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Encyclopedia > Pope Gregory XV
Gregory XV
Birth name Alessandro Ludovisi
Papacy began February 9, 1621
Papacy ended July 8, 1623
Predecessor Paul V
Successor Urban VIII
Born January 9 or 15, 1554
Bologna, Italy
Died July 8, 1623
Rome, Italy
Other popes named Gregory
Pope Gregory XV with his Cardinal Nephew of unprecedented income and authority, Ludovico Ludovisi, known as il cardinale padrone.

Pope Gregory XV (January 9, 1554July 8, 1623), born Alessandro Ludovisi, was pope from 1621, succeeding Paul V on February 9, 1621. Pope Gregory XV, by Giovanni Francesco Barbieri Guercino. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1621 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1623 (MDCXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Paul V, né Camillo Borghese (Rome, September 17, 1552 – January 28, 1621) was Pope from May 16, 1605 until his death. ... Pope Urban VIII (April 1568 – July 29, 1644), born Maffeo Barberini, was Pope from 1623 to 1644. ... Events January 5 - Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands. ... For the food product, see Bologna sausage. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1623 (MDCXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Pope Gregory has been the name of sixteen Roman Catholic Popes: Pope Gregory I, also called Gregory the Great Pope Gregory II Pope Gregory III Pope Gregory IV Pope Gregory V Pope Gregory VI Pope Gregory VII Pope Gregory VIII Pope Gregory IX Pope Gregory X Pope Gregory XI Pope... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Pietro Ottoboni, the last Cardinal Nephew, painted by Francesco Trevisani A cardinal-nephew (Latin: ;[1] Italian: ;[2] Spanish: ; French: )[3] is a cardinal elevated by a pope who is that cardinals uncle, or more generally, his relative. ... Ludovico Cardinal Ludovisi (October 22 or 27, 1595–Bologna, November 18, 1632), a cardinal and statesman of the Roman Catholic Church was a connoisseur who formed a famous collection of antiquities, housed at the Villa Ludovisi, Rome. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 5 - Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1623 (MDCXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1621 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Paul V, né Camillo Borghese (Rome, September 17, 1552 – January 28, 1621) was Pope from May 16, 1605 until his death. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1621 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Biography

He was born in Bologna to Count Pompeo Ludovisi and Camilla Bianchini, one of seven surviving siblings. For the food product, see Bologna sausage. ...


Educated at the Collegio Romano of the Jesuits in Rome, he went to the University of Bologna to get a degree in both canon and Roman law, June 1575. There is no sign that he ever took orders: his early career was as a papal jurist in Rome. In 1612 Paul V appointed him Archbishop of Bologna and sent him in August 1616 as nuncio to the Duchy of Savoy, to mediate between Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Philip III of Spain in their dispute concerning the Gonzaga Marquisate of Montferrat[1]. In September 1616 Paul created him Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Traspontina. Henceforth Cardinal Ludovisi remained at his see in Bologna until he went to Rome after the death of Pope Paul V to take part in the conclave in which he was chosen. The North American College at the Gregorian The Pontifical Gregorian University is a Roman Catholic theological seminary in Rome. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... The University of Bologna (Italian: , UNIBO) is the oldest continually operating degree-granting university in the world, and the second biggest university in Italy. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Canon law is the term used for... Using the term Roman law in a broader sense, one may say that Roman law is not only the legal system of ancient Rome but the law that was applied throughout most of Europe until the end of the 18th century. ... Paul V, né Camillo Borghese (Rome, September 17, 1552 – January 28, 1621) was Pope from May 16, 1605 until his death. ... The Archdiocese of Bologna is a Roman Catholic territory in northern Italy, with episcopal see in Bologna. ... For the earlier history of Savoy, see County of Savoy. ... Charles Emmanuel I (b. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... The Gonzaga family ruled Mantua in Northern Italy from 1328 to 1708. ... Montferrat (in Italian, Monferrato) is part of the region of Piedmont in Northern Italy. ... Cardinal Priests are the most numerous of the three orders of Cardinals in the Roman Catholic Church. ... The facade of Santa Maria in Transpontina seen from Via della Conciliazone. ... con·clave (knklv, kng-) n. ...


At the moment of his election, chiefly through the influence of Cardinal Borghese, at his advanced age (he was 67) and with his weak state of health he saw at once that he would need an energetic man, in whom he could place implicit confidence, to assist him in the government of the Church. His nephew Ludovico Ludovisi, a young man of 25 years, seemed to him to be the right person and, at the risk of being charged with nepotism, he created him cardinal on the third day of his pontificate. On the same day, Orazio, a brother of the pope, was put at the head of the pontifical army. The future revealed that Gregory XV was not disappointed in his nephew. The Catholic Encyclopedia allows that "Ludovico, it is true, advanced the interests of his family in every possible way, but he also used his brilliant talents and his great influence for the welfare of the Church, and was sincerely devoted to the pope." Gregory secured for the Ludovisi two dukedoms, one for his youngest brother Orzio, made a Nobile Romano and duca di Fiano, 1621, and the other, the duchy of Zagarolo, purchased from the Colonna by his nephew Ludovico Ludovisi in 1622. A second nephew, Niccolò, was made reigning Prince of Piombino and Lord of the Isola d'Elba in 1634, having married the heiress, 30 March 1632. Through well-arranged political marriages for Niccolò's offspring, further titles were allied to the Ludovisi clan. Ludovico Cardinal Ludovisi (October 22 or 27, 1595–Bologna, November 18, 1632), a cardinal and statesman of the Roman Catholic Church was a connoisseur who formed a famous collection of antiquities, housed at the Villa Ludovisi, Rome. ... Zagarolo is a town and commune in the province of Rome, in the region of Lazio of central Italy. ... The Colonna family was a powerful noble family in medieval and renaissance Rome, supplying one pope and many other leaders, and fighting with their rivals the Orsini family for influence. ... Ludovico Cardinal Ludovisi (October 22 or 27, 1595–Bologna, November 18, 1632), a cardinal and statesman of the Roman Catholic Church was a connoisseur who formed a famous collection of antiquities, housed at the Villa Ludovisi, Rome. ... Niccolò I Ludovisi (1613 - December 25, 1664) was Prince of Piombino from 1634 until his death. ... The Principate of Piombino was a state of Italy, which existed (initially as independent lordship) from 1399 to 1805, when Napoleon absorbed it into the Principate of Lucca and Piombino. ... Elba (bottom centre) from space, February 1994. ...

Coat of Arms of Pope Gregory XV.

Beyond assisting Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor and the Catholic League against the Protestants, to the tune of a million gold ducats, and Sigismund III Vasa against the Turks, he interfered little in European politics. His Constitution against magicians and witches (Omnipotentis Dei, 20 March, 1623) was the last papal ordinance against witchcraft. Former punishments were lessened, and the death penalty was limited to those who were "proved to have entered into a compact with the devil, and to have committed homicide with his assistance" (CE). He was a learned divine and manifested a reforming spirit; his bull of November 15, 1621, Aeterni Patris regulated papal elections which were to be secret and in writing; three methods of election were allowed: by scrutiny, compromise and quasi-inspiration. On 6 January 1622, he established the Congregatio de propaganda fide the missionary arm of the Roman Curia. His pontificate was marked by the canonization of Teresa of Avila, Francis Xavier, Ignatius Loyola, Philip Neri, and Isidore the Farmer. He also beatified Aloysius Gonzaga and Peter of Alcantara. He was influential in bringing the Bolognese artist Guercino to Rome, a landmark in the development of the High Baroque style. He sat for his portrait bust both to Gian Lorenzo Bernini and to Alessandro Algardi, whose restrained bust in a tondo is in the church of Santa Maria in Vallicella. Image File history File links Gregorio_15. ... Image File history File links Gregorio_15. ... Emperor Ferdinand II Ferdinand II (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1620-1637. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Sigismund III Vasa (Polish: ) (20 June 1566 – 30 April 1632 N.S.) was King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 to 1632, and King of Sweden (where he was known simply as Sigismund) from 1592 until he was deposed in 1599. ... “Witch” redirects here. ... According to Christian tradition on witchcraft the diabolical pact is a pact between a person and Satan or any other demon (or demons) in which the person offers (or sells) his/her soul in exchange for favours. ... Acclamation was formerly one of the methods of papal election. ... The headquarters of the Propaganda fide in Rome, housed by architects Borromini and Bernini: etching by Giuseppe Vasi, 1761 The Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide (Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith) is an organ of the Roman Catholic Church responsible for missionary work and related activities. ... Icon of St. ... Teresa of Avila by Peter Paul Rubens Saint Teresa of Avila (known in religion as Teresa de Jesús, baptised as Teresa de Cepeda y Ahumada) was a Spanish Roman Catholic mystic and monastic reformer; born at Avila (53 miles north-west of Madrid), Old Castile, March 28, 1515; died... Saint Francis Xavier (Basque: San Frantzisko Xabierkoa; Spanish: San Francisco Javier; Portuguese: São Francisco Xavier; Chinese: 聖方濟各沙勿略) (7 April 1506 - 2 December 1552) was a Spanish pioneering Roman Catholic Christian missionary and co-founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order). ... Ignatius of Loyola Saint Ignatius of Loyola (December 24, 1491? – July 31, 1556), baptized Íñigo López de Loyola, was the founder of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order commonly known as the Jesuits that was established to strengthen the Church, initially against Protestantism. ... S. Filippo Neri Philip Romolo Neri (Filippo de Neri; called, Apostle of Rome), (July 21, 1515 - May 26, 1595), was an Italian churchman, noted for founding a society of secular priests called the Congregation of the Oratory. He was was born at Florence, the youngest child of Francesco Neri, a... Saint Isidore the Farmer (c1070 - May 15, 1130) is the Catholic patron Saint of farmers and of Madrid. ... Aloysius Gonzaga (9 March 1568–21 June 1591) was the oldest son of the Marquis Ferdinand of Castiglione, a prince of the Holy Roman Empire, and Marta Tana Santena, daughter of a baron from Piemonte, of the Della Rovere family. ... [1]Born at Alcántara, Spain, 1499; died 18 Oct. ... The Italian painter Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (1591—1666) known as Guercino, was born at Cento, a village not far from Bologna. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini (Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini; December 7, 1598 – November 28, 1680) was a pre-eminent Baroque sculptor and architect of 17th century Rome. ... Alessandro Algardi (July 31, 1598 - June 10, 1654), was an Italian sculptor and architect. ... Chiesa Nuova after restoration (2006). ...


Gregory XV died in the Quirinal Palace on July 8, 1623, and was buried in the church of Sant'Ignazio. He was succeeded by Urban VIII. The Quirinal Palace once housed popes, then kings, and now presidents. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1623 (MDCXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Dome of SantIgnazio The church of Sant Ignazio di Loyola a Campo Marzio (Latin ) was built in 1626 and dedicated to Ignatius of Loyola, the founder of the Jesuit order, who had just been canonized. ... Pope Urban VIII (April 1568 – July 29, 1644), born Maffeo Barberini, was Pope from 1623 to 1644. ...


Notes

  1. ^ The dispute eventually led to the War of the Mantuan Succession, 1628–31.

The War of the Mantuan Succession (1627-1631) came as a result of the extinction of the main male line of Gonzaga Dukes of Mantua in 1627. ...

References

  • Catholic Encyclopedia: "Pope Gregory XV"
  • Some revised text from the ninth edition (1880) of the Encyclopædia Britannica.
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: Alessandro Ludovisi
  • Genealogy of the Ludovisi: Alessandro Ludovisi, no. F3
Preceded by
Paul V
Pope
1621–23
Succeeded by
Urban VIII

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pope Gregory XV (1633 words)
Gregory XIII and Clement VIII had already previously formed temporary congregations of cardinals to look after the interest of particular foreign missions, but Gregory XV was the first to erect a permanent congregation, whose sphere of activity should extend over all foreign missions (see PROPAGANDA).
The great activity which Gregory XV displayed in the inner management of the Church was equalled by his efficacious interposition in the politics of the world, whenever the interests of Catholicity were involved.
Gregory XV then sent Carlos Caraffa as nuncio to Vienna, to assist the emperor by his advice in his efforts to suppress Protestantism, especially in Bohemia and Moravia, where the Protestants considerably outnumbered the Catholics.
Pope Gregory XV - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (427 words)
Gregory XV, born Alessandro Ludovisi (January 9, 1554 – July 8, 1623), Pope (1621-1623), born at Bologna, succeeded Paul V on February 9, 1621.
Henceforth Ludovisi remained at his see in Bologna until he went to Rome after the death of Pope Paul V to take part in the conclave in which he was chosen.
The future revealed that Gregory XV was not disappointed in his nephew.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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