FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Portamento" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Portamento

Portamento is a musical term currently used to mean pitch bending or sliding, and in 16th century polyphonic writing refers to a type of musical ornamentation. Allegory of Music on the Opéra Garnier Music is an art form that involves organized and audible sounds and silence. ... Pitch is the perceived fundamental frequency of a sound. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ...

Contents

Pitch bending

In current usage, portamento is making a continuous "slide" up or down in frequency from a previous note, rather than a discrete change from one note to the next. This is most commonly encountered on string instruments, such as the fretless guitar or violin, which can produce a continuous range of frequencies rather than being limited to the chromatic or diatonic scale, and impossible on a fixed-pitch instrument like the piano, without the use of extended technique. The trombone also produces quite effective portamento (referred to as a "slur"), as would any instrument with a slide, such as the slide whistle. Other wind instruments have a very limited capability to produce this effect, and can portamento through only as wide a pitch range as can be affected by embouchure alone, which is often not more than a step, although many musicians, especially in jazz, learn how to perform long range portamentos by gradually exposing finger holes or valves. Listen, for instance, to the two-octave clarinet portamento in the opening of Rhapsody in Blue by George Gershwin. Machine timpani are unusual among percussion instruments in being able to be played whilst being tuned, allowing for portamento effects (often wrongly called "glissando" in this context). Sine waves of various frequencies; the bottom waves have higher frequencies than those above. ... Look up discrete in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Parts of the guitar. ... The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. ... The chromatic scale is the scale that contains all twelve pitches of the Western tempered scale. ... In Music theory, the diatonic major scale (also known as the Guido scale), from the Greek diatonikos or to stretch out, is a fundamental building block of the European-influenced musical tradition. ... A grand piano, with the lid up. ... Extended technique is a term used in music to describe unconventional, unorthodox or improper techniques of singing, or of playing musical instruments. ... The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family. ... A slide whistle (variously known as a swanee whistle, piston flute or less commonly jazz flute) is a wind instrument consisting of a fipple like a recorders and a tube with a piston in it. ... A wind instrument is a musical instrument that contains some type of resonator (usually a tube), in which a column of air is set into vibration by the player blowing into (or over) a mouthpiece set at the end of the resonator. ... The embouchure is the use of facial muscles and the shaping of the lips to the mouthpiece of a wind instrument. ... STEP has several meanings: Sixth Term Examination Paper The Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners. ... Jazz is a musical art form that originated in New Orleans at around the start of the 20th century. ... Two soprano clarinets: a B♭ clarinet (left) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... Cover of the original sheet music of the two piano version of Rhapsody in Blue. ... George Gershwin (September 26, 1898 – July 11, 1937) was an American composer who wrote most of his vocal and theatrical works in collaboration with his elder brother lyricist Ira Gershwin. ... A timpanist in the United States Air Forces in Europe Band. ... Glissando (plural: glissandi) is a musical term that refers to either a continuous sliding from one pitch to another (a true glissando), or an incidental scale played while moving from one melodic note to another (an effective glissando). ...


The human voice is easily capable of portamento, however, this is often regarded as a defect in singing style ("missing the note"), rather than a deliberate feature of vocal music (a "vocal swoop").


Portamento can often be generated automatically on synthesizers, where a parameter setting can be used to control the speed at which an oscillator moves to a new pitch. Often this parameter is called glide. Alternatively, portamento effects can be produced manually by a skilled player by the use of the pitch wheel at the side of most synthesizer keyboards. Synth lines with lots of portamento defined West Coast G funk of the mid 1990s, and continue to be a distinctive part of electronic music today, as well as progressive rock music (see Dream Theater's Jordan Rudess.) The term synthesiser is also used to mean frequency synthesiser, an electronic system found in communications. ... Oscillation is the periodic variation, typically in time, of some measure as seen, for example, in a swinging pendulum. ... G-funk (Gangsta-funk or Ghetto-funk) is a type of hip hop music that emerged from West Coast gangsta rap in the early 1990s. ... Dream Theater is a progressive metal band formed by three students at the Berklee College of Music in 1985. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


In MIDI sequencing, portamento can be generated by using a channel message that creates a sliding effect by smoothly changing pitch from the last note played to the pitch of the currently playing note. Musical Instrument Digital Interface, or MIDI, is a system designed to transmit information between electronic musical instruments. ... Channel, in communications (sometimes called communications channel), refers to the medium used to convey information from a sender (or transmitter) to a receiver. ...


The Casio CZ-101 was one of the first synthesizers to have a polyphonic portamento effect.


Ornamentation

In 16th century style, portamento is an anticipation figure, occurring on the off-beat of strong beats in the music (e.g. beats 1 and 3 in four-four time). The portamento resolves stepwise, almost always downward. It may occur either once or multiple times in succession. A nonchord tone, nonharmonic tone, or non-harmony note is a note in a piece of common practice music which is not in the chord that is formed by the other notes; for example, if a piece of music is currently on a C Major chord, the notes CEG are... See also the beat disambiguation page. ... STEP has several meanings: Sixth Term Examination Paper The Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners. ...


In multi-voice polyphony, the portamento figure is normally consonant. This embellishment is frequently found ornamenting suspensions, though almost never at the final cadence. Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ... Consonance is a stylistic device, often used in poetry. ... In music theory, a suspension is a nonchord tone that occurs when the harmony shifts from one chord to another, but one or more notes of the first chord are held over, suspended, into the second but then resolved to a chord tone. ... Look up Cadence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Cadence has the following meanings. ...


See also

  • A glissando is a similar effect to portamento which moves in discrete steps; for example, dragging a finger over the keys of the piano.
  • Vibrato is a repetitive smooth change in pitch that occurs in rapid cycles.

Glissando (plural: glissandi) is a musical term that refers to either a continuous sliding from one pitch to another (a true glissando), or an incidental scale played while moving from one melodic note to another (an effective glissando). ... A grand piano, with the lid up. ... Vibrato is a musical effect where the pitch or frequency of a note or sound is quickly and repeatedly raised and lowered over a small distance for the duration of that note or sound. ...

References

  • Gauldin, Robert (1985). A Practical Approach to Sixteenth-Century Counterpoint. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Portamento - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (450 words)
Portamento is a musical term currently used to mean pitch bending or sliding, and in 16th century polyphonic writing refers to a type of musical ornamentation.
Portamento can often be generated automatically on synthesizers, where a parameter setting can be used to control the speed at which an oscillator moves to a new pitch.
In MIDI sequencing, portamento can be generated by using a channel message that creates a sliding effect by smoothly changing pitch from the last note played to the pitch of the currently playing note.
Jamaica Gleaner - Musical styles - Thursday | August 17, 2000 (606 words)
Portamento means 'to carry' or glide from one to the next so rapidly, that the intermediate tones, although sounding, are not defined long enough to be noticed by most listeners.
Portamento should not be confused with the slur or glissando.
Portamento is not the same as a slur or glissando.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m