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Encyclopedia > Port Blair

Coordinates: 11.40° N 92.44° E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Port Blair

Port Blair
Union territory
 - District(s)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
 - Andamans
Coordinates 11.40° N 92.44° E
Area
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Population (2001)
 - Density
100,186
 - 
Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair
Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair

Port Blair pronunciation  (Hindi: पोर्ट ब्लेयर) (coordinates: 11°40′N 92°45′E) is the largest town and a municipal council in Andamans district in the Andaman Islands and the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands union territory of India. It lies on the east coast of South Andaman Island and is the main entry point to the islands. Image File history File links India-locator-map-blank. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... The divisions of a district. ... Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair The Andaman & Nicobar Islands   (Tamil: அந்தமான் நிகோபார் தீவுகள், Hindi: अंडमान और निकोबार द्वीप) is a union territory of India. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time zone for India. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Download high resolution version (894x2068, 314 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Download high resolution version (894x2068, 314 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Image File history File links Port_Blair. ... Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी or हिंदी; IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union government of India [1][2]. It is part of a dialect continuum of the Indic family, bounded on the northwest and west by Punjabi, Sindhi, Urdu, and Gujarati... Municipal council (conseil municipal)(maire) Despite enormous differences in population, each of the communes of the French Republic possesses a mayor (maire) and a municipal council (conseil municipal) which manage the commune from the mairie (city hall), with exactly the same powers no matter the size of the commune (with... This article or section may be confusing for some readers, and should be edited to be clearer or more simplified. ... Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair The Andaman & Nicobar Islands   (Tamil: அந்தமான் நிகோபார் தீவுகள், Hindi: अंडमान और निकोबार द्वीप) is a union territory of India. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... South Andaman Island is the southernmost island of Great Andaman and is home to the majority of the Andaman Islands population. ...


It is also the headquarters for the Indian district of Andaman, and the local administrative sub-division (tehsil), which is also called Port Blair. The divisions of a district. ... Andaman district is a District of India, one of two districts in the Indian Union Territory (UT) of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. ... A tehsil or taluk is an administrative subdivision or tier found in several South Asian countries. ... Port Blair tehsil is one of 5 local administrative divisions of the Indian district of Andaman, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. ...


It is home to several museums and a major base for the Indian Coast Guard. Indian Coast Guards coat of Arms. ...

Contents

History

 The Ross Island Prison Headquarters, 1872
The Ross Island Prison Headquarters, 1872

Port Blair is named for Lieutenant Archibald Blair of the British East India Company, who unsuccessfully attempted to establish a colony in 1789. Port Blair was re-established in 1858, as the site for a British penal colony. This was originally on Viper Island, named after Lieutenant Blair's vessel, The Viper. The convicts, mostly political prisoners, suffered life imprisonment at hard labor under degrading, even cruel conditions. Many were hanged, while others died of disease and starvation. Between 1864 and 1867 a penal establishment was built with convict labor on the northern side of Ross Island.[1] These structures are now in ruins. [2] In 1872, Sher Ali, a convict in the Cellular jail, assassinated Lord Mayo, the then British viceroy to India, while he was on an inspection visit to the jail. Image File history File links Port_Blair_1872_Ross_Island_Penal_HQ.jpg‎ The Headquarters of the Penal Establishment at the North End of Ross Island, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. ... Image File history File links Port_Blair_1872_Ross_Island_Penal_HQ.jpg‎ The Headquarters of the Penal Establishment at the North End of Ross Island, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was one of the first joint-stock company (preceded only by the Dutch East India Company) which was granted an English Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intention of favouring trade privileges in India. ... This article is about a political topic. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A political prisoner is anyone held in prison or otherwise detained, perhaps under house arrest, because their ideas or image either challenge or pose a real or potential threat to the state. ... Life imprisonment is a sentence of imprisonment for a serious crime, nominally for the entire remaining life of the prisoner, but in fact for a period which varies between jurisdictions: many countries have a maximum possible period of time a prisoner may be incarcerated, or require the possibility of parole...


As the Indian freedom movement continued to grow in the late Nineteenth Century an enormous Cellular Jail was constructed between 1896 and 1906 to house even more Indian convicts, mostly political prisoners, in solitary confinement. It is also known as "Kala Pani" translated as "Black Waters". The Indian independence movement incorporated the efforts by Indians to liberate the region from British rule and form the nation-state of India. ... The Cellular Jail (also known as Kaala paani, literally Black water, a term for the deep sea and hence exile) situated in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) was completed in 1906. ... A political prisoner is anyone held in prison or otherwise detained, perhaps under house arrest, because their ideas or image either challenge or pose a real or potential threat to the state. ... Solitary confinement, colloquially referred to as the hole (or in British English the block), is a punishment in which a prisoner is denied contact with any other persons, excluding guards, chaplains and doctors. ...


For a time during 1943 and 1944, Port Blair was the headquarters of the Indian National Army government under Subhash Chandra Bose. Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... The Indian National Army (I.N.A) or Azad Hind Fauj was the army of the Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (The Provisional Government of Free India ) which fought along with the Japanese 15th Army during the Japanese Campaign in Burma, and in the Battle of Imphal, during the Second... Subhash Chandra Bose, (Bangla: সুভাষ চন্দ্র বসু Shubhash Chôndro Bosh) (January 23, 1897 – presumably August 18, 1945 [although this is disputed]note), also known as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Raj. ...


Although damaged by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, Port Blair survived sufficiently to act as a base for relief efforts in the islands. Tsunami strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ...


Known as the Emerald Islands, today this is a recommended site for tourists, with its lush green forest and the blue of the sea.


Demographics

As of 2001 India censusGRIndia, Port Blair had a population of 100,186. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Port Blair has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 72%. In Port Blair, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


Transportation

The capital town is Port Blair, with ship sailing to and from mainland India. You have ships sailing from Kolkata, Chennai and Vishakhapatnam. Vir Savarkar Airport is situated in the city and is serviced by Indian, Air Deccan,Air Sahara and Jet Airways. There are ferry service to all the islands almost daily. Vir Savarkar Airport (IATA: IXZ, ICAO: ?) is an airport located in the Port Blair, in Andaman Islands of India. ... Interior of Air Deccan Airbus A320 Air Deccan (Kannada: ಎರ ಡಕೖನ)(Hindi: एयर डेक्कन) is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ... Air Sahara is an airline based in New Delhi, India. ... Jet Airways is an airline based in Mumbai, India serving domestic and international routes. ...


Images

Center of Port Blair in December 2004, a couple of days before the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
Center of Port Blair in December 2004, a couple of days before the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
Chatham Island off Port Blair
Chatham Island off Port Blair

Image File history File linksMetadata Port_blair1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Port_blair1. ... Tsunami strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Andaman_chatham_is. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Andaman_chatham_is. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/features/andaman/stories/2004081500270300.htm T. Ramakrishnan, "Notorious Once, It Stands Shrouded in Silence"
  2. ^ http://www.galenfrysinger.com/ross_island.htm Ross Island


State and Union Territory capitals of India

AgartalaAizawlBangaloreBhopalBhubaneswarChandigarhChennai (Madras) • DamanDehradunDelhiDispurGandhinagarGangtokHyderabadImphalItanagarJaipurJammuKavarattiKohimaKolkata (Calcutta) • LucknowMumbai (Bombay) • PanajiPatnaPuducherryPort BlairRaipurRanchiShillongShimlaSilvassaSrinagarThiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)
India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttaranchal Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... Agartala is the capital of the Indian state of Tripura. ... Aizawl is the capital city of the state of Mizoram in India. ... Bangalore (also called Bengalooru) (Kannada: ; pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Bhopāl   (Hindi: भोपाल, Urdu: بھوپال, IPA: ) is a city in central India. ... Konark Horse in Roundabout Bhubaneswar   population 10 lakhs (Hindi: भुवनेश्वर - in Sanskrit and Oriya/oDiA, The Lord of the Universe) or the temple city of India is a city located on the eastern coast of India. ... Chandigarh   (Punjabi: , Hindi: , pronunciation: ) also called The City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Chennai   (Tamil: ), formerly known as Madras  , is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is Indias fourth largest metropolitan city. ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... Dehradun  , previously called Dehra Doon, (Hindi: देहरादून) is the capital city of the state Uttaranchal (now renamed Uttarakhand)in India, and the headquarters of Dehradun District. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Dispur is the capital of Assam, a state in northeast India. ... Gandhinagar   (Gujarati: ગાંધીનગર, Hindi: गाँधीनगर) is the capital of Gujarat State, India. ... Gangtok   (Nepali/Hindi: गंगटोक) is the capital and largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim. ... Hyderabad   or Haydarābād // ( Urdu:حیدر آباد), (Telugu:హైదరాబాదు) is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Imphal is the capital of Manipur, India. ... Itanagar is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh. ... Also known as the Pink City, Jaipur has a long, rich and colorful history. ... Jammu   (Hindi: जम्मू, Urdu: جموں) is one of the three regions comprising the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... Kavaratti is an island in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep off the coast of the state of Kerala. ... Kohima is the hilly capital of Indias north eastern border state of Nagaland which shares its borders with Burma. ...   (IPA: [] Bengali: কলকাতা) (formerly  ) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. ... Lucknow   (Hindi: लखनऊ; Urdu: لكهنو;) is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, the most populous city of India, and by some measures the most populous city in the world with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006). ... Panaji   (Marathi/Konkani: पणजी) or Panjim   is the capital of the Indian state of Goa. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The city of Puducherry is a union territory, a small town enclaved within the state of Tamil Nadu. ... Raipur   (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ... Ranchi   (Hindi: राँची) is the capital city of Jharkhand state, India. ... Shillong (Hindi: शिलांग, Bengali: শিলং) is the capital of Meghalaya, one of the smaller states in India. ... Shimla   (Hindi: शिमला, Urdu: شملہ), the summer capital of the erstwhile British Raj in India, is a municipal corporation in Shimla district and the capital city of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. ... // Silvassa == Headline text == Headline text == Headline text == Headline text == Headline text == Headline text == Headline text == == == == == == == (Hindi: सिलवासा, Urdu: سلواس, Gujrati: સેલ્વાસ) is the capital of the Indian Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli sandwiched between the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. ... Srinagar (Hindi: श्रीनगर, Urdu: سرینگر, Kashmiri: سِرېنَگَر सिरीनगर) , is the summer capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India, and is situated in the valley of Kashmir. ... Thiruvananthapuram   (Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം TiruvanÅ­ntapuraṁ), formerly known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Port Blair - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (452 words)
Port Blair was founded by the British in 1858, the Cellular Jail surviving from this period.
Port Blair has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 72%.
In Port Blair, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
A Place Called Blair (6600 words)
Port Blair, population 240,089 [1991], is situated on the east coast of South Andaman Island.
Blair Valley was divided between 2 states in 1764-67 when Mason and Dixon laid out a line of milestones which bore the letters M for Maryland and P for Pennsylvania.
Blair was descended from one of the pioneer families of this region for whom Blair's Fork was named.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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