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Encyclopedia > Portishead, Somerset
Portishead

Portishead shown within Somerset
Population 17,130 (2001 Census[1]
OS grid reference ST470764
Parish Portishead and North Weston
Unitary authority North Somerset
Ceremonial county Somerset
Region South West
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS20
Dialling code 01275
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance Great Western
UK Parliament Woodspring
European Parliament South West England
List of places: UKEnglandSomerset

Coordinates: 51°29′02″N 2°45′45″W / 51.484, -2.7626 Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... Portishead and North Weston is a civil parish with a Town Council in North Somerset, England. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... North Somerset is a unitary authority in England, historically part of the county of Somerset but now administered independently. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping, concerning these countries; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the parts of former Yugoslavia[1]; the Soviet Union referring to the... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The BS postcode area, also known as the Bristol postcode area[1], is a group of postal districts around Axbridge, Banwell, Bristol, Cheddar, Clevedon, Wedmore, Weston-super-Mare and Winscombe in England. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Avon & Somerset Constabulary is a police force in England covering the county of Somerset and the districts of South Gloucestershire, Bristol, North Somerset and Bath and North East Somerset; these districts were the now defunct county of Avon hence the forces name. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Temple Back Fire Station and Service HQ The Avon Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory FRS or Fire and Rescue Service covering the area of what used to be the County of Avon (1974-1996) but now consists of the four unitary authorities of Bath and North East Somerset... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Great Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust provides services in Bath and North East Somerset, Bristol, Gloucestershire, North Somerset, South Gloucestershire, Swindon and Wiltshire in the South West England region. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Woodspring is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... The constituency (first used 2004) within England; Gibraltar is in the inset. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the ceremonial county of Somerset, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Portishead (IPA: /pɔːtɪsˈhɛd/) is a coastal town in North Somerset, England, with a population of 21,000 (Local council update 24/07/07). Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... North Somerset is a unitary authority in England, historically part of the county of Somerset but now administered independently. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Portishead’s history dates back to Roman times, its name derives from the ‘port at the head of the river’. The town was built on the mouth of a small tributary; the High Street once met the water at the top of the river. Iron rings, evidence of where the old fishing boats used to moor can still be seen today on the street’s stone walls. Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410. ...


The dominant architecture is early Victorian with some buildings maintaining their original features. Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ...


It's also one of the fastest growing towns in Europe, due to the large, flat area of land available to build on.

Contents

Portishead's dock and railway lines

Portishead dock

Around the 1860s at the height of the iron and steel era, a pier and a deep-water dock were built by the Bristol & Portishead Pier and Railway to accommodate the large ships that had difficulty in reaching Bristol Harbour.[2][3] They brought valuable cargoes from across the globe and exported local products overseas. Ships carrying coal were commonplace in Portishead Docks.[4] // The First Transcontinental Railroad in the USA was built in the six year period between 1863 and 1869. ... For the type of foundation, see Deep foundation. ... A dock is an area of water between two piers or alongside a pier, forming a chamber used for building or repairing one ship. ... Tunnel in the Avon Gorge. ... St Augustines Reach and Peros Bridge, during the 2004 Harbour Festival. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ...


Portishead power stations

The Portishead power stations were coal-fed power stations; built adjacent to the dock. Construction work started on Portishead "A" power station in 1926; and it began generating electricity in 1929 for the Bristol Corporation's Electricity Department.[4][5] In 1937 its original six short chimney stacks were replaced by a 350 ft high stack.[5] A second 350 ft stack was added when this power station was expanded in 1948.[4] The Portishead Power stations were two coal-fired electricity generation stations. ... For other uses, see Power station (disambiguation). ... World-wide electricity production for 1980 to 2005. ... This article is about the English city. ... A chimney is a system for venting hot gases and smoke from a boiler, stove, furnace or fireplace to the outside atmosphere. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


Portishead "B" power station was started in 1949 and it began generating in 1955.[4][5]


After 1949, the power station became part of the nationalised electricity industry; and were operated in turn by the British Electricity Authority, the Central Electricity Authority and the CEGB. They used some local coal produced in the Somerset coalfield. It was delivered by train along the Portishead branch of the Great Western Railway (GWR). The line had opened on 12 April 1867 as the Bristol and Portishead Pier and Railway Company; it opened to the dock on 5 July 1879.[2] Nationalization is the act of taking assets into state ownership. ... The British Electricity Authority (BEA) was established in 1948 with the nationalisation of the UKs electricity supply industry, as a result of the Electricity Act 1947. ... The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) (at first, for a brief period, known as the British Electricity Authority or BEA) was the body that ran the UKs newly nationalised electricity supply industry from 1947. ... The Central Electricity Generating Board (CEGB) was the cornerstone of the British electricity industry for almost 50 years, from its nationalisation in 1947 to privatisation in the 1990s. ... The old coal mining wheel, now featured in the centre of Radstock, in front of the Radstock museum The Somerset coalfield included pits in the north Somerset area where coal was mined from the 15th century until 1973. ... Tunnel in the Avon Gorge. ... The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The main supply of coal, however, was imported from South Wales, from Newport and Ely, by boat into the dock; it was carried by Osborn & Wallis Ltd of Bristol.[4] For other uses, see Newport (disambiguation). ... Ely electoral ward of Cardiff Ely (Welsh Trelai tref town + Elai River Ely) is a suburb primarily dominated by council housing in western Cardiff, Wales. ...


Railway stations

Portishead had two passenger stations on the GWR's Portishead branch line, the main station was sited near to the centre of the village of Portishead, as it was then; and the other sited at the Pier.[5] The construction of Portishead "B" power station caused the original railway station to be demolished and a new replacement station was opened in the High Street on 2 January 1954.[5] Tunnel in the Avon Gorge. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Weston, Clevedon and Portishead Railway

Portishead also had a second, short-lived, railway line: the Weston, Clevedon and Portishead Railway.[2][5] It ran between Weston-super-Mare and Clevedon as a standard railway line; and between Clevedon and Portishead as a light railway.[2] The Clevedon to Portishead extension opened on 7 August 1907.[2] The whole of the line closed on 19 May 1940; and was then dismantled by the GWR.[2][5] Conceived and built as a tramway from Weston-Super-Mare to Portishead, Somerset in the 1880s, construction proceeded slowly, the railway opening between Clevedon and Weston in 1897. ... Weston-super-Mare is an English seaside resort town in North Somerset, population 65,000 (1991 estimate). ... Map sources for Clevedon at grid reference ST3971 Clevedon Village - circa 1907 Clevedon seafront is extremely windswept, as witnessed by this tree. ... A Light rail system Historically, a railway built in Britain under the 1896 Light Railways Act This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Albright and Wilson

In 1951 Albright and Wilson set up a chemical works on the opposite side of the dock from the power stations. The chemical works produced white phosphorus from phosphate rock imported, through the docks, into the UK. Phosphate rock was stored in concrete silos on the dockside until it was required. The chemical works used electricity, provided by the power stations, to power six 7.5 megawatt electric arc furnaces (45 megawatts, total), to reduce the phosphate rock. The phosphorus was then moved by sealed railway tanks to Oldbury and to Kirkby. Albright and Wilson was founded in 1856 as a United Kingdom manufacturer of potassium chlorate and phosphorus for the match industry. ... General Name, symbol, number phosphorus, P, 15 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 3, p Appearance waxy white/ red/ black/ colorless Standard atomic weight 30. ... A phosphate, in inorganic chemistry, is a salt of phosphoric acid. ... This article is about the construction material. ... Bold text This article is about Storage Silos. ... The megawatt (symbol: MW) is a unit for measuring power corresponding to one million (106) watts. ... An electric arc furnace is a system that heats charged material by means of an electric arc. ... Map sources for Oldbury at grid reference SP3194 Oldbury is a town in Englands Black Country. ... Arms of the former Kirkby Urban District Council Kirkby (pronounced - the second k is silent) is a new town in the Metropolitan Borough of Knowsley, Merseyside, England. ...


Closure of the dock and associated facilities

The onset of new generating capacity at Pembroke (oil-fired) and Didcot (coal-fired) in the mid-70's brought about the closure of the older, less efficient 'A' Station. One generator (500MW) of four at each of the new power stations had almost the same output of both Portishead Stations combined ('A' Station 200MW, 'B' Station 360MW).


The newer of the two power stations ('B' Station) was converted to burn oil when the Somerset coalfields closed.[5] The two Radstock pits ceased production in September 1973 and the last train load of coal departed on 16 November 1973. The price of oil rose steeply in the 1970s (see 1973 oil crisis and 1979 oil crisis) and the two power stations were little used after these events. Synthetic motor oil An oil is any substance that is in a viscous liquid state (oily) at ambient temperatures or slightly warmer, and is both hydrophobic (immiscible with water, literally water fearing) and lipophilic (miscible with other oils, literally fat loving). This general definition includes compound classes with otherwise unrelated... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... The 1973 oil crisis began in earnest on October 17, 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship petroleum... (Redirected from 1979 oil crisis) The 1979 (or second) energy crisis occurred in the wake of the Iranian Revolution. ...


Portishead A power station was closed in 1976; and the first of its two chimney stacks, a prominent local landmark, was demolished in September 1981, followed by the second in August 1982.[5] Portishead B power station closed in 1982 and both of its 383 ft stacks were demolished in October 1992.[5]


Industrial activities ceased in the dock with the closure of the Power Stations.


Redevelopment of the docks

Portishead Marina

In the last few years the harbour area has been developed to provide a marina. The area of the town formerly occupied by the two power stations has also been redeveloped to provide a wide range of housing, from social housing to grand apartments. Development is also under way on the 'ashlands' to the east of the harbour, so-called because they were the dumping ground for power station waste, extending further the area of the town (still called the village) towards Portbury. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... A small marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ...


Portishead today

Portishead is primarily a dormitory town for Bristol and its environs. Employers include the Avon and Somerset Constabulary, which has its headquarters on the western edge of the town, Gordano School, and numerous care homes for the elderly, as well as more recently a major retail complex. The town has retained a 'local shop identity' - despite some larger DIY chains and supermarkets being built in recent years. This article is about the English city. ... Avon & Somerset Constabulary is a police force in England covering the county of Somerset and the districts of South Gloucestershire, Bristol, North Somerset and Bath and North East Somerset; these districts were the now defunct county of Avon hence the forces name. ... Gordano School is a comprehensive educational secondary school located in Portishead, Somerset, England. ...


The 'marina' area continues to undergo substantial housing redevelopment, with accommodation and commercial premises being constructed.


Transportation links to Bristol and beyond have been a concern for some residents of the town. Despite representations from town groups and local politicians, plans to reopen a disused train line to Bristol have been dismissed as uneconomical. The main A369 road (known as The Portbury Hundred) to the nearby M5 motorway is often congested, especially during rush hours. However, the general congestion of the M5 clearly impacts upon this. The A369 is a primary road running from Bristol to Portishead. ... The M5 near J28, Devon This article concerns the M5 motorway in England. ...


Major traffic-flow modifications have caused much controversy because they are widely seen as having caused queuing where none existed before. More than 2,000 residents signed a petition to North Somerset Council expressing concern at the development, and in early 2006, more than 1,000 residents joined a protest march through the town centre calling for the development to be scrapped. The organiser of the petition and march was subsequently elected to the District Council as a Conservative member in the local elections of 2006. The issue has died down in recent months and a further protest march was poorly attended with less than 200 people turning out. Look up Petition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... North Somerset is a unitary authority in England, historically part of the county of Somerset but now administered independently. ...


The Portishead coastline, whilst not sandy (stony/muddy) is of some environmental and geological interest. The Lake Grounds area, built in the early 20th century around an artificial lake, is the town's main park area. One of the UK's last surviving outdoor swimming pools is situated on the shore next to the Lake Grounds and is open during the summer months. Above the Lake grounds is Battery Point, where guns were placed to protect the Severn Estuary from invasion fleets. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Remains of a battery of English cannon from Youghal, County Cork. ... “Severn” redirects here. ...


The Bristol-based trip hop group Portishead are named after the town, despite claiming to hate the place.[1] Trip hop (also known as the Bristol sound) is a term coined by United Kingdom dance magazine Mixmag, to describe a musical trend in the mid-1990s; trip hop is downtempo electronic music that grew out of Englands hip hop and house scenes. ... For the town, see Portishead, Somerset. ...


References

  1. ^ http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=791589&c=Portishead&d=16&e=15&g=399956&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779
  2. ^ a b c d e f Awdry
  3. ^ Smith
  4. ^ a b c d e Winter
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Crowhurst

Further reading

  • Awdry, Christopher, (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing.
  • Crowhurst, Ken, (2001). Images of England: Portishead, Stroud: Tempus Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-2240-5.
  • Smith, Martin, (1992). The Railways of Bristol & Somerset, Sherton: Ian Allan Ltd. ISBN 0-7110-2063-9.
  • Winter, Michael T., (2005). The Portishead Coal Boats: A History of Osborn & Wallis Ltd, Bristol. Lydney: Black Dwarf Publications. ISBN 1-903599-13-X.

Christopher Awdry (born 1940) is a British author best known for his contributions to The Railway Series of books featuring Thomas the Tank Engine, which was started by his father Rev. ...

External links

  • Weston, Clevedon & Portishead Railway

  Results from FactBites:
 
Portishead - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (485 words)
Portishead is a trip hop band from Bristol, United Kingdom, named after the small town of Portishead, 12 miles west of Bristol.
Please be aware that this is NOT a Portishead release.
Portishead and other so-called trip hop groups have expressed dislike for the term, arguing it is a media invention designed to categorize their otherwise not-so-categorizable music.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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