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Encyclopedia > Pope John XV

John XV, pope from 984 to 996, generally recognized as the successor of Boniface VII, the pope John who was said to have ruled for four months after John XIV, being now omitted by the best authorities. The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Enyu of Japan Emperor Kazan ascends to the throne of Japan Births Deaths Categories: 984 ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ... Boniface VII (died July 20, 985), who attained the papal chair in 974, is sometimes styled an antipope. ... John XIV (died August 20, 984), Pope from 983 to 984, successor to Benedict VII was born at Pavia, and before his elevation to the papal chair was imperial chancellor of Otto II, and was the latters second choice. ...


John XV was the son of Leo, a Roman presbyter. At the time he mounted the papal chair Crescentius was patrician of Rome, but, although his influence was on this account very much hampered, the presence of the empress Theophano in Rome from 989 to 991 restrained also the ambition of Crescentius. Presbyter is, in the Bible, a synonym for bishop (episkopos), referring to a leader in local Christian congregations. ... The name of several leaders of the Roman aristocracy in the tenth century, during their opposition to the imperial government of the time. ... Location within Italy The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma) is the capital city of Italy and of its Latium region. ... Theophanu (956 - 991) (also known as Theophano) was born in Constantinople, the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Romanus II and Theophanu. ... For the video game developers, see 989 Studios. ... Events Battle of Maldon Sweyn I of Denmark recovers his throne Births Deaths Theophanu, empress, mother of Otto III Emperor Enyu of Japan Categories: 991 ...


On her departure, the pope, whose venality and nepotism had made him very unpopular with the citizens, died of fever before the arrival of Otto III, who elevated his own kinsman Bruno to the papal dignity under the name of Gregory V. To his credit, John was a patron and protector of the reforming monks of Cluny. Gregory V, né Bruno ( 972 - February 18, 999), pope (May 3, 996 - February 18, 999), son of Otto, Duke of Carinthia and a grandson of the emperor Otto I the Great, succeeded John XV, when only twenty-four years of age. ... Cluny nowadays The town of Cluny or Clugny lies in the modern-day département of Saône-et-Loire in the région of France, near Mâcon. ...


During this papacy, however, a serious dispute arose over the King of France's investing and then deposing an archbishop of Reims, the pope's interference leading at first to no definite result. This affair is sometimes read as an early groundswell of the conflicts between popes and the new kings of France that came to a head later in the Investiture Controversy, so it is worth relating in some detail. Hugh Capet, now King of France, made Arnulf archbishop of Reims in 988, even though Arnulf was the nephew of the king's bitter rival, Charles of Lorraine. Charles thereupon succeeded in capturing Reims and took the archbishop prisoner. Hugh, however, considered Arnulf a turncoat and demanded his deposition by the pope. The turn of events outran the messages, when Hugh Capet captured both Charles and Archbishop Arnulf and convoked a synod at Reims in June 991, which obediently deposed Arnulf and chose as his successor Abbot Gerbert (afterwards Pope Sylvester II). These proceedings were repudiated by Rome, although a second synod had ratified the decrees issued at Reims. The pope summoned the French bishops to hold an independent synod outside the king's realm, at Aachen, to reconsider the case. When they refused, he called them to Rome, but they protested that the unsettled conditions en route and in Rome made that impossible. The pope then sent a legate with instructions to call a council of French and German bishops at Mousson, where only the German bishops appeared, the French being stopped on the way by Hugh and Robert. Through the exertions of the legate, the deposition of Arnulf was finally pronounced illegal. After Hugh Capet's death (October 23, 996), Arnulf was released from his imprisonment, and soon restored to all his dignities. As for Gerbert, he set out for the imperial court at Magdeburg, and became the preceptor to emperor Otto III. Kings ruled in France from the Middle Ages to 1848. ... The Archdiocese of Reims was founded (as a diocese) around 250 by St. ... The Investiture Controversy was the most significant conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. ... -1... Arnulf is the name of several people in medieval European history: Arnulf of Metz (582 - 640) Arnulf of Carinthia (850 - 899) Arnulf I of Bavaria (ruled 907-927) Arnulf I of Flanders (ruled 918-965) Arnulf, Archbishop of Reims, died on March 5th, 1021. ... Events Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev marries Anna, sister of Byzantine emperor Basil II and converts to Christianity. ... For information on the Duke of Mayenne, see Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne. ... Location within France Reims (English traditionally Rheims) (pronounced in French) is a city of northern France, 144 km. ... Gerbert of Aurillac, later known as pope Silvester II, (or Sylvester II), (ca. ... Map of Germany showing Aachen Aachen (French Aix-la-Chapelle) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany, at 50°46′ N 6°6′ E. Population: 256,605 (2003). ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ... View of Magdeburg with the cathedral, from the tower of the Johanniskirche Magdeburg, the capital city of the Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, lies on the Elbe river. ... A Preceptor is a teacher responsible to uphold a certain law or tradition, a precept. ...


At a Roman synod held in the Lateran on January 31, 993, Pope John XV solemnly canonized Bishop Ulrich of Augsburg, an event which the pope announced to the French and German bishops in a papal bull dated February 3. This was the first time in history that a solemn canonization had been made by a pope. January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events July 4 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized Births Deaths Categories: 993 ... Saint Ulrich (Uodalric, Odalrici) of Augsburg was born in 890 (-973) at or near Augsburg and studied at the monastery of St. ... Papal bull of Pope Urban VIII, 1637, sealed with a leaden bulla. ...


In 996 Emperor Otto undertook a journey to Italy to obtain imperial coronation from the pope, but John died early in April, while Otto lingered until 12 April in Pavia, where he celebrated Easter. Church San Michele in Pavia Pavia (the ancient Ticinum) (population 71,000) is a town and comune of south-western Lombardy, northern Italy, 35 km south of Milan on the lower Ticino river near its confluence with the Po. ... Easter is the most important holiday of the Christian year, observed in March, April, or May each year to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus from the dead after his death by crucifixion (see Good Friday), which Christians believe happened at about this time of year around AD 30-33. ...



Preceded by:
John XIV
Pope
984–996
Succeeded by:
Gregory V


John XIV (died August 20, 984), Pope from 983 to 984, successor to Benedict VII was born at Pavia, and before his elevation to the papal chair was imperial chancellor of Otto II, and was the latters second choice. ... Popes buried in St. ... Gregory V, né Bruno ( 972 - February 18, 999), pope (May 3, 996 - February 18, 999), son of Otto, Duke of Carinthia and a grandson of the emperor Otto I the Great, succeeded John XV, when only twenty-four years of age. ...


Reference


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pope John XV - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (622 words)
John XV (born in Rome), pope from 984 to 996, generally recognized as the successor of Boniface VII, the pope John who was said to have ruled for four months after John XIV, being now omitted by the best authorities.
John XV was the son of Leo, a Roman presbyter.
At a Roman synod held in the Lateran on January 31, 993, Pope John XV solemnly canonized Bishop Ulrich of Augsburg, an event which the pope announced to the French and German bishops in a papal bull dated 3 February.
Pope John XX - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (217 words)
Some 11th century historians believed that there had been a pope named John between antipope Boniface VII and the actual Pope John XV; thus, the series of Pope John XV to Pope John XIX was mistakenly numbered John XVI to XX.
These popes have been renumbered as John XV to XIX; however, Pope John XXI to Pope John XXIII were numbered based on the confusion of having twenty Pope Johns before them.
Hence, Pope John XX doesn't exist, having been skipped over in the enumeration of popes, and as the enumeration is now firmly established, it is unlikely that any attempt at rectification will be made.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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