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Encyclopedia > Ports collection

Ports collections (or ports trees, or just ports) are the sets of makefiles and patches provided by the BSD-based operating systems, FreeBSD, NetBSD and OpenBSD, as a simple method of installing software or creating binary packages. They are usually the base of a package management system, with ports handling package creation and additional tools managing package removal, upgrade, and other tasks. In addition to the BSDs, a few Linux distributions have implemented similar infrastructure, including Gentoo's Portage and Arch's Pacman. The correct title of this article is make. ... In computing, a patch is a software update meant to fix problems with a computer program. ... BSD redirects here; for other uses see BSD (disambiguation). ... In computing, an operating system (OS) is the system software responsible for the direct control and management of hardware and basic system operations. ... FreeBSD is a Unix-like free software operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) branch through 386BSD and 4. ... NetBSD was the second freely redistributable, open source version of the BSD Unix-like computer operating systems to produce a formal release (after 386BSD) and continues to be actively developed. ... OpenBSD is a freely available Unix-like computer operating system descended from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Unix derivative created by the University of California, Berkeley. ... A package management system is a collection of tools to automate the process of installing, upgrading, configuring, and removing software packages from a computer. ... A Linux distribution is a Unix-like operating system comprising the Linux kernel, the GNU operating system (or most of it), other assorted free software/open-source software, and possibly proprietary software. ... Gentoo Linux is a Linux distribution named after the Gentoo Penguin. ... Portage is an advanced package management system. ... Arch Linux is a Linux distribution founded by Judd Vinet that emphasizes simplicity. ... The pacman logo Pacman is the official software package manager for the Linux distribution Arch Linux. ...

NetBSD's pkgsrc

Main article: Pkgsrc

NetBSD's pkgsrc ports collection is distinctive in that it aims to be portable and is usable on a number of operating systems aside from NetBSD itself, including the other BSDs, Linux and other Unix-likes. pkgsrc was created in August 1997 based on the existing FreeBSD ports system. It follows a quarterly release schedule and as of January 2006 contains approximately 5500 ports. With their 1.4 release, DragonFly BSD announced that they would be adopting pkgsrc as their official package management system[1]. The NetBSD package system, pkgsrc, is a framework for building third-party software on NetBSD and other UNIX-like systems. ... Tux is the official Linux mascot. ... A Unix-like operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification. ... In computing, the DragonFly BSD operating system is a fork of FreeBSD. Matt Dillon, a long-time FreeBSD and Amiga developer, started work on DragonFly BSD in June 2003 and announced it on the FreeBSD mailing lists on 16 July 2003 [1]. Dillon started DragonFly in the belief that the...

OpenBSD ports

In contrast to FreeBSD ports, on which is was originally based, the OpenBSD ports system is intended as a source used to create the end product, packages: installing a port first creates a package and then installs it. Packages are made up of a makefile, text files with descriptions and installation messages, any patches required to adjust the program to work on OpenBSD and a packing list listing the files to be included in the packages. The ports tree uses a set of standard makefiles, some of which are shared with the source tree, to provide the bulk of its functionality; this shared infrastructure includes many utility functions for port developers and means that ports can often be made very simply. As a security precaution or an aid when developing new ports, port builds may be run using systrace and a default policy is provided. A software package is a special method for the distribution and installation of software on computer systems. ... Computer files can be divided into two broad categories: binary and text. ... Source code (commonly just source or code) is any series of statements written in some human-readable computer programming language. ... Systrace is a computer security utility which monitors and limits an applications access to the system by enforcing access policies for system calls under various Unix-like operating systems. ...

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