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Encyclopedia > Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico
PPD logo and accompanying motto: "Bread, Land, Freedom".
Puerto Rico

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Puerto Rico
Logo of PPD. Copyright http://www. ... Logo of PPD. Copyright http://www. ... Image File history File links EscudoPurtoRico. ... Politics of Puerto Rico takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic system, whereby the Governor of Puerto Rico is head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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The Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Partido Popular Democrático de Puerto Rico, PPD) is a political party that supports the continuation of Puerto Rico's current status as a "free associated state" of the United States, which is also known as a commonwealth. The governor of Puerto Rico, Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, is from the PPD, but the New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico holds both the Puerto Rican House of Representatives and Senate. The Executive Branch of the Government of Puerto Rico is comprised of various Departments which provide public services to the citizens of Puerto Rico. ... In Puerto Rico, Public corporations are separate legal entities who are owned, either entirely or in great majority, by the Government of Puerto Rico. ... Seal of the Governor of Puerto Rico The Governor of Puerto Rico is the Head of Government of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ... Aníbal Salvador Acevedo Vilá (born February 13, 1962) is the eighth and current Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ... The Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico is the legislative branch of the government of Puerto Rico. ... Seal of the Senate of Puerto Rico. ... The House of Representatives of Puerto Rico is the lower house of the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico, larger than the Senate. ... The 15th Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico meets from January 2, 2005, to January 1, 2009. ... The Supreme Court of Puerto Rico is the highest court of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, having the ultimate judicial authority within Puerto Rico to interpret and decide questions of local commonwealth law. ... The Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico is a nonvoting representative of the United States House of Representatives elected by Puerto Ricans every 4 years. ... There are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the United States Government, but Puerto Rico has 78 municipalities at the second order. ... Political parties in Puerto Rico lists political parties in Puerto Rico. ... Politics of Puerto Rico Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Puerto Rico ... The Puerto Rico General Elections of 2004 took place on Election Day, Tuesday, November 2, 2004. ... General elections will be held in Puerto Rico on 4 November 2008. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... An associated state is used to describe a free relationship between a territory and a larger nation. ... In the terminology of the United States insular areas, a commonwealth is an organized territory that has established with the Federal Government a more highly developed relationship, usually embodied in a written mutual agreement. ... Aníbal Salvador Acevedo Vilá (born February 13, 1962) is the eighth and current Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ... PNP logo with motto (Statehood, Security, Progress) The New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Partido Nuevo Progresista de Puerto Rico, PNP) is a political party that campaigns for Puerto Rican statehood. ...


Those who follow the PPD ideology are called populares.

Contents

Political ideals

The PPD's political ideals call for a Puerto Rico that is autonomous in some areas, and dependent on the United States in others. For example, local law and the taxation are managed locally by a tripartite system of state government. Custom duties and foreign treaties remain in the hands of the federal government. In addition, Puerto Rican law remains under the purview of Congress, and must concord with the United States Constitution. Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives United States Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, D since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups (as of November 7, 2006 elections) Democratic Party Republican... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Constitution of the United States of America Page one of the original copy of the Constitution. ...


The PPD's outlook has trended towards gaining further autonomy and local control over the external relationships of the island. In the eyes of the PPD, Puerto Rico should be viewed more as a country and not a state of the American union. For example, Puerto Rico has its own Olympic Games representation, a different majority language (Spanish), and unique culture. Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties/Parishes/Boroughs, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...


History

Foundation

Dissidents expelled from the Liberal Party (then led by Antonio R. Barcelo), founded the PPD in 1937-1938. The dissident faction, initially calling themselves the Partido Liberal, Neto, Auténtico y Completo ("Clear, Authentic and Complete Liberal Party"), was led by Luis Muñoz Marín. In 1937, the debate centered around the more moderate demands of autonomy leading to gradual independence by the Liberal Party faction led by Barcelo, and the more radical demands of immediate independence and social reform by Muñoz and his followers. The Liberal Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal) was a political party in Puerto Rico. ... Antonio R. Barcel (April 15, 1868 - October 15, 1938), born in the City of Fajardo, Puerto Rico, was a lawyer, businessman and the father of what was to become one of Puerto Ricos most prominent political families. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... José Luis Alberto Muñoz Marín (February 18, 1898 – April 30, 1980) was a poet, journalist and politician. ...


Muñoz legally incorporated the PDP in 1938. He intended to call the party Partido Social Democrático, but he was strongly advised not to use the word "social" in the name, as to not alienate Puerto Ricans who feared socialism as a political or economic philosophy. Appealing to the masses (and some say taking a hint from the name of Puerto Rico's most solid institution at the time, the Banco Popular de Puerto Rico), he substituted "Popular" for "Social". He inscribed the party in two towns, San Lorenzo and Culebra. Reportedly the party's first inscribed voter was a San Lorenzo resident which was 120 years old at the time. Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about a Puerto Rican bank. ... San Lorenzo (Spanish Saint Lawrence) is a town in eastern Puerto Rico. ... Flag Seal Nickname: La Isla Chiquita (Little Island), Última Virgen (Last Virgin) Gentilic: Culebrenses Location Location of Culebra, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico Government Founded October 27, 1880 Mayor Abraham Peña Nieves Political party PNP Senatorial district 8 - Carolina Representative district 36 Geographical characteristics Area Total 30. ...


1940s

The highest political office a Puerto Rican could be elected to in 1940 was that of president of the local Senate. The governor of Puerto Rico was named directly by the president of the United States (some say as a personal favor to the acting president's political supporters), and as such, no locals were named to the post until 1946. In the 1940 election the PDP finished in a dead heat with the Liberal Party; Muñoz then brokered an alliance with minor Puerto Rican factions as to secure his position as Senate president. Later elections in 1944 and 1948 resulted in increasing victory margins for the PDP; at a time almost all legislative posts and mayoral races in Puerto Rico were won by PDP candidates. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ...


Once Jesus T. Piñero stepped down as the first Puerto Rican named governor, the governor's office became an elected position. In 1949, under the leadership of Luis Muñoz Marín, the PPD won the first gubernatorial elections in Puerto Rico, and Muñoz became first elected governor of the island. He then initiated the longest continuous rule by a governor in Puerto Rican history (four 4-year terms, for a total of 16 years), only surpassed by one of the former governors under Spanish rule, Miguel de la Torre. Order: 1st Puerto Rican to be appointed governor by the government of the United States Term of Office: 1946–1949 Predecessor: Rexford Guy Tugwell Successor: Luis Muñoz Marín (1949) Date of Birth: April 6, 1897 Date of Death: November 16, 1952 Place of Birth: Carolina, Puerto Rico Profession... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ...


1950s

During the 1950s, Luis Muñoz Marín remained as Puerto Rican governor.In 1952 he assumed the responsability of pushing forward P.R.'s constitution's creation. On July 25, 1952 the constitution was established.


1960s

In 1964, PPD candidate Roberto Sánchez Vilella had become the second governor to be democratically elected in Puerto Rico. The party remained in power until 1968, when Luis A. Ferré, of the then newly found New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico (PNP), won the elections. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Roberto Sánchez Vilella (February 19, 1913-March 24, 1997) was the second democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Don Luis Alberto Ferré Aguayo (February 17, 1904 – October 21, 2003) was an engineer, industrialist, politician, philanthropist, and a patron of the arts. ... PNP logo with motto (Statehood, Security, Progress) The New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Partido Nuevo Progresista de Puerto Rico, PNP) is a political party that campaigns for Puerto Rican statehood. ...


1970s

In 1972, with Rafael Hernández Colón as their new leader, the PPD returned to power. However, this was a briefly lived victory for the party, because in 1976, PNP candidate Carlos Romero Barcelo defeated Colón. 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Rafael Hernández Colón (born October 24, 1936 in Ponce, Puerto Rico) is a Puerto Rican politician who was the fourth Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for three non-consecutive terms (1973-1977, 1985-1993). ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Carlos Antonio Romero Barcel (born in September 4, 1932) was Puerto Ricos fifth democratically elected Governor, the second governor to be elected from the New Progressive Party (PNP) and also Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico from 1993 to 2001. ...


1980s

In 1980, the PPD threatened once again, with Hernández Colón as candidate, to come back to power, losing by only 3,000 votes in the elections that year. This is the closest election for Governor to date. 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


In 1984, Hernández Colón once again became governor. His second term was marked by his fight to keep the Law 936 running. The PPD helped establishing the law, which dictates that American companies can be allowed to operate in Puerto Rico with tax cuts. 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1988, Hernández Colón was re-elected. That same year Hector Luis Acevedo, the PPD's candidate for mayor in San Juan, won the election for that position by only forty-nine votes. It was also the year that Santos Ortiz, a.k.a "El Negro", mayor of Cabo Rojo, left the party. "El Negro" went on to become the first person not affiliated with any of the three major parties in Puerto Rico to win an elective position in the country when he retained his seat as mayor as an independent candidate. 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Héctor Luis Acevedo (born in 1947) is a politician from Río Piedras, San Juan, Puerto Rico. ... Nickname: Location of San Juan within the island of Puerto Rico Coordinates: Country United States Territory Puerto Rico Founded 1508/1521 Area  - City 76. ... // City nickname: El Pueblo de Cofresí Location Location within the nation of Puerto Rico Government Country Puerto Rico Mayor Santos Padilla Ferrer (PNP) Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 182. ...


1990s

In 1992, after Colón decided not to run for governor again, the PPD elected Victoria Muñoz Mendoza, daughter of Luis Muñoz Marín, to run for governor. She became the first woman in Puerto Rican history to run for governor, but she lost the election to Pedro Rosselló. In 1996, Hector Luis Acevedo ran for governor, but once again, the PPD candidate lost to Roselló. 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Victoria Melo Muñoz Mendoza (born 1940) is a former politician from Puerto Rico. ... José Luis Alberto Muñoz Marín (February 18, 1898 – April 30, 1980) was a poet, journalist and politician. ... Pedro Juan Rosselló González, M.D. [pronounced “roh-seh-yóh”] (born April 5, 1944 in San Juan, Puerto Rico) is a Puerto Rican politician who was the sixth Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico from 1993 to 2001. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


2000s

In 2000, Sila Maria Calderon regained the governor's seat for the PPD, beating PNP candidate Carlos Ignacio Pesquera, and Puerto Rican Independence Party (PIP) candidate Ruben Berrios. Sila María Calderón Serra (born September 23, 1942) was the seventh Democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico from 2001 to 2005. ... Carlos Pesquera Morales Carlos Ignacio Pesquera Morales (born 1956) is a Puerto Rican civil engineer and former politician. ... The Puerto Rican Independence Party (Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño (PIP) in Spanish) is a Puerto Rican political party that campaigns for the independence of Puerto Rico from the United States. ... Date of birth June 21, 1939 Place of birth Aibonito, Puerto Rico Occupation Lawyer President of the Puerto Rican Independence Party (PIP). ...


Calderon announced that she would not be running for governor in 2004. Her proposed heir as PPD leader was Jose Alfredo Hernandez Mayoral, son of Rafael Hernández Colón, but he retired from political life, at least for the time being,because of his son's health problems. Anibal Acevedo Vila then emerged as candidate for Governor and was victorious in the elections of 2004 by a margin of 3,556 votes. He became the fifth Governor from Popular Democratic Party on January 2nd, 2005. shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rafael Hernández Colón (born October 24, 1936 in Ponce, Puerto Rico) is a Puerto Rican politician who was the fourth Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for three non-consecutive terms (1973-1977, 1985-1993). ... An bal Acevedo Vil (born 1962) is the eight and current Democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico. ...


Party logo and song

The PDP uses as a logo the silhouette of a rural farm worker wearing a straw hat, with the words "pan, tierra, libertad" (bread, land, freedom in English) circling the man. The party logo was designed by Antonio Colorado (The Elder), one of Muñoz's staff members at the PDP and an eventual cabinet member when Muñoz became governor. Since "colorado" is Spanish slang for the color red, Colorado laid a personal touch to the logo by painting it red. The party's strong association to the color red stands to this day.


The PDP is also unique in Puerto Rican politics in its use of an anthem song. "Jalda Arriba" was written by Johnny Rodriguez, a famous Puerto Rican singer, composer and club owner who was also the elder brother of one of Puerto Rico's most famous international singers, Tito Rodriguez. Johnny wrote it in 1942, and gave its score to the PDP as a gift in deep admiration of the party's philosophy. He later bitterly regretted the fact that the PDP never paid him a cent in royalties. The melody of the song strongly resembles that of a later composition, the theme song for the Anthony Quinn movie "The Secret of Santa Vittoria", which is a tarantella. The song is such a strong identifier of the party that even a version featuring the Puerto Rico Philarmonic Orchestra exists. Johnny Rodriguez born December 10, 1951 in Sabinal, Texas, is a country music singer. ... Tito Rodríguez a. ... Anthony Quinn (April 21, 1915 Chihuahua, Mexico – June 3, 2001 Boston, Massachusetts) was a two-time Academy Award-winning Mexican-American actor, as well as a painter and writer. ... The tarantella (tarentule, tarentella, tarantelle, tarentelle, tarantel) is a traditional dance 6/8 or 4/4 time characterised by the rapid whirling of couples. ...


Criticism

For it's long run since its foundation, the party has come under criticism from both it's opposing parties and the neutral people of the island. In the most part, the criticism stems from the dependence the party places on the United States. Due to this, the party members have been called everything from from weak to "pets on a leash".


Important party leaders

Héctor Luis Acevedo (born in 1947) is a politician from Río Piedras, San Juan, Puerto Rico. ... Aníbal Salvador Acevedo Vilá (born February 13, 1962) is the eighth and current Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ... Order: 7th Democratically Elected Governor Term of Office: January 2, 2001– January 2, 2005 Predecessor: Pedro Rosselló González Successor: Aníbal Acevedo Vilá Date of Birth: Sunday, September 23, 1942 Place of Birth: San Juan, Puerto Rico Husband: Divorced 3 times Profession: Business Woman Political Party: Popular Democratic Party... Rafael Hernández Colón (born October 24, 1936 in Ponce, Puerto Rico) is a Puerto Rican politician who was the fourth Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for three non-consecutive terms (1973-1977, 1985-1993). ... José Luis Alberto Muñoz Marín (February 18, 1898 – April 30, 1980) was a poet, journalist and politician. ... Victoria Melo Muñoz Mendoza (born 1940) is a former politician from Puerto Rico. ... Roberto Prats, Senator of Puerto Rico affiliated with the Popular Democratic Party. ... Felisa Rincón de Gautier (also known as Doña Fela) (January 9, 1897 – September 16, 1994) born in Ceiba, Puerto Rico was the first woman to be elected as the mayor of a capital city in any of The Americas. ... Roberto Sánchez Vilella (February 19, 1913-March 24, 1997) was the second democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico. ...

See also

Ideology

Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political current in specific regions and countries. ... Liberal democracy is a form of government. ... Contributions to liberal theory is a partial list of individual contributions on a worldwide scale. ...

Politics

Political parties in Puerto Rico lists political parties in Puerto Rico. ... Politics of Puerto Rico takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic system, whereby the Governor of Puerto Rico is head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...

External link

  • Partido Popular Democrático de Puerto Rico
Political Parties in Puerto Rico
Registered Parties Other Parties
New Progressive Party Hostosian National Independence Movement
Popular Democratic Party Socialist Front
Puerto Rican Independence Party Socialist Workers Movement
Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party

  Results from FactBites:
 
Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (789 words)
The Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico —or Partido Popular Democrático de Puerto Rico (PPD) in Spanish— is a political party that stands for Puerto Rico to be a free associated state of the United States, which is also known as a commonwealth status.
The PPD is currently the party in power in Puerto Rico, with Aníbal Acevedo Vilá as governor, having won the 2004 elections.
It was also the year that Santitos Negron, mayor of Cabo Rojo, left the party to become the first man not affiliated with any of the three major parties in Puerto Rico to win an electoral position in the country when he retained his seat as mayor as an independent candidate.
BIGpedia - Puerto Rico - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (2268 words)
Puerto Rico is composed of Cretaceous to Eocene volcanic and plutonic rocks, which are overlain by younger Oligocene to recent carbonates and other sedimentary rocks.
A non-voting Resident Commissioner is elected by the residents of Puerto Rico to the U.S. Congress.
Puerto Rico is said to comprise a White majority, an extinct Amerindian population, persons of mixed ancestry, Africans and a small Asian minority.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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