves, that had slowly been trickling up into Europe via land routes for the preceding half century. Image File history File links Portugueseguineacompanyflag. ... Image File history File links Portugueseguineacompanyflag. ... Nuno Tristão was a 15th century Portuguese explorer and slave trader who was the first European to land in what is today Guinea-Bissau. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... The Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, London. ... World map showing Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ...

Guinea-Bissau had been part of the Sahel Empire, and the local Landurna and Naula tribes traded in salt and grew rice. A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) In chemistry, a salt is any ionic compound composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions, so that the product is neutral and without a net charge. ... Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Rice refers to two species (Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima) of grass, native to tropical and subtropical southeastern Asia and to Africa, which together provide more than one fifth of the calories consumed by humans. ...

With the help of local tribes in about 1600, the Portuguese, and numerous other European powers, including France, Britain and Sweden, set up a thriving slave trade along the West African coast. 1597 1598 1599 - 1600 - 1601 1602 1603 |- | align=center colspan=2 | Decades: 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s |- | align=center | Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century |} // Events January January 1 - Scotland adopts January 1st as being New Years Day February February 17 - Giordano Bruno burned at the...

It will never be known exactly how many human lives were bought and sold in the slave markets along the Guinea coast (mostly by the Portuguese; 37% of all slaves imported from Africa were bound for the Brazilian colonies), but it is today approximated at 10 million. Cacheu, in Guinea-Bissau, was one of the largest slave markets in Africa for a time. A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. ... Cacheu is a town in north western Guinea-Bissau, lying on the Cacheu River. ...

After the abolition of slavery in the late 1800s, the slave trade went into serious decline, though a small illegal slaving operation continued. Bissau, founded in 1765, became the Portuguese Guinea colony's capital. This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... Events and Trends Beginning of the Napoleonic Wars (1803 - 1815). ... Bissau, estimated population 355,000 (2004), is the capital of Guinea-Bissau. ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...

Though the coast had been under firm Portuguese control for the past four centuries, it was not until the Scramble for Africa that any interest was taken in the inland part of the colony. The Scramble for Africa (AKA Race for Africa) was the period between the 1880s and the start of World War I, when colonial empires in Africa proliferated more rapidly than anywhere else on the globe. ...

A large tract of land that was formerly Portuguese was lost to French West Africa, including the prosperous Casamance River area, which had been a large commercial centre for the colony. Britain tried to take control of Bolama, which lead to an international dispute that came close to war between Britain and Portugal until US president Ulysses S. Grant intervened and prevented a conflict by ruling that Bolama belonged to Portugal. French West Africa (Afrique occidentale française, or AOF) was a federation of eight French territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), Guinea, Côte dIvoire, Niger, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) and Dahomey (now Benin). ... The Casamance River is a river that flows west between Gambia and Guinea-Bissau and into the Atlantic Ocean along a path about 200 miles (320 km) in length. ... Bolama is the closest of the Bijagós Islands to the mainland of Guinea-Bissau, and is also the name of the islands main town, the capital of the Bolama Region. ... ... Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant, April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ...

Portuguese Guinea was administered as part of the Cape Verde Islands colony until 1879, when it was separated from the islands to become its own colony. 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

At the turn of the 20th century, Portugal began a campaign against the animist tribes of the interior, with the help of the coastal Islamic population. This began a long struggle for control of both the interior and remote archipelagos: it would not be until 1936 that areas like the Bijagos Islands would be under complete government control. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... In religion, the term Animism is used in a number of ways. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of God)) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second-largest religion. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Bissagos Islands or Bijagós Archipelago are a group of some eighteen major islands and dozens more smaller ones in the Atlantic Ocean. ...

In 1951, when the Portuguese government overhauled the entire colonial system, all Portugal's colonies, including Portuguese Guinea, were renamed "overseas provinces". 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...

The fight for independence began in 1956, when Amílcar Cabral founded the Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (Portuguese: African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde), the PAIGC. The PAIGC was a relatively peaceful movement until 1961, when it launched a full scale guerrilla war against the Portuguese, declaring the overseas province independent and renaming it Guinea-Bissau. 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Amílcar Cabral Amílcar Lopes Cabral (1924–January 20, 1973) was an African agronomic engineer, writer and nationalist. ... The African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (Portuguese: Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde), or PAIGC is a political party in Guinea-Bissau. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Portuguese Colonial War (1961-1974) was the result of Portuguese military reaction to the nationalist movements and armed rebelions that emerged in Portugals African colonies. ...

The war began to turn against the Portuguese, and following the coup d'état in Portugal in 1974, the new government began to negotiate with the PAIGC. As his brother Amílcar had been assassinated in 1973, Luís Cabral became the first president of independent Guinea-Bissau after independence was granted on September 10, 1974. A coup détat (pronounced ), or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government against the volonté générale formed by the majority of the citizenry, usually done by a smaller supposedly weaker body that just replaces the top power figures. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1973 calendar). ... Luís de Almeida Cabral (born 10 April 1931), the first President of Guinea-Bissau, served from 1973 to 1980, when a military coup détat deposed him. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Portuguese Guinea - LoveToKnow 1911 (1116 words)
Bulama Island was discovered by Portuguese navigators in 1446, but was not formally claimed by Portugal until 1752, about which time she founded a station at Bissao, while in 1669 a post had been established on the Rio Grande.
The inland limits of the Portuguese sphere were fixed by a convention concluded with France in 1886, and the frontier was delimited during 1900-1903.
Portuguese authority does not in fact extend much beyond the few stations maintained, nor has the local government won the confidence of the natives.
TDS; Passports, Visas, Travel Documents (960 words)
The rivers of Guinea and the islands of Cape Verde were among the first areas in Africa explored by the Portuguese in the 15th century.
In 1630, a "captaincy-general" of Portuguese Guinea was established to administer the territory.
The administrative capital was moved from Bolama to Bissau in 1941, and in 1952, by constitutional amendment, the colony of Portuguese Guinea became an overseas province of Portugal.
  More results at FactBites »



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