The politeal vein parrallels the popliteal artery but carries the blood from the knee joint and muscles in the thigh and calf back to the heart. The popliteal artery extends from the femoral artery behind the popliteal fossa which is the space behind the knee. This article needs cleanup. ... The femoral artery is a large artery of the thigh. ... Human anatomy In human anatomy, the knee joint is a complex, compound, condyloid variety of a synovial joint. ...
crossed from the lateral to the medial side by the tibial nerve and the poplitealvein, the vein being between the nerve and the artery and closely adherent to the latter.
It pierces the oblique popliteal ligament, and supplies the ligaments and synovial membrane in the interior of the articulation.
The arteries which form this plexus are the two medial and the two lateral genicular branches of the popliteal, the highest genicular, the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex, and the anterior recurrent tibial.
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