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Encyclopedia > Pope Clement III
Clement III
Birth name Paulino Scolari
Papacy began December 19, 1187
Papacy ended March 27, 1191
Predecessor Gregory VIII
Successor Celestine III
Born Date unknown
Rome, Italy
Died March 27, 1191
Rome, Italy
{{{footnotes}}}

Clement III, born Paulino Scolari (or Paolo) (b. Rome, d. March 27, 1191), was elected Pope on December 19, 1187 and reigned until his death. He was made cardinal bishop of Palestrina by Pope Alexander III (1159–81) in 1180 or 1181. He succeeded shortly after his accession in allaying the discords which had prevailed for half a century between the Popes and the citizens of Rome, in virtue of an agreement by which the latter were allowed to elect their magistrates, while the nomination of the governor of the city remained in the hands of the Pope. He incited Henry II of England (1154–89) and Philip II of France (1180–1223) to undertake the Third Crusade (1189–92), and introduced several minor reforms in ecclesiastical matters. On 31 May 1188 he concluded a treaty with the Romans which removed difficulties of long standing, and in April 1189 he made peace with the Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. He settled a controversy with William I of Scotland (1165–1214) concerning the choice of the archbishop of St. Andrews, and on 13 March 1188 removed the Scottish church from under the legatine jurisdiction of the archbishop of York, thus making it independent of all save Rome. In spite of his conciliatory policy, Clement III angered Henry VI of Germany (1190–97) by bestowing Sicily on Tancred (1189–94). The crisis was acute when the Pope died, probably in the latter part of March 1191. Image File history File links B_Clemens_III.jpg Summary H.H. Pope Clement III Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... Gregory VIII, né Albert de Mora (Benevento, ca. ... Celestine III, né Giacinto Bobone (Rome, ca. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in Leap years). ... // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... The Pope (from Greek: pappas, father; from Latin: papa, Papa, father) is the successor of St. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ... Palestrina (ancient Praeneste) was and is a very ancient city of Latium (modern Lazio) 23 miles (37 km) east of Rome, and was reached by the Via Praenestina (see below). ... Alexander III, né Orlando Bandinelli (c. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Events Jayavarman VII assumes control of the Khmer kingdom. ... A magistrate is a judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the law. ... Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland, and western France. ... Philip II (French: Philippe II), called Philip Augustus (French: Philippe Auguste) (August 21, 1165 – July 14, 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223. ... The Third Crusade (1189–1192) was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin. ... This article should be transwikied to wiktionary Ecclesiastical means pertaining to the Church (especially Christianity) as an organized body of believers and clergy, with a stress on its juridical and institutional structure. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... Events Saladin unsuccessfully besieges the Hospitaller fortress of Krak des Chevaliers in modern Syria. ... Events January 21 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade September 3- Richard I of England is crowned as king of England. ... Frederick in a 13th century Chronicle Frederick I Hohenstaufen (1122 – June 10, 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Frederick Redbeard) was elected king of Germany on March 4, 1152 and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor on June 18, 1155. ... William I (William the Lion, William Leo, William Dunkeld or William Canmore), (1142/1143 - December 4, 1214) reigned as King of Scotland from 1165 to 1214. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... See St Andrews, New South Wales for St Andrews, Sydney, Australia. ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... The Church of Scotland (C of S, also known informally as The Kirk; until the 17th century officially the Kirk of Scotland) is the Christian national church of Scotland. ... Arms of the Archbishop of York The Archbishop of York, Primate of England, is the metropolitan bishop of the Province of York, and is the junior of the two archbishops of the Church of England, after the Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (November 1165 - September 28, 1197) was king of Germany 1190-1197, and Holy Roman Emperor 1191-1197. ... Sicilian disambiguates here; see also Sicilian language or Sicilian Defence. ... Tancred can refer to: The Norman noble Tancred of Hauteville The son of Roger II of Sicily, and Prince of Taranto from 1132 to 1138 Tancred, Prince of Galilee, a leader of the First Crusade (also sometimes called Tancred of Hauteville) Tancred of Sicily Tancred of Salerno, character in Boccaccio...


This Pope should not be confused with 11th century antipope Clement III. See also: other Popes named Clement. Guibert or Wibert of Ravenna (c. ... There have been fourteen popes named Clement. ...

Preceded by:
Gregory VIII
Pope
1187–91
Succeeded by:
Celestine III

Gregory VIII, né Albert de Mora (Benevento, ca. ... For a graphical representation of this list, see list of popes (graphical). ... Celestine III, né Giacinto Bobone (Rome, ca. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain.

Some information from the 9th edition (1876) of an unnamed encyclopedia The 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) is the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


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Pope Innocent III (4218 words)
One of the greatest popes of the Middle Ages, son of Count Trasimund of Segni and nephew of Clement III, born 1160 or 1161 at Anagni, and died 16 June, 1216, at Perugia.
If the pope finds that the king who has been elected by the princes is unworthy of the imperial dignity, the princes must elect a new king or, if they refuse, the pope will confer the imperial dignity upon another king; for the Church stands in need of a patron and defender.
The pope now began to treat with King Philip Augustus of France and with the German princes, with the result that most princes renounced the excommunicated emperor and elected in his place the youthful Frederick II of Sicily, at the Diet of Nuremberg in September, 1211.
Pope Clement III - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (262 words)
Pope Clement III (or Paolo) (died March 27, 1191), born Paulino Scolari, was elected Pope on December 19, 1187 and reigned until his death.
A Roman by birth, he was made cardinal bishop of Palestrina by Pope Alexander III (1159–81) in 1180 or 1181.
In spite of his conciliatory policy, Clement III angered Henry VI of Germany (1190–97) by bestowing Sicily on Tancred (1189–94).
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