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Encyclopedia > Pope Benedict XIII
Benedict XIII[1]
Birth name Pietro Francesco Orsini
Papacy began May 29, 1724
Papacy ended February 21, 1730
Predecessor Innocent XIII
Successor Clement XII
Born February 2, 1649
Gravina in Puglia, Italy
Died February 21, 1730 (age 81)
Rome, Italy
Other popes named Benedict

Pope Benedict XIII (February 2, 1649February 21, 1730), born Pietro Francesco Orsini, later Vincenzo Maria Orsini, was pope from 1724 until his death. He succeeded Pope Innocent XIII (1721–1724). unkown artist unknown year - painting File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ... Innocent XIII, né Michelangelo dei Conti (Poli, near Rome, May 13, 1655 – March 7, 1724 in Rome), pope from 1721 to 1724, became cardinal under Clement XI in 1706. ... Clement XII, born as Lorenzo Corsini (Florence, April 7, 1652 – Rome, February 6, 1740), Pope from 1730 to 1740, had been an aristocratic lawyer and financial manager under preceding pontiffs. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... Gravina in Puglia is an Italian municipality of 42,154 inhabitants in the Southern Italian Province of Bari on a river of the same name. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Pope Benedict is the regnal name of the current Roman pontiff, Pope Benedict XVI (2005–present) and has been the name of fifteen other popes: Pope Benedict I (575–579) Pope Benedict II (684–685) Pope Benedict III (855–858) Pope Benedict IV (900–903... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Pope (from Latin... Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... Innocent XIII, né Michelangelo dei Conti (Poli, near Rome, May 13, 1655 – March 7, 1724 in Rome), pope from 1721 to 1724, became cardinal under Clement XI in 1706. ...


He was born in Gravina in Puglia to Ferdinando III Orsini, duke of Gravina, and Giovanna Frangipani della tolfa, from Toritto. He was a member of the Orsini of Rome, the third and last member of that family to become Pope. He been named cardinal on February 22, 1672 (allegedly, against his will); later he was bishop of Manfredonia, Cesena and then archbishop of Benevento. Gravina in Puglia is an Italian municipality of 42,154 inhabitants in the Southern Italian Province of Bari on a river of the same name. ... Province of Bari Toritto is a town and comune in the province of Bari, Puglia, Italy. ... Palazzo Orsini in Fara Sabina, northern Lazio, central Italy. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... Manfredonia is a town and comune of Puglia, Italy, in the province of Foggia, from which it is 35 km northeast by rail. ... Cesena (ancient Caesena) is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy, south of Ravenna and west of Rimini, on the Savio River, co-chief of the Province of Forlì-Cesena. ...


At first, he called himself Benedict XIV (due to the superstition alleging that the number thirteen brings bad luck), but afterwards altered the title to Benedict XIII. 13 (Thirteen) is the natural number following 12 and preceding 14. ...

The possessio of Benedict XIII
Coat of arms of Pope Benedict XIII.

He endeavoured to put a stop to the decadent lifestyles of the Italian priesthood and of the cardinalate. He also abolished the lottery in Rome. A man fond above all of asceticism and religious celebrations, according to Cardinal Lambertini (later Pope as Benedict XIV) he "did not have any idea about how to rule".[2] The government was effectively held in his lieu by Cardinal Niccolò Coscia, who had been Benedict's secretary when he was archbishop of Benevento, and who committed a long series of financial abuses at his own advantage, causing the ruin of the Papal treasure. According to Montesquieu, "All the money of Rome go to Benevento... as the Beneventani direct [Benedict's] weakness"[3]. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Benedetto_XIII.jpg http://www. ... Image File history File links Benedetto_XIII.jpg http://www. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official, usually a bishop, of the Roman Catholic Church, a member of the College of Cardinals which as a body elects a new pope. ... A lottery is a popular form of gambling which involves the drawing of lots for a prize. ... Scholar Pope, Benedict XIV Benedict XIV, né Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini (Bologna, March 31, 1675 - Rome, May 3, 1758) was pope from 1740 to 1758. ... Niccolò Coscia (1681 - February 8, 1755) was an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal. ... Montesquieu can refer to: Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu Several communes of France: Montesquieu, in the Hérault département Montesquieu, in the Lot-et-Garonne département Montesquieu, in the Tarn-et-Garonne département This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages...


In foreign politics, he struggled with John V of Portugal and the Jansenists John V, King of Portugal (Portuguese João pron. ... Jansenism was a branch of Christian philosophy founded by Cornelius Jansen (1585-1638), a Flemish theologian. ...


In 1727 he inaugurated the famous Spanish Steps and founded the University of Camerino. Events 1727 to 1800 - Lt. ... The Spanish Steps in Rome. ... Camerino is small town of 7 000 in Marche, Italy and lies on the Apennines between Marche and Umbria, between the valleys of the rivers Potenza and Chienti. ...


Benedict died in 1734 and was buried in a tomb in Santa Maria sopra Minerva completed by Pietro Bracci and others. Coscia fled from the city in the circumstance, being excommunicated under the new Pope Clement XII. He was later restored and took part to the conclaves of 1730 and 1740. Facade of Santa Maria sopra Minerva. ... Pietro Bracci (Rome, 1700—Rome, 1773) was an Italian sculptor working in the Late Baroque manner. ...


The comment to Benedict's death by Pasquino, the popular satirist of Rome, was: Pasquin (Italian: Pasquino) was the name ordinary Romans gave to an ancient statue dug up and erected in the Piazza Navona around 1500. ...

"This tomb encloses
the bones of a little friar:
more than a saint's lover
a protector of brigands"

References

  • "Pope Benedict XIII" in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia.
  • Rendina, Claudio (1993). I papi. Storia e segreti. Rome: Newton Compton. 

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ...

Footnotes

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Benedictus XIII
  1. ^ Pope Benedict X is now considered an antipope. At the time, however, this status was not recognized and so the man the Roman Catholic church officially considers the tenth true Pope Benedict took the official number XI, rather than X. This has advanced the numbering of all subsequent Popes Benedict by one. Popes Benedict XI-XVI are, from an official point of view, the tenth through fifteenth popes by that name.
  2. ^ Rendina, p. 590
  3. ^ Rendina, p. 592
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Innocent XIII
Pope
1724–30
Succeeded by
Clement XII
Preceded by
Innocent XIII
Pontifex Maximus of Rome
1724–30
Succeeded by
Clement XII

  Results from FactBites:
 
Avignon Pope Benedict XIII - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1025 words)
Pedro de Luna was a supporter of Robert of Geneva, the Avignon Pope Clement VII, throughout his reign, and de Luna was unanimously elected by a conclave of twenty-four cardinals at Avignon on September 28, 1394, following the death of Clement VII on September 16.
Benedict, on the other hand, refused to stand down, so he was declared a schismatic and excommunicated from the Catholic Church by the Council of Constance on July 27, 1417.
Benedict should not be confused with the Roman Pope Benedict XIII, who reigned from 27 May 1724 to 21 February 1730.
Pope Benedict XIII - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (205 words)
Benedict XIII, O.P., born Pietro Francesco Orsini, later Vincenzo Maria Orsini (Gravina di Puglia, February 2, 1649 – March 2, 1730), was pope from 1724 to 1730.
He was a reforming Pope and endeavoured to put a stop to the decadent lifestyles of the Italian priesthood and of the cardinalate.
This biography of a Pope or a claimant to the papacy is a stub.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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