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Encyclopedia > Portsmouth Cathedral
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Portsmouth Anglican Cathedral
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Interior of the cathedral, at the original nave.

Portsmouth Cathedral is the Anglican cathedral of Portsmouth, England; it is built in the heart of Old Portsmouth. It is the seat of the Bishop of Portsmouth. Its official name is the Cathedral Church of St Thomas of Canterbury, Portsmouth; it is not to be confused with the Roman Catholic Cathedral of St John the Evangelist, Portsmouth. The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy (such as the Roman Catholic Church or the Anglican churches), which serves as the central church of a bishopric. ... This article is about the English city of Portsmouth. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion... The Bishop of Portsmouth presides over a see encompassing southern Hampshire and the Isle of Wight on the south coast of England. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


History

Around the year 1180 Jean de Gisors, a wealthy Norman merchant and Lord of the Manor of Titchfield, gave land in his new town of Portsmouth to the Augustinian canons of Southwick Priory so that they could build a chapel "to the glorious honour of the martyr Thomas of Canterbury, one time Archbishop, on (my) land which is called Sudewede, the island of Portsea". This chapel was to become in turn a parish church in the 14th century and then a cathedral in the 20th century. Of this original building, the chancel and transepts remain. Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... According to the Prieuré documents Jean de Gisors was the first grand master of the Priory of Sion, assuming his position after the cutting of the elm and the separation from the Knights Templar in 1188. ... This article talks about the Norman people. ... Titchfield is a small village in southern Hampshire, by the River Meon. ...


The church survived a French raid in 1337 but in 1449 the Bishop of Chichester was murdered by local sailors. The town's inhabitants were excommunicated and the church was closed. In 1591 Elizabeth I worshipped in St Thomas's church. In 1642 during the English Civil War the church was bombarded by Parliamentarian forces. In 1683-93 the old tower and nave were taken down and replaced by a new nave, aisles, and west tower. This page concerns 1337, the year. ... Events January 6 - Constantine XI is crowned Byzantine Emperor. ... Chichester Cross, in a circa 1831 illustration. ... Events June - Capture of Zutphen by the Dutch under Maurice of Nassau. ... Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ...


Between 1902 and 1904 the church was closed for restoration work to be carried out. In 1927 the Diocese of Portsmouth was created. In 1932 Sir Charles Nicholson published plans to enlarge St Thomas's. In 1939 due to the outbreak of World War II work on the extension scheme stopped, and was not recommenced until 1990. Whilst incomplete a blank brick wall ended the west end of the nave. However, as the building had been used for many years without extension it was quite usable, and there was no urgency to finish the work. Originally the nave was intended to be longer, in the traditional style of an English cathedral, but the changing needs of the diocese meant that the building was finally built with a foreshortened nave, the final west wall being located close to where the temporary structure had been. In 1991 the completed building, much smaller than the original plans envisaged, was consecrated in the presence of HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother. 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1927 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1932 is a leap year starting on a Friday. ... 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Queen Mother is a title often held by the mother of a reigning monarch. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
History of Portsmouth Cathedral (279 words)
Portsmouth Cathedral has a unique and dramatic history reflecting its close association with the sea.
From humble beginnings, this chapel was to become in turn a parish church in the 14th century and a cathedral in the 20th century.
In 1194 Richard seized Portsmouth from de Gisors as punishment for the latter having sided with Prince John while Richard was held in captivity after the Third Crusade, and the King claimed Portsmouth for the Crown.
Portsmouth Cathedral - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (394 words)
Portsmouth Cathedral is the Anglican cathedral of Portsmouth, England; it is built in the heart of Old Portsmouth.
It is the seat of the Bishop of Portsmouth.
Its official name is the Cathedral Church of St Thomas of Canterbury, Portsmouth; it is not to be confused with the Roman Catholic Cathedral of St John the Evangelist, Portsmouth.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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