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Encyclopedia > Pope Celestine I

Saint Celestine I was pope from 422 to 432. The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... Events September 10 - Celestine succeeds Boniface as Pope Births Deaths September 4 - Pope Boniface I Liu Yu (Song Wu Di), ruler of the Chinese Song Dynasty Faxian, Chinese Buddhist monk (approximate date) Categories: 422 ... Events July 31 - Sixtus is elected to succeed Celestine as Pope. ...


He was a Roman and is supposed to have been a near relative of the Emperor Valentinian III. Nothing is known of his early history except that his father's name was Priscus. He is said to have lived for a time at Milan with St. Ambrose. The first notice, however, concerning him that is known is in a document of Pope Innocent I, in the year 416, where he is spoken of as Celestine the Deacon. Valentinian III (July 2, 419, Ravenna - March 16, 455, Rome), Western Roman Emperor (424 to 455). ... This is about the Italian city of Milan. ... Saint Ambrose, Latin Sanctus Ambrosius, Italian SantAmbrogio (circa 340 - April 4, 397), bishop of Milan, was one of the most eminent fathers of the Christian church in the 4th century. ... Saint Innocent I, pope (402 - 417), was, according to his biographer in the Liber Pontificalis, the son of a man called Innocent of Albano; but according to his contemporary Jerome, his father was Pope Anastasius I, whom he was called by the unanimous voice of the clergy and laity to... Events The Visigoths continue their invasion of Spain. ...


Various portions of the liturgy are attributed to him, but without any certainty on the subject. He held the Council of Ephesus in which the Nestorians were condemned, in 431. Four letters written by him on that occasion, all dated March 15, 431, together with a few others, to the African bishops, to those of Illyria, of Thessalonica, and of Narbonne, are extant in retranslations from the Greek, the Latin originals having been lost. From the Greek word λειτουργια, which can be transliterated as leitourgia, meaning the work of the people, a liturgy comprises a prescribed religious ceremony, according to the traditions of a particular religion; it may refer to, or include, an elaborate formal ritual (such as the Catholic Mass), a daily activity... The Council of Ephesus was held in Ephesus, Asia Minor in 431 under Emperor Theodosius II, grandson of Theodosius the Great. ... The term Nestorianism is eponymous, even though the person who lent his name to it always denied the associated belief. ... Events June - Council of Ephesus: Nestorianism is rejected, the Nicene creed is declared to be complete. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... Events June - Council of Ephesus: Nestorianism is rejected, the Nicene creed is declared to be complete. ... Africa is the largest of the three great southward projections from the main mass of the Earths surface. ... In classical history, Illyria or Illyricum or Illyrikon was a region of the western Balkan Peninsula inhabited by the tribes and clans of Illyrians, an ancient people who probably spoke an Indo-European language (the Illyrian languages). ... The White Tower The Arch of Galerius Map showing the Thessaloníki prefecture Thessaloníki (Θεσσαλονίκη) is the second-largest city of Greece and is the principal city and the capital of the Greek region of Macedonia. ... Cathedral in Narbonne. ... Latin is the language that was originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


He actively persecuted the Pelagians, and was zealous for orthodoxy. He sent Palladius to Ireland to serve as a bishop in 431. Patricius (Saint Patrick) continued this missionary work. Celestine raged against the Novatians in Rome, imprisoning their bishop, and forbidding their worship. He was zealous in refusing to tolerate the smallest innovation on the constitutions of his predecessors, and is recognized by the church as a saint. Pelagianism is a belief that original sin did not taint human nature (which, being created from God, was divine), and that mortal will is still capable of choosing good or evil with no Divine aid whatesoever. ... This article is about the early Christian bishop, for the Roman writer see Rutilius Taurus Aemilianus Palladius Palladius (fl. ... Events June - Council of Ephesus: Nestorianism is rejected, the Nicene creed is declared to be complete. ... Statue of Saint Patrick Saint Patrick (died March 17?, 492 or 493), patron saint of Ireland. ... The Novatianists following Novatius, or Novatian, held a strict view that refused readmission to communion of those baptized Christians who had denied their faith or performed the formalities of a ritual sacrifice to the pagan gods, under the pressures of the persecution sanctioned by Emperor Decius, in 250 A.D... The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin Roma) is the capital city of Italy, and of its Lazio region. ...


He died on April 6, 432. He was buried in the cemetery of St. Priscilla in the Via Salaria, but his body, subsequently moved, lies now in the Basilica di Santa Prassede. April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... Events July 31 - Sixtus is elected to succeed Celestine as Pope. ... Prisca, also known as Priscilla, was one of the earliest evangelists of Jesus Christ. ... Via Salaria, an ancient road of Italy, which eventually ran from Rome to Castrum Truentinum (Porto dAscoli) on the Adriatic coast, a distance of 242 km, via Reate (Rieti) and Asculum (Ascoli Piceno). ...


In art, Saint Celestine is a pope with a dove, dragon, and flame.



Preceded by:
Saint Boniface I
Pope
422–432
Succeeded by:
Saint Sixtus III


Boniface I was pope from 418 to 422. ... Popes buried in St. ... Sixtus III (d. ...


 
 

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