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Encyclopedia > Pope Stephen I

Stephen I, pope (about March 12, 254 to August 2, 257). Of Roman birth but of Greek ancestry, he became bishop of Rome in 254, as archdeacon of Pope Lucius I who appointed him his successor. The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... Events Pope Stephen I succeeds Pope Lucius I Wei Gao Gui Xiang Gong succeeds Cao Fang as king of the Chinese Kingdom of Wei Births Deaths Cao Fang, Chinese king of Wei, assassinated Categories: 254 ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... Events Pope Sixtus II succeeds Pope Stephen I Births Saint Gregory the Illuminator, founder and patron saint of the Armenian Church (approximate date) Deaths Pope Stephen I Categories: 257 ... Lucius I was pope for eight months (253-254). ...


At the time internal disputes racking the Church were as much a threat as the external persecutions. Following the "Decian persecution" of 250 - 251 churches split over how to deal with the lapsed, with the strictest approach that of Novatian, later declared a heretic, which led to further controversy over whether to accept baptism from splinter groups as legitimate sacrament. In the early part of his pontificate Stephen was urged by Faustinus, Bishop of Lyon, to take action against Marcian, Bishop of Arles, who denied communion to the penitent among those whose faith had lapsed during the persecutions, the position called "Novatianism". Gaius Messius Quintus Trajanus Decius (201-251), Roman emperor (249 - 251), the first of the long succession of distinguished men from the Illyrian provinces, was born at Budalia near Sirmium in lower Pannonia. ... Novatian (2XX - 258) was a scholar and antipope who held the title between 251 and 258. ... Heresy, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is a theological or religious opinion or doctrine maintained in opposition, or held to be contrary, to the ‘catholic’ or orthodox doctrine of the Christian Church, or, by extension, to that of any church, creed, or religious system, considered as orthodox. ... This article is about the French city. ... Map of western Mediterranean, showing location of Arles Arles (Arle in Provençal) is a France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône département, of which it is a sous-préfecture, in the former province of Provence. ... The Novatianists following Novatius, or Novatian, held a strict view that refused readmission to communion of those baptized Christians who had denied their faith or performed the formalities of a ritual sacrifice to the pagan gods, under the pressures of the persecution sanctioned by Emperor Decius, in 250 A.D...


Stephen also held that converts from splinter churches that might be heretical did not need rebaptism, while Cyprian and certain bishops of the Roman province of Asia held it necessary for admission to communion. Stephen's view eventually won broad acceptance. He is also mentioned as having insisted on the restoration of the bishops of León and Astorga, who had been deposed for unfaithfulness during the persecution but afterwards had repented. He is commemorated on August 1. This page does not concern Cyprian, Metropolitan of Moscow. ... The Eucharist is either the Christian sacrament of consecrated bread and wine or the ritual surrounding it. ... The city of León, located at 42. ... Astorga (Latin Asturica Augusta) is a city in the province of León, Spain. ... August 1st is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ...


External links

  • Catholic Encyclopedia: (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14288a.htm) Pope St. Stephen I



Preceded by:
Saint Lucius I
Pope
254–257
Succeeded by:
Saint Sixtus II


Lucius I was pope for eight months (253-254). ... Popes buried in St. ... Sixtus II was pope from August 30, 257 to August 6, 258, following Stephen I as bishop of Rome in 257. ...


 
 

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