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Encyclopedia > Pope Marcellus II
Marcellus II
image:Pope_Marcellus_II.jpg
Birth name Marcello Cervini degli Spannochi
Papacy began April 9, 1555
Papacy ended May 1, 1555
Predecessor Julius III
Successor Paul IV
Born May 6, 1501
Ancona, Italy
Died May 1, 1555
Rome, Italy
{{{footnotes}}}

Marcellus II, né Marcello Cervini degli Spannochi (May 6, 1501May 1, 1555), cardinal of Santa Croce, a native of the area of Ancona, Italy, was elected pope to succeed Julius III on April 9, 1555. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... Julius III, né Gian Maria del Monte or Giovan Maria Giocci (September 10, 1487 – March 23, 1555), was pope from February 7, 1550 to 1555. ... Paul IV, né Giovanni Pietro Carafa (June 28, 1476 – August 18, 1559) was Pope from May 23, 1555 until his death. ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ancona is a city and a seaport in the Marche, a region of northeastern Italy, population 100,507 (2001). ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2. ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official in the Roman Catholic Church, ranking just below the Pope and appointed by him as a member of the College of Cardinals during a consistory. ... For the basilica in Florence, see Basilica di Santa Croce di Firenze Santa Croce is one of the six sestieri of Venice. ... Ancona is a city and a seaport in the Marche, a region of northeastern Italy, population 100,507 (2001). ... The Pope (from Greek: pappas, father; from Latin: papa, Papa, father) is the successor of St. ... Julius III, né Gian Maria del Monte or Giovan Maria Giocci (September 10, 1487 – March 23, 1555), was pope from February 7, 1550 to 1555. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ...


Cervini was the son of Ricardo Cervini who was the Apostolic Treasurer in Ancona. [1] He also had an interest in astrology and upon discovering that his son's horoscope presaged high ecclesiastical honours, he set the young Cervini on a path to the priesthood. [2]

The Coat of Arms of Pope Marcellus II
The Coat of Arms of Pope Marcellus II

After a period of study at Siena, Cervini moved to Rome to continue his studies. [3] In 1534 he was appointed a papal secretary for Pope Paul III and served as a close advisor to the pope's nephew Alessandro Farnese. [4] Paul III later appointed him bishop of Nicastro, Italy in 1539. [5] Cervini did not undergo the rite of ordination as a bishop at that time. [6] Paul III created him the cardinal-priest of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme on December 19, 1539. [7] Over the course of next decade Cervini also became the apostolic administrator of the dioceses of Reggio and Gubbio. [8] During the Council of Trent he was elected one of the council's three presidents along with fellow cardinals Reginald Pole and Giovanni del Monte (the future Pope Julius III) and continued to serve in that role throughout the remainder of Paul III's papacy after which he was replaced to placate the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. [9] In 1548 he was appointed the librarian of the Vatican. [10] Image File history File linksMetadata Coat_of_arms_marcellus_II.jpg Summary I took this picture while in Rome in May 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Coat_of_arms_marcellus_II.jpg Summary I took this picture while in Rome in May 2005. ...


On April 9, 1555, the fourth day of the papal conclave following the death of Julius III, Cervini was elected pope despite efforts by the Emperor Charles V to veto his election. [11] The new pope quickly broke with long standing tradition and chose to reign under his birth name as Marcellus II. He is also the last pope to date whose regnal name corresponds with his first name at birth. Marcellus II was both ordained as a bishop and crowned pope on the next day in a subdued ceremony on account of it falling during the Lenten season. [12] His ordination as a bishop was required as although he had administered several dioceses as a bishop, he had never previously been ritually consecrated as such. [13]

The tomb of Pope Marcellus II in the Grottos of St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City
Enlarge
The tomb of Pope Marcellus II in the Grottos of St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City

Though Marcellus desired to reform many of the inner workings of the church, his feeble constitution succumbed to the fatigues of the conclave, the exhausting ceremonies connected with his ascension, the anxieties arising from his high office, and overexertion in his performance of the pontifical functions of the Holy Week and Easter. [14] He quickly fell ill and despite being wrapped in steaming sheep skins, he died on the 22nd day after his election. [15] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 604 KB) Summary I took the photograph while in Rome in May 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 604 KB) Summary I took the photograph while in Rome in May 2005. ... The Sistine Chapel is the location of the conclave. ...


Marcellus II had a high reputation for integrity, tact and ability. The Missa Papae Marcelli of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina is traditionally believed to have been composed in his honor. [16] Having reigned for 22 calendar days, Pope Marcellus II is ranked sixth on the list of 10 shortest-reigning popes. His successor was Paul IV. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (born in Palestrina (Praeneste) near Rome, 1525, latest February 1, 1526 – February 2, 1594 in Rome) was an Italian composer of Renaissance music. ... Urban VII, the shortest-reigning pope This is the list of 10 shortest-reigning popes. ... Paul IV, né Giovanni Pietro Carafa (June 28, 1476 – August 18, 1559) was Pope from May 23, 1555 until his death. ...


References

^  "Pope Marcellus II." The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1914, available at [17].


^  Pirie, Valérie. The Triple Crown: An Account of the Papal Conclaves From the Fifteenth Century to the Present Day. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1936, available at [18].


^  The Catholic Encyclopedia, supra note 1.


^  Id.


^  Id.


^  Id.


^  Id.


^  Id.


^  Id.


^  Id.


^  Pirie, supra note 2.


^  The Catholic Encyclopedia, supra note 1.


^  Id.


^  Id. See also Pirie, supra note 2.


^  Pirie, supra note 2.


^  Catholic Encyclopedia, supra note 1.

Preceded by:
Julius III
Pope
1555
Succeeded by:
Paul IV

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pope Marcellus II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (522 words)
Marcellus II, né Marcello Cervini (May 6, 1501 – May 1, 1555), cardinal of Santa Croce, a native of the area of Ancona, Italy, was elected pope to succeed Julius III on April 9, 1555.
Marcellus II was both ordained as a bishop and crowned pope on the next day in a subdued ceremony on account of it falling during the Lenten season.
Though Marcellus desired to reform many of the inner workings of the church, his feeble constitution succumbed to the fatigues of the conclave, the exhausting ceremonies connected with his ascension, the anxieties arising from his high office, and overexertion in his performance of the pontifical functions of the Holy Week and Easter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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