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Encyclopedia > Port Huron, Michigan
A statue of Thomas Edison with the Blue Water Bridge in the background.

Port Huron is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 32,338. It is the county seat of St. Clair County6. The city is adjacent to Port Huron Township, but is politically independent. It is joined by the Blue Water Bridge over the St. Clair River to Sarnia, Ontario in Canada. The city also lies at the southern end of Lake Huron. It is the easternmost point on land in Michigan. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 2. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... St. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... Port Huron Township is a township located in St. ... The newer Blue Water Bridge is in the foreground, the older bridge is behind. ... Landsat satellite photo, showing Lake Saint Clair, as well as St. ... Sarnia is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada (city population 71,419, census area population 88,793, in 2006). ... Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron. ...



According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.7 km² (12.2 mi²). 20.9 km² (8.1 mi²) of it is land and 10.8 km² (4.2 mi²) of it (33.99%) is water. Image File history File links Adapted from Wikipedias MI county maps by Seth Ilys. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


As of the census² of 2000, there were 32,338 people, 12,961 households, and 8,048 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,545.3/km² (4,001.9/mi²). There were 14,003 housing units at an average density of 669.1/km² (1,732.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.69% White, 7.74% African American, 0.87% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.32% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.28% of the population. 23.9% were of German, 10.1% Irish, 9.4% English, 8.6% United States or American and 6.1% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... The United States 2000 Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...

There were 12,961 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.04. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...

In the city the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,327, and the median income for a family was $39,869. Males had a median income of $32,053 versus $22,113 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,100. About 13.4% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.5% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The City of Port Huron is organized under the City Council/City Manager form of government. The City Council is responsible for appointing a City Manager, who is the Chief Administrative Officer of the City. The Manager supervises the administrative affairs of the City and carries out the policies established by the City Council. As the Chief Administrative Officer, the City Manager is responsible for the organization of the administrative branch and has the power to appoint and remove administrative officers who are responsible for the operation of departments which carry out specific functions. The City Council consists of seven elected officials a mayor and six council members who hold a two year term of office.


See also: Port Huron (Amtrak station)
Location of Port Huron, Michigan

Two major interstate highways serve the Port Huron area: Interstate 94, and Interstate 69. Both Interstates terminate at the Port Huron-to-Sarnia Blue Water Bridge. Port Huron is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Photo of 2nd Blue Water Bridge From the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration Excellence in Highway Design 1998 Biennial Awards: [1] This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Photo of 2nd Blue Water Bridge From the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration Excellence in Highway Design 1998 Biennial Awards: [1] This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ... In the U.S. state of Michigan, Interstate 94 (normally called I-94) runs east-west through the southern portion of the state. ... Interstate 69 just outside Indianapolis near Pendleton, Indiana Interstate 69 (abbreviated I-69) is an interstate highway in the Southern and Midwestern United States. ... The newer Blue Water Bridge is in the foreground, the older bridge is behind. ...

The Blue Water Area Transit system, created in 1976, includes eight routes in the Port Huron area. The system also operates the Blue Water Trolley, which provides a one hour tour of various local points of interest.

Amtrak provides intercity passenger rail service on the Blue Water route from Chicago to Port Huron. Two class one freight railroads operate in Port Huron - Canadian National Railway (CN) and CSX Transportation (CSXT). The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Michigan Services is an umbrella term used by Amtrak to encompass three separate routes which originate from Chicago, Illinois and run into southern and central Michigan. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... CSX Transportation (AAR reporting marks CSXT) is a Class I railroad in the United States, owned by the CSX Corporation. ...

St. Clair County International Airport is a public airport located five miles (8 km) southwest of the central business district. For the airport in Alabama, see St. ...


  • St. Clair County Community College
  • Baker College - Port Huron Campus

St. ... Baker College is a private American college in Michigan, founded in 1911. ...


The City of Port Huron owns and operates 17 waterfront areas containing 102 acres (0.4 km²) and 3.5 miles (6 km) of water frontage. This includes two public beaches and six parks with picnic facilities. The city also has nine scenic turnout sites containing over 250 parking spaces. Port Huron operates the largest municipal marina system in the state and has five separate locations for boat mooring.

The City has 14 public parks, 4 smaller-sized “tot” parks, 19 playgrounds (City owned), 9 playgrounds (School owned), 33 tennis courts, including 16 at schools and 6 indoors, 2 public beaches, 4 public swimming pools, 1 community center, and 1 public parkway.


  • The Port Huron Museum offers five different sites to tour including the Carnegie Center, the Huron Lightship, the Thomas Edison Depot Museum, the USCGC Bramble (WLB-392), and the Fort Gratiot Lighthouse.
Thomas Edison Depot Museum
  • The Port Huron Civic Theatre began in 1956 by a group of theater lovers. Since 1983, it has used McMorran Place for its productions.
  • The main branch of the St. Clair County Library is located in downtown Port Huron. The library contains more than 285,300 books, nearly 200 magazine subscriptions, and over 22,700 books on tape, books on compact disc, music compact discs, cassettes, and videos.
  • The International Symphony Orchestra of Sarnia, Ontario and Port Huron, Michigan perform events at McMorran Place and the Imperial Oil Centre for the Performing Arts in Sarnia.

The Port Huron Museum is a series of five musuems located in Port Huron, Michigan. ... The Huron Lightship is a lightvessel that was launched in 1920 and now a museum ship moored in Port Huron, Michigan. ... The Thomas Edison Depot Museum is located underneath the Bluewater International Bridge connecting Port Huron, MI to Sarnia, Canada. ... The USCGC Bramble (WLB-392) was built by Zenith Dredge Company in Duluth, Minnesota. ... The Fort Gratiot Lighthouse Fort Gratiot Light, the oldest in Michigan, was constructed north of Fort Gratiot in 1829 by Lucius Lyon, who later became one of Michigans first U.S. Senators. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Port Huron to Mackinac Boat Race is run by the Bayview Yacht Club of Detroit, Michigan. ... The newer Blue Water Bridge is in the foreground, the older bridge is behind. ... Mackinac Island is a city located on Mackinac Island and Round Island in Mackinac County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron. ... The Chicago to Mackinac Boat Race is run by the Chicago Yacht Club. ... The Port Huron Civic Theatre (formerly Port Huron Little Theatre) is a historical theatre which started in 1956 in the town of Port Huron, Michigan. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... McMorran Place is a multipurpose convention center located in Port Huron, Michigan. ... McMorran Place is a multipurpose convention center located in Port Huron, Michigan. ... Vintage Base Ball is baseball played by rules and customs from an earlier period in the sports history. ...


In 1814, Fort Gratiot was established at the base of Lake Huron and was considered the first organized population in the area. In 1857, Port Huron became an incorporated city. Port Huron's population grew rapidly after the 1850's due in part to a successful shipbuilding and lumber trade. By 1870, Port Huron's population exceeded that of surrounding villages. In 1871, the Supreme Court designated Port Huron as the County Seat.

The following historic sites have been recognized by the State of Michigan through its historic marker program.

  • Fort St. Joseph. The fort was built in 1686 by the French explorer Duluth. This fort was the second European settlement in lower Michigan. This post guarded the upper end of the vital waterway joining Lake Erie and Lake Huron. Designed to bar English traders from the upper lakes, the fort in 1687 was the mobilization center for a war party of French and Indians. In 1688 it was abandoned, but the site became part of Fort Gratiot in 1814. A park now rests where the fort once stood.
  • Fort Gratiot Light. The Fort Gratiot Lighthouse was built in 1829 to replace a tower destroyed by a storm. In the 1860s workers extended the tower to its present height of 84 feet. The light, automated in 1933, continues to guide shipping on Lake Huron into the narrow and swift-flowing St. Clair River. It was the first lighthouse established in the State of Michigan.
The Fort Gratiot Lighthouse
  • Grand Trunk Railroad Deport. The depot, which is now part of the Port Huron Museum, is where 12-year-old Tom Edison departed daily on the Port Huron - Detroit run. In 1859, the railroad's first year of operation, Tom persuaded the company to let him sell newspapers and confections on the daily trips. He became so successful the he soon placed two newsboys on other Grand Trunk runs to Detroit. He made enough money to support himself and to buy chemicals and other experimental materials.
  • Port Huron Public Library. In 1902 the city of Port Huron secured money from philanthropist Andrew Carnegie to erect a municipal library. In 1904, a grand Beaux-Arts-style structure was built at a cost of $45,000. At its dedication, Melvil Dewey, creator of a widely used book classification system, delivered the opening address. The Port Huron Public Library served in its original capacity for over sixty years. In 1967 a larger public library was constructed. The following year the former library opened as the Port Huron Museum of Arts and History. A rear addition was constructed in 1988.
  • The Harrington Hotel. The Hotel opened in 1896. It is a blend of Romanesque, Classical and Queen Anne architecture. The hotel closed in 1986, but a group of investors bought the structure that same year to convert it into housing for senior citizens. The Harrington Hotel is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
  • The Grand Trunk Western Railroad Tunnel. The tunnel was opened in 1891 and links Port Huron, Michigan with Canada. This international submarine railway tunnel was the first international tunnel in the world. The tunnel's total length is 11,725 feet, with 2,290 feet underwater. The tunnel operations were electrified in 1908 and completely diesalized in 1958. Tracks were lowered in 1949 to accommodate larger freight cars. During World War I, a plot to blast the tunnel was foiled. A new tunnel has since been opened.

PORT HURON SESQUICENTENNIAL TIMELINE Compiled by Mike Connell of the Times Herald The Fort Gratiot Lighthouse Fort Gratiot Light, the oldest in Michigan, was constructed north of Fort Gratiot in 1829 by Lucius Lyon, who later became one of Michigans first U.S. Senators. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 398 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2000 × 3008 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 398 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2000 × 3008 pixel, file size: 1. ... Andrew Carnegie (last name pronounced , )[1] (November 25, 1835 – August 11, 1919) was a Scottish industrialist, businessman, a major philanthropist, and the founder of Pittsburghs Carnegie Steel Company which later became U.S. Steel. ... The St. ...

13,500 years ago — What geologists refer to as the Port Huron Glacial Advance pushes the ice cap as far south as Port Huron. A 2-mile-high wall of ice would have towered above what is now the southern lobe of Lake Huron.

Circa 1,000 years ago — Indians of an unknown tribe begin building huge burial terraces on the shores of Lake Huron and the banks of the Black and St. Clair rivers. At least 20 burial mounds once existed in what is now Port Huron.

1492 — Columbus embarks on his first voyage.

1615 — Samuel de Champlain, the “father of New France,” reaches the northeast shore of Lac Attigouautau (Lake Huron).

1620 — Pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock.

1649 — The Huron are virtually annihilated in a genocidal war with the Iroquois.

1669 — Louis Jolliet (Joliet) travels down the St. Clair River as he returns to Montreal from Lake Superior. He is the first European known to pass what is now Port Huron.

1670 — Two Sulpitian fathers, Dollier and Gallinee, paddle up the river and into Lake Huron.

1679 — Sieur de La Salle and the crew of the Griffin, a 45-ton sailing ship built above Niagara Falls, are becalmed at the rapids where the Blue Water Bridge now stands. They camp for several days near or in what is now Pine Grove Park before entering the lake on Aug. 23.

1680 — Several French fur traders disappear, prompting calls for a fort at the outlet of Mer Douce (the Sweetwater Sea, or Lake Huron).

1686 — Sieur du Lhut (Duluth), acting on the orders of the governor of New France, arrives at the narrows of the St. Clair River in early June to build Fort St. Joseph. … Father Enjelran, a Jesuit priest, conducts the first worship service at the new fort.

1688 — Baron de Lahontan abandons Fort St. Joseph on Aug. 27 and orders his men to burn the frontier outpost.

1701 — Sieur de Cadillac builds a fortified trading post at what is now Detroit.

1749 — Louis Gervais operates a sawmill at “the great pinery” on the Riviere Duluth (also spelled Dulhut or Delude and later known as the Blackwater or Black river). He uses timber rafts to float planks and joists to Detroit, according to the journal of Chaussegros de Lery, a prominent French engineer.

1763 — With the Treaty of Paris, France cedes Canada to the British, who take control of the St. Clair River on Feb. 10.

1765 — Lt. Patrick Sinclair, acting on the orders of Col. John Bradstreet, establishes a fortified Indian trading post at the mouth of the Pine River.

1776 — Declaration of Independence.

1780 — Detroit is a settlement of 2,000 people. … A Detroit resident, Duperon Baby, buys a large tract of land — roughly from Isle au Cerf (Stag Island) to Wadhams — from five Indian chiefs. Baby Creek (later Bunce Creek) would carry his name.

1783 — Peace treaty sets the St. Clair River as part of the boundary between the United States and Canada.

1786 — A traveler reports meeting a French priest who lives as a missionary among the Indians on Riviere Duluth. … On July 13, the Continental Congress creates the Northwest Territory. The first governor is Arthur St. Clair.

1791 or ’92 — Antoine Morass builds a sawmill on Riviere Duluth at the mouth of Gorse Creek.

1792 — Pierre Brandimore (or Brindamour) builds a house near the site where Fort Gratiot would be located. Other earlier settlers include Denis Caslet (or Causley), Pierre Lovielle, Alexander Beauvier (or Bouvier) and Jean Baptist Deschamps.

1799 — Brandimore sells his property to Pierre Bonhomme, who in turn would sell to Joseph Campau, an important early land owner.

1801 or ’02 — Jean Racine builds a cabin near the current site of the Port Huron Yacht Club. He later dies in a skirmish with Indians.

1802 — St. Clair Township organizes in Wayne County, which encompasses northern Ohio and the eastern half of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula.

1805 — Michigan Territory organizes on Jan. 11. … Fire destroys Detroit, which is rebuilt in part with lumber from mills on Baby Creek (Bunce Creek) and Riviere Duluth.

1807 — Gov. William Hull and 30 Chippewa, Ottawa, Wyandot and Potawatomie chiefs sign a treaty on Nov. 17 giving title to much of southeastern Michigan to the U.S. government. As part of the deal, the Mekadewagamitigweyawininiwak (People of the Blackwater River) receive a 1,287-acre reservation on the south bank of the Black River. Their descendants are members of the Saginaw Chippewa band.

1810 — The white population of Michigan Territory is 4,528.

1812 — Edward Petit, founder of Peru village, is born in a log cabin in what is now Port Huron on Feb. 7. By some accounts, he was the first white child born in Port Huron. That’s probably not true. The Brandimores had a child in 1802 and the Deschamps in 1805.

1814 — Gen. William Henry Harrison orders the building of a fort at the entrance to the St. Clair River. The outpost is named for Capt. Charles Gratiot, the engineer who oversees the work. The fort consists of mounded earth on three sides with a log palidades facing the river.

1815 — Capt William Whistler takes command of Fort Gratiot.

1818 — As of Jan. 5, St. Clair Township, from the Clinton River to Fort Gratiot, is part of Wayne County. Three months later, it becomes part of the newly formed Macomb County. … Split Log, the first sailing vessel built in St. Clair County, is constructed by the U.S. government at Fort Gratiot. … Walk-in-the-Water becomes the first steamboat to pass Port Huron on its voyage from Buffalo to Mackinac Island.

1820 — On March 28, Gov. Lewis Cass creates St. Clair County, which organizes the following year. The original county includes all or most of today’s Genesee, Lapeer, St. Clair, Sanilac, Shiawasee and Tuscola counties as well as small parts of Huron, Macomb and Saginaw counties. … Michigan’s white population is 9,048. … Indian agent Henry Schoolcraft mentions the Black River by name. Previously, it was best known as the Riviere Duluth. Today, it is one of four Black Rivers in Michigan.

1821 — The military abandons Fort Gratiot, which for the next year or two becomes a school for Indian children run by Presbyterian missionaries John Hart and John Hudson. … Anselm Petit is the only resident of the settlement listed on the county tax rolls. His son, Edward, enrolls in the poorly attended mission school.

1823 — County divided into townships. The future site of Port Huron is part of St. Clair Township. The small settlement sits squarely on the 43rd Parallel at Michigan’s easternmost point.

1823-24 — Cholera epidemics kill an unknown number of people at the Chippewa reservation.

1824 — Jean Desnoyer receives a territorial license to operate a canoe ferry on the Black River. … On Sept. 6, the county approves building a road from today’s site of the Military Street bridge to a sawmill at what would become the village of Abbotsford. It largely follows what is now Lapeer Road. … A Methodist evangelist holds worship services near the mouth of the Black River.

1825 — The Erie Canal opens, creating a corridor for commerce between the Great Lakes and Atlantic Seaboard. With public land selling for $1.25 an acre, the opening of the canal also ignites a land rush known as “Michigan Fever.” … The original Fort Gratiot Lighthouse, a 32-foot tower, is lit for the first time on Aug. 8. It is located on the river near Fort Gratiot (the lawn of today’s Edison Inn). Navigators complain it cannot be seen from down-bound vessels until they are nearly at the entrance to the river. … James H. Cook is hired by Thomas Knapp to build a log trading post. … Sunday fishing is banned and net sizes are regulated in efforts to preserve the once-lucrative trade in whitefish. … On Dec. 16, the Fort Gratiot Post Office opens at the lighthouse. It is the county’s third post office, following those at St. Clair and Algonac.

1826 — Henry Schoolcraft visits the settlement and describes abandoned Fort Gratiot as being in ruins.

1827 — Congress, at the urging of territorial Gov. Lewis Cass, appropriates money on March 2 to build a military turnpike from Detroit to Fort Gratiot. … On April 12, St. Clair Township divides into Sinclair Township to the south and Desmond Township to the north. Desmond is named for an Irish patriot. … Michigan Territory passes a law requiring townships to provide a school to teach children to read and write in English or French. They also are to be instructed in arithmetic, orthography (spelling, punctuation, capitalization) and decent behavior for at least six months of the year.

1828 — Jonathan Burtch’s store is the first wooden-frame structure in the frontier settlement. … In September, the Fort Gratiot Lighthouse collapses following a fierce gale. … The steamer Emily begins plying the Black River, carrying supplies to Clyde Mills (Wadhams) and returning with lumber. … The Army reoccupies and rebuilds Fort Gratiot amid threats of war with the Winnebagos in what is now Wisconsin.

1829 — Lucius Lyon, who would become one of Michigan’s first U.S. senators, gets a $4,445 contract to build a new lighthouse and keeper’s dwelling. His lighthouse, the second-oldest on the Great Lakes in continuous service, is still standing. … Fort Gratiot is rebuilt. The garrison’s hospital still exists and is the oldest wooden structure in Port Huron. … The military road from Detroit opens, although historian Willis Dunbar later describes it as “quite inadequate.”

1830 — Hosea Powers becomes the first lawyer admitted to the bar in St. Clair County. … The settlement consist of eight families and about 50 people as well as about 80 soldiers garrisoned at Fort Gratiot and as many as 200 Indians living on the Chippewa reservation. … Desmond Township’s white population is 376. The territory’s white population is 31,639. … Ai Beard builds a mill near the confluence of Mill Creek and the Black River, and floats the lumber to Port Huron where it is put on boats. Milwaukee is largely built with lumber from the Ruby area.

1831 — Judge Z.W. Bunce, described by W.L. Jenks as “the most noted pioneer who ever lived in the county,” is appointed postmaster of Desmond Township. The “post office” is his saddlebags. … Major John Thorn, an officer with the state militia, moves to Desmond and buys land from Jean Racine’s heirs.

1832 — Cholera breaks out aboard the Henry Clay, a steamer carrying about 300 soldiers. Dr. Josiah Everett, medical director of the Northwestern Army, orders the evacuation of the ship at Fort Gratiot. Panic ensues, leading to the temporary abandonment of the garrison. Everett and at least 35 soldiers die of the disease. (The actual toll was undoubtedly higher since many of the infected men fled on foot, trying to distance themselves from the epidemic.) … Browning Mill, located near today’s site of the Central Fire Station, is the city’s first sawmill. Port Huron mills would produce more than a billion feet of lumber in the next 70 years.

1833 — Fort Gratiot Turnpike opens and the first bridge across the Black River is built at what is now Military Street. … Jonathan Burtch becomes postmaster and locates the Desmond Post Office at his store. … Francis Browning, owner of the Black River Steam Mill Co., builds a school. Miss Gamble, the daughter of a Baptist preacher, is the first teacher at what became known as Old Brown School. It was the only school north of the river for the next 15 years. … William Eveland operates the first ferry between what would become Sarnia and Port Huron.

1834 — Mill owner Ralph Wadhams serves as supervisor of Desmond Township. … Two hotels open in the fast-growing community … Lorenzo M. Mason and Ira Porter become the second and third lawyers. They’re followed by Ebenezer Harrington in 1836, and by Daniel Cady and True Tucker in 1837.

1835 — Village of Peru laid out by Edward Petit. Its boundaries are west of the St. Clair River, south of the Black River, east of 4th Street and north of what is now Griswold. … Village of Desmond laid out by D.B. Harrington and Fortune C. White. Its boundaries are west of Peru, south of the Black River, east of the Chippewa reservation (roughly 7th Street) and north of Griswold. … Methodist congregation forms with 19 members.

1836 — Port Huron’s sister community, originally known as Les Chutes, or the Rapids, becomes Port Sarnia. Villagers reject two other names, Buenos Aires and New Glasgow. … A state road is built from China Township to Fort Gratiot. … President Jackson appoints the Rev. Norman Nash to teach at the Chippewa reservation. When Driving Clouds, a local chief, agrees to sell the Indians’ property, Nash turns to medicine and becomes the settlement’s first physician. … Clyde Township is carved from part of Desmond Township.

1837 — On Jan. 24, the Lake Huron Observer, a staunchly Democratic newspaper, publishes its first edition in “Huron City.” Edited by Ebenezer Harrington, it is a rival to the county’s only other newspaper — the St. Clair Republican (originally the St. Clair Whig). … Michigan statehood comes on Jan. 26. … Village of Gratiot laid out by John Thorn. Its boundaries are north and east of the Black River, west of the St. Clair River and south of Broad Street (now McMorran Boulevard). … In August, D.B. Harrington and John Thorn propose uniting Desmond and Gratiot as a village called Port Huron. Their petition to the circuit court is signed by seven lot owners included Edward Petit, the founder of Peru. … Lexington Township is carved from Desmond Township, which changes its name to Port Huron Township. … Post office also changes its name from Desmond to Port Huron. … Village of Huron laid out by a syndicate of 16 wealthy investors based in New York and Boston. Its boundaries are west of the St. Clair River and Lake Huron, south of what is now Holland Avenue, east of the Black River and north of the Fort Gratiot Military Reserve (today’s State Street). The village plat includes 8,000 lots, enough for a city of about 40,000 people. … Legislature awards a St. Clair River ferry license to Nicholas Ayrault and the Rev. Norman Nash. … Legislature approves the building of the “Northern Railroad,” which would run from the mouth of the Black River to Lake Michigan via Flint and Grand Rapids. About $70,000 is spent on the railroad before a bank failure in 1841 dooms the project. … Fort Gratiot is abandoned during Canada’s Patriot War and its arsenal is moved to Detroit. The United States is officially neutral, but there is concern American supporters of the rebels would seize the fort and launch an attack in efforts to seize control of southern Ontario. Among the rebels who flee Canada when the rebellion fails is Samuel Edison, who relocates to Milan, Ohio.

1838 — Union Church built. Its chief contributors are Presbyterians, but the congregation includes members of other denominations. … Dr. Alonzo Noble sets up a medical practice, which he would abandon 12 years later to become a jeweler. … Temperance, a 39-foot sloop, is the first boat built at a commercial shipyard in Port Huron. … Fort Gratiot reopens under the command of Col. John L. Gardner.

1840 — Port Huron Township’s white population is 1,113. The territory’s white population is 212,267, nearly a seven-fold increase in 10 years. … Port Huron Guards, a rifle company, organizes. Capt. Elisha B. Clark leads the short-lived militia. … First Congregational Church is established by the remarkable Rev. Oren C. Thompson, who later takes charge of a school in St. Clair where the students include a future governor (David Jerome) and future U.S. senator (Thomas Palmer). Thompson, an outspoken abolitionist, is an instrumental figure in the Underground Railroad and a founder of the Freedman’s Bureau, which helped ex-slaves find work and buy homes in the South after the Civil War.

1841 — Dr. Alfred Fechet, who was educated in France and Germany, sets up a medical practice and is the community’s first surgeon. … Fort Gratiot is rebuilt for a second time under the command of Lt. Col. James McIntosh. … Reuben Hyde Walworth, the last chancellor of New York state and an architect of the nation’s equity law, builds a home on Fort Gratiot for his eldest daughter, Mary Elizabeth, and her husband, Edgar Jenkins, the post’s storekeeper and postmaster. One of the community’s finest houses, it would become the boyhood home of inventor Thomas Edison. … Robert T. Holland, a commercial fisherman, buys a lot near the lake in the proposed village of Huron. Holland Avenue is named for him.

1842 — State Rep J.W. Sanborn fails in a bid to move the county seat from St. Clair to Port Huron, the opening salvo in the 30-year “county seat war.” … First school south of the river is built on the west side of Court Square. It would burn in 1859 and be replaced by the Second Ward or Washington school. … Grover Buel is appointed brigadier general of the 8th Brigade, a state militia unit based in Port Huron.

1844 — William Bancroft buys Lake Huron Observer and renames it the Port Huron Observer. The paper is sold in 1849 to J.H. Hawes, who moves it to St. Clair. … Chief Okemos and his wife spend Christmas Eve with the Brakeman family before crossing to Sarnia to collect their annuities from the British government. The chief’s wife, who is ill with tuberculosis, dies while in Sarnia. … Alexander Crawford, a Scotsman and the most influential educator in early Port Huron, becomes principal of Old Brown school.

1845 — D.B. Harrington builds a water-powered mill on the Black River near where the canal now empties into the waterway. To quicken the current, he digs a large ditch through the McNeils Creek swamp that lies between the river and Lake Huron.

1846 — Fort Gratiot is left unoccupied for two years after its troops are withdrawn to serve in the Mexican War.

1847 — Thomas Alva Edison is born in Milan, Ohio, on Feb. 11. … Legislature charters the Port Huron and Lake Michigan Railroad Co. … Capt. Duthan Northrup raises a company of volunteers to fight in the Mexican War (Northrup would die in Mexico of yellow fever).

1848 — Village of Port Huron incorporates on April 2. A lawyer, Lorenzo Mason, is the first village president. … The army reoccupies Fort Gratiot.

1850s — Passenger trains begin to supplant steamers as the main form of transportation in the Midwest. By steamer, the voyage from Buffalo to Chicago takes three to four days. Trains make the trip quicker and cheaper.

1851 — Port Huron Commercial, a pro-Whig newspaper, begins publishing on June 7.

1852 — D.B. Harrington buys a half-interest in the Port Huron Commercial and makes it a Democratic paper. It remains a staunchly Democratic newspaper until 1888 when it merged with the Tribune. It would cease publication in 1895. … Obadiah Gardner is born near Port Huron. At age 12, he’ll move with his family to Maine, which he’ll represent in the U.S. Senate from 1911-13. … George Magee opens a select school emphasizing mathematics and a classical education. … The army again abandons Fort Gratiot. Except for brief activity as a staging area in the Civil War, the post remains unoccupied for 14 years.

1854 — Sam Edison moves his family from Milan, Ohio, to the Jenkins house on the Fort Gratiot Military Reserve. … Port Huron promises to provide a courthouse and jail valued at $15,000 or more if the county seat is moved to the city from St. Clair. County supervisors vote 8-6 in favor of the move, but nine votes are necessary.

1855 — Soo Canal opens. … Port Huron and Milwaukee Railway Co. is incorporated. Emmet (now Emmett) and Capac are platted in anticipation of the line, which is never completed.

1856 — Port Huron and Milwaukee Railroad, with plans to link Port Huron and Grand Haven, forms on June 3. It buys property in the city before ceasing operations.

1857 — City of Port Huron incorporates on Feb. 4. The first mayor is newspaperman and railroad developer William L. Bancroft. … The city establishes a four-member school board with one member from each of the four wards. … Chicago, Detroit & Canada Grand Trunk Junction Railway Co. begins construction of tracks from Fort Gratiot to Chicago via Detroit. It receives a right-of-way through the military reservation. … Earliest known photogragh of downtown Port Huron. … William Hartsuff opens the Port Huron College Institute. He’ll come home from the Civil War as a brevet general.

1859 — Daily train service begins between Fort Gratiot and Detroit. … Young Tom Edison, age 13, takes a job as a “candy butcher” — selling candy and newspapers — on Grand Trunk’s daily train to Detroit. He would keep the job until early 1863, when he left the railroad to work with a telegrapher and jeweler in Port Huron.

1860s — Silas Ballentine opens a dry goods store. It remains a downtown fixture until 1961. … First city baseball team organizes.

1861 to 1865 — Civil War years. More than 2,000 soldiers from St. Clair County, including 300 who died in uniform, serve with the Union Army. Generals from the county include George Hartsuff, William Hartsuff, Louis Allor and Simeon Brown.

1861 — Fort Gratiot Lighthouse raised from 74 to 86 feet.

1863 — Thomas Edison, 16, leaves Port Huron to work as a telegraph operator in Stratford, Ontario. … In April, the 27th Michigan Infantry musters at Fort Gratiot. In the next two years, the unit fights in some of the Civil War’s bloodiest battles, including Vicksburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Courthouse, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor and the Siege of Petersburg, where the Fighting 27th joins the desperate charge into the Crater. The 27th becomes known for its ferocity. Near war’s end, with only 123 men available, the 27th storms Fort Mahon, capturing the Confederate garrison and 164 prisoners. In two years, 417 of the unit’s 2,029 men die, a casualty rate of more than 20%. … Port Huron is home to nine large steam-powered sawmills producing about 30 million feet of lumber annually.

1864 — The Hartsuff brothers — all three would become generals — requisition Sam Edison’s house, ostensibly for use as a military hospital. In fact, the Hartsuffs move their elderly parents into the home. … William Bancroft buys the rights to two unfinished railroads and starts work on the Port Huron and Lake Michigan Railroad Co., which reaches Flint in 1871.

1865 — County supervisors vote 19-8 to move the county seat to Port Huron. Voters approve the move, 1,978 to 405, with only one vote cast in St. Clair, where residents boycott the referendum. … Port Huron has 15 school teachers, each earning about $400 a year.

1866 — Michigan Supreme Court blocks the county-seat transfer, ruling voters had been given a resolution worded differently from the one approved by county supervisors. … Dr. Cyrus Stockwell of Port Huron is elected president of the newly organized Michigan State Medical Society. Stockwell, who had served in the war as a field surgeon with the 27th Michigan, also sits as a regent of the University of Michigan from 1865 to 1871. … Edison’s older brother, William Pitt Edison, and Gurdon Williams open a horse-drawn streetcar line between downtown and the Grand Trunk (Edison) depot near Fort Gratiot. Fare is 10 cents daytime and 25 cents after dark. … Port Huron Ladies’ Library Association founded.

1867 — The school districts north and south of the Black River consolidate. Carroll Fraser becomes superintendent of schools. … Panoramic artist Albert Ruger spends the summer in Port Huron and completes his remarkable bird’s-eye view of the city. … Several men are severely injured in “The Riot,” a bloody melee between Fort Gratiot soldiers and members of a volunteer fire brigade. … Supervisors reject efforts to move the county seat to Kimball or Wales townships.

1868 — Omar D. Conger, a Republican, wins the first of six consecutive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, where he becomes known as “The Great Objector” for his skill at using parliamentary procedure. … Fire destroys the house where Thomas Edison spent his boyhood. No photographs of the house are known to exist. … The Port Huron Press is bought by Nathan Boynton, a former cavalry officer. Boynton, a Republican, uses the paper as a platform to attack the controlling faction of the local GOP. … County supervisors vote 20-11 to move the county seat to Port Huron, but the motion falls just short of the necessary two-third’s approval.

1869 — New construction includes the $41,000, five-story Port Huron High School at Erie Square, a three-story grade school at Court and 7th streets, the 7th Street drawbridge and a new Military Street drawbridge. … First graduating class at Port Huron High consists of three boys and a girl. … Port Huron Weekly Times, a forerunner of the Times Herald, publishes its first edition on June 25. It is owned by influential local Republicans including John P. Sanborn, collector of customs, and Gen. William Hartsuff, the postmaster. They hire James Stone, a seasoned newspaperman from Detroit, as editor and install the city’s first steam-powered press (earlier presses had been hand-cranked). … An effort to move the county seat to Emmet fails by a single vote. The county board then approves a move to Smiths Creek.

1870 — President Grant, acting on a request from Rep. Conger, bequeaths Pine Grove Park to the people of Port Huron “in perpetuity.” … The city’s first public utility, Port Huron Gas Light Co., organizes and produces artificial gas. … Voters endorse a proposal to move the county seat to Smith’s Creek, 2,584 to 2,467. Amid doubts about Smith’s Creeks ability to finance a courthouse and jail, supervisors change course and vote 23-8 to switch the county seat to Port Huron. County voters approve the move, 2,958 to 2,426. … Boynton sells the Port Huron Press to the owners of the Port Huron Weekly Times. James Stone buys the Kalamazoo Telegraph and leaves Port Huron. Loren A. Sherman, a sub-editor at the Detroit Post, replaces Stone as editor of the Weekly Times, a position he would hold for more than three decades. … First National Exchange Bank organizes with a capital of $100,000 divided in 1,000 shares. John Johnstone and D.B. Harrington own half of the shares. … Port Huron’s population is 5,973.

1871 — On Oct. 4, the Michigan Supreme Court dismisses a lawsuit filed by St. Clair and allows the county seat to be transferred from St. Clair to Port Huron, where county offices are located at the new high school on Erie Square. … In early October, drought and gale-force winds combine to cause a series of devastating fires. The Great Peshtigo Fire in Wisconsin kills more than 1,200 people. The Great Chicago Fire kills more than 200. In Michigan, fires erupt across the state, including a fire in the sparsely settled Thumb that destroys nine lakefront villages and kills 19 people. … On Dec. 12, William Bancroft’s Port Huron and Lake Michigan Railroad Co. reaches Flint.

1872 — City waterworks opens near Pine Grove Park. Piped water replaces the town pump. … On March 23, the Weekly Times becomes the Daily Times. It remains a staunchly Republican newspaper until 1910. … Railroad car ferries begin crossing the St. Clair River. … Henry Gilman, superintendent of Lighthouse Services on the Great Lakes, submits a detailed report on Port Huron’s Indian mounds to the Peabody Museum at Harvard University. …

1873 — A Feb. 24 fire destroys the 3-year-old Port Huron High School, which also is serving as a temporary county building. County records are retrieved undamaged. Port Huron has so many fires in this era it becomes known as “Match Stick City.” … City-County Building, popularly known as City Hall, opens at what is now McMorran Place. … A second streetcar line, City Railway, begins.

1874 — Port Huron High School rebuilt on Erie Square. … Omar D. Conger lays the cornerstone for the Port Huron Customs House, which is built for $236,000 at Water and Sixth streets. In the 15 years following the Civil War, more than a half-million immigrants enter the country at Port Huron, the second-leading port of immigration after New York City. … Port Huron Guards revived and mustered into state militia as Company F, 3rd Regiment of Infantry.

1875 — Wolverine Dry Docks built for $24,000 on the river where Seaway Terminal is located today.

1877 — Port Huron Customs House, built for $236,000 at Water and Sixth streets, opens with the post office on the first floor, the customs house and federal courtroom on the second floor, and the weather service and inspectors of hulls and boilers on the third floor. A fountain graces the building’s entrance on 6th Street. Today, it is one of the two oldest federal courthouses still in use in the United States. … Bancroft extends his railroad, now known as the Chicago and Northeastern Railroad, from Flint to Lansing.

1878 — Port Huron and Northwestern Railway is founded by 11 local businessmen: S.L. Ballentine, James Beard, Charles Brown, D.B. Harrington, William Hartsuff, Henry Howard, Henry McMorran, John D. Sanborn, P.B. Sanborn, C.A. Ward and Fred Wells.

1879 — Christian Kern, a native of Germany, opens the C. Kern Brewery. Its most popular brand, Cream of Michigan, would be regarded as one of the nation’s finest beers. … The federal government, on a recommendation from Gen. William T. Sherman, abandons Fort Gratiot and begins selling off the military reserve. Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock expresses regret that the Army did not preserve the lighthouse grounds, which he describes as an ideal site for a new fort. … On May 12, the Port Huron and Northwestern Railway completes a narrow-gauge line from Port Huron to Croswell via North Street, Atkins, Zion, Blaine, Jeddo and Amadore. Its Port Huron depot is located at the foot of Court Street. Over the next two years, the railroad and its founders buy much of the former military reserve.

1880 — Port Huron and Northwestern reaches Sand Beach (Harbor Beach) in September. … In the 15 years after the end of the Civil War, 565,816 immigrants enter the United States at Port Huron. It is the nation’s second-leading port of entry after New York City. … Port Huron’s population is 8,883.

1881 — Village of Fort Gratiot incorporates in January. J. O’Brien is the first president of the village board. Its boundaries are east of Pine Grove Avenue, north of State Street, west of the St. Clair River and Lake Huron, south of Krafft Road. … Paid police force replaces part-time constables; James Gaines is first police chief. … Omar D. Conger, a Port Huron attorney and former judge, moves to the U.S. Senate on March 4 after six terms in the House. … On May 21, Sen. Conger is among the 23 people who gather with Clara Barton at her home to establish the American Association of the Red Cross. … On Aug. 19, J.W. Guering makes Michigan’s first long-distance telephone call from St. Clair to the E.B. Taylor & Co. in Port Huron. A 75-mile telephone line strung between Port Huron and Detroit is one of the world’s longest. … In early September, the Great Thumb Fire scorches 1.1 million acres, levels 11 villages and kills at least 282 people. Mayor E.C. Carlton and Sen. Conger lead the Port Huron Central Relief Committee to help the victims. … Mayor Nathan Boynton, Alexander Avery and others create the Knights of the Modern Maccabees. A fraternal benefit organization (a form of insurance), its name recalls the Jewish rebels who gave Israel a century of independence after 165 B.C. … By the end of the year, Port Huron’s telephone exchange has 47 subscribers. The switchboard is at the Times newspaper office.

1882 — 15-bed Port Huron Hospital and Home opens on White Park. … Grand Trunk opens its Block I car shops in Fort Gratiot. … City’s baseball team wins the state championship. … Port Huron and Northwestern completes its brach between Zion and East Saginaw, including an 800-foot trestle over the Black River just north of Norman Road in Grant Township. It is the state’s longest and highest bridge. … A Palms to Port Austin branch also opens in 1882, as does a Port Huron to Almont line known as the Port Huron and South-Western Railway.

1883 — On Dec. 19, Wilbur Davidson illuminates his dry goods store in the Opera Block (now the site of the Times Herald) as a publicity stunt to attract holiday shoppers.

1884 — Upton Works (later Port Huron Engine & Thresher Co.) moves from Battle Creek to 24th Street.

1885 — Port Huron YMCA opens at a building near Grand Trunk’s Tunnel Depot.

1886 — Charles Bailey strikes oil and natural gas on his farm across 24th Street from the current site of Memorial Stadium. It’s the first oil well in Michigan, and it sets off a frenzy of drilling in Port Huron. … On Oct. 15, Port Huron Electric Railway Co., the first electric-powered streetcar line in Michigan and perhaps the first in the nation, begins operation. Wilbur Davidson, Henry McMorran and Charles Harrington start Excelsior Electric Co. to power the railway. … Interurban begins running between Detroit and Port Huron. … The first attempt to build a railroad tunnel between Port Huron and Sarnia fails. A second effort in 1888 also is abandoned.

1888 — Alfred Kiefer opens Port Huron Sulphite Fibre Co., a forerunner of today’s Domtar Industries. Many of his workers are Austrians and Hungarians, who establish the Campau settlement across the Black River from the plant.

1889 — Flint and Pere Marquette Railway buys Port Huron and Northwestern. … Fort Gratiot incorporates as a city in March. Robert French is the first mayor. … On May 27, a mob breaks into the St. Clair County Jail on Butler Street (Grand River Avenue) at about 2 a.m. and drags Albert Martin, a suspect in the assault of a Kimball Township woman, to the 7th Street drawbridge, where he is lynched. … In July, tunnelers using the shield method begin digging the 6,025-foot St. Clair River Tunnel. The project would cost $2.7 million ($57 million in current dollars).

1890 — At 11:30 p.m. Aug. 13, crews digging the St. Clair Tunnel meet beneath the river. The two shields are within a quarter-inch of perfect alignment, one of the great engineering feats of the 19th century. … Port Huron’s population is 13,542.

1891 — Henry McMorran founds the Port Huron & Sarnia Ferry Co. … Grand Trunk opens its elegant Tunnel Depot at 22nd Street. … On Sept. 19, the first train passes through the St. Clair River Tunnel. … First paid fire companies are established.

1892 — Bina Mae West, a teacher from Capac, begins her 56-year association with the fraternal benefit society that would evolve into today‘s Woman’s Life Insurance Society. Within 10 years of its founding, it was one of the country’s largest “widow and orphan” insurance firms. … City Electric Railway Co. buys the streetcar line and rebuilds the entire road.

1893 — Port Huron roughly doubles its land area by merging with the City of Fort Gratiot and annexing neighborhoods on the southern, northern and western edges of the city. … J.B. Sperry opens a hardware store, the forerunner of the city’s premier department store. … First lightship stationed at Corsica Shoals. … Soldiers and Sailors Monument, a memorial to veterans of the “War of the Rebellion,” is erected at Pine Grove Park. … Between 1893 and 1903, Jenks Ship Building Co. will build 24 ships, including the ill-fated Eastland. During the 1890s, shipbuilding supplants lumber milling as the city’s main industry.

1894 — Four would-be rescuers drown in an attempt to reach the crew of a grounded schooner, the William Shupe.

1895 — Port Huron imposes a library tax of one-fifth of one mill and creates a three-member library commissioner. Its original members are O’Brien Atkinson, John Johnstone and W.L. Jenks.

1896 — Charles Harrington opens the 150-room Harrington Hotel, the county’s largest hotel. Its guests would include Henry and Edsel Ford, Harry and Bess Truman, William Howard Taft, Mickey Rooney, Louis B. Mayer and Thomas Edison. … City leases the old Universalist church on Pine Street for a library.

1897 — Port Huron is a city of 19,000 people and Sarnia a city of 7,000.

1898 — Five members of the Port Huron Guards die in Cuba while serving in the Spanish-American War.

1898 — On April 10, the U.S. Lifesaving Service opens the Lakeview Beach Station in response to the Shupe tragedy of 1894. The station is located on the Lake Huron shore midway between Brace and Metcalf roads. … On July 11, Omar D. Conger, the former congressman, dies at Ocean City, Md. An effort to rename Pine Grove Park in his honor is halted when it is learned that his will expressly forbids it.1900 — City Electric Railway extends streetcar service from Port Huron to Marine City, where it links with the Rapid Railway of Detroit. … Tashmoo, an excursion boat with the White Star Lines, begins service between Port Huron and Detroit. … Elmer Ottaway and Louis Weil, co-workers at the Detroit Free Press, launch the Port Huron Daily Herald from an office on Customs Alley between Military and 6th streets. First edition publishes on Aug. 1. … Factory Land Co., led by Eugene and Edward Moak, transforms the woods of the 11th Ward into a planned community centered around South Park. … On July 4, the first Good Roads Congress is held in Port Huron, where one mile of 24th Street is macadamized as an example of the ideal paved roadway. … Port Huron’s population is 19,158.

1901 — Sebastion Kresge and his brother-in-law open a store in Port Huron, the second outlet in what would become the Kmart chain. … Full-time fire department replaces volunteer fire brigades. … Detroit United Railway buys City Electric Railway to create the Detroit and Port Huron Electric Shore Line railway, which provides streetcar service from Detroit to Port Huron via Marine City and St. Clair. A ride from Port Huron to Detroit is 95 cents.

1902 — Masonic Temple built on 6th Street.

1903 — Fire destroys the John Howard Mill, the last lumber mill in the city. It is located at the site of today’s sewage-treatment plant.

1904 — Melvil Dewey, creator of the Dewey Decimal Classification, dedicates the public library on May 26. The library, which is located in the Second Ward Park on 6th Street, is built with a $45,000 donation from tycoon Andrew Carnegie. … A second Maccabees Temple is built at the intersection of Huron and Pine Grove avenues. … George Yokom opens the city’s first automobile service garage. … On Oct. 9, fumes kill six Grand Trunk employees in the St. Clair Tunnel. … Northern Motor Car Co. opens a factory on Pine Grove Avenue (now the site of the Can-Am duty-free shop). … Michigan Agricultural College (now Michigan State) defeats the Port Huron YMCA’s football team, 29-0.

1905 — Port Huron Hospital moves into a 32-bed facility on Richardson Street. … The Port Huron YMCA loses 43-0 to Michigan Agricultural College, the second and final game in its brief football series with the future Big Ten school.

1906 — Northern Motor Car Co. opens a factory at Elmwood Street and Pine Grove Avenue (site of the Can-Am duty-free shop). It later becomes part of the Studebaker Co. … Port Huron Yacht Club organizes. … A May 30 fire destroys Port Huron High School. The fire occurs during the school day, but students and teachers evacuate safely. … Port Huron’s city directory lists 26 cigar shops. … The Port Huron Schubert Club, a male chorus, organizes.

1907 — The Westinghouse Co. wins a contract to electrify the St. Clair River Tunnel.

1908 — Port Huron High School is rebuilt for $120,000. Old Main now serves as the anchor of the community college campus. … On Feb. 20, after several deaths from poisonous fumes, electric engines replace steam locomotives inside the St. Clair River Tunnel. The tunnel’s power plant on Military Street later becomes part of the Seaway Terminal.

1910 — Cass Motor Truck Co. opens factory on Lapeer Avenue. … E. A. Havers of South Park begins building cars at a factory in South Park. … Dr. Edward Goodrich Acheson, a former colleague of Thomas Edison, builds a factory in the city at Edison’s recommendation. … Mayor Frank Haynes, son of one of Michigan’s leading timber barons, starts Port Huron Paper Co. … On April 4, the Port Huron Times-Herald publishes its first edition. The city essentially becomes a one-newspaper town. … On Nov. 5, city voters adopt the commission form of government, 1,603 to 831. … Port Huron’s population is 18,863.

1911 — YMCA moves from its original location near the tunnel to 6th Street near the Masonic Temple. … Cream of Michigan, brewed in Port Huron, wins a grand prize at a Paris competition. … Auto races are held at the Elmwood Driving Park, originally a horseracing track. Although the year is not known, a photo from this era shows famed driver Barney Oldfield competing at the track near the Black River end of Elmwood.

1912 — Voters defeat a ballot proposal to raise $150,000 to build a county building separate from city hall. … Havers Motor Co. moves into the Studebaker factory at Elmwood and Pine Grove. … The $150,000 Black River Canal opens, diverting fresh water from Lake Huron into the Black River, an open sewer. … Pere Marquette builds a roundhouse at 16th and Beard. … William Lee Jenks publishes the History of St. Clair County, still regarded as the most authoritative local history.

1913 — Fire destroys Grand Trunk’s car shops at Fort Gratiot. The shops move to the Port Huron Engine & Thresher Co. property west of 24th Street. … Great Storm of 1913, also known as the White Hurricane, blows from Nov. 7 to 10. It destroys 19 ships and claims at least 235 lives, most of them sailors on Lake Huron. The storm produces 35-foot waves and 90 mph winds. … Military Street drawbridge replaced.

1914 — A July 7 fire destroys the Havers auto works.

1915 — Moak Machine and Tool Co. organizes in South Park. … Independent Motors builds trucks at the old Cass Motor factory on Lapeer. … On July 24, the Eastland overturns at dockside in Chicago, killing 845 people, the deadliest maritime disaster in Great Lakes history. The steamer had been built in 1902-03 at the Jenks Ship Building Yard. … Moak Machine and Tool Co. organizes.

1916 — Port Huron Paper and Michigan Sulfite Fiber merge as the Port Huron Sulphite and Paper Co.

1917 — Oscar Mueller opens a factory at the old Cass Motor Truck site. At its peak, Mueller Brass Co. would employ about 5,000 workers, the largest single employer in county history. … Women’s Benefit Association moves into its Renaissance-style building on Military Street. … Gratiot Inn, a luxury hotel, opens on Gratiot Beach. … Handy brothers of Bay City buy the Port Huron Southern and rename it the Port Huron & Detroit Railroad. The line is extended from the salt block to Marine City. … A flood washes away the Elmwood Street Bridge, which connects Elmwood with West Water Street. The span is not replaced.

1919 — Newlyweds Harry and Bess Truman stay at the Harrington Inn as they honeymoon in Port Huron. In a biography of her mother, Margaret Truman wrote: “For the rest of his life, whenever Harry Truman wanted to regain the radiance of those first days with Bess, he simply wrote ‘Port Huron.’ For him it was a code word for happiness.” … St. Clair Area Council of the Boy Scouts organizes (it would become the Blue Water Council in 1939).

1920 — On Jan. 16, Prohibition begins, and the smuggling of beer and liquor from Canada rapidly becomes an important enterprise in border cities such as Port Huron. … Fire destroys the Windermere, a luxury hotel on Gratiot Beach. … Port Huron’s population is 25,944.

1922 — WMX, the city’s first radio station, receives authority to broadcast temporarily during the Port Huron Auto Show of March 20. … On March 26, four crewmen die when the boiler of the Omar D. Conger ferry explodes at dockside on the Black River. The 92-foot boat had been built in 1882 at the city’s Muir Shipyard. … Northern Navigation Co. advertises a weeklong cruise from Port Huron-Sarnia to Duluth and back for $75 per passenger.

1923 — Port Huron Junior College opens with 34 students and six faculty members. Its first dean is Capt. John Harrison McKenzie, a World War I veteran who led the school until his death in 1952. He took time out to serve in World War II and came home a colonel. … The hit film Flaming Youth stars Port Huron native Colleen Moore (born Kathleen Morrison) as a vivacious flapper. It lifts her to stardom as the sex symbol of “The Roaring Twenties.” … J.B. Sperry department store moves to the corner of Butler (Grand River) and Huron. … Jimmy Janis opens Coney Island Lunch on Huron Avenue. Now owned by the Pozios family, it is one of the oldest downtown businesses in continuous operation. … Edith Erd Marshall opens her coat factory, one of the largest city industries owned and operated by a woman.

1924 — In January, a local musician, J. Irving Bell, starts WBBH-1230, a 50-watt AM radio station. It is on the air for less than a year. … Theodore Dunn builds a paper mill at the point where Lake Huron funnels into the St. Clair River.

1925 — WAFD, 1170-AM, goes on the air from the Parfet Building on Military Street with a 500-watt signal. Its call letters stand for “We Are Ford Dealers.” … On July 25, a dozen yachts begin the first Port Huron-to-Mackinac Island race, won by the crew of Bernida. … Port Huron High School’s football team finishes the season not only unbeaten but also unscored upon. … Dr. Charles Williams becomes the city’s first black physician.

1926 — Electric streetcars run for a final time in Port Huron. … Diana’s Sweet Shoppe opens. It will be a downtown fixture for the next 75 years.

1927 — Bus service begins in the city. The privately owned Port Huron Bus Co. would close in 1957 because of dwindling ridership. … The Big Red Marching Machine forms at Port Huron High School, where the sports teams are known as the Red and White.

1928 — Port Huron Junior College moves into the old Maccabee Temple at the intersection of Pine Grove and Huron avenues. … Dr. J.C. Sinclair “Sinc” Battley becomes the city’s first pediatrician.

1930 — On Oct. 10, Det. Sgt. Roy Shambleau, 42, is slain by 18-year Russell McComis, a suspect in a series of filling-station holdups. Shambleau is the only Port Huron police officer to die in the line of duty. … A bascule bridge, which is still standing, replaces the railroad swing bridge at the mouth of the Black River. … Port Huron’s population is 31,361.

1932 — On April 13, the Coast Guard opens its Port Huron Station at the Fort Gratiot Lighthouse.

1933 — Prohibition repealed, ending the lucrative smuggling trade, on Dec. 5. … Work begins on the Grand Coulee Dam on the Columbia River in Washington State. The project is largely the vision of Port Huron native James Edward O’Sullivan, an engineer and attorney.

1934 — Herbert Youngblood, who escaped two weeks earlier from an Indiana jail with the notorious John Dillinger, dies in a March 13 gunfight with Sheriff William VanAntwerp, Undersheriff Charles Cavanagh and Deputy Howard Lohr. Cavanagh and Youngblood die of their wounds. … The Great Lakes Foundry, started about 1918 by Henry McMorran and his son-in-law, Andrew Murphy, closes its doors. The foundry had once been the world’s largest maker of cast-iron flywheels for automobile engines.

1936 — Tashmoo strikes a submerged rock in the Detroit River just 20 minutes into a June 18 voyage from Detroit to Port Huron. Passengers and crew reach safety before the beloved steamship sinks at a coal dock in Amherstburg, Ontario. … Palm’s Krystal Bar and Chicken-in-the-Rough open. … St. Stephens High School claims state football championship.

1937 — William “Mac” McKanlass, an acclaimed orchestra leader, composer and pianist, dies at his Beers Street home. His compositions included 1912’s Bag o’ Rags, the unofficial theme music of the Keystone Kops in the silent-movie era. … Port Huron Hospital opens a new building on Willow Street and expands to 150 beds. … Helen David, who is only 21, opens the Brass Rail on Huron Avenue. The bar is located in the storefront where her father, Tony Hibye, once ran a candy shop.

1938 — WHLS goes on the air on Aug. 8. The radio station takes its call letters from the monograms of his founders — attorney Herman L. Stevens and his son, the actor Harmon L. Stevens. … On Oct. 8, the $6.1 million Blue Water Bridge opens with thousands of people walking onto the 6,392-foot span for its dedication.

1940 — On Feb. 10, an estimated 75,000 people turn out for a glimpse of Mickey Rooney, the 19-year-old star of Young Tom Edison. He arrives in Port Huron on an ancient Grand Trunk steam locomotive as the film premieres at the three downtown theaters owned by the Butterfield chain. … Port Huron’s population is 32,759.

1942 — Ted Sherman, a Port Huron native and commander of the aircraft carrier Lexington, is the last man to abandon ship before it is scuttled on May 8 during the Battle of the Coral Sea.

1944 — With coffee in short supply during the war, Port Huron is known as the “Chicory Capital of the United States.” E.B. Muller & Co. produces a caffeine-free coffee substitute made from roasted chicory roots. … Port Huron District Foundation forms.

1945 — On July 17, horrified spectators on the riverfront watch as flames spread on the Harmonic. The 362-foot passenger ship lands at Point Edward, with 135 of its 200 passengers requiring treatment at Sarnia General, but there is only one death. An observer later writes, “One of Sarnia’s greatest tragedies turned out to be one of its finest hours.” Four years later, 122 people would die when Harmonic’s sister ship, the Noronic, caught fire at its dock in Toronto. … On Nov. 11, Adm. Ted Sherman returns to his hometown for the groundbreaking of the 43-acre Memorial Recreation Park between 20th and 24th streets. The park, dedicated to those who sacrificed their lives in World War II, is the first project of the Port Huron District Foundation.

1946 — Pedestrian-only ferries resume service between Port Huron and Sarnia. The ferries will run until the mid-1960s. … Eugene Black, a 1921 graduate of Port Huron High, is elected Michigan’s attorney general. He will later serve for 16 years as a state Supreme Court justice. … Harmon L. Stevens, an actor and owner of radio station WHLS, helps found the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, best known today for its Emmy awards.

1947 — Chesapeake & Ohio buys the Pete Marquette railroad. … Port Huron High goes 9-0 in football and is regarded as the Class A state champion. … The Times Herald launched WTTH radio on Dec. 6.

1948 — On Sept. 17, East Detroit upsets defending state champion Port Huron High, 19-6, in the first football game played at Memorial Stadium. … Helen Johnson Floyd becomes the first black teacher in the city’s public schools. She later becomes the principal of Cleveland Elementary School.

1949 — The elegant City-County Building, built in 1873 and popularly known as City Hall, burns in a spectacular fire on Feb. 12. … Kansas-born artist Vinnorma Shaw McKenzie, a long-time resident of Port Huron, dies on July 18 in Sarnia. … Housing and Urban Development Act provides impetus for urban renewal in the First Ward.

1950 — City unveils its master plan, including a proposal for a new City-County Building and county jail. … Port Huron Hospital leases the city’s Emergency Hospital and remodels it as a 34-bed children’s unit. … Port Huron’s population is 35,725.

1951 — Prominent businesswoman Bina Mae West-Miller dies. Westhaven, her Spanish-style home designed by architect Walter Wyeth, eventually is subdivided into apartments on Military Street. … Tent camping is banned at Lighthouse Park following complaints of noise and raucous behavior.

1952 — Richard Nixon, running for vice president on the GOP ticket with Dwight Eisenhower, makes a 15-minute whistle-stop at the Tunnel Depot on Oct. 14. … Port Huron High’s football team compiles a 27-game winning streak, going undefeated in 1951 and 1952. … Frank McCabe, Edward Moore Sr., Clare Sperry and Granger Weil form the Industrial Development Corp. in an effort to diversify the economy with an industrial park. … A new bridge carries Water Street over the Belt-Line highway, which connects Lapeer Avenue and Hancock Street. … High water levels on Lake Huron and the St. Clair River cause extensive damage. … Carpenter’s Rapid Transit ends two decades of local bus service. Port Huron Bus Co. takes over the franchise.

1953 — Five people die on May 21 when a tornado cuts a 150-mile-long swath from Smiths Creek to the outskirts of Stratford, Ontario. Martial law is declared in hard-hit Sarnia. … Monsignor Thomas Connell lays the cornerstone for the 100-bed Mercy Hospital. … Port Huron Hospital adds 56 beds. … C&O resumes railroad car ferries, which had been discontinued in the 1930s. … A majority of voters support plans for a civic auditorium, but the measure fails to get the 60% plurality necessary for approval.

1954 — A new county jail and City-County Building (now the courthouse) are dedicated.

1955 — A Valentine’s Day fire destroys the Cawood Auto dealership on Grand River Avenue. … Etta Reid becomes the city’s first female mayor and Fran Muldoon becomes the first female city police officer. … The National Municipal League and Look magazine recognize Port Huron as one of 10 All-American cities.

1956 — An exotic dish — pizza — debuts in Port Huron on Feb. 7 when the Mercurio family opens Joe’s Pizza Bar on Broad Street. … International Symphony Orchestra of Sarnia and Port Huron organizes … Mary Maxim, a catalogue business specializing in crafts and needlework, opens its U.S. headquarters on Water Street. It later moves to Holland Avenue.

1957 — Port Huron High School moves into a new building on 24th Street, and the junior college returns to its original home (Old Main) on Erie Square. … The new YMCA and county health center open, while the year ends with construction under way on a new 10th Street Bridge, McMorran Auditorium, a new post office and a downtown Sears department store. … A prosperous Port Huron cuts property taxes by 95 cents per $1,000 valuation. … The original Jail & Bail fundraiser for the March of Dimes becomes the prototype for hundreds of similar events across the county. … Port Huron Bus Co. closes and the city takes over bus service. … On Sept. 11, President Eisenhower appoints Port Huron lawyer Clifford Patrick O’Sullivan to the federal bench. From 1960 until his death in 1975, Judge O’Sullivan serves on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit.

1958 — 10th Street drawbridge is replaced. … St. Clair author Mary Francis Doner publishes The Salvager, a novel based on the exploits of Capt. Tom Reid of Port Huron, known as the foremost salvager of Great Lakes shipwrecks.

1959 — The St. Lawrence Seaway officially opens on June 28. In Port Huron, the old Wolverine Dry Docks and power station for the railroad tunnel are converted into a seaway shipping terminal. … On July 3, thousands of spectators crowd the riverfront to greet Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip in their luxury yacht Britannia. The 33-year-old queen stops in Sarnia during her cruise of the newly opened seaway. … Port Huron Post Office moves from Water Street to Military Street.

1960 — Port Huron’s population reaches all-time high of 36,084. … McMorran Auditorium, designed by architect Alden Down and featuring a 1,157-seat theater and sculptures by Marshall Frederick, opens on Jan. 10, a day after the death of Emma McMorran Murphy. Her sister, Clara Mackenzie, died in 1958. McMorran Place is named for their father, a Republican congressman whose business interests included the Great Lakes Foundry and the Port Huron-Sarnia Ferry Co. … Sears opens its Michigan Avenue store. … New York Titans, owned by Port Huron native Harry Wismer, begin play in the newly formed American Football League. The franchise later becomes known as the Jets. … On Nov. 8, city native John Swainson is elected governor. A 1943 graduate of Port Huron High, where he captained the football team, he lost his legs on a French battlefield in 1944. Swainson, a Democrat, is the second youngest governor in state history.

1961 — City schools consolidate with eight outlying districts (Centennial, Fort Gratiot, Kimball, Lakeport, North Street, Port Huron Township, Red and Vincent). … Port Huron Seaway Terminal extends dock and adds a warehouse. … Port Huron Sulphite & Paper Co. announces $4.25 million expansion, largest in its 72-year history. … Ballentine’s department store closes after a century in the downtown. … City Council elections are scrambled when votes in the 10th Precinct are attributed to the wrong candidates. A review panel led by Circuit Judge Edward Kane oversees a recount.

1962 — Gov. Swainson removes the tolls from the Blue Water Bridge on Feb. 28. His father, a toll collector, is put out of work. … Port Huron Statement, the founding document of the radical Students for a Democratic Society, is adopted on June 15 at the AFL-CIO retreat on Lake Huron (now the day-use area of Lakeport State Park). … The $1.3 million Main Arena opens at McMorran Place on June 26. … On Nov. 9, the Port Huron Flags debut in the International Hockey League before 1,970 fans.

1963 — The first North American Silver Stick hockey tournament is played in Port Huron. … St. Stephen High School closes. Port Huron Junior College buys the school and renames it the North Building. The college also obtains St. Stephen’s gym, built in 1951. … The final eight miles of Interstate 94 between Marysville and Port Huron opens. It completes the expressway to Detroit. … The large wading pool at Pine Grove Park is demolished to make room for expansion of the water plant. … The signature copper dome is removed from the Algonquin Hotel, originally the Maccabees temple.

1964 — City sells its 7-year-old bus system to a private company.

1965 — Port Huron Northern High School opens in Fort Gratiot Township. It is later annexed into the city. … St. Stephens Catholic Church is demolished to make way for college expansion. … Junior Arena opens at McMorran Place. ,,,, Gerald Bouchard, a 33-year-old native of Maine, begins a 32-year run as Port Huron’s city manager. … Coney Island Lunch offers coney dogs for a nickel apiece and sells 17,511 in one day. … On May 29, the cupola is placed atop the 150-foot McMorran Arena Tower, the tallest structure in the city excluding the Blue Water Bridge. The 188-step tower is Andrew Murphy’s memorial to his late wife, Emma McMorran Murphy. … On Dec. 15, city council awards a franchise to Port Huron TV Cable Co., which begins service with 100 customers.

1966 — Port Huron Flags win the Turner Cup, defeating the Dayton Gems in five games. … The $3.5 million water-filtration plant opens on the south end of Pine Grove Park. … Philanthropist Andrew Murphy dies on June 21. His home, Deerlawn, the mansion built on Military Street by his father-in-law, U.S. Rep. Henry McMorran, is donated to the Sisters of Mercy, who raze it. … On Nov. 29, the 580-foot bulk freighter Daniel J. Morrell sinks in a gale off Harbor Beach, killing 28 of 29 crew members.

1967 — A 200-acre parcel that includes the old town dump is chosen as the site of Port Huron Industrial Park. … The Times Herald sells radio station WTTH, which becomes WPHM. … In a June 12 referendum, voters approve a plan to transform Port Huron Junior College, part of the city school district, into a countywide college with an independent board. Harlan Heglar is the founding president of St. Clair County Community College. … Harry Wismer fractures his skull and dies after falling down a flight of stairs at a New York restaurant on Dec. 2.

1968 — St. Clair County Library opens on McMorran Boulevard and the Clara E. Mackenzie Library-Science Building opens on the college’s Erie Street campus. The city closes the old Carnegie Library, which later becomes the Museum of Arts and History. … Rhea McCalla Lill becomes the first black cheerleader at Port Huron High School. … Private bus service ends in the city. … A Vietnam Veterans Memorial with an eternal flame is placed at Kiefer Park. It’s moved to Pine Grove Park a decade later when the park becomes the site of the Municipal Office Center.

1969 — Joseph Moncrief becomes the city’s first black police officer. … Downtown Port Huron Inc. organizes. … Port Huron Ladies’ Library Association sells its building on Military Street and donates more than 5,000 books to the community college’s library. … Sperry family sells its department store. … Gratiot Inn closes.

1970 — Richard Norris begins a two-decade run as president of St. Clair County Community College. … Douglas Ashford becomes the city’s first black firefighter. … Council on Aging begins offering senior transportation, the country’s first such program. … Gannett buys the Times Herald from Federated Publications, a small chain of newspapers owned by the Weil family of Port Huron and the Miller family of Battle Creek. … The lightship Huron, the oldest active vessel in the Coast Guard, retires from service on Aug. 20. It is now a museum at Pine Grove Park. … Port Huron’s population is 35,794.

1971 — Voters approve $5 million in bonds for school construction. … District buys Port Huron Catholic for $1.75 million and reopens it as Port Huron Central High School with about 800 students. … On May 1, the last passenger train rolls through the St. Clair River Tunnel. … CSX abandons the 92-year-old railroad line between Port Huron and Croswell, including the tracks through Pine Grove Park. … Efforts to preserve the First Baptist Church, with its graceful spire soaring above Erie Square, fail as the building is demolished to create a parking lot for McMorran Place. … Port Huron bans outdoor burning. … Flags win their second Turner Cup, defeating the Des Moines Oak Leafs in six games. … Sanborn Park and Oak Street swimming pools built with a gift from the McMorran Foundation. … Bids taken on a municipal marina on the Black River near Water Street and I-94. … City Council authorizes a pedestrian walkway across Pine Grove Avenue at Sanborn Park. … Madelyn Summerer, a high school sophomore, is attacked in the woods near the Black River Canal between Northern High School and Holland Woods Intermediate School on Oct. 18. She dies six days later. The murder remains unsolved. … On Dec. 11, a methane gas explosion kills 22 men building a water-intake tunnel under Lake Huron. The Port Huron Tunnel Disaster, as the national media labels it, is the deadliest industrial accident in the history of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula.

1972 — The 356-foot Sidney E. Smith Jr. capsizes and sinks on June 5 after colliding with the 530-foot Parker Evans in the St. Clair River below the bridge. The Smith’s 34 crew members abandon ship safely, but the sunken hulk temporarily blocks shipping on the river. … Peerless Cement, originally the New Egyptian Portland Cement Co., closes after operating for about 50 years. … Addition of East Wing expands Port Huron Hospital to 250 beds. … Port Huron Flags become the Port Huron Wings, an affiliate of the Detroit Red Wings. The club defeats the Muskegon Mohawks in six games in the Turner Cup finals. Also, McMorran Arena becomes the home of the Red Wings’ training camp.

1973 — City acquires the Peerless property in a land swap with Grand Trunk. … Council votes to build the Municipal Office Center at Kiefer Park on the riverfront. The city agrees to sell its interest in the County-City Building complex (courthouse and jail) to help defray the cost of a new building.

1974 — The $2.4 million Holland Woods Intermediate School opens. … City builds a recreation center at Palmer Park. … A contract dispute strains relations between the 15,000-student school district and its 740 teachers.

1975 — Two brutal murders shock the city. On Feb. 28, Lorraine June Locke, 15, is stabbed to death at her home on 10th Street. A month later, 38-year-old Janis Stevens is beaten to death at her home on 13th Street. Both killings remain unsolved. … College Center opens on the SC4 campus. … Grand Trunk demolishes the elegant Tunnel Depot on 22nd Street. … The local hockey franchise again becomes the Flags after ending its affiliation with the Red Wings. … Band shell demolished at Pine Grove Park.

1976 — Audrey Pack becomes the city’s first black council member. … Bus service resumes with the creation of what is now Blue Water Area Transit.

1977 — Passenger rail serves returns to Port Huron. Amtrak builds a small depot on 16th Street.

1978 — Opening of Municipal Office Center, a six-story building designed by architect Richard Cogley. … Voters amend the City Charter to require a referendum before city-owned waterfront property is sold or developed. … Pere Marquette roundhouse at 16th and Beard is demolished. … The Flags lose the Turner Cup in seven games to the Toledo Goaldiggers. It is the Flags’ seventh appearance in the Turner Cup finals in 13 years..

1979 — A two-cent increase in the fuel tax takes effect on Jan. 2, and pump prices soar as high as 72.9 cents a gallon. … Citizens Bank opens its new building on Water Street. … 911 hotline begins.

1980 — Cash-strapped school district closes Port Huron Central and orders split shifts at the other high schools. Extracurricular activities including sports are abandoned. … Celebrated artist Robert Alan Thom, a 1932 graduate of Port Huron High, and his wife, Nelli, die in a car crash near Alma. … Port Huron’s population is 33,981.

1981 — Port Huron Flags fold. …Times Herald moves its presses from 6th Street to a new building on Military Street. … Bert Campbell, 30, becomes the youngest mayor in city history. … On June 19, School Superintendent Larry Moeller resigns, citing physical exhaustion. He returns as secondary education director on Aug. 4, then helps lead a search for his successor. The search ends Dec. 7 when he’s rehired. … The local jobless rate peaks at 14.9%, and inflation runs at more than 10%. The unemployment rate in Sanilac County reaches 23%.

1982 — $800,000 Leonard Center built at Cleveland Elementary. … American City Corp. gives an optimistic report on the downtown’s potential for growth. “I have never seen so much retail potential in a city of this size. It’s very, very strong,” consultant Robert Bartolo concludes.

1983 — Instructors strike for three days at St. Clair County Community College and for eight days at the Port Huron Area School District. … Newcomers Jim Relken and Kris Wisniewski are the leading vote-getters in city elections. … Fire guts the Elks lodge on Military Street. The building is later restored as the Center for Human Resources.

1984 — Port Huron & Detroit Railroad sold to Chessie System (CSX). … Voters approve the Belkin development, a proposed 96-unit apartment complex on the Black River. … Voters endorse a Citizens Lobby plan for a riverfront park on the Grand Trunk-Peerless site south of the Blue Water Bridge. … Port Huron announces plans to develop 1,000 homes, apartments and townhouses as part of an effort to boost the population by 3,000 by 1990. … County voters approve the creation of a Drug Task Force. … In December, the expressway between Port Huron and Flint is completed with the opening of the Wadhams-to-Lapeer roadway. It will be another eight years before the Michigan portion of Interstate 69 is completed. … On Dec. 13, the Duffy family sells the Port Huron & Detroit railroad to Chessie (CSX).

1985 — Toxic blob found at the bottom of the St. Clair River off Dow Chemical Canada Inc.

1986 — On March 17, Johnny Needham is the grand marshal for the city’s inaugural St. Patrick’s Day Parade. … A subsidiary of the gas company takes over the Belkin development and builds Cross Pointe. … In May, ground is broken for the $7.5 million Thomas Edison Inn on a 15-acre slice of the Peerless property. … Port Huron teachers strike for eight days at the beginning of the school term. … It rains for 26 consecutive days between Sept. 10 and Oct. 5, destroying crops and adding to record water levels on the Great Lakes. Storm-driven waves overwhelm seawalls, flood homes and erode shorelines. … Council orders the closing of the Harrington Hotel for safety violations. The 90-year-old hotel is bought by California developer Richard Westin, who announces plans to renovate it for senior housing.

1987 — City native Terry McMillan publishes her first novel, Mama, a tale set in Point Haven, Mich., a fictionalized Port Huron. … Fire causes about $1 million in damages to the Port Huron Museum of Arts & History on 6th Street.

1988 — Prestolite, which employed as many as 1,000 workers at its zenith, announces plans to close its South Side factory.

1989 — Birchwood Mall opens in Fort Gratiot. … CSX abandons the rail line between Port Huron and Avoca on June 7.

1990 — Ernie Dear becomes president of St. Clair County Community College. … The last privately owned downtown movie theater — the Huron, originally known as the Desmond — closes in September. … Bob Cleland, the county prosecutor since 1981, is appointed to the federal bench by the first President Bush. … Port Huron’s population is 33,694.

1991 — Alicia Sanchez becomes the city’s first Hispanic mayor in an election dominated by a reform slate that also includes Susan Bradshaw, Gary Mach and H.C. Snyder. … William Corbett, the police chief of Ann Arbor and a former precinct captain in Detroit, takes over as chief in Port Huron. … George Innes men’s store closes after 55 years.

1992 — Waiting To Exhale, the third novel by Port Huron native Terry McMillan, becomes a best-seller. … On Jan. 3, the Michigan Department of Transportation begins a $10 million project to replace the Military Street drawbridge. … On Oct. 22, the last segment of Interstate 69 is completed. The expressway connects Port Huron and Indianapolis.

1993 — In a July 13 advisory referendum, Port Huron voters reject plans for a Bay Mills/Harrah’s casino at the old Sears building on Michigan Avenue. The final tally is 5,120 to 4,751. … City spends $1 million to clean and widen the Black River Canal.

1994 — Former Gov. John Swainson dies on May 13 at age 68. … On Dec. 8, a tunnel-boring machine surfaces in Port Huron, completing the evacuation of a new $200 million railroad tunnel beneath the St. Clair River.

1995 — Construction begins on the second span of the Blue Water Bridge on June 26. Work is already under way on a new Customs plaza elevated 24 feet above Pine Grove Avenue. … Railroad car ferry service between Port Huron and Sarnia ends. … City develops the Edison Shores condominium.

1996 — Vice President Al Gore addresses a crowd of 4,000 people at Pine Grove Park on Oct. 25. As a footnote, a sitting president has never visited Port Huron or St. Clair County. … Iron workers meet 155 feet above the St. Clair River on Nov. 6 after connecting the two halves of the second span. … Minor league hockey returns to Port Huron with the Border Cats of the United Hockey League. … Christa Adams becomes the fourth president of the community college.

1997 — SEMCO Energy agrees to build its corporate headquarters at River Centre on the Black River at 10th Street. The city plans to develop the Dockside condos as part of the project. … On July 13, an estimated 200,000 people attend the “Bridge Walk” as the second span opens. It’s the largest crowd to ever gather in the Port Huron-Sarnia area. … In August, City Engineer Larry Osborn is hired to replace City Manager Gerald Bouchard following a national search. … Gerald “Ajax” Ackerman becomes mayor after winning the most votes in a field of 14 council candidates.

1998 — St. Clair County administration building opens at the site of the old Sears store. Construction is two years behind schedule and $7 million over budget. … City begins work on a 15-year, $186 million plan to separate its storm and sanitary sewers. The work comes after the state orders the city to quit spilling untreated sewage into its waterways. … City voters reject a 3-mill property tax to pay for the sewer work. … Acheson Colloids is sold by the Acheson family for $700 million. ... “South Side Summit” looks at issues south of the Black River as James C. Acheson prepares to invest much of his fortune in improvements to his hometown.

1999 — Mayor Ackerman is arrested in April on charges of molesting young girls at the Clear Choices youth center on 10th Street. The mayor angrily denies trading his vote for $35,000 in donations from SEMCO Energy, and a quick investigation finds no evidence of bribery. … On Oct. 26, Ackerman is found guilty of nine misdemeanor charges and is sentenced to a year in jail. Jurors split on the felony counts, and a second trial is planned.

2000 — A Jan. 28 fire destroys Hotel Algonquin, originally built in 1892 as the Macabee Temple. … In May, Ackerman is convicted of 10 felony counts of child molestation and sentenced to prison. He is eligible for parole in 2020. … Also in May, Kathleen Mrozek, the wife of a city worker, launches a recall campaign against Mayor Laurie Sample-Wynn, Mayor Pro Tem Cliff Schrader and council members Jim Norris and Kim Prax. … In August, Police Chief William Corbett fires Capt. Brian Moeller. Two weeks later, Mayor Sample-Wynn gives City Manager Larry Osborn a choice between resigning or being fired. When he won’t quit, the council votes 4-3 to fire him. … On Sept. 29, J.B. Sperry department store closes after 107 years in downtown Port Huron. … A blizzard dumps 20 inches of snow on Dec. 12, forcing the postponement of the recall referendum. The next day, voters reject efforts to oust the four council members. … San Francisco artist Duane Wakeham, a native of Port Huron, enters the Pastel Society of America’s hall of fame. … Port Huron’s population is 32,338.

2001 — In an advisory vote, Port Huron voters approve a casino at the Thomas Edison Inn, 3,111 to 2,628. … Diana Sweet Shoppe closes after 75 years. … Citizens First Michigan Technical Education Center opens at the community college. … John F. Wismer Center opens at Port Huron Hospital. … SEMCO Energy and the YMCA of the Blue Water Area announce plans to build in the Acheson Ventures riverfront development. … In the November election, Alan Cutcher and Mark Neal tie for the most votes. Neal is chosen mayor.

2002 — Rose Bellanca becomes the fifth president of the community college. … Jim Acheson buys the Highlander Sea and announces plans to use the elegant sailing ship to promote Port Huron. … In March, Acheson Ventures releases its vision for developing 31 acres of riverfront property. Two months later, voters approve selling the city’s Seaway Terminal to the developer for $1.7 million. … St. Joseph’s School closes after 111 years. … Port Huron native Dan DeGrow, a former state Senate majority leader, is hired to lead the county Intermediate School District. … Port Huron Beacons begin play in United Hockey League.

2003 — Chiquimula, a city of 36,000 people in southeastern Guatemala, becomes Port Huron’s official sister city. … In April, the county awards a $32 million contract for the Intervention Center to a Livonia company, the lowest of 11 bidders. The contract includes $28 million for a jail, juvenile-detention center and sheriff’s office and $4 million to provide additional housing for federal prisoners at the facility on Michigan Road in Port Huron Township.

2004 — Gov. Jennifer Granholm names Port Huron a Cool City, part of a pilot program to link arts and culture to economic development.

2005 — Shaun Groden, the new county administrator, reveals cost overruns and unapproved change orders at the new sheriff’s office and jail. The price tag soars to $48 million. … Acheson Ventures removes the railroad freight yard at Desmond Landing. … A community-owned hockey club restores the Flags’ nickname and joins the United Hockey League. … Port Huron named an All-American City on the 50th anniversary of its earlier recognition. … A Port Huron couple, Mary and Ralph Stebbins, take a lump-sum payment of $124.7 million after winning the Mega Millions lottery.

2006 — In April, City Manager Tom Hutka resigns under pressure after five years in the job. His replacement is Karl Tomion, a Port Huron native and long-time city manager of Midland. … In June, Michael Jones resigns under pressure as superintendent of the Port Huron Area School District. A month later, the school board asks him to come back, but he declines. … In August, Steve Williams resigns under pressure as director of the Port Huron Museum, a post he had held for 27 years. … Port Huron Pirates, a professional indoor football club, finish their first season as the unbeaten champions of the Great Lakes Football League. … Helen David, who ran the Brass Rail saloon for 69 years, dies at age 91.

2007 — State and federal officials issue a draft environmental impact statement for a proposed $433 million inspection plaza at the Blue Water Bridge. The project also includes major improvements to the expressway between the bridge and the junction of I-69/I-94. … Flags fold but a new franchise, the Ice Hawks, comes to the city. … The Pirates never lose a game but leave Port Huron late in the 2007 season because of disappointing attendance. … Port Huron looks at raising water and sewer rates by 66% in five years to help pay for its $186 million sewer project. The city also looks at millions of dollars in spending cuts. … Construction is under way on the city’s fourth YMCA. … Port Huron Museum negotiates with the Coast Guard to take over the 1829 Fort Gratiot Lighthouse and adjacent buildings, including the old Coast Guard station.

Notable Residents

The Motorcycle Hall of Fame Museum is located just off I-70 in the Columbus, Ohio suburb of Pickerington, OH. The Motorcycle Hall of Fame recognizes those who have made significant contributions to all aspects of motorcycling, including those who have excelled in motorcycle business, history, design and engineering, in... “Edison” redirects here. ... Milan is a village located in Erie and Huron counties in Ohio. ... Obadiah Gardner (September 13, 1852—July 24, 1938) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Maine. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Terry McMillan (born October 18, 1951 in Port Huron, Michigan) is an African-American author. ... Waiting to Exhale is a 1995 movie directed by Forest Whitaker. ... How Stella Got Her Groove Back is a (1998) romance film, directed by Kevin Rodney Sullivan. ... Colleen Moore, born Kathleen Morrison (August 19, 1900 – January 25, 1988) was an American film actress, and one of the most fashionable stars of the silent film era. ... Omar Dwight Conger (April 1, 1818–July 11, 1898) was a U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Henry Gordon McMorran (June 11, 1844–July 19, 1929) was a businessman and politician from the U.S. state of Michigan. ... // Sara Stokes - a Detroit R&B singer Was not considered by Diddy to stay on Bad Boy Dylan The Dilinjah John - a Brooklyn reggae vocalist Was kicked out and released a mixtape dissing Diddy afterwards Rodney Young City Hill (formerly known as Chopper), a New Orleans rapper Became the first... Michael Mallory is the author of the book Hanna-Barbera Cartoons. ...

Local Sports Teams

The following professional team plays at McMorran Place: McMorran Place is a multipurpose convention center located in Port Huron, Michigan. ...

The International Hockey League (IHL) was a professional ice hockey league in the United States and Canada from 1945 to 2001. ...

All American Flames Gymnastix - The Lady Flames and Men's Fire Squad - USA Gymnastics Club-level Teams
Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of sequences of movements requiring physical strength, flexibility, balance, endurance, and kinesthetic awareness, such as handsprings, handstands, split leaps, aerials and cartwheels. ... USA Gymnatics is an amateur association of gymnastics that teaches American youth how to perform and excel in the competitive level. ...

Welkin Base Ball Club of Port Huron - Vintage Base Ball played by 1860's rules and customs
This article is about the sport. ... Vintage Base Ball is baseball played by rules and customs from an earlier period in the sports history. ...

  • Hockey

For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ...

See also

The Port Huron Statement is the manifesto of the American student activist movement Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), written primarily by Tom Hayden, then the Field Secretary of SDS, and completed on June 15, 1962 at an SDS convention in Port Huron, Michigan. ...

External links

Photo gallery

  Results from FactBites:
Port Huron, Michigan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (600 words)
Port Huron is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Both interstates terminate at the Port Huron to Sarnia, Ontario Blue Water Bridge.
The Port Huron Museum offers five different sites to tour including the Carnegie Center, the Huron Lightship, the Thomas Edison Depot, the Coast Guard Cutter Bramble, and the Fort Gratiot Lighthouse.
Port Huron Township, Michigan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (400 words)
Port Huron Township is a charter township of St.
Clair County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
The city of Port Huron is adjacent to the township, but is politically independent.
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