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Encyclopedia > Pope Gelasius II
Gelasius II
Birth name Giovanni Coniulo
Papacy began January 24, 1118
Papacy ended January 29, 1119
Predecessor Paschal II
Successor Callixtus II
Born  ???
Gaeta
Died January 29, 1119
Cluny, France
Other popes named Gelasius

Gelasius II (died January 29, 1119), born Giovanni Coniulo, was Pope from January 24, 1118 to January 29, 1119. January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 2 - Callixtus II becomes Pope August 20 - Henry I of England routes Louis VI at the Battle of Bremule. ... Paschal II, né Ranierius (born in Bleda, near Forlì, Romagna - d. ... Callixtus II (or Calistus II), born Guido of Vienne (died December 13, 1124), the son of William I, Count of Burgundy (1057–87), was elected Pope on February 2, 1119, after the death of Pope Gelasius II (1118–19). ... Gaeta (ancient Latin name Caieta) is a city in Province of Latina, in Lazio, Italy. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 2 - Callixtus II becomes Pope August 20 - Henry I of England routes Louis VI at the Battle of Bremule. ... Cluny nowadays The town of Cluny or Clugny lies in the modern-day département of Saône-et-Loire in the région of France, near Mâcon. ... Pope Gelasius can refer to: Pope Gelasius I Pope Gelasius II This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 2 - Callixtus II becomes Pope August 20 - Henry I of England routes Louis VI at the Battle of Bremule. ... The current Pope is Benedict XVI (born Joseph Alois Ratzinger), who was elected at the age of 78 on 19 April 2005. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Knights Templar founded Baldwin of Le Bourg succeeds his cousin Baldwin I as king of Jerusalem John II Comnenus succeeds Alexius I as Byzantine emperor Gelasius II succeeds Paschal II as pope Births November 28 - Manuel I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1180) Andronicus I Comnenus, Byzantine Emperor (died 1185...


Biography

He was born at Gaeta of an illustrious family. Gaeta (ancient Latin name Caieta) is a city in Province of Latina, in Lazio, Italy. ...


He became a monk of Monte Cassino, was taken to Rome by Pope Urban II (1088–99), and made papal chancellor and Cardinal Deacon of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. As chancellor from 1089 to 1118, he drastically reformed the papal administration, establishing a permanent staff of clerks for the papacy, overcoming the previous custom of relying on Roman notaries to write papal documents, and introducing the minuscule curial script. His tenure also established the precedent that the papal chancellor should always be a cardinal, and should hold the office for life or until he was elected Pope. The restored Abbey. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban... Pope Urban II (1042 – July 29, 1099), born Otho of Lagery (alternatively: Otto or Odo), was a Pope from 1088 to July 29, 1099. ... For other uses, see Chancellor (disambiguation). ... The Cardinal Deacons are the lowest-ranked of the three orders of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Santa Maria in Cosmedin is a church in Rome founded in the 6th century. ... A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official, usually a bishop, of the Roman Catholic Church, a member of the College of Cardinals which as a body elects a new pope. ...


Shortly after his unanimous election to succeed Pope Paschal II (1099–1118) he was seized by Cencio II Frangipane, a partisan of the Emperor Henry V (1105–25), but freed by a general uprising of the Romans on his behalf. Henry V sought to enforce the privilege of investiture to the papacy conceded to the Emperor by Paschal II, but then revoked. He drove Gelasius II from Rome in March 1118, pronounced his election null and void, and set up Burdinus, archbishop of Braga, as antipope under the name of Gregory VIII (1118–21). Paschal II, né Ranierius (born in Bleda, near Forlì, Romagna - d. ... Cencius II or Cencio II Frangipane was the son of either of Cencio I or of John, a brother of one Leo. ... Henry IV (left) and son Henry V (right). ... Gregory VIII (d. ...


Gelasius II fled to Gaeta, where he was ordained priest on the 9th of March 1118 and on the following day received episcopal consecration. He at once excommunicated Henry V and the antipope and, under Norman protection, was able to return to Rome in July; but the disturbances of the imperialist party, especially of the Frangipani, who attacked the Pope while celebrating Mass in the church of St. Prassede, compelled Gelasius II to go once more into exile. He set out for France, consecrating the cathedral of Pisa on the way, and arrived at Marseille in October. He was received with great enthusiasm at Avignon, Montpellier and other cities, held a synod at Vienne in January 1119, and was planning to hold a general council to settle the investiture contest when he died at Cluny. Gaeta (ancient Latin name Caieta) is a city in Province of Latina, in Lazio, Italy. ... Excommunication is a religious censure used to deprive or suspend membership in a religious community. ... For the book by Robert Rankin, see The Antipope. ... Norman conquests in red. ... Inside of Santa Prassede. ... This article discusses the Italian city. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence... City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Département Vaucluse (préfecture) Arrondissement Avignon Canton Chief town of 4 cantons Intercommunality Communauté dagglomération du Grand Avignon Mayor Marie-Josée Roig... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... This article is about the French département. ... Cluny nowadays The town of Cluny or Clugny lies in the modern-day département of Saône-et-Loire in the région of France, near Mâcon. ...


References

  • Barraclough, Geoffrey (1964). The Medieval Papacy. Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-33011-5. 
  • Duffy, Eamon (1997). Saints and Sinners. A History of the Popes. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-07332-1. 
Preceded by
Paschal II
Pope
1118–19
Succeeded by
Calixtus II
Persondata
NAME Gelasius II
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Coniulo, Giovanni
SHORT DESCRIPTION pope from 1118 until 1119
DATE OF BIRTH around 1058
PLACE OF BIRTH Gaeta, Italy
DATE OF DEATH January 29, 1119
PLACE OF DEATH Cluny, France

 
 

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