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Encyclopedia > Pornography addiction

Pornography addiction is a hypothesized form of sexual addiction defined by its proponents as a condition resulting from the overuse or abuse of pornography.[1] It is not mentioned in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Sexual addiction (sexual compulsion)—a postulated form of psychological addiction—is a hotly debated topic with numerous critics and evidence on both sides of the debate. ... Porn redirects here. ... The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual published by the American Psychiatric Association The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a handbook for mental health professionals that lists different categories of mental disorder and the criteria for diagnosing them, according to the publishing organization the American Psychiatric Association. ...

Contents

General definition

I LOVE PORN. Pornography addiction could be defined as a psychological addiction to, or dependence upon, pornography, theoretically characterized by obsessive viewing, reading, and thinking about pornography and sexual themes to the detriment of other areas of one's life.[citation needed] Psychological addiction, as opposed to physiological addiction, is a persons need to use a drug out of desire for the effects it produces, rather than to relieve withdrawal symptoms. ... Porn redirects here. ...


Pornography addiction according to Irons and Schneider

Formal criteria have been suggested along lines strictly analogous to the DSM criteria for alcohol and other substance addictions.[2] This article cites Goodman (1990), who compared the DSM criteria lists for various addictive disorders and derived these general characteristics: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual published by the American Psychiatric Association The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a handbook for mental health professionals that lists different categories of mental disorder and the criteria for diagnosing them, according to the publishing organization the American Psychiatric Association. ...

  • Recurrent failure to resist impulses to engage in a specified behavior
  • Increasing sense of tension immediately prior to initiating the behavior
  • Pleasure or relief at the time of engaging in the behavior
  • At least five of the following:
    • Frequent preoccupation with the behavior or with activity that is preparatory to the behavior
    • Frequent engaging in the behavior to a greater extent or over a longer period than intended
    • Repeated efforts to reduce, control, or stop the behavior
    • A great deal of time spent in activities necessary for the behavior, engaging in the behavior, or recovering from its effects
    • Frequent engaging in the behavior when expected to fulfill occupational, academic, domestic or social obligations
    • Important social, occupational, or recreational activities given up or reduced because of the behavior
    • Continuation of the behavior despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent social, financial, psychological, or physical problem that is caused or exacerbated by the behavior
    • Tolerance: need to increase the intensity or frequency of the behavior in order to achieve the desired effect, or diminished effect with continued behavior of the same intensity
    • Restlessness or irritability if unable to engage in the behavior
  • Some symptoms of the disturbance have persisted for at least one month, or have occurred repeatedly over a longer period of time

These criteria can be applied to almost any behavior, and would seem to characterize an excessive and uncontrollable involvement regardless of the particular behavior. They thus provide one possible definition of pornography addiction.


Online pornography addiction

porn shouldnt be illegal Online pornography addiction involves pornography obtained via the Internet. Psychologists who support this concept argue that it is stronger, and more addictive, than ordinary pornography addiction because of its wide availability, explicitness, and the privacy that online viewing offers.[citation needed] In order to satisfy their addiction, addicts are said to regularly spend extended periods of time searching the internet for new or increasingly hardcore pornography.[1]


Use of content control and monitoring

Some clinicians and support organizations recommend using voluntary content control mechanisms (also known as "Internet filters" and "censorware"), internet monitoring, or both as a tool in the treatment of purportedly excessive online pornography use.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] DansGuardian blocking whitehouse. ...


Sex researcher Alvin Cooper and colleagues suggested several reasons for using filters as a therapeutic measure, including curbing accessibility that facilitates problematic behavior and encouraging clients to develop coping and relapse prevention strategies.[3] Cognitive therapist Mary Anne Layden suggested that filters may be useful in maintaining environmental control.[7] Internet behavior researcher David Delmonico noted that, despite their limitations, filters may serve as a "frontline of protection."[4]


Filters that target pornography have been included in computer operating systems such as Linux and are sold as stand-alone applications and devices such as Integard, Optenet PC, Netmop, SmartFilter, and BeSafeOnline. Some Internet service providers such as Integrity Online and OpenDNS provide content control as a network service. This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... OpenDNS is a free DNS resolution service. ...


Skeptics of pornography addiction

There is some dispute about whether pornography addiction actually exists, and if so, whether it has harmful effects.[citation needed] One popular argument against this form of addiction is that many people regularly watch pornography and still lead productive lives. Critics argue that people who regularly view pornography are able to have normal relationships and are not desensitized to less stimulating materials.[citation needed]


Some mental health professionals who specialize in the treatment of pornography problems, such as author and researcher Rory C. Reid, LCSW, contend that such behavior reflects problems with affective regulation and that individuals turn to pornography as a way of disassociating from their inability to process uncomfortable or unpleasant emotions. Reid argues that brain regions implicated in sexual arousal can be suppressed when individuals cognitively reappraise erotic stimulus and attach different meanings and interpretations to such content. Reid states that if such patients were legitimately addicted to pornography their ability to cognitively suppress activation of cortical structures such as the nucleus accumbens in the corpus striatum would not be physiologically possible.[10] Look up affect in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Cortex. ... The nucleus accumbens (NAcc), also known as the accumbens nucleus or as the nucleus accumbens septi (Latin for nucleus leaning against the septum), is a collection of neurons located where the head of the caudate and the anterior portion of the putamen meet just lateral to the septum pellucidum. ... The corpus striatum is composed of the caudate nucleus and the putamen. ...


See also

A sign outside an Adult store. ... Celibacy refers either to being unmarried or to sexual abstinence. ... Compulsive gambling is an urge or addiction to gamble despite harmful negative consequences or a desire to stop. ... Internet addiction disorder (IAD) is a theorized disorder originally made as a satirical hoax[1] by Ivan Goldberg, M.D., in 1995. ... Philosophy of sex is the part of applied philosophy studying sex and love. ... Sexual addiction (sexual compulsion)—a postulated form of psychological addiction—is a hotly debated topic with numerous critics and evidence on both sides of the debate. ... Sexual ethics is a sub-category of ethics that pertain to acts falling within the broad spectrum of human sexual behavior, sexual intercourse in particular. ... Taṇhā (Pāli: तण्हा) or Tṛṣṇā (Sanskrit: तृष्णा) means thirst, desire, craving, wanting, longing, yearning. Synonyms: 愛 Cn: ài; Jp: ai; Vi: ái Tibetan: The most basic of these meanings (the literal meaning) is thirst; however, in Buddhism it has a technical meaning that is much broader. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Downs, Martin F.; Louise Chang, MD (reviewer) (2005-08-30). Is Pornography Addictive? Psychologists debate whether people can have an addiction to pornography.. WebMD. Retrieved on 2007-03-22.
  2. ^ See http://www.jenniferschneider.com/articles/diagnos.html this article] (online copy of Richard Irons, M. D. and Jennifer P. Schneider, M.D., Ph. D "Differential Diagnosis of Addictive Sexual Disorders Using the DSM-IV." In Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 1996, Volume 3, pp 7-21, 1996)
  3. ^ a b Cooper, Alvin; Putnam, Dana E., Planchon, Lynn A., & Boies, Sylvain C. (1999). "Online Sexual Compulsivity: Getting Tangled in the Net". Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention 6 (2): 79-104. 
  4. ^ a b Delmonico, D.L. (1997). "Cybersex: High Tech Sex Addiction". Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity: The Journal of Treatment and Prevention 4 (2): 159-167. 
  5. ^ AAMFT Consumer Update - Sexual Addiction. American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  6. ^ {{cite journal | author=Corley, M. Deborah, Ph.D. | year=2002 | month=Winter | title=Cybersex Addiction | journal=Paradigm | pages=12, 22 | url=http://www.addictionrecov.org/paradigm/P_PR_W0#REDIRECT [[2/W02-composite.pdf | format=PDF}}
  7. ^ a b Layden, Mary Anne, Ph.D. (September 2005). "Cyber Sex Addiction" (PDF). Advances in Cognitive Therapy: 1-2, 4-5. 
  8. ^ Bissette, David C., Psy.D. (February 2004). Choosing an Internet Filter (PDF). Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  9. ^ Recovery Resources. Recovery Path Counselling Services. Retrieved on 2007-06-10.
  10. ^ Beauregard, M., Levesque, J., and Bourgouin, P. (2001). Neural Correlates of Conscious Self-Regulation of Emotion. The Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 21:1-6. Stark, R., Schienle, A., Girod, C., Walter, B., Kirsch, P. Blecker, C. Ott, U. Schafer, A., Sammer, G., Zimmermann, M. and Vaitl, D. et al., (2005) Erotic and disgust-inducing pictures — Differences in the hemodynamic responses of the brain. Biological Psychology, Vol. 70: 19-29 Harenski, C. L. and Hamann, S. (2005). Neural Correlates of regulating negative emotions related to moral violations. NeuroImage Vol. 30:313-324.

Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... WebMD is available to both consumers and physicians, and contains several different health sites owned and run by WebMD, including WebMD Health, Medscape, MedicineNet, eMedicine, eMedicine Health, RxList and theheart. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
UTD Counseling Center: Self-Help: Overcoming Pornography Addiction (464 words)
Some people find that their entire sex life revolves around pornography and they are unable to be sexually involved with a real person without the use of pornography.
Your use of pornography is incompatible with your beliefs and values.
Your use of pornography causes problems in your intimate relationships, such as creating emotional distance between people you love or causing those in a relationship with you to feel neglected.
Pornography addiction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1098 words)
Pornography addiction is defined as a condition resulting from the overuse or abuse of pornography.
As measures of "overuse" and "abuse" of pornography as well as research on the topic are disputed scientifically, 'pornography addiction' is not classified by medical doctors as a disease but rather as a form of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
The concept of pornography addiction is defined by its proponents as a psychological addiction to, or dependence upon, pornography, characterized by obsessive viewing, reading, and thinking about pornography and sexual themes to the general detriment of the rest of one's life.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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