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Encyclopedia > Popocatépetl
Popocatépetl

Popocatépetl from near the summit of Iztaccíhuatl
Elevation: 5,452 metres (17,887 feet)
Location: México-Puebla, Mexico
Range: Trans-Mexican volcanic belt
Coordinates: 19°02′ N 98°38′ W (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=19_02_N_98_38_W_type:mountain)
Type: Stratovolcano (active)
Age of rock:
Last eruption: 2000
First ascent: 1289 by Tecuanipas tribe
Easiest route: rock/snow climb

Popocatépetl (commonly referred to as Popo) is an active volcano and the second highest peak in Mexico after Pico de Orizaba (5,610m). Popocatépetl is the Nahuatl word for Smoking Mountain. One major eruption occurred in 1947. Then, on December 21, 1994 the volcano spewed gas and ash which was carried as far as 25 km away by prevailing winds. The activity prompted the evacuation of nearby towns and scientists to begin monitoring for an eruption. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 245 KB)View of Popocatépetl from near the summit of Iztaccíhuatl. ... Iztaccíhuatl (alternative spellings include Ixtaccíhuatl or either variant spelled without the accent) is the third highest mountain in Mexico, after Pico de Orizaba (5,610m) and Popocatepetl (5,452m). ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... The United Mexican States, or Mexico, is a federal republic, comprising 31 states. ... Puebla is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... The most general definition of mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands. ... The Trans-Mexican volcanic belt (Eje Volcánico Transversal) is a mountain range that extends 900 km from west to east across central Mexico. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... View of Mount Rainier, a stratovolcano. ... The geologic timescale is used by geologists and other scientists to describe the timing and relationships between events that have occured during the history of the Earth. ... A volcano is a geological landform (usually a mountain) where magma (rock of the earths interior made molten or liquid by high pressure and temperature) erupts through the surface of the planet. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... Events In this year English law set 1189 as the beginning of time immemorial. ... Southern and northern Mount Everest climbing routes as seen from the International Space Station. ... A volcano is a geological landform (usually a mountain) where magma (rock of the earths interior made molten or liquid by high pressure and temperature) erupts through the surface of the planet. ... Mount Cook, a mountain in New Zealand A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... Major Volcanoes in Mexico Pico de Orizaba or Citlaltépetl (in English: Orizaba Peak) is the highest mountain in Mexico and the third highest volcano in the Western Hemisphere. ... Nahuatl is a native language of central Mexico. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ...


In December 2000, tens of thousands of people were evacuated by the government based on the warnings of scientists. The volcano then made its largest display in thousands of years.


Popo is a mere 70 km to the southeast of Mexico City, from where it can be seen regularly, depending on atmospheric conditions. The residents of Puebla, a mere 40 km east of the volcano, enjoy the views of the snowy mountain almost all year long. Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of, and largest city in, Mexico. ... The city of Puebla – known more formally as Heróica Puebla de Zaragoza or less formally as La Angelópolis or Puebla de los Ángeles – is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name, and the fourth largest city in Mexico. ...


The first Spanish ascent of the mountain was made by an expedition led by Diego de Ordaz in 1519. Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ...


The early 16th-Century monasteries on the slopes of the mountain are a World Heritage Site. Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...

Major Volcanoes of Mexico Source: http://vulcan. ...

The Legend of Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl

In Aztec mythology, Popocatépetl was a warrior who loved Iztaccíhuatl. The Aztec civilization recognized many gods and supernatural creatures Gods Acolmiztli - a god of the underworld, Mictlan Acolnahuacatl (see Acolmiztli) - a god of the underworld, Mictlan Acuecucyoticihuati (see Chalchiuhtlicue) Amimitl - god of lakes and fishermen Atl - god of water Atlacamani - goddess of oceanic storms such as hurricanes Atlacoya - goddess of... Iztaccíhuatl (alternative spellings include Ixtaccíhuatl or either variant spelled without the accent) is the third highest mountain in Mexico, after Pico de Orizaba (5,610m) and Popocatepetl (5,452m). ...


Iztaccíhuatl's father sent him to war in Oaxaca, promising him his daughter as his wife if he returned (which Iztaccíhuatl's father presumed he would not). Iztaccíhuatl was told her lover was dead and she died of grief. When he returned, he in turn died of grief over losing her. The gods covered them with snow and changed them into mountains. Iztaccíhuatl's mountain was called "Sleeping Woman" because it bears a resemblance to a woman lying on her back. He became the volcano Popocatépetl, raining fire on Earth in blind rage at the loss of his beloved. Oaxaca is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Earth, also known as the Earth or Terra, is the third planet outward from the Sun. ...


External Links

  • National Geographic News (http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2000/12/1221_volcano.html)
  • Popo-Cam: live picture, updated every two minutes (http://www.cenapred.unam.mx/popo/UltimaImagenVolcanI.html)
  • Popo-Cam's best recent pictures (http://www.cenapred.unam.mx/cgi-bin/popo/album/ult16.cgi)

 
 

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