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Encyclopedia > Porto
Porto
Municipal flag
Municipal coat of arms
Location  
 - Country  Portugal
 - Region Norte
 - Subregion Grande Porto
 - District or A.R. Porto
Mayor Rui Rio
 - Party PSD
Area 41.3 km²
Population
 - Total 238,465 (est. 2005)
(1,600,000 urban area) (2006)
 - Density 5,785/km²
No. of parishes 15
Coordinates 41º9'N 8º38'W
Municipal holiday John the Baptist
24 June
Website: http://www.cm-porto.pt
Historic Centre of Oporto*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

State Party  Portugal
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Reference 755
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 1996  (20th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
Region as classified by UNESCO.

Porto (also Oporto; Portuguese pron. IPA: ['poɾtu]) is a city in northern Portugal and is the second largest city in Portugal, with a 2005 estimated population of 238,465 in the 15 parishes of Porto municipality,[1] 1.6 million in the 14 Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto municipalities,[2] which is an administrative and political entity, and 2.99 million people in the broader agglomeration of Northern Littoral Urban-Metropolitan Region (includes cities ranging from Braga to Oliveira de Azeméis).[3] Porto (from Latin portus, harbour, alternatively Oporto) may refer to a number of people, places, things and organisations: // Porto Futebol Clube do Porto Greater Porto, a. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Crest of Porto (Portugal) Author: Sérgio Horta The author has agreed to usage of his works under the GNU-FDL, as long as he is quoted as the source: Caro Senhor, Manuel Anastácio File links The following pages link to this file: Porto... Image File history File links LocalPorto. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Região Norte (pron. ... Map showing the location of the Grande Porto subregion Grande Porto is a Portuguese NUTS3 subregion, integrating the NUTS2 region of Norte. ... Porto district is a district located in north Portugal limited by Aveiro District to the south , Braga district to the north and Vila Real district to the east. ... Rui Fernando da Silva Rio (born 1957 in Porto) is a Portuguese politician and current president of the Municipal Chamber of Porto. ... Political parties in Portugal lists political parties in Portugal. ... The Social Democratic Party (Portuguese: Partido Social Democrata, pron. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A freguesia (pron. ... Oporto redirects here. ... St. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A freguesia (pron. ... Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto, in Portuguese Grande Área Metropolitana do Porto, is a metropolitan area composed of several municipalities centered in the city of Porto, in northern Portugal. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Norte  - Subregion Cávado  - District or A.R. Braga Mayor Mesquita Machado  - Party PS Area 183. ... Coat of Arms Oliveira de Azeméis is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 164. ...


Due to its economic output and market size, Greater Porto area is one of the major financial and economic centers of the northwestern quarter of the Iberian Peninsula. Porto's municipality is the core of a large northern Atlantic conurbation, and Porto district is one of the most industrialized districts of Portugal. Output in economics is the total value of all of the goods and services produced in an entitys economy. ... In economics, a muppet is a theoretical model in which buyers and sellers interact to optimize certain variables such as utility or profit. ... In Portugal, Greater Porto is composed of Porto, Matosinhos, Maia, Póvoa de Varzim, Vila do Conde, Valongo, Vila Nova de Gaia in the Porto District, and also Espinho in the Aveiro District. ... Finance studies and addresses the ways in which individuals, businesses, and organizations raise, allocate, and use monetary resources over time, taking into account the risks entailed in their projects. ... This article is about the human activity. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... Many of the municipalities of Portugal are older than the country itself. ... The Atlantic world is an organizing concept for the historical study of the Atlantic Ocean rim from the fifteenth century to the present. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... Porto district is a district located in north Portugal limited by Aveiro District to the south , Braga district to the north and Vila Real district to the east. ... Districts There are 18 Districts (distritos, singular - distrito) in mainland Portugal: note: Territorial division in Portugal is currently in flux, because of planned decentralization. ...


One of Portugal's most internationally famous products, Port wine, was named after the city because it was originally shipped from the area[4] or, more precisely, from Vila Nova de Gaia, a city just across the river which belongs to the same conurbation. The country was also named after the Latin name of this city, Portus Cale (English: Port of Gaia)[5]. A glass of tawny port. ... Vila Nova de Gaia is a city and municipality of Portugal. ...


Porto is the cultural and administrative center of the Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto (Área Metropolitana do Grande Porto) metropolitan area, and Greater Porto NUTS III subregion capital (1,300,000 inhabitants), in Norte region. Porto is well known for its enterprising spirit, characteristic culture, people, and local cuisine. The city proper is sometimes referred to as Capital do Norte, or Capital of the North. In fact the city is today the capital of Norte, a NUTS II region which covers entire northern Portugal. Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto, in Portuguese Grande Área Metropolitana do Porto, is a metropolitan area composed of several municipalities centered in the city of Porto, in northern Portugal. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In Portugal, Greater Porto is composed of Porto, Matosinhos, Maia, Póvoa de Varzim, Vila do Conde, Valongo, Vila Nova de Gaia in the Porto District, and also Espinho in the Aveiro District. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... Map showing Norte Region in Portugal. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Portuguese cuisine is characterised by rich, filling and full-flavoured dishes and is a prime example of Mediterranean diet. ... Região Norte (pron. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ...


Ribeira, the historic Centre of Porto, has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO (1996). There are parishes that have the name Ribeira (Portuguese for stream, creek and also meaning by the river. In Africa In Cape Verde Ribeira Ilhéu, in the island of Fogo In Europe In the Azores Ribeira do Almeida, a parish in the west-central part of the Azores. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...

Contents

History

Historic references to the city go back to the 4th century and to Roman times, although Celtic and Proto-Celtic remnants of ancient Citadels were found in the heart of where Porto now lies. In the Roman period the city developed its importance as a commercial port, primarily in the trade between Olissipona (Lisbon) and Bracara Augusta (nowadays Braga), but would fall under the Moorish Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula in 711. In 868, Vímara Peres, a Christian warlord from Gallaecia and a vassal of the King of Asturias, Léon and Galicia, Alfonso III, was sent to reconquer and secure from the Moors the area from the Minho River to the Douro River, including the city of Portus Cale, later Porto and Gaia, from were the name and political entity of Portugal emerged. In 868 Count Vímara Peres established the First County of Portugal (Portuguese: Condado de Portucale), after the reconquest of the region north of the Douro river. For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the European people. ... The Proto-Celtic language, also called Common Celtic, is the putative ancestor of all the known Celtic languages. ... This article is about a type of fortification. ... For other uses, see moor. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The Umayyad conquest of Hispania (711–718) commenced when an army of the Umayyad Caliphate consisting largely of Moors, the Muslim inhabitants of Northwest Africa, invaded Visigothic Christian Hispania (Portugal and Spain) in the year 711. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... See also: phone number 711. ... Events 11 May: Printing of The Diamond Sutra, the oldest dated printed book. ... Vímara Peres (? - 873) from Vimara (Weimar or Guimar) and Peres (son of Peter) was a christian warlord of the 9th century in west Iberia. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... A warlord is a person with power who has de facto military control of a subnational area due to armed forces loyal to the warlord and not to a central authority. ... Gallaecia or Callaecia (from Gaulish *gal-laikos smoke?-hero/warrior) was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately the current Galicia of Spain and the north of Portugal). ... This is a list of the rulers of the Kingdom of Asturias. ... In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias (850-866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León. ... ... Alfonso III (c. ... Combatants Asturias Castile Galicia Portugal León Aragon Navarre Umayyad Caliphate Caliphate of Cordoba Almoravids For other senses of this word, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... Miño/Minho designates both the river as well as an adjacent Portuguese region Miño/Minho River The river is the longest in Galicia with an extension of 340 km. ... View of the river mouth from Portos Crystal Palace Gardens, facing West Douro (Latin Durius, Spanish Duero, Portuguese Douro) is one of the major rivers of Portugal and Spain, flowing from its source near Soria across central Spain and Portugal to its outlet at Oporto. ... Portus Cale (Latin for Warm Port) was the old name of an ancient town and port in current day Portugal. ... Vila Nova de Gaia is a city and municipality of Portugal. ... Events 11 May: Printing of The Diamond Sutra, the oldest dated printed book. ... This article is about the style or title of nobility. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... The Douro or Duero (Latin: Durius, Spanish: Duero, Portuguese: Douro, pron. ...


In 1095, Teresa of León, illegitimate daughter of king Alfonso VI of Castile, married Henry of Burgundy, bringing the County of Portugal as dowry. This Condado Portucalense became the focus of the Reconquista and later became the independent Kingdom of Portugal, after eventually expanding to its current frontiers into the south as it reconquered territory back from the invading Moors under the reign of King Dom Afonso Henriques, o Conquistador in the beginning of the 1st millennium. Countess Teresa of Portugal, a. ... Alfonso VI (before June 1040 – July 1, 1109), nicknamed the Brave, was King of León from 1065 to 1109 and King of Castile since 1072 after his brothers death. ... Henry of Burgundy (1066–1112) was Count of Portugal from 1093 to his death. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... Combatants Asturias Castile Galicia Portugal León Aragon Navarre Umayyad Caliphate Caliphate of Cordoba Almoravids For other senses of this word, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... Anthem: O Hino da Carta (from 1834) The Kingdom of Portugal in 1561 Capital Lisbon¹ Language(s) Portuguese Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy King  - 1139-1185 Afonso I  - 1908-1910 Manuel II History  - Established 26 July, 1139  - Peninsular War 1808-1814  - Brazilian suzerainty 1815  - Brazilian independence October 12, 1822  - Revolution... For other uses, see moor. ... Afonso I, King of Portugal (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques (pron. ...


In 1387, this city was the scene for the marriage of João I and Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, symbolizing the long-standing military alliance between Portugal and England, the world's oldest military alliance, which still holds via NATO. At the time of his marriage the king stayed at the Church of St. Francis as a proof of his esteem for the Franciscans. Joao I KG (Portugues: João, IPA pron. ... Philippa of Lancaster (1359 - July 19, 1415) was an English princess, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by his wife and cousin Blanche of Lancaster. ... John of Gaunt John of Gaunt John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (March 6, 1340 – February 3, 1399) was the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. ... Motto Dieu et mon droit(French) God and my right Territory of the Kingdom of England Capital Winchester; London from 11th century Language(s) Old English (de facto, until 1066) Anglo-Norman language (de jure, 1066 - 15th century) English (de facto, gradually replaced French from late 13th century) Government Monarchy... This article is about the military alliance. ... Gothic apse of the Church of São Francisco. ...

Church of St. Francis, Porto

In the 14th and the 15th centuries, the shipyards of Porto contributed to the development of the Portuguese fleet. In 1415 Henry the Navigator, son of João I, left from Porto to conquest the Muslim port of Ceuta in northern Morocco. This expedition led to the exploratory voyages that he later sent down the coast of Africa. Portuenses are referred to this day as "tripeiros", in reference to the fact that higher quality meat would be loaded onto ships to feed sailors, while off-cuts and by-products such as tripe would be left behind and eaten by the citizens of Porto. Tripe remains a culturally important dish in modern day Porto. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 675 pixel, file size: 358 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Unknown, courtesy of IPPAR Description: Interior of the Church of Saint Francis, Oporto. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 675 pixel, file size: 358 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Unknown, courtesy of IPPAR Description: Interior of the Church of Saint Francis, Oporto. ... Events Friedrich I Hohenzollern (b. ... Infante Henrique of Portugal, Duke of Viseu KG (Porto, March 4, 1394 – Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ... Joao I KG (Portugues: João, IPA pron. ... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Tripe in an Italian market Look up tripe in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Wine, produced in the Douro valley, was already in the 13th century transported to Porto in barcos rabelos (flat sailing vessels). In 1703 the Methuen Treaty established the trade relations between Portugal and England. It allowed English woolen cloth to be admitted into Portugal free of duty. In return, Portuguese wines imported into England would be subject to a third less duty in contrast to French imported wines. This was particularly important with regards to the Port industry. As England was at war with France it became increasingly difficult to acquire wine and so port started to become a popular replacement. In 1717 a first English trading post was established in Porto. The production of port wine then gradually passed into the hands of a few English firms. To counter this English dominance, prime minister Marquis of Pombal established a Portuguese firm receiving the monopoly of the wines from the Douro valley. He demarcated the region for production of port, to ensure the wine's quality; his was the first attempt to control wine quality and production in Europe. The small winegrowers revolted against his strict policies on Shrove Tuesday, burning down the buildings of this firm. The revolt was called Revolta dos Borrachos (revolt of the drunks) and became a symbol of the freedom spirit of the inhabitants of Porto. Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy April 21 - Company of Quenching of Fire (ie. ... The Methuen Treaty was a treaty on wine and textiles trade treaty between Portugal and England signed in 1703. ... // Events January 4 — The Netherlands, Britain & France sign Triple Alliance February 26-March 6 What is now the northeastern United States was paralyzed by a series of blizzards that buried the region. ... A glass of tawny port. ... Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal, by Louis-Michel van Loo, 1766) Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Count of Oeiras, 1st Marquis of Pombal (in Portuguese, Marquês de Pombal, pron. ... Pancakes with strawberry syrup and black currants Shrove Tuesday is the term used in the United Kingdom,[1] Ireland,[2] and Australia[3] to refer to the day after Shrove Monday (or the more old fashioned Collop Monday) and before Ash Wednesday (the liturgical season of Lent begins on Ash...


Between 1732 and 1763, Italian architect Nicolau Nasoni designed a baroque church with a tower that would become its icon: the Torre dos Clérigos (English: Clerics Tower). Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Tower of Clérigos Church Nicolau Nasoni (or originally Niccoló Nasoni) (born San Giovanni Valdarno 2 June 1691—died Porto, 30 August 1773) was an Italian artist and architect but mostly active in Portugal. ... Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. ... Central Porto from Torre dos Clérigos Torre dos Clérigos is a tower in central Porto, in northern Portugal. ...


During the 18th and 19th centuries the city became an important industrial centre and saw its size and population increase. The invasion of the Napoleonic troops in Portugal under Marshal Soult is still vividly remembered in Porto. On 29 March 1809, as the population fled for the advancing troops and tried to cross the river Douro over the Ponte das Barcas (a pontoon bridge), the bridge collapsed under the weight. Possibly 6,000 people drowned in the disaster. This event is still remembered by a plate at the Ponte D. Luis I. The French army was rooted out of Porto by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, when his troops crossed the Douro river from the Mosteiro da Serra do Pilar (a former convent) in a brilliant daylight coup de main. Porto is also called "Cidade Invicta" (English: Unvanquished City) after its resistance to the Napoleonic Imperial army. Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, duc de Dalmatie (March 29, 1769 – November 26, 1851) was a French general and statesman, named Marshal of France in 1804. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... D. Luís Bridge The D. Luís Bridge I is an arch bridge that spans Douro River between cities of Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia. ... A Coup de main is a swift attack that relies on speed and surprise to accomplish its objectives in a single blow. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ...


In August 1820 Porto rebelled against the English presence, resulting in a civil war in Portugal. In 1822 a liberal constitution was accepted, partly through the efforts of the liberal assembly of Porto (Junta do Porto). When Miguel of Portugal took the Portuguese throne in 1828, he rejected this constitution and reigned as an absolutist monarch. Porto rebelled again and had to undergo a siege of eighteen months between 1832 and 1833 by the Portuguese army. After the abdication of king Miguel the liberal constitution was re-established. 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Liberal Revolution of 1820 (Revolução Liberal) was a political revolution that erupted in 1820, unchained via a military insurrection in the city of Porto, northern Portugal, that spread to the rest of the country. ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Miguel I, King of Portugal/pron. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Unrest by republicans led to a revolt in Porto on 31 January 1891. This would result ultimately in the creation of the Portuguese republic in 1910. is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


A two-level iron bridge - Dom Luís I (designed by the Belgian engineer Téophile Seyrig, a student of Gustave Eiffel), and a railway bridge - Maria Pia, designed by Eiffel in association with Seyrig, were constructed, as well as the central railway station (São Bento, considered to be one of the most beautiful in Europe, ornamented with lavish painted tiles). A higher learning institution in nautical sciences (Aula de Náutica, 1762) and a stock exchange (Bolsa do Porto, 1834) were established in the city but would be discontinued later. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (December 15, 1832 – December 27, 1923; French pronunciation in IPA, in English usually pronounced ) was a French structural engineer and architect and a specialist of metallic structures. ...


For having resisted a military invasion in the 19th century by the Imperial Napoleonic Armies, the city is now known as The Unvanquished City (A Cidade Invicta). Map of the First French Empire in 1811, with the Empire in dark blue and satellite states in light blue Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1804 - 1814/1815 Napoleon I  - 1814/1815 Napoleon II Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif Historical era Napoleonic... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from...


Highlights

Douro River, Vila Nova de Gaia and Porto
Tower of the Clérigos Church, an 18th-century symbol of the city
Porto`s downtown.

In recent years, UNESCO recognised its historic centre as a World Heritage Site. Among the architectural highlights of the city, the Oporto Cathedral is the oldest surviving structure, together with the small Romanesque Church of Cedofeita, the Gothic Igreja de São Francisco (Church of Saint Francis), the remnants of the city walls and a few 15th-century houses. The baroque style is well represented in the city in the elaborate gilt work interior decoration of the churches of St. Francis and St. Claire (Santa Clara), the churches of Mercy (Misericórida) and of the Clerics (Igreja dos Clérigos), the Palace of the Archbishop, and others. The neoclassicism and romanticism of the 19th and 20th centuries also added interesting monuments to the landscape of the city, like the magnificent Stock Exchange Palace (Palácio da Bolsa), the Hospital of Saint Anthony, the Municipality, the buildings in the Avenida dos Aliados, the tile-adorned Sao Bento Train Station and the gardens of the Crystal Palace (Palácio de Cristal). A guided visit to the Palácio da Bolsa, and in particular the Arab Room, is a gem that no visitor should miss. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 433 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Douro Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 433 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Douro Metadata This file contains additional... Porto. ... Porto. ... Torre dos Clérigos The Clérigos Church (Portuguese: Igreja dos Clérigos, Church of the Clerics) is a baroque church in the city of Porto, in Portugal. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (2340 × 1561 pixel, file size: 677 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Porto Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (2340 × 1561 pixel, file size: 677 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Porto Metadata This file contains additional... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Night lateral view of the Cathedral showing the romanesque façade of the transept and the baroque galilee and stairway. ... South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ... Main façade of the Church of Cedofeita. ... The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... Gothic apse of the Church of São Francisco. ... Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. ... Torre dos Clérigos The Clérigos Church (Portuguese: Igreja dos Clérigos, Church of the Clerics) is a baroque church in the city of Porto, in Portugal. ... The Cathedral of Vilnius (1783), by Laurynas Gucevičius. ... Romantics redirects here. ...


In 2001, Porto shared the designation European Culture Capital (together with the Dutch city of Rotterdam). In the scope of these events, the construction of the major concert hall space Casa da Música, designed by the Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas, was initiated and finished in 2005. The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ... Nickname: Motto: Sterker door strijd (Stronger through Struggle) Location of Rotterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Government  - Mayor Ivo Opstelten  - Aldermen Jeannette Baljeu Hamit Karakus Orhan Kaya Lucas Bolsius Jantine Kriens Dominic Schrijer Roelf de Boer Leonard Geluk Area [1]  - City 319 km²  (123. ... Outside view Casa da Música is a major concert hall space in Porto, Portugal. ... Seattle Central Library, designed by OMA Rem Koolhaas (born November 17, 1944 in Rotterdam, Netherlands) is a Dutch architect, former journalist and screenwriter who studied architecture at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London. ...


The Fantasporto International Film Festival is a great cultural event of the city, attracting many national and foreign film commentators to the city. Fantasporto, also known as Fantas, is an international film festival, annually organized in Porto, Portugal. ...


Porto is an extremely rich city in cultural and historical terms, however its progressive abandonment is very prejudicial to its integrity. The more ancient houses are abandoned and the local government doesn't practice much actions of maintenance. Many of the city's oldest houses are at risk of collapsing. The population in Porto municipality dropped by nearly 100,000 since the 1980s, but the number of permanent residents in the outskirts and satellite towns has grown strongly.[6]


Porto is ranked number 3 in the Portuguese most livable cities survey of living conditions published yearly by Expresso.[7] The standard of living refers to the quality and quantity of goods and services available to people and the way these services and goods are distributed within a population. ... L Espresso Espresso is a strong, flavorful coffee beverage brewed by forcing hot water through finely ground dark-roasted coffee beans. ...


Culture

The first Portuguese moving pictures were taken in Porto by Aurélio da Paz dos Reis and shown there on 12 November 1896 in Teatro do Príncipe Real do Porto, less than a year after the first public presentation by Auguste and Louis Lumière. The country's first movie studios Invicta Filmes was also erected in Porto in 1917 and was open from 1918 to 1927 in the area of Carvalhido. Manoel de Oliveira, a well-known Portuguese film director and the oldest director in the world who is still active, is from Porto. Fantasporto is a remarkable international film festival organized in Porto every year. is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: 1895 in film 1896 1896 films 1897 in film 19th century in film years in film film Events January - In Britain, Birt Acres and Robert W. Paul developed their own film projector, the Theatrograph (later known as the Animatograph). ... Auguste (left) and Louis Lumière. ... A movie studio is a location, room, building, or group of buildings and/or sound stages, offices and storage facilities, which may include a backlot, where movies are made. ... Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira is a Portuguese film director born in Oporto on December 12, 1908. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Fantasporto, also known as Fantas, is an international film festival, annually organized in Porto, Portugal. ...

Casa da Música

Many renowned Portuguese music artists and cult bands such as GNR, Rui Veloso, Sérgio Godinho, Clã, and Pluto are from the city. Casa da Música, in Porto, Portugal Taken by Joao Castro on April 14th, 2005 on the night of the first concert File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Casa da Música, in Porto, Portugal Taken by Joao Castro on April 14th, 2005 on the night of the first concert File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... GNR is a Portuguese band founded in 1981. ... Rui Veloso in 2006, in Pavilhão Atlântico. ... Sérgio Godinho is a Portuguese poet, composer, and singer. ... Clã is a Portuguese pop-rock band of a mixed nature in terms of style, ranging from moments of pure balladry, through jazzy details, to enthusiastic pop songs, which is currently widely regarded as one of the best Portuguese bands in the present musical context. ... Pluto is a Portuguese band, which emerged from the splitting up of Ornatos Violeta (in 2002), where Manel Cruz (frontman and vocalist) and Peixe (guitarist) played. ...

Serralves Foundation

Porto has several museums, concert halls, theaters, cinemas, art galleries, libraries and book shops. The best-known museums of Oporto are the Soares dos Reis National Museum (Museu Nacional de Soares dos Reis), which is dedicated especially to the Portuguese artistic movements from the 16th to the 20th century, and the Museum of Contemporary Art of the Serralves Foundation (Museu de Arte Contemporânea). The city has concert halls of a rare beauty and elegance such as the Coliseu do Porto by the Portuguese architect Cassiano Branco; an exquisite example of the Portuguese decorative arts, it is seen by many as one of the best and most elegant concert halls in Europe. Other notable venues include the Rivoli theatre, the Batalha cinema and the recent Casa da Música. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Serralves Foundation (Fundação de Serralves) is an art foundation in Porto, Portugal. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Outside view Casa da Música is a major concert hall space in Porto, Portugal. ...


Entertainment

Oporto's most popular event is undoubtedly St. John on the night of 23 to 24 of June. In this season it's a tradition to have a vase with bush basil decorated with a small poem. During the dinner of the great day people usually eat sardines and boiled potatoes together with red wine. In the evening everybody gathers in downtown and hit each other with plastic hammers and leeks. There are also fires lit on the streets that are jumped over. At midnight there's a big fireworks show next to the river.


One other major event is Queima das Fitas, on the second week of May. Basically, before the beginning of the study period preceding the school year’s last exams, academia tries to have as much fun as possible. The week comprehends 12 events, starting with the Monumental Serenata on Sunday, reaching its peak with the Cortejo Académico on Tuesday, when 500 000 students[citation needed] from the universities and higher schools of the city march through the downtown streets till they reach the city hall. During every night of the week a series of concerts takes place on the Queimódromo, next to the city’s park; here it’s also a tradition for the students in the second last year to erect small tents where alcoholic beverages are sold in order to finance the trip that takes place during the last year of their course; an average of 50 000 students attend these shows. The Queima das Fitas (portuguese for Burning of the Ribbons) is a traditional festivity of the students of some portuguese universities, organized originally by the students of the University of Coimbra. ... Academia is a collective term for the scientific and cultural community engaged in higher education and research, taken as a whole. ...


Cuisine

Porto is home to a number of dishes from traditional Portuguese cuisine. A typical dish from this city is Tripas à Moda do Porto (Tripes à la Porto in English), which still can be found everywhere in the city today. Bacalhau à Gomes de Sá (Codfish à la Gomes de Sá) is other typical dish born in Porto and popular in Portugal. The Francesinha (Frenchie) is the most famous popular native snack food in Porto. It is a kind of sandwich with several meats covered with cheese and a special sauce made with beer and other ingredients. Port wine, an internationally renowned wine, is widely accepted as the city's dessert wine. Portuguese cuisine is characterised by rich, filling and full-flavoured dishes and is a prime example of Mediterranean diet. ... Machitos with beans Tripas, also known as Machitos, in Mexican cuisine are small intestines of farm animals that have been cleaned, boiled and grilled. ... convert Ingredients 2 pounds salt cod (see NOTE) 6 tablespoons olive oil, plus extra for drizzling 2 large yellow onions, sliced 4 cloves garlic, minced pinch nutmeg White pepper, to taste 4 medium waxy potatoes, boiled, cooled, peeled and cut into 1/4-inch slices 8 hard-boiled eggs, halved... Francesinha Francesinha (meaning Little French Girl in English) is a Portuguese food originally from Porto, made with wet-cured ham, linguiça, fresh sausage like chipolata, steak or roast meat and covered with molten cheese and a hot thick tomato and beer sauce. ... A glass of tawny port. ... Dessert wines (or pudding wines) are sweet wines typically served with dessert, such as Sauternes and Tokaji Aszú. Despite the name, they are often best appreciated alone, or with fruit or bakery sweets. ...

Francesinha

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 248 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 248 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Transportation

D. Luís Iron Bridge and Porto viewed from Vila Nova de Gaia
Ponte Maria Pia
Buses in Porto.

Known as the city of bridges, the first permanent bridge – the Ponte das Barcas (a pontoon bridge) – was built in 1806, but three years later, sabotaged - as tradition has it but this hasn't been fully proven - to prevent the invasion led by the French General Marshal Soult during the Peninsular War with Napoleonic troops, who were by then believed to be coming from the south. However, as the story goes, they appeared from the north, and the population, unaware of the situation and caught between the fire, tried to flee across it en masse, causing the death of around 4000 locals[citation needed]. It was replaced by the |Ponte D. Maria II popularized under the name Ponte Pênsil (suspended bridge) and built between 1841-43 and of which only the supporting pylons remain. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x1280, 455 KB) Created by: Portuguese_eyes Upload by: User:Rei-artur Foto: Flickr File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Porto Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x1280, 455 KB) Created by: Portuguese_eyes Upload by: User:Rei-artur Foto: Flickr File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Porto Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Vila Nova de Gaia is a city and municipality of Portugal. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 147 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Bus in Porto, Portugal. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 147 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Bus in Porto, Portugal. ... Pontoon bridge across the James River at Richmond, Virginia, 1865. ... Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult, duc de Dalmatie (March 29, 1769 – November 26, 1851) was a French general and statesman, named Marshal of France in 1804. ... For the 1862 American Civil War campaign, see Peninsula Campaign. ... A suspension bridge is a type of bridge that has been created since ancient times as early as 100 AD. Simple suspension bridges, for use by pedestrians and livestock, are still constructed, based upon the ancient Inca rope bridge. ...


A New bridge would be built nearby, between January 1876 and October 1877: The |Ponte D. Maria, a railway bridge inaugurated the 4th of November of that same year, considered by then to be a feat of wrought iron engineering and designed by no other than Gustave Eiffel himself. But this bridge is not to be mistaken for the later |Ponte Dom Luís I, which was in turn to substitute the aforementioned Ponte Pênsil. This last bridge was made by Teophile Seyrig, a former partner of Eiffel, and its project won a governmental competition that took place in 1879. Building began in 1881 and it was opened to the public the 31st October 1886. Maria Pia Bridge, Oporto The Maria Pia bridge (Ponte Maria Pia) is a railway bridge built in 1877 by Gustave Eiffel in Porto, Portugal. ... A wrought iron railing in Troy, New York. ... Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (December 15, 1832 – December 27, 1923; French pronunciation in IPA, in English usually pronounced ) was a French structural engineer and architect and a specialist of metallic structures. ...


During the 20th century, other bridges were built: Arrabida Bridge, which at its opening had the biggest concrete supporting arch in the world, and connects north and south shores of the Douro on the west side of the city, S. João, to replace D. Maria Pia and Freixo, a highway bridge on the east side of the city. The newest bridge is Ponte do Infante, finished in 2003. Two more bridges are said to be under designing stages and due to be built in the next 10 years, one on the Campo Alegre area, nearby the Faculty of Humanities and the Arts, and another one in the area known as the Massarelos valley.


Porto is served by Francisco Sá Carneiro Airport (IATA: OPO) which is located some 15km to the north-west of the city centre. The airport is a state-of-the-art facility, having undergone a massive program of refurbishment due to the Euro 2004 football championships being partly hosted in the city. Direct flights to a growing number of major cities in Europe and the Americas are available; from these, of special interest are low cost connections to London, Frankfurt, Liverpool, Dublin and Paris. It is currently the 3rd best airport in Europe and the 3rd best in the world in the category of under five million passengers[8]. Aeorporto Internacional Dr. Francisco Sá Carneiro (IATA: OPO, ICAO: LPPR) also known as Aeroporto do Porto or Aeroporto de Pedras Rubras is the international airport of Porto, Portugal. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of France. ...

Sá Carneiro Airport

Porto's main railway station is situated in Campanhã, on the main line to Lisbon. From here, both metro and suburban rail services go to the city centre. The main central station is at São Bento, which is itself a notable attraction. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Municipality Porto Area 8. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... The Porto Metro (Metro do Porto), part of the mass transit public transport system of Porto, Portugal, is a network of electrified railways that run underground in central Porto and above ground into the citys suburbs. ...

Estádio do Dragão

Currently the major project is the Porto Metro system. It is the most expensive public construction project currently in progress in Europe, mainly due to the city's soil, which is extremely complex from a technical perspective and very expensive to dig. Consequently, the Infante bridge was built for urban traffic, replacing the Dom Luís I, which was dedicated to the subway on the second and higher of the bridge's two levels. Five lines are open: lines A (blue), B (red), C (green) and E (purple) all begin at Estádio do Dragão (home to FC Porto) and terminate at Senhor do Matosinhos, Póvoa de Varzim (via Vila do Conde), ISMAI (via Maia) and Francisco Sá Carneiro airport respectively. Line D (yellow) currently runs from Hospital S. João in the north to João de Deus on the southern side of the Douro river. The lines intersect at the central Trindade station. Currently the whole network spans 60 km (37 miles) using 68 stations, thus being the biggest in the country. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 853 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): 2004 UEFA European Football Championship Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 853 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): 2004 UEFA European Football Championship Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... The Porto Metro (Metro do Porto), part of the mass transit public transport system of Porto, Portugal, is a network of electrified railways that run underground in central Porto and above ground into the citys suburbs. ... Estádio do Dragão (English: Dragon Stadium) is a football stadium in Porto, Portugal that has an all-seated capacity of 52,000. ... FC Porto emblem (Larger version) Futebol Clube do Porto (short: FC Porto, FCP) is a Portuguese sports club, best known for its football section. ... Póvoa de Varzim (pron. ... Coat of Arms Vila do Conde and the Ave River. ... ISMAI - Instituto Superior da Maia is a private institute of higher education formed in 1991 in Maia, Portugal. ... Entrance to Trindade station Trindade from the south Trindade is a station on the Porto Metro system in Porto, Portugal. ...


The city has an extensive bus network run by the STCP (Sociedade dos Transportes Colectivos do Porto, or Porto Public Transport Society) which also operates lines in the neighbouring cities of Gaia, Maia and Gondomar. Other smaller companies connect such towns as Paços de Ferreira and Santo Tirso to the town center. In the past the city also had trolley-buses. A tram network, of which only a tourist line on the shores of the Douro remain, saw its construction begin in 12 September 1895, therefore being the first in the Iberian Peninsula. Taxicabs are available throughout the city and are recognizable as cream sedans (usually Mercedes-Benz models). Template:Infobox STCP STCP (Sociedade dos Transportes Colectivos do Porto, lit. ... Vila Nova de Gaia is a city and municipality of Portugal. ... Coat of Arms Gondomar (pron. ... Paços de Ferreira is a city in Portugal. ... Coat of Arms Santo Tirso (Parish) - pron. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ...


The road system capacity is augmented by the Via de Cintura Interna, an internal highway connected to several national highways and city exits, complementing the Circunvalação 4-way road, which borders the north of the city and connects the eastern side of the city to the Atlantic shore.

Historical part of Porto and the Douro river
Porto and the Douro river at night

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (5776x1002, 2250 KB) Summary Historical part of Porto. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (5776x1002, 2250 KB) Summary Historical part of Porto. ... The Douro or Duero (Latin: Durius, Spanish: Duero, Portuguese: Douro, pron. ... Download high resolution version (9119x1584, 2040 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (9119x1584, 2040 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Douro or Duero (Latin: Durius, Spanish: Duero, Portuguese: Douro, pron. ...

Climate

A park in centre Porto.

Porto lies just to the north of a coastal Mediterranean climate zone that encompasses most of central and southern Portugal. As a result, its climate shares many characteristics with the coastal south: temperate dry summers, and mild rainy winters. Unlike the south, however, cool and rainy interludes can interrupt the summer dry season and the season's average length is considerably shorter. Also, the city's more northern position and coastal location off the Atlantic often results in notably cooler weather in Porto than to its south, especially during summer. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 231 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Praça de 9 de Abril in Porto, Portugal. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 231 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Praça de 9 de Abril in Porto, Portugal. ...


Summers are typically sunny with temperatures between 16°C and 27°C but can rise to as high as 40°C during occasional heat waves, which typically last between 5 and 10 days. During such heat waves, the humidity remains quite low, but during dry years nearby forest fires can add haze and ash to the air making breathing somewhat uncomfortable, especially at night. Nearby beaches are often windy and usually cooler than the urban areas. In contrast, occasional summer rainy periods usually last a few days and are characterized by frequent showers, wind, and cool temperatures around 22°C. An umbrella and some light rain gear is usually sufficient to travel the city comfortably during such weather. Humidity is the amount of water vapor in air. ...


Winter temperatures typically range between 5°C during morning and 16°C during afternoon, but can occasionally drop below 0°C at night. The weather is often rainy and windy for long stretches, although prolonged sunny periods do occur.


Spring and Fall are smooth transitions between the neighboring seasons. Rain increases in frequency between late September and late October, and becomes less common in mid April or early May. Heat waves are extremely rare outside the months of June, July, and August; yet, most residents classify the months of July, August, and September as summer months. September is in fact slightly warmer on average than June, although heat waves are usually absent.


Economy

Dom Luis I's bridge crossing by Metro

Porto has always rivaled Lisbon in economic power. As the most important city in the heavily industrialised northwest, many of the largest Portuguese corporations from diverse economic sectors, like Altri, Amorim, Bial, EFACEC, Frulact, Lactogal, Millennium bcp, Porto Editora, Sonae, and Unicer, are headquartered in the Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x1024, 626 KB) Picture captured by António M.L. Cabral at 31-07-2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x1024, 626 KB) Picture captured by António M.L. Cabral at 31-07-2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... The economy of Portugal is a capitalist economy. ... Altri SGPS S.A. is a Portuguese industrial conglomerate headquartered in Porto, mainly involved in the management of shares of companies involved in the industrial area. ... Amorim is a Portuguese holding company with interests on cork, real estate, finance, and tourism, among other sectors. ... Bial is a pharmaceutical company headquartered in S. Mamede do Coronado, in Trofa, Porto district, Portugal. ... The EFACEC Group is the largest Portuguese corporation in the field of electromechanics and electronics, with a strong presence in different international markets. ... Frulact - Ingredientes para a Indústria de Laticínios, Lda. ... Lactogal is a Portuguese dairy products and milk producer company. ... Millennium bcp is Portugals biggest private financial group. ... Porto Editora is one of the biggest and most renowned Portuguese book publishing groups. ... Sonae, a conglomerate, is the largest private employer in Portugal with a strong appeal to senior managers and young graduates. ... Unicer - União Cervejeira SA, is a Portuguese beer producer, owner of several beer brands and blends, one of the most famous being Super Bock, market leader in the country. ... Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto, in Portuguese Grande Área Metropolitana do Porto, is a metropolitan area composed of several municipalities centered in the city of Porto, in northern Portugal. ...


The city's former stock exchange (Bolsa do Porto) was transformed into the largest derivatives exchange of Portugal, and merged with Lisbon Stock Exchange to create the Bolsa de Valores de Lisboa e Porto, which eventually merged with Euronext, together with Amsterdam, Brussels, LIFFE and Paris stock and futures exchanges. The building formerly hosting the stock exchange is currently one of the city's touristic attractions, the Salão Árabe (Arab Room in English) being its major highlight. Euronext Lisbon was formed in 2002 when the shares of Bolsa de Valores de Lisboa e Porto (BVLP) were acquired by Euronext N.V. and the exchange was merged into the pan-European exchange. ... Derivatives Exchange is an exchange for trading derivatives. ... Euronext Lisbon was formed in 2002 when the shares of Bolsa de Valores de Lisboa e Porto (BVLP) were acquired by Euronext N.V. and the exchange was merged into the pan-European exchange. ... Euronext Lisbon was formed in 2002 when the shares of Bolsa de Valores de Lisboa e Porto (BVLP) were acquired by Euronext N.V. and the exchange was merged into the pan-European exchange. ... Euronext N.V. is a pan-European stock exchange based in Paris[1] and with subsidiaries in Belgium, France, Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom. ... This entry is about LIFFE until the takeover by Euronext The London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange (LIFFE, pronounced life as in human life, and never liff-eee, except by yokels) was the name of a futures exchange based in London, prior to its takeover by Euronext in January...


Porto hosts a popular Portuguese newspaper, Jornal de Notícias. The building where its offices are located (which has the same name as the newspaper) was up to recently one of the tallest in the city (it has been superseded by a number of modern buildings which have been built in the last 10 years). Jornal de Notícias is the best-selling Portuguese daily newspaper, founded in Oporto in June 1888. ...


Porto Editora, one of the biggest Portuguese publishers, is also in Porto. Its dictionaries are among the most popular references used in the country, and the translations are very popular as well. Porto Editora is one of the biggest and most renowned Portuguese book publishing groups. ...

A glass of tawny port.

The economic relations between the city of Porto and the Upper Douro River have been documented since the Middle Ages. However, they were greatly deepened in the modern ages. Indeed, sumach, dry fruits and nuts and the Douro olive oils sustained prosperous exchanges between the region and Porto. From the riverside quays at the river mouth, these products were exported to other markets of the Old and New World. But the greatest lever to interregional trade relations resulted from the commercial dynamics of the Port wine (Vinho do Porto) agro industry. It decidedly bolstered the complementary relationship between the large coastal urban centre, endowed with open doors to the sea, and a region with significant agricultural potential, especially in terms of the production of extremely high quality fortified wines, today known by the world-famous label Port. The development of Porto was also closely connected with the left margin of River Douro in Vila Nova de Gaia, where is located the amphitheatre-shaped slope with the Port wine cellars. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 134 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 134 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... A glass of tawny port. ... View of the river mouth from Portos Crystal Palace Gardens, facing West Douro (Latin Durius, Spanish Duero, Portuguese Douro) is one of the major rivers of Portugal and Spain, flowing from its source near Soria across central Spain and Portugal to its outlet at Oporto. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Species About 250 species; see text Rhus is a genus of woody shrubs and trees, all with the leaves spirally arranged and pinnately compound (some species are trifoliate). ... For other uses, see Nut (disambiguation). ... For the Popeye character, see Olive Oyl. ... The Old World consists of those parts of Earth known to Europeans, Asians, and Africans before the voyages of Christopher Columbus; it includes Europe, Asia, and Africa (collectively known as Africa-Eurasia), plus surrounding islands. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... A glass of tawny port. ... Vila Nova de Gaia is a city and municipality of Portugal. ...


In a study concerning competitiveness of the 18 Portuguese district capitals, Porto was the worst-ranked. The study was made by Minho University economics researchers and was published in Público newspaper on 30th September 2006. The best-ranked cities in the study were Évora, Lisbon and Coimbra.[9] Although, the validity of this study was questioned by some Porto's notable figures (such as local politicians and businesspersons) who argued that the city proper does not function independently but in conurbation with other municipalities.[10] This point of view cannot harm the research study by itself, which was made in accordance with the criteriously selected World Economic Forum methodology[11], because the same situation is what exactly happens with other higher ranked cities, like Lisbon, which were similarly considered alone without its satellite cities or towns. Competitiveness is a comparative concept of the ability and performance of a firm, sub-sector or country to sell and supply goods and/or services in a given market. ... Minho University or Universidade do Minho is a University with two campus, in Portugal: Campus of Gualtar, in Braga; Campus of Azurém, in Guimarães; History University of Minho, founded in 1973, is one of the then named New Universities that, at that time, deeply changed the landscape of... Público (Portuguese for Public) is a Portuguese daily national newspaper, widely regarded as a newspaper of record. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Alentejo  - Subregion Alentejo Central  - District or A.R. Évora Mayor Ernesto Oliveira  - Party PS Area 1,307. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Centro  - Subregion Baixo Mondego  - District or A.R. Coimbra Mayor Carlos Encarnação  - Party PSD Area 319. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Education

FEP - Faculty of Economics of the University of Porto.

The city has a large number of public and private basic and secondary schools, as well as kindergartens and nurseries. Due to the depopulation of the city's interior, however, the number of students has dropped substantially in the last decade, forcing a closure of some institutions. The largest and oldest international school located in Porto is the Oporto British School established in 1894. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 881 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faculdade de Economia do Porto File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Porto... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 881 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Faculdade de Economia do Porto File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Porto... Educational oversight Ministers Min. ...


Porto has several institutions of higher education, the larger one being the state-managed University of Porto (Universidade do Porto), which is the largest Portuguese university with approximately 28,000 students. There are also a state-managed polytechnic institute, the Instituto Politécnico do Porto (a group of technical colleges), and privately-owned institutions like the Portuguese Catholic University at Porto (Universidade Católica Portuguesa - Porto) and the Porto's Higher Education School of Arts (ESAP- Escola Superior Artística do Porto). Due to the recognition, potential for employment and higher revenue, there are many students from the entire country and particularly from the north of Portugal, attending a college or university in Porto. The University of Porto (Universidade do Porto) is a Portuguese public university located in Porto, and founded 22 March 1911. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... The term polytechnic, from the Greek πολύ polú meaning many and τεχνικός tekhnikós meaning arts, is commonly used in many countries to describe an institution that delivers vocational or technical education and training, other countries do not use the term and use alternative terminology. ... The Porto Polythecnic or Instituto Politécnico do Porto (IPP) was created in 1985, throw the creation and joint of different schools and the joint of centenary colleges in 1988, and its objective was to relaunch the polytechnic studies in Portugal. ... The Catholic University of Portugal (UCP – Universidade Católica Portuguesa, pron. ... Região Norte (pron. ...


Public health

Porto district has the highest rate of tuberculosis positive cases in Portugal. Porto tuberculosis rates are at Third World proportions (comparatively, London faces a similar phenomenon [2]). The incidence of positive cases was 23/100 000 nationwide in 1994, with a rate of 24/100 000 in Lisbon and 37/100 000 in Porto. Porto area represented the worst epidemiological situation in the country, with very high rates in some city boroughs and in some poor fishing and declining industrial communities. Epidemiological analysis indicated the existence of undisclosed sources of infection in these communities, responsible for continuing transmission despite a cure rate of 83% in the district.[3] In 2002 the situation was not better with 34/100 000 nationwide and 64/100 000 in Porto district. In 2004 the situation improved to 53/100 000.[4] Porto district is a district located in north Portugal limited by Aveiro District to the south , Braga district to the north and Vila Real district to the east. ... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Sports

Porto's Pavilhão Rosa Mota

As in most Portuguese cities, football is the most important sport in the city. Top division champions FC Porto and Boavista FC are both from Porto, while SC Salgueiros, a third club, has fallen into heavy debts and now plays in the third division after being one of the most regular first division clubs during the 1980s and 1990s. There are two major grounds, the Estádio do Dragão and the Estádio do Bessa, owned by the two Portuguese Liga clubs and present in the Euro 2004. Salgueiros, who sold their Vidal Pinheiro ground to the Porto Metro company planned to build a new one in the Arca d'Água zone, few hundred meters away from the old grounds, but due to a large underground water pocket, it is impossible to build there, and so they moved to the Estádio do Mar in Matosinhos, owned by Leixões SC. As there isn't a multi-purpose city-owned stadium, the only with athletics track is the Estádio Universitário, where the rugby team of the CDUP (Porto University Sports Team) plays. There are other football grounds, with sand or dirt surfaces, owned by clubs in the amateur league, featured in a cult show on NTV named N*Amadores, the station was renamed RTP N and the show Liga dos Últimos, the exception being FC Porto's second stadium, the Campo da Constituição, now a footballing school. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 600 pixel, file size: 69 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Porto Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 600 pixel, file size: 69 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Porto Metadata This file contains additional... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... FC Porto emblem (Larger version) Futebol Clube do Porto (short: FC Porto, FCP) is a Portuguese sports club, best known for its football section. ... Boavista Futebol Clube (pron. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Estádio do Dragão (English: Dragon Stadium) is a football stadium in Porto, Portugal that has an all-seated capacity of 52,000. ... outside photo The Estádio do Bessa (now Estádio do Bessa XXI) is a football stadium located in the Boavista area of Porto, Portugal, used by Boavista FC. Like other stadiums used in Euro 2004, the Bessa is a new ground, but built on top of the old stands... The Portuguese Liga (pron. ... The 2004 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly called Euro 2004, was held in Portugal between June 12 and July 4, 2004. ... Matosinhos is a Portuguese city and respective municipality north of Oporto, whose conurbation it belongs. ... Leixões Sport Club, or simply Leixões, is a sports club from Matosinhos, Portugal. ... Centro Desportivo Universitário do Porto or CDUP is a Portuguese amateur sports club for students at the University of Porto. ... RTPN is Rádio e Televisão de Portugals 24-hour news channel. ... Outside wall The Campo Da Constituição was the second ground of Portuguese football side FC Porto, built in the Constituição area of Porto. ...


FC Porto won the UEFA Champions League in 1987 (then known as the European Cup) and in 2004. Their long time president, Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa, is one of the most charismatic figures in Portuguese football. He managed to establish FC Porto as one of the most powerful European football clubs and reduce the influence of the Lisbon clubs. Pinto da Costa is not the only charismatic figure in the recent history of FC Porto: José Mourinho coached Porto to a victory in the 2003 UEFA Cup (beating Celtic in the final in Seville) and their magnificent 2004 Champions League triumph which was clinched with a victory over Monaco. Also worth mentioning, FC Porto won the Intercontinental Cup (also known as the Toyota Cup) in 1987 and once again in 2004. The UEFA Champions League (also known as the European Cup, UCL, CE1, C1[1] or CL) is a seasonal club football competition organized by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) since 1955 for the most successful football clubs in Europe. ... Champions League Logo The UEFA Champions League is an annual international inter-club football competition between Europes most successful clubs, regarded as the most prestigious club trophy in the sport. ... Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa, pron. ... José Mário dos Santos Mourinho Félix, commonly known as José Mourinho, GOIH (pron. ... The 2002-03 UEFA Cup was won by FC Porto. ... Celtic Football Club (pronounced seltik in IPA; AIM: CCP)[1] is a Scottish football club, competing in the Scottish Premier League, the highest form of competition in Scotland. ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ... The 2003-04 season of the European UEFA Champions League football club tournament was won by FC Porto in a comfortable final victory against AS Monaco, following up their 2003 UEFA Cup success. ... 1980-2004 Logo The European/South American Cup, commonly referred to as the Intercontinental Cup or Toyota Cup, was a football competition endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL, contested between the winners of the European Champions League and the South American Copa Libertadores in a match played each year, from 1980...


There are other sports arenas in Porto, notably the city-owned Pavilhão Rosa Mota (now unused due to a bad relationship between the mayor and the FC Porto board), swimming pools in the Constituição area, between the Marquês and Boavista, and other minor arenas, such as the Pavilhão do Académico. Pavilhão Rosa Mota is an arena in Porto, Portugal. ...


Porto is also home to the North of Portugal's only cricket club, and possibly the oldest European cricket club outside of the British Isles[citation needed], the Oporto Cricket and Lawn Tennis Club. Every year, for more than 100 years, a match, the Kendall Cup, has been played between the Oporto Club and the Casuals Club of Lisbon, as well as various games against touring teams, mainly from England. The Club and pitch are located off Rua Campo Alegre. A cricket match in progress. ... This article describes the archipelago in north-western Europe. ... The Kendall Cup is the trophy awarded to the winners of a 2 day cricket match between representative teams from Lisbon and Porto, in Portugal, played alternately in the two cities. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


In 1958 and 1960, Porto's streets hosted the Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix on the Boavista street circuit. A reenactment of the races was held from 8 July to 10 July, 2005. F1 redirects here. ... The first Portuguese Grand Prix was held on the Boavista street course in Oporto on 14 August 1958, followed in 1959 by a grand prix at Monsanto Park, Lisbon. ... Circuito da Boavista was a Formula One street course in Oporto (Porto), Portugal used twice for the Portuguese Grand Prix. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In Athletics competitions, every year in October is the Porto Marathon in the streets of the town. The Porto Marathon is a marathon race in the city of Porto, Portugal, held every year in October. ...


Parishes

Douro river.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 440 × 297 pixelsFull resolution (440 × 297 pixel, file size: 29 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Porto ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 440 × 297 pixelsFull resolution (440 × 297 pixel, file size: 29 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Porto ... The Douro or Duero (Latin: Durius, Spanish: Duero, Portuguese: Douro, pron. ... Municipality Porto Area 2. ... Municipality Porto Area 3. ... Municipality Porto Area 8. ... Municipality Porto Area 2. ... Municipality Porto Area 3. ... Municipality Porto Area 3. ... Municipality Porto Area 1. ... Municipality Porto Area 0. ... Municipality Porto Area 2. ... Municipality Porto Area 6. ... Municipality Porto Area 5. ... Municipality Porto Area 0. ... Municipality Porto Area 1. ... Municipality Porto Area 0. ... Municipality Porto Area 0. ... Image File history File links Crest of Porto (Portugal) Author: Sérgio Horta The author has agreed to usage of his works under the GNU-FDL, as long as he is quoted as the source: Caro Senhor, Manuel Anastácio File links The following pages link to this file: Porto... Municipality Porto Area 2. ... Municipality Porto Area 3. ... Municipality Porto Area 8. ... Municipality Porto Area 2. ... Municipality Porto Area 3. ... Municipality Porto Area 3. ... Municipality Porto Area 1. ... Municipality Porto Area 0. ... Municipality Porto Area 2. ... Municipality Porto Area 6. ... Municipality Porto Area 5. ... Municipality Porto Area 0. ... Municipality Porto Area 1. ... Municipality Porto Area 0. ... Municipality Porto Area 0. ...

Sister cities

The following places are sister cities to Oporto: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Within the context of development cooperation, Oporto is also linked to: City logo (traditional tri-crescent) City coat of arms Motto: The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Aquitaine Department Gironde (33) Intercommunality Urban Community of Bordeaux Mayor Alain Juppé (UMP) (since... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the English city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Duruelo de la Sierra (Catalan) Spanish name Duruelo de la Sierra Administration Country Autonomous Community Castilla and León Province Soria Comarca Comarca de Pinares Mayor Roman Martin Simón (PP) Geography Land Area 44. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... , For other uses, see Jena (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The city of León (Llión in the Leonese language), located at 42. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Liege or Liège has several meanings: A Liège is a classic sporting car, designed for personal assembly, by Peter Davis in Evesham, UK, and often used in Classic Trials and other long distance motoring events A liege is the person or entity to which one has pledged allegiance. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macau. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Nagasaki ) ( ) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Location Location of Vigo in Spain and Pontevedra Coordinates : , , . Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Vigo (Galician) Spanish name Vigo Nickname La Ciudad Olvica (The Olive City) Postal code 36xxx Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ...

Beira is the second largest city in Mozambique. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mozambique. ... Luanda (formerly called Loanda) is the largest city and capital of Angola. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Angola. ... Mindelo, or Mindel in Santiagos Capeverdean Crioulo, and Mindel in São Vicente Crioulo, is a port town on the Cape Verde in the northern part of the island of São Vicente. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cape_Verde. ... There are places that have the name Neves (pronunciation: NEH-vehsh): In the Azores: Neves, the second name of Norte Grande. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe. ... Ndola is the second-largest city in Zambia, with a population of 374,757 (2000 census}. It is the main hub of the Copperbelt, a region in which Zambias copper is mined. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zambia. ... Nickname: Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Country Region State Pernambuco Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area  - City 218 km²  (84. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ...

Famous inhabitants

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixels, file size: 174 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixels, file size: 174 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Infante Dom Henrique (4 March 1394 - 13 November 1460) was a prince of Portugal, often regarded as the most important figure in the early days of European colonial expansion. ... Infante Dom Henrique (4 March 1394 - 13 November 1460) was a prince of Portugal, often regarded as the most important figure in the early days of European colonial expansion. ... Manoel Cândido Pinto de Oliveira is a Portuguese film director born in Oporto on December 12, 1908. ... Álvaro Siza (Álvaro Joaquim de Meio Siza Vieira, born 25 June 1933 in Matosinhos), is a contemporary Portuguese architect. ... Kaúlza de Arriaga (January 18, 1915 - February 3, 2004) was a Portuguese general, writer, professor and politician. ... Pêro Vaz de Caminha (15th century/16th century), Portuguese explorer that accompanied Pedro Álvares Cabral in the discovery of Brazil, being one of the captains of the fleet. ... Rui Veloso in 2006, in Pavilhão Atlântico. ... Uriel da Costa (ca. ... Vieira Portuense Francisco Vieira de Matos, who choose the artistic name of Vieira Portuense (Porto, 13 May 1765 - Funchal, 2 May 1805) was a Portuguese painter, one of the introducers of Neoclassicism in Portuguese painting. ... João Baptista da Silva Leitão de Almeida Garrett, 1st Viscount Almeida Garrett, pron. ... Ramalho Ortigão Ramalho Ortigão (October 24, 1836 - September 27, 1915) was a Portuguese writer of the late 19th century. ... Júlio Dinis, pseudonym of Joaquim Guilherme Gomes Coelho (Porto, 14 November 1839 — 12 September 1871) was a Portuguese doctor and writer. ... Jorge Chaminé (born 30 April 1956 in Porto, Portugal) is a famous Portuguese baritone opera singer. ... Pedro de Escobar (c. ... Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, GCSE, GCIH (Oporto, November 6, 1919 - Lisbon, July 2, 2004) was one of the most important Portuguese poets of the 20th century. ... Tiago Vagaroso[1] da Costa Monteiro (pron. ... António Pinho Vargas (born Vila Nova de Gaia, August 15, 1951) is a Portuguese Jazz and contemporary music pianist and composer. ... Eduardo Souto de Moura. ... Francisco Manuel Lumbrales de Sá Carneiro, GCTE, GCC, GCL (pron. ... Belmiro de Azevedo (February 17, 1938) is a Portuguese entrepreneur, ranked by Forbes as the 387th richest person in the world (2005), as well as the richest in Portugal. ... Marco de Canaveses is a city and municipality of the Porto district, in northern Portugal. ... José Pacheco Pereira José Pacheco Pereira (born 6 January, 1949) is a Portuguese historian, professor and political analyst. ... Miguel Sousa Tavares (born Oporto, 25 June 1952) is a Portuguese journalist and writer. ... Rosa Mota, pron. ... Richard Zimler (b. ... Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa, pron. ... FC Porto emblem (Larger version) Futebol Clube do Porto (short: FC Porto, FCP) is a Portuguese sports club, best known for its football section. ... Joanne Rowling OBE (born July 31, 1965 in Chipping Sodbury, South Gloucestershire), commonly known as J.K. Rowling (pronunciation: roll-ing; her former students used to joke with her name calling her the Rolling Stone), is a British fiction writer. ...

Gallery

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References

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística, Estimativas Provisórias de População Residente Intercensitárias - Portugal, NUTS II, NUTS III e Municípios 2005
  2. ^ http://www.amp.pt/aamp.asp
  3. ^ Fernando Nunes da Silva (2005), Alta Velocidade em Portugal, Desenvolvimento RegionalPDF, CENSUR, IST
  4. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved on 2006-10-06.
  5. ^ Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved on 2006-12-18.
  6. ^ A Porto University document/study in PortuguesePDF (478 KiB)
  7. ^ Classificação Expresso das melhores cidades portuguesas para viver em 2007, Expresso
  8. ^ Jornal de Notícias. Retrieved on 2007-03-14.
  9. ^ Publico.pt - Índice de competitividade coloca Évora no topo e Porto em último Pedro Ribeiro - September 30, 2006
  10. ^ Coentrão, Abel. Quanto vale o Grande Porto? — Publico.pt
  11. ^ [1] CiênciaHoje - Évora é a mais competitiva das capitais de distrito portuguesas (continente) - September 30, 2006

“PDF” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... L Espresso Espresso is a strong, flavorful coffee beverage brewed by forcing hot water through finely ground dark-roasted coffee beans. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Portugal Portal

Coordinates: 41°9′N, 8°38′W Image File history File links Portal. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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