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Encyclopedia > Pope Stephen VII

Stephen VII, was Pope from May 896 to July or August 897. The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Catholic Church. ... Events The Bulgarians, under Simeon I, defeat the Byzantine Empire at Bulgarophygon. ... Events January - the Cadaver Synod July/August- Pope Stephen VII dies and is succeeded by Pope Romanus. ...


He had been made bishop of Anagni by Pope Formosus. The circumstances of his election are unclear, but he was sponsored by one of the powerful Roman families, the house of Spoleto, that contested the papacy at the time. A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... Anagni, (Latin Anagnia) is an ancient town in Latium, Italy, in the hills east-southeast of Rome, famous for its connections with the papacy and for the picturesque monuments of its unspoiled historical center. ... Jean-Paul Laurens, Le Pape Formose et Etienne VII (1870). ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost 4,000,000 1... Spoleto (Latin: Spoletium), 42°44′ N 12°44′ E, an ancient town in the Italian province of Perugia in east central Umbria, at 385 meters (1391 ft) above sea-level on a foothill of the Apennines. ...


Stephen is chiefly remembered in connection with his conduct towards the remains of Pope Formosus, his last predecessor but one. Doubtless under pressure from the Spoleto contingent, the rotting corpse of Formosus was exhumed and put on trial, in the so-called Cadaver Synod (or Synodus Horrenda), in January 897. With the corpse propped up on a throne, a deacon was appointed to answer for the deceased pontiff, who was condemned for performing the functions of a bishop when he had been deposed and for receiving the pontificate while he was the bishop of Porto, among other revived charges that had been levelled against Formosus in the strife during the pontificate of John VIII. The corpse was found guilty, stripped of its sacred vestments, deprived of three fingers of its right hand, clad in the garb of a layman, and quickly buried; it was then re-exhumed and thrown in the Tiber. All ordinations performed by Formosus were annulled. Jean-Paul Laurens, Le Pape Formose et Etienne VII (1870). ... Jean-Paul Laurens, Le Pape Formose et Etienne VII (Pope Formosus and Stephen VII), 1870. ... Events January - the Cadaver Synod July/August- Pope Stephen VII dies and is succeeded by Pope Romanus. ... Deacon is a role in the Christian Church which is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions. ... John VIII was pope from 872 to 882. ... Tiber River in Rome The River Tiber (Italian Tevere), the third-longest river in Italy (disputed — see talk page) at 406 km (252 miles) after the Po and the Adige, flows through Rome in its course from Mount Fumaiolo to the Tyrrhenian Sea, which it reaches in two branches that...


The trial excited a tumult. Though the instigators of the deed may actually have been Formosus' enemies, Lambert of Spoleto and his mother Ageltruda, who had recovered their authority in Rome at the beginning of 897 by renouncing their broader claims in central Italy, the outrage ended in Stephen's imprisonment and his death by strangling that summer. Lambert of Spoleto (?–October 15, 898) was a Duke of Spoleto (as Lambert II, 894–898), King of Italy (892–898) and Emperor (894-898). ... Events January - the Cadaver Synod July/August- Pope Stephen VII dies and is succeeded by Pope Romanus. ...


There is an ambiguity in numbering the Popes Stephen -- see Pope Stephen II for the explanation. Stephen II was elected pope in March of 752. ...


References

This article incorporates text from the Catholic Encyclopedia, which is in the public domain. The Catholic Encyclopedia is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by the The writing of the encyclopedia began on January 11, 1905 under the supervision of five editors: Charles G. Herbermann, Professor of Latin and Librarian of the College of the City of New York Edward A. Pace, then... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...



Preceded by:
Boniface VI
Pope
896–897
Succeeded by:
Romanus


Boniface VI, pope, a native of Rome, was elected in April 896 as a result of riots soon after the death of Pope Formosus. ... For a graphical representation of this list, see list of popes (graphical). ... Romanus, was Pope from August 897 to November 897. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cadaver Synod - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (743 words)
Pope Formosus was initially forced to crown Lambert, one of the sons of the Duke of Spoleto, as co-ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.
Stephen had similarly become bishop of Rome while serving as the head of a different diocese, since he was still bishop of Anagni.
Pope Sergius III, another Spoletan partisan who reigned from 904 to 911, overturned the rulings of Theodore II and John IX, reaffirming Formosus's conviction, and had a laudatory epitaph inscribed on the tomb of Stephen VII.
Pope St. Gregory VII (1626 words)
Pope Gregory VI called him to Rome to reform the Abbey of St. Paul's-Outside-the-Walls, which was suffering from a relaxation of its rule.
The pontificate of St. Gregory VII was to be one long struggle for the freedom of the Church and the reform of the clergy.
The congregation at Cluny was the army of the pope and the mainstay of the Church.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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