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Encyclopedia > Pope Leo II

Leo II, pope from August 682 to July 683, was a Sicilian by birth, and succeeded Agatho. Agatho had been represented at the Sixth Ecumenical Council (that of Constantinople in 680) where Pope Honorius I was anathematized for his views in the Monothelite controversy as a favourer of heresy, and the only fact of permanent historical interest with regard to Leo is that he wrote once and again in approbation of the decision of the council and in condemnation of Honorius, whom he regarded as one who profana proditione immaculatem fidem subvertare conatus est. In their bearing upon the question of papal infallibility these words have excited considerable attention and controversy, and prominence is given to the circumstance that in the Greek text of the letter to the emperor which the phrase occurs, the milder expression subverti permisit is used for subvertare conatus est. The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... Events Leo II elected pope. ... Events Umayyad caliph Yazid I (680 - 683) succeeded by Muawiya II ibn Yazid (683 - 684) End of the reign of Pacal the Great, ruler of Maya state of Palenque Births Emperor Mommu of Japan Bilge Khan, emperor of the Gokturks I Sin, Chinese astronomer Deaths Pope Leo II Tang Gao... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 sq. ... Agatho (born 577?, died 10 January 681) was pope from 678 to 681. ... The Sixth Ecumenical Council met on November 7, 680, for its first session, and ended its meetings, said to have been eighteen in number, on September 16 of the next year. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Events October 10 - Battle of Kerbela November 12 - The Sixth Ecumenical Council opens in Constantinople The Bulgars subjugate the country of current-day Bulgaria Pippin of Herstal becomes Mayor of the Palace Umayyad caliph Muawiyah I succeeded by Yazid I ibn Muawiyah Erwig deposes Wamba to become king of the... Honorius I (died October 12, 638) was pope from 625 to 638. ... An anathema is anything laid up or suspended; hence anything laid up in a temple or set apart as sacred. ... Monothelitism was the christological doctrine that Jesus had one will but two natures (divine and human). ... Heresy, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is a theological or religious opinion or doctrine maintained in opposition, or held to be contrary, to the ‘catholic’ or orthodox doctrine of the Christian Church, or, by extension, to that of any church, creed, or religious system, considered as orthodox. ... In Catholic theology, papal infallibility is the dogma that the Pope, when he solemnly defines a matter of faith and morals ex cathedra (that is, officially and as pastor of the universal Church), is correct, and thus does not have the possibility of error. ...

Hefel, in his Conciliengeschichte (iii, 294), regards this as alone expressing the true meaning of Leo. It was during Leo's pontificate that the dependence of the see of Ravenna upon that of Rome was finally settled by imperial edict. For other places named Ravenna, see Ravenna (disambiguation). ...

Preceded by:
Saint Agatho
Succeeded by:
Saint Benedict II

Agatho (born 577?, died 10 January 681) was pope from 678 to 681. ... For a graphical representation of this list, see list of popes (graphical). ... Benedict II was pope from 684 to 685. ...

original text taken from the 9th edition (1882) of a famous encyclopedia. 1882 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

  Results from FactBites:
Pope Agatho (78 words)
Agatho, pope from 678 to 681, was born in Sicily.
He is noteworthy as the pope who ordered St. Wilfrid to be restored to his bishopric at York in 679, and as the first to cease payment of the tribute hitherto paid on election to the emperor at Constantinople.
It was during his pontificate that the Sixth Ecumenical Council was held at Constantinople, to which he sent his legates and those from a Roman council held in 679.
  More results at FactBites »



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