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Encyclopedia > Port Qasim

Port Muhammad Bin Qasim is a port in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan located at 24°46′00″N, 67°20′00″E (24.766667, 67.333333). It was constructed in the late 1970s to relieve congestion at Karachi Port. Port Qasim was named after the Muslim general Muhammad bin Qasim who captured the area around 712 CE. The port was developed close to the Pakistan Steel Mills complex near the Indus River delta. Port Qasim's residential area is a neighbourhood of Bin Qasim Town of Karachi. Karachi (Urdu: كراچى ) (Sindhi: ڪراچي) is the largest city in Pakistan and the capital of the province of Sindh. ... Sindh (Sind) (Urdu: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Sindhis, Muhajirs and various other groups. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The Port of Karachi is Pakistans busiest port, handling about 60% of the nations cargo (25 million tons per annum). ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... Muhammad bin Qasim (c. ... Pakistan Steel Mills was built in mid 1970s in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... The Indus (sometimes considered a misnomer) is the English name for the Sengge Chu which flows from Tibet into Ladakh and Baltistan, finally arriving into Pakistan. ... Bin Qasim is one of the towns in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ...

Port Qasim is Pakistan's second busiest port, handling about 35% of the nation's cargo (17 million tons per annum). It is located in an old channel of the Indus River at a distance of 35 kilometres east of Karachi city centre. The total are of the port comprises 1,000 acres with an adjacent 11,000 acre industrial estate. The approach to the port is along a 45-kilometre long Navigation Channel which provides safe navigation for vessels up to 75,000 DWT. The geographic position of the Port places it in close proximity to major shipping routes. One of it's major advantages is the proximity to national transport facilities - 15 kilometres from the Pakistan National Highway, 14 kilometres from the National Railway network through six railway tracks located immediately behind the berths and 22 kilometres from Quaid-e-Azam International Airport. Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... National Highway, is the class of roads maintained by the Central Government in India and is the main long-distance roadways. ... Pakistan Railways is the state-owned railway company of Pakistan. ... Jinnah International Airport is Pakistans largest international and domestic airport. ...



The Port has nine cargo-handling berths: -

• Multipurpose Terminal with four multi-purpose berths each of 200 metres length.
• Qasim International Container Terminal with two berths each of 300 metres length.
• Engro Vopak Chemical Terminal with one berth.
• Fotco Oil Terminal with one berth but the potential for four additional berths.
• Iron Ore and Coal Berth (279 metres long) for Pakistan Steel Mills.

Pakistan Steel Mills was built in mid 1970s in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ...


Future expansion of the port includes the deepening and widening of the navigation channel and the establishment of a liquid cargo terminal, a liquefied petroleum gas terminal, grain handling and storage facilities, a textile complex and a desalination plant. Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG or LP Gas) is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as a fuel in heating appliances and vehicles, and increasingly replacing fluorocarbons as an aerosol propellant and a refrigerant to reduce damage to the ozone layer. ...

Environmental Concerns

The area around the port includes several mangrove forests which are constantly under threat from human activities. Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal Mangrove are woody trees or shrubs that grow in coastal habitats or mangal (Hogarth, 1999), for which the term mangrove swamp also would apply. ...

The beach immediately west of the navigation channel was the scene of a major oil spillage when the Greek-registered Tasman Spirit ran aground in August 2003. The environmental impact included large numbers of dead fish and turtles and a key mangrove forest, as well as dozens of people suffering nausea. The Tasman Spirit is a Greek registered oil tanker that ran aground near the city of Karachi on July 28, 2003. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Port Qasim Authority
  • Pakistan National Shipping Corporation
  • Pakistan Board of Investment



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