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Encyclopedia > Pope Formosus
Formosus
Name  ???
Papacy began October 6, 891
Papacy ended April 4, 896
Predecessor Stephen VI
Successor Boniface VI
Born ca. 816
Place of birth Ostia, Italy
Died April 4, 896
Place of death Rome, Italy
Jean-Paul Laurens, Le Pape Formose et Etienne VII (1870). This is the artist's conception of the Cadaver Synod of 897.
Jean-Paul Laurens, Le Pape Formose et Etienne VII (1870). This is the artist's conception of the Cadaver Synod of 897.

Formosus was born around 816, in Ostia. He became Cardinal-Bishop of Porto in 864. He undertook diplomatic missions to Bulgaria (866) and France (869 and 872), and he persuaded Charles the Bald, King of France, to be crowned by the pope. Vatican coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in Leap years). ... Events October 6 - Election of Pope Formosus Arnulf of Carinthia defeats the Normans at the Battle of Leuven Births Abd ar-Rahman III, emir and first caliph of Córdoba. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Events The Bulgarians, under Simeon I, defeat the Byzantine Empire at Bulgarophygon. ... Stephen VI, pope (885-891), succeeded Pope Adrian III, and was in turn succeeded by Pope Formosus. ... Boniface VI, pope, a native of Rome, was elected in April 896 as a result of riots soon after the death of Pope Formosus. ... Events Frankish king Louis the Pious crowned emperor. ... Ostia scale model The Temple of the goddess Roma on the Forum of Ostia Ostia, an ancient town on the coast facing the Tyrrhenian Sea, in Latium, Italy, was the harbour of ancient Rome and perhaps its first colonia. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Events The Bulgarians, under Simeon I, defeat the Byzantine Empire at Bulgarophygon. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost 4,000,000 1... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x664, 208 KB) Jean-Paul Laurens (1838-1921) Le Pape Formose et Etienne VII (Pope Formosa and Stephen VII), 1870 Concile cadavérique de 897 (The Cadaver Synod) Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nantes File links The following pages link to... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x664, 208 KB) Jean-Paul Laurens (1838-1921) Le Pape Formose et Etienne VII (Pope Formosa and Stephen VII), 1870 Concile cadavérique de 897 (The Cadaver Synod) Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nantes File links The following pages link to... Jean-Paul Laurens (Fourquevaux, (1838–Paris, 1921), was a French academic painter. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Jean-Paul Laurens, Le Pape Formose et Etienne VII (Pope Formosus and Stephen VII), 1870. ... Events January - the Cadaver Synod July/August- Pope Stephen VII dies and is succeeded by Pope Romanus. ... Events Frankish king Louis the Pious crowned emperor. ... Ostia scale model The Temple of the goddess Roma on the Forum of Ostia Ostia, an ancient town on the coast facing the Tyrrhenian Sea, in Latium, Italy, was the harbour of ancient Rome and perhaps its first colonia. ... District Porto Mayor   - Party Rui Rio PSD Area 41. ... Events Khan Boris I of Bulgaria is baptized an Orthodox Christian. ... Events Fujiwara no Yoshifusa becomes regent of Japan, starting the Fujiwara regentship. ... Events Western Emperor Louis II allies with eastern Emperor Basil I against the Saracens. ... Events Battle of Hafrsfjord in Norway, Harald Finehair first king of Norway. ... Charles the Bald - Detail from a painting in the First Bible of Charles the Bald, painted ca. ...


As early as 872 he had been a candidate for the papal see. But due to political complications he left Rome and the court of Pope John VIII in that year. John convened a synod, and Formosus was ordered to return or be excommunicated on charges that he had aspired to the Archbishopric of Bulgaria and the Chair of Peter, had opposed the emperor and had deserted his diocese without papal permission, had despoiled the cloisters in Rome, had performed the divine service in spite of the interdict, and had conspired with certain iniquitous men and women for the destruction of the papal see. The condemnation of Formosus and others was announced in July 872. In 878 the sentence of excommunication was withdrawn, after he had promised never to return to Rome or exercise his priestly functions. Events Battle of Hafrsfjord in Norway, Harald Finehair first king of Norway. ... John VIII was pope from 872 to 882. ... A synod (also known as a council) is a council of a church, usually a Christian church, convened to decide an issue of doctrine or administration. ... Excommunication is a religious censure which is used to deprive or suspend membership in a religious community. ... The coat of arms of the Holy See The term Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes, lit. ... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... Cloister of Saint Trophimus, in Arles, France A cloister (from latin claustrum) is part of cathedrals and abbeys architecture. ... Events The Danes force king Alfred the Great of Wessex to retreat to a fort in Athelney, Somerset. ...


John's successor Pope Marinus I in 883 restored him to his Diocese of Porto. Following the reigns of Marinus, Pope Hadrian III (884885) and Pope Stephen V (885891), Formosus was elected Pope on October 6, 891. Marinus I (or Martin II), Pope between December 16, 882- May 15, 884. ... Events Oldest known mentioning of the city of Duisburg. ... Adrian III (also known as Hadrian III) was Pope from May 17, 884 to September, 885. ... Events May 15 - Pope Marinus I dies. ... Events Vikings besiege Paris Stephen VI elected pope Oldest known mentioning of Baky Births Emperor Daigo of Japan Deaths Pope Adrian III April 6: Saint Methodius, bishop and Bible translator Categories: 885 ... Stephen V, Pope from June 816-January 817, succeeded Leo III, whose policy he continued. ... Events Vikings besiege Paris Stephen VI elected pope Oldest known mentioning of Baky Births Emperor Daigo of Japan Deaths Pope Adrian III April 6: Saint Methodius, bishop and Bible translator Categories: 885 ... Events October 6 - Election of Pope Formosus Arnulf of Carinthia defeats the Normans at the Battle of Leuven Births Abd ar-Rahman III, emir and first caliph of Córdoba. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in Leap years). ... Events October 6 - Election of Pope Formosus Arnulf of Carinthia defeats the Normans at the Battle of Leuven Births Abd ar-Rahman III, emir and first caliph of Córdoba. ...


Formosus was forced to crown Duke Guido IIof Spoleto Roman Emperor in April 892. Other immediate issues were that in Constantinople, the patriarch Photius had been ejected and Stephen, the son of Emperor Basil I, had taken the office. There was a quarrel between the Archbishops of Cologne and Hamburg concerning the Bishopric of Bremen. In the contest between Odo, Count of Paris and Charles the Simple for the French crown, the pope sided with Charles. Guy of Spoleto - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Events Poppo of Thuringia, count of the march in Thuringia,is deposed by the German Carolingian king Arnulf of Carinthia Arnulf of Carinthia invades Great Moravia Duke Guido of Spoleto crowned Roman Emperor in April The former Silla general Gyeonhwon attacks the city of Gwangju and declares himself king. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Photius (b. ... Stephen Porphyrogometus (d. ... Basil, his son Constantine, and his second wife, emperess Eudoxia Ingerina. ... Cologne skyline at night with river Rhine in the foreground and famous Cologne Cathedral on the right. ... Hamburg is Germanys second largest city (after Berlin) and, with the Hamburg Harbour, its principal port. ... Bremen lies in North Germany 50km South of the North Sea. ... Odo (or Eudes) (c. ... Charles III the Simple (September 17, 879 - October 7, 929) was a member of the Carolingian dynasty. ...


Formosus persuaded Arnulf of Carinthia to advance to Rome and liberate Italy. In 894, Arnulf subjugated all the country north of the Po. Guido died in December leaving his son Lambert in the care of his mother Agiltrude, an opponent of the Carolingians. In the autumn of 895, Arnulf undertook his second Italian campaign, and in 896 he was crowned by the pope in Rome. The new emperor moved against Spoleto but was struck with paralysis on the way and was unable to continue the campaign. Arnulf of Carinthia - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Births Deaths Events Northumbrians and East Angles swear allegiance to Alfred the Great. ... PO or po may stand for: the Po River in Italy Pô, the town in Burkina Faso Pô (département), part of the Napoleonic Empire Po, one of the Teletubbies. ... Lambert of Spoleto (?–October 15, 898) was a Duke of Spoleto (as Lambert II, 894–898), King of Italy (892–898) and Emperor (894-898). ... The Carolingians (also known as the Carlovingians) were a dynasty of rulers that eventually controlled the Frankish realm and its successors from the 8th to the 10th century, officially taking over the kingdoms from the Merovingian dynasty in 751. ... Events Bohemia breaks away from Great Moravia Arnulf of Carinthia undertakes his second Italian campaign Approximate date of composition of the Musica enchiriadis, the beginnings of western polyphonic music Births Athelstan of England Erik Bloodaxe, king of Norway 933-935 (+954) Deaths Categories: 895 ... Events The Bulgarians, under Simeon I, defeat the Byzantine Empire at Bulgarophygon. ... Paralysis is the complete loss of muscle function for one or more muscle groups. ...


On April 4, 896, Formosus died. He was succeeded by Pope Boniface VI. April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... Events The Bulgarians, under Simeon I, defeat the Byzantine Empire at Bulgarophygon. ... Boniface VI, pope, a native of Rome, was elected in April 896 as a result of riots soon after the death of Pope Formosus. ...


Pope Stephen VII, the successor of Boniface, influenced by Lambert and Agiltrude sat in judgment of Formosus in 897, in what was called the Cadaver Synod. The corpse was disinterred, clad in papal vestments and seated on a throne to face all the charges from John VIII. The verdict was that the deceased had been unworthy of the pontificate. All his measures and acts were annulled, and the orders conferred by him were declared invalid. The papal vestments were torn from his body, the three fingers from his right hand which the pope had used in consecrations were cut off and the corpse was then thrown into the Tiber. Following the death of Stephen the body was reinterred in St. Peter's. Further trials of this nature against deceased persons were banned. But Pope Sergius III (904911) reapproved the decisions against Formosus. Sergius demanded the re-ordination of the bishops consecrated by Formosus, who in turn had meanwhile conferred orders on many other clerics, causing great confusion. Later the validity of Formosus's work was re-reinstated. The decision of Sergius has been subsequently disregarded by the Church as Sergius was an immoral man guilty of having murdered others. Stephen VII, was Pope from May 896 to July or August 897. ... Events January - the Cadaver Synod July/August- Pope Stephen VII dies and is succeeded by Pope Romanus. ... Jean-Paul Laurens, Le Pape Formose et Etienne VII (Pope Formosus and Stephen VII), 1870. ... Pope Sergius III, scion of Benedictus, of a noble Roman family, reigned in two intervals between 897 and April 14, 911, during a period of feudal violence and disorder in central Italy, where the Papacy was a pawn of warring aristocratic factions. ... Events Accession of Sergius III Destruction of Changan, the capital of Tang Dynasty and the largest city in the ancient world. ... the towers fell hahaha i hate black people and jews ... Morality in the strictest sense of the word, deals with that which is universally regarded as right or wrong. ...



Preceded by:
Stephen VI
Pope
891–896
Succeeded by:
Boniface VI


Stephen VI, pope (885-891), succeeded Pope Adrian III, and was in turn succeeded by Pope Formosus. ... For a graphical representation of this list, see list of popes (graphical). ... Boniface VI, pope, a native of Rome, was elected in April 896 as a result of riots soon after the death of Pope Formosus. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pope Formosus (1931 words)
Formosus was probably a native of Rome, and must have been born about 816, since, at his death, he is characterized by Vulgarius as an old man of eighty.
Against Formosus, should he fail to return, sentence of excommunication and deposition were pronounced by the first synod, the charges being that, impelled by ambition, he had aspired to the Archbishopric of Bulgaria and the Chair of Peter, had opposed the emperor and had deserted his diocese without papal permission.
Formosus decided, in accordance with the decrees of the Synod of Frankfort (892), that Bremen should remain under the Archbishop of Hamburg until new dioceses were erected; Adalgar was to repair to the provincial synod of the Archbishop of Cologne.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pope Formosus (1745 words)
Formosus, and, on the death of Louis II (875), employed him with two other bishops to convey his invitation to Charles the Bald, King of France, to come to Rome and receive the imperial crown from the hands of the pope.
Formosus was among the fugitives, as he dreaded the anger of the pope without knowing exactly whereby he had incurred the papal resentment.
Formosus insisted on a distinction of persons; indulgence might be readily shown in the case of the laity, but in the case of clerics such a course was attended with difficulties; the rule must be the
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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