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Encyclopedia > Pope Boniface III

Boniface III was Pope from February 19 to November 12, 607. The son of John Cataadioce, he was a Roman by birth although of Greek extraction. Despite his relatively short time as Pope he made a significant contribution to the organization of the Roman Catholic Church. The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Catholic Church. ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... Events February 19 - Boniface III becomes pope, but dies the same year. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost 4,000,000 1... The Roman Catholic Church is the largest Christian body in the world. ...


As a deacon Boniface had impressed Pope Gregory I, (also known as Gregory the Great), who described him as a man "of tried faith and character" and, in 603, selected him to be apocrisiarius (legate, essentially the papal nuncio) to the court of Constantinople. This was to be a significant time in his life and helped to shape his short but eventful papacy. As apocrisarius he had the ear of Emperor Phocas and was held in esteem by him. This was to prove important when he was instructed by Gregory the Great to intercede with Emperor Phocas on behalf of Bishop Alcison of Cassiope on the island of Corcyra. Alcison found his position as bishop being usurped by Bishop John of Euria in Epirus, who had fled his home along with his clergy to escape from attacks by the Slavs and Avars. John, having found himself safe on Corcyra, wasn't content to serve under Bishop Alcison; instead he set about trying to usurp his episcopal authority. Normally this behaviour would not have been tolerated, but Emperor Phocas was sympathetic to Bishop John and so was not inclined to interfere. Alcison appealed to Gregory the Great, who left the problem to Boniface to resolve. In a stroke of diplomatic genius Boniface managed to reconcile all the parties while still retaining the confidence of the emperor. Deacon is a role in the Christian Church which is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions. ... Pope Saint Gregory I or Gregory the Great (c. ... Events Battle of Degsastan: Aethelfrith of Northumbria defeats Aedan of Dalriada. ... APOCRISIARIUS, a Latinized title (originally equivalent to Agens in rebus ?) from the Greek (meaning he who answers, i. ... A Papal Nuncio (also known as an Apostolic Nuncio) is a permanent diplomatic representative (head of mission) of the Holy See to a state, having ambassadorial rank. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Phocas on a contemporary coin Flavius Phocas Augustus, Eastern Roman Emperor (reigned 602-610), is perhaps one of the most maligned figures to have held the Imperial title in the long history of Rome and Byzantium. ... Saint Gregory I, or Gregory the Great (called the Dialogist in Eastern Orthodoxy) (circa 540 - March 12, 604) was pope of the Catholic Church from September 3, 590 until his death. ... CASSIOPE is a hybrid satellite project of the Canadian Space Agency. ... (This article is about the Greek island known in English as Corfu. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... Epirus (Greek Ήπειρος, Ípeiros), is a province or periphery in northwestern Greece, bounded by West Macedonia and Thessaly to the east, by the Ambracian Gulf and the province of West Greece to the south, the Ionian Sea and the Ionian Islands to the west and Albania to the north. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... The Eurasian Avars were a nomadic people of Eurasia who migrated into central and eastern Europe in the 6th century. ...


On the death of Pope Sabinianus in February 606, Boniface was elected his successor although his return from Constantinople to Rome was delayed by almost a year. There is much debate over why there was such a long interregnum. Some authorities believe that it was to allow Boniface to complete his work in Constantinople but the more widely held belief is that there were problems with the election. Boniface himself is thought to have insisted on the elections being free and fair and may have refused to take up the papacy until convinced that they had been. This view is given credence by his actions on being consecrated to the office of Pope. He made two significant changes to papal selections; the first was the enacting of a decree forbidding anyone during the lifetime of a pope to discuss the appointment of his successor. This was under pain of excommunication. The second change established that no steps could to be taken to provide for a papal successor until three days after a pope's burial. This suggests that he was serious in his desire to keep papal elections free. Sabinianus (died February 22, 606) was pope from 604 to 606. ... Events Shashanka is the first recorded independent king of Bengal (approximate date). ... An interregnum is a period between kings, between popes of the Roman Catholic Church, or between consuls of the Roman Republic. ... Excommunication is a religious censure which is used to deprive or suspend membership in a religious community. ...


His other notable act resulted from his close relationship with Emperor Phocas. He sought and obtained a decree from Phocas which restated that "the See of Blessed Peter the Apostle should be the head of all the Churches". This ensured that the title of "Universal Bishop" belonged exclusively to the Bishop of Rome, and effectively ended the attempt by Cyriacus, Bishop of Constantinople, to establish himself as "Universal Bishop". Although some authorities cite this as evidence that Boniface founded the Roman Catholic Church, this decree simply restated the much earlier view held by Justinian I who had given legal recognition to the primacy of the Roman pontiff. Justinian I depicted on a Byzantine mosaic Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus or Justinian I (May 11, 483–November 13/14, 565), was Eastern Roman Emperor from AD August 1, 527 until his death. ...


Boniface III was buried in St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, on November 12, 607. The Basilica of Saint Peter from Castel SantAngelo. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost 4,000,000 1... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... Events February 19 - Boniface III becomes pope, but dies the same year. ...



Preceded by:
Saint Sabinianus
Pope
607
Succeeded by:
Saint Boniface IV


Sabinianus (died February 22, 606) was pope from 604 to 606. ... For a graphical representation of this list, see list of popes (graphical). ... Boniface IV (ca. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
BONIFACE III (513 words)
Boniface had a peculiarly thorny problem, however, in the case of a refugee bishop who had fled from the menace of raiding Slavs and Avars.
The date of Boniface's return from Constantinople is not certain, but the interregnum of almost a year (Sabinian was buried February 22, 606, and Boniface III consecrated February 19, 607) might be explained by the fact that Boniface was elected while still serving as ambassador at Constantinople.
Boniface thereupon secured from Emperor Phocas a decree acknowledging that "the See of Blessed Peter the Apostle should be the head of all the Churches" and that the title of "Universal Bishop" should be reserved exclusively for the bishop of Rome.
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