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Encyclopedia > Portalegre

Portalegre is a city in Portugal.

Contents

Image File history File links district of Portugal File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


History

Portalegre was founded in the reign of Afonso III, in 1259. It was to be given to his bastard son D. Afonso Sanches. Afonso III of Portugal (the Burgundian), fifth king of Portugal, was born in Coimbra in May 5, 1210 and died in February 16, 1279, in the same city. ...


In D. Diniz' reign, by a Carta Régia of the 18th of November, 1299, it was determined that Portalegre would be donated to the king himself and later to his first born son and heir. Dinis of Portugal (in English Denis), the Farmer, sixth king of Portugal, was born in October 9, 1261 and died in January 7, 1325 in Santarém. ...

Portalegre was elevated to the status of city on the 23rd of May, 1550, by D. João III. At this time, the city was regarded as an important administrative and economic centre. Portalegres Sé File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... John III of Portugal John III of Portugal, the Pious, (Portuguese João III) (June 6, 1502 – June 11, 1557) was the fifteenth king of Portugal. ...


In the 15th century, it was already recognized for its cloth manufacturing. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... A variety of fabric. ... Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, or intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of semi-manufactures. ...


As it is near the frontier with Spain it always suffered lots of invasions from foreign troops: in 1704 (during the War of the Spanish Succession), it was attacked and conquered by the army of Felipe V; again in 1801 during the War of the Oranges, it surrendered to the Spanish Army, this way trying to counter the French dominion. In 1847 it was occupied by forces of Spanish General Concha. Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... hehe ... The War of the Oranges was a brief conflict in 1801 in which France and Spain fought against Portugal. ...


The importance of Portalegre would come to be recognized in 1859, when it became district capital. Districts are a form of local government in several countries. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ...


Its name derives from the Latin Portus Alacer (meaning "dry port").


The City

In 2001 (Census) Portalegre city had 15768 inhabitants in 2 parishes the municipality had 25608 in 10 parishes. It has a surface of approximately 424 km² and is located in the heart of a Natural Park (the Natural Park of S. Mamede). Although the majority of its industry is rural, the urban perimeter comprises a strong industrial tradition. The textile industry began in the 17th century, when the Robinson Factory of Cork was built. In 1947 the Manufactory of Portalegre Tapestries (which have a unique knot, worldwide) soon became the ex-libris of the City, due to the artistic work (the tapestries are based on paintings). Amongst other traditions there is one called the parade of the "Maias", children dressed in white covered with yellow flowers, walking through the city's narrow streets singing "Maia". Portalegres famous Tapestry File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Textile is also a kind of ReStructured Text. ... This article is about tapestry the textile. ... Some knots: 1. ... Ex libris (Latin: from books) is a phrase often used in an ownership inscription or a bookplate, usually found on the inside of a book cover or on one of the first few pages. ...


Other Features

The House-Museum of José Régio (a famous Portuguese poet) was installed in his home, in which he lived for 34 years. When José Régio was accepted at the high school of Mouzinho da Silveira, in Portalegre, this place was an hostal. It was previously an annex of the convent of S. Brás, of which there are still some vestiges, namely the chapel. It also served as an headquarter when the peninsular wars were fought, but it was later named Pensão 21. José Régio rented an humble room and, as he needed more space (he collected several works of art, amongst which more than 400 representations of Christ), he would rent more space. So, as time went by, he finally became the only inhabitant of the hostal. In 1965, he sold his collection to the City Hall of Portalegre with the condition of it buying his house, restore it and transform it into a museum. He lived there until he died, in 1969. The museum opened to public in 1971. The following is a list of famous or notable Portuguese language poets: Portugal Luiz Vaz de Camões Fernando Pessoa (1888-1935) Mário de Sá-Carneiro José Carlos Ary dos Santos (1937-1984) José Régio (1901-1969) José Saramago (1922- ) Brazil Carlos Drummond de Andrade Vinicius de Moraes... Also City hall, the seat of municipal government. ...


External links

Portalegre's City Hall Homepage (in Portuguese)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Portalegre, North Alentejo, Portugal - Tourism Information (1803 words)
Reality lies here, waiting to be unveiled, in the endless plains and mountains, in the water that entertains and cures, in the great open spaces in the midst of nature or in those built by man both for ancient wars and for peace.
Portalegre itself is of roman origin though it is filled with fine Renaissance and Baroque mansions.
Portalegre's region offers a kaleidoscope of activities among which you are sure to find the right one foe you.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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