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Encyclopedia > Portrait
Roman-Egyptian funeral portrait of a young boy

A pottyrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person. For this reason, in photography a portrait is generally not a snapshot, but a composed image of a person in a still position. A portrait often shows a person looking directly at the painter or photographer, in order to most successfully engage the subject with the viewer. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... The word portrait has several meanings: For its everyday meaning, a visual likeness of a person, see Portrait, or specifically: Portrait painting, the most common way before photography in which a distinguished persons image would be realised Portrait photography, a more recent and popular alternative to painting Self-portraits... Download high resolution version (299x613, 46 KB)Fayum mummy portrait of a boy, 1st century The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Download high resolution version (299x613, 46 KB)Fayum mummy portrait of a boy, 1st century The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Portrait painting is a genre in painting, where the intent is to depict the visual appearance of the subject, mostly a person, whereas the portrait is expected to show the essence of the subject. ... An example of a late 19th century family portrait. ... Sculptor redirects here. ...


Some of the earliest portraits of people who were not kings or emperors, are the funeral portraits that survived in the dry climate of Egypt's Fayum district. These are the only paintings of the Roman period that have survived, aside from frescos. Portrait of a young woman, A.D. 110–20 Encaustic on wood; 43. ... Al Fayyum is one of the governorates of Egypt located in the centre of the country. ... For other uses, see Fresco (disambiguation). ...


The art of the portrait flourished in Roman sculptures, where sitters demanded realistic portraits, even unflattering ones. During the 4th century, the portrait began to retreat in favor of an idealized symbol of what that person looked like. (Compare the portraits of Roman Emperors Constantine I and Theodosius I at their entries.) In Europe true portraits of the outward appearance of individuals re-emerged in the late Middle Ages, in Burgundy and France. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... An engraving depicting what Theodosius may have looked like, ca. ...


One of best-known portraits in the Western world is Leonardo da Vinci's painting titled Mona Lisa, which is a painting of an unidentified woman. The world's oldest known portrait was found in 2006 by a local pensioner, Gérard Jourdy, in the Vilhonneur grotto near Angoulême and is thought to be 27,000-year-old[1]. “Da Vinci” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Mona Lisa (disambiguation). ... As far as we can tell from the hugely informative Little Britain pensioners are disgusting people who piss all over the floor. ...

Contents

Self-portraiture

Main article: self-portrait
Self-portrait by Vincent Van Gogh.

When the artist creates a portrait of him- or herself, it is called a self-portrait. Identifiable examples become numerous in the late Middle Ages, but if the definition is extended the first was by the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten's sculptor Bak, who carved a representation of himself and his wife Taheri c. 1365 BC. However, it seems likely that self-portraits go back to the earliest representational art, and literature records several classical examples, now lost. Self Portrait is a 1970 double album by Bob Dylan. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (640x804, 268 KB) Vincent van Gogh, Paris, Frühjahr 1887: Selbstbildnis (Öl auf Karton, 42 x 33,7 cm) Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago File links The following pages link to this file: Vincent van Gogh Portrait Categories: Vincent van... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (640x804, 268 KB) Vincent van Gogh, Paris, Frühjahr 1887: Selbstbildnis (Öl auf Karton, 42 x 33,7 cm) Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago File links The following pages link to this file: Vincent van Gogh Portrait Categories: Vincent van... van Gogh redirects here. ... For other uses, see Pharaoh (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Akhenaten (disambiguation). ... (Redirected from 1365 BC) Centuries: 15th century BC - 14th century BC - 13th century BC Decades: 1410s BC 1400s BC 1390s BC 1380s BC 1370s BC - 1360s BC - 1350s BC 1340s BC 1330s BC 1320s BC 1310s BC Events and Trends Significant People 1368 BC - Death of Erichthonius, mythical King of... {Cave or Rock Paintings are paintings on cave or rock walls and ceilings, usually dating to prehistoric times. ...


Portrait photography

Main article: Portrait photography

Portrait photography is a popular commercial industry all over the world. Many people enjoy having professionally made family portraits to hang in their homes, or special portraits to commemorate certain events, such as graduations or weddings. An example of a late 19th century family portrait. ...

Portrait photograph of Thomas Dilward by Mathew Brady.

Since the dawn of photography, people have made portraits. The popularity of the daguerreotype in the middle of the 19th century was due in large part to the demand for inexpensive portraiture. Studios sprang up in cities around the world, some cranking out more than 500 plates a day. The style of these early works reflected the technical challenges associated with 30-second exposure times and the painterly aesthetic of the time. Subjects were generally seated against plain backgrounds and lit with the soft light of an overhead window and whatever else could be reflected with mirrors. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 464 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3112 × 4024 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 464 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3112 × 4024 pixels, file size: 1. ... Thomas Dilward, also known by the stage name Japanese Tommy, was an African American dwarf who performed in the blackface minstrel show. ... Mathew B. Brady, circa 1875 For other persons named Matthew Brady, see Matthew Brady (disambiguation). ... An 1837 daguerreotype by Daguerre. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Painterly is a literal translation of German Mälerisch, hence malerisch, one of the opposed categories popularized by the art historian Heinrich Wölfflin (1864 - 1945) in order to help focus, enrich and standardize the terms being used by art historians of his time to characterize works of art. ...


As photographic techniques developed, an intrepid group of photographers took their talents out of the studio and onto battlefields, across oceans and into remote wilderness. William Shew's Daguerreotype Saloon, Roger Fenton's Photographic Van and Mathew Brady's What-is-it? wagon set the standards for making portraits and other photographs in the field. William Shew (1820-1903) made a name for himself as a Daguerrotype portrait artist in the United States. ... Roger Fenton, self-portrait Roger Fenton (March 20, 1819 - August 8, 1869) was a pioneering British photographer, one of the first war photographers. ... Mathew B. Brady, circa 1875 For other persons named Matthew Brady, see Matthew Brady (disambiguation). ...


Politics

In politics, portraits of the leader are often used as a symbol of the state. In most countries it is common protocol for a portrait of the head of state to appear in important government buildings. Excessive use of a leader's portrait can be indicative of a personality cult. For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... Adolf Hitler built a strong cult of personality, based on the Führerprinzip. ...


Literature

Main article: Portrait (literature)

In literature the term portrait refers to a written description or analysis of a person or thing. A written portrait often gives deep insight, and offers an analysis that goes far beyond the superficial. For example, American author Patricia Cornwell wrote a best-selling book titled Portrait of a Killer about the personality, background, and possible motivations of Jack the Ripper, as well as the media coverage of his murders, and the subsequent police investigation of his crimes. In literature the term portrait refers to a written description or analysis of a person or thing. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... Patricia Cornwell (born Patricia Carroll Daniels on June 9, 1956) is a contemporary American author. ... Portrait of a Killer - Jack the Ripper: Case Closed (ISBN 0-425-19273-3) is a 2002 book by crime novelist Patricia Cornwell which presents the authors theory that British painter Walter Sickert was the 19th-century serial killer known as Jack the Ripper. ... Jack the Ripper is the pseudonym given to an unidentified serial killer active in the largely impoverished Whitechapel area of London, England in the second half of 1888. ...


See also

For the book of comics by Daniel Clowes see Caricature (Daniel Clowes collection) A caricature of film comedian Charlie Chaplin. ... Portrait painting is a genre in painting, where the intent is to depict the visual appearance of the subject, mostly a person, whereas the portrait is expected to show the essence of the subject. ... A hierarchy of genres is any formalization which ranks different types of genres in an art-form in terms of their value. ... The Portrait Now was a major international overview of contemporary portraiture held in 1993-4 at the National Portrait Gallery in London. ... For the film, see The Portrait of a Lady (film). ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Painting The Century 101 Portrait Masterpieces 1900-2000 was a major international exhibition held at the National Portrait Gallery in London in 2000-2001 that exhibited a work for each year of the Twentieth Century. ... Self Portrait is a 1970 double album by Bob Dylan. ... Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait, 1940. ... People often see hidden faces in things. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
A Stroke of Genius Portrait Artists - Corporate, Government, Official, Family & Children's Portraits (1259 words)
THOMAS NASH painted the official portrait of Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich for the U.S. Capitol and also the official portrait of the Governor and Senator from Georgia, Zell Miller, for the Georgia Capitol.
JOY THOMAS was selected to paint the official portrait of the Commandant of the Coast Guard, Admiral Thomas H. Collins.
PORTRAIT SOCIETY OF ATLANTA is the oldest all volunteer portrait groups in America.
ArtLex on Self-Portraits (0 words)
Portrait of the Painter, 1859, oil on wood panel, 16 1/16 x 11 1/2 inches (40.8 x 29.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.
Mary Cassatt (American, 1844-1926, active in France), Portrait of the Artist, 1878, gouache on wove paper laid down to buff-colored wood pulp paper, 23 5/8 x 16 3/16 inches (60.1 x 41.2 cm), Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY.
Portrait of the Artist, about 1912-1914, oil on canvas, 45 3/4 x 35 inches, Minneapolis Institute of Arts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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