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Encyclopedia > Pope Alexander IV
Alexander IV
Birth name Rinaldo Conti
Papacy began December 12, 1254
Papacy ended May 25, 1261
Predecessor Pope Innocent IV
Successor Pope Urban IV
Born ca. 1199
Anagni, Italy
Died May 25, 1261
Viterbo, Italy
{{{footnotes}}}

Alexander IV, né Rinaldo Conti (Anagni, ca. 1199Viterbo, May 25, 1261), Pope from 1254, was, like Pope Innocent III (1198–1216) and Pope Gregory IX (1227–41), a member of the family of the counts of Segni. His uncle Gregory IX made him Cardinal Deacon in 1227 and Cardinal Bishop of Ostia in 1231.On the death of Pope Innocent IV (1243–54) he was elected Pope at Naples on December 12, 1254. Image File history File links B_Alexander_IV.jpg Summary H.H. Pope Alexander IV Licensing This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less. ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... Events July 25 - Constantinople re-captured by Nicaean forces under the command of Michael VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Empire re-formed August 29 - Urban IV becomes Pope, the last man to do so without being a Cardinal first Bela IV of Hungary repels Tatar invasion Charles of Anjou given rule of... Innocent IV, born Sinibaldo de Fieschi (Genoa, ca. ... Urban IV, born Jacques Pantaléon (Troyes, ca. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... Anagni, (Latin Anagnia) is an ancient town in Latium, Italy, in the hills east-southeast of Rome, famous for its connections with the papacy and for the picturesque monuments of its unspoiled historical center. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... Events July 25 - Constantinople re-captured by Nicaean forces under the command of Michael VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Empire re-formed August 29 - Urban IV becomes Pope, the last man to do so without being a Cardinal first Bela IV of Hungary repels Tatar invasion Charles of Anjou given rule of... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ... Anagni, (Latin Anagnia) is an ancient town in Latium, Italy, in the hills east-southeast of Rome, famous for its connections with the papacy and for the picturesque monuments of its unspoiled historical center. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... Events July 25 - Constantinople re-captured by Nicaean forces under the command of Michael VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Empire re-formed August 29 - Urban IV becomes Pope, the last man to do so without being a Cardinal first Bela IV of Hungary repels Tatar invasion Charles of Anjou given rule of... The Pope (from Greek: pappas, father; from Latin: papa, Papa, father) is the successor of St. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Innocent III, born Lotario de Conti di Segni (Gavignano, near Anagni, ca. ... Papal Arms of Pope Gregory IX. Gregory IX, né Ugolino di Conti (Anagni, ca. ... Segni, in the Latin language called Signinsis, is an Italian city located in the Province of Rome. ... The Cardinal Deacons are the lowest-ranked of the three orders of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Events Henry III of England declares himself of age and assumes power Births September 30 - Pope Nicholas IV Deaths March 18 - Pope Honorius III (b. ... Cardinal Bishops, or Cardinals of the Episcopal Order, are among the most important persons in the Roman Catholic Church. ... Ostia scale model The Temple of the goddess Roma on the Forum of Ostia Ostia, an ancient town on the coast facing the Tyrrhenian Sea, in Latium, Italy, was the harbour of ancient Rome and perhaps its first colonia. ... // Events Ardengus becomes bishop of Florence. ... Innocent IV, born Sinibaldo de Fieschi (Genoa, ca. ... Naples panorama Naples (Italian Nàpoli, Neapolitan Napule, from Greek Νέα Πόλις - Néa Pólis - meaning New City; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is the largest city in southern Italy and capital of Campania Region and the Province of Naples. ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ...

Papal Arms of Pope Alexander IV.
Papal Arms of Pope Alexander IV.

Alexander IV is described as a stout man, kindly, cheerful, but of no great brilliancy. He succeeded Innocent IV as guardian of Conradin, the last of the Hohenstaufen, promising him his benevolent protection; but in less than a fortnight he conspired against him and bitterly opposed Conradin's uncle Manfred. Alexander IV fulminated with excommunication and interdict against the party of Manfred, but in vain; nor could he enlist the Kings of England and Norway in a crusade against the Hohenstaufen. Rome itself became too Ghibelline for the Pope, who withdrew to Viterbo, where he died in 1261. Image File history File links Alexander_IV1. ... Image File history File links Alexander_IV1. ... Portrait of Conradin from the Codex Manesse (Folio 7r). ... Arms of the Hohenstaufen The Hohenstaufen were a dynasty of Kings of Germany, many of whom were also crowned Holy Roman Emperor and Dukes of Swabia. ... Manfred (c. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The word interdict usually refers to an ecclesiastical penalty in the Roman Catholic Church. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK... This article is about the medieval crusades. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2. ... The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting, respectively, the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in Italy during the 12th century and 13th century. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ...


His pontificate was signalized by efforts to unite the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches, by the establishment of the Inquisition in France, by favours shown to the mendicant orders, and by an attempt to organize a crusade against the Tatars. Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church (also known as the Catholic Church) is that Christian Church which is led by the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. The Roman Catholic Church teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ. ... Artistic (i. ... The Mendicant (or Begging) Orders are religious orders which depend directly on the riches of the people for their livelihood. ... Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар) is a collective name applied to the Turkic people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ...


References

  • This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain.

The 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) is the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

See also

Preceded by:
Innocent IV
Pope
1254–61
Succeeded by:
Urban IV

  Results from FactBites:
 
Pope Alexander IV - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (283 words)
He succeeded Innocent IV as guardian of Conradin, the last of the Hohenstaufen, promising him his benevolent protection; but in less than a fortnight he conspired against him and bitterly opposed Conradin's uncle Manfred.
Alexander IV fulminated with excommunication and interdict against the party of Manfred, but in vain; nor could he enlist the Kings of England and Norway in a crusade against the Hohenstaufen.
This biography of a Pope or a claimant to the papacy is a stub.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pope Alexander IV (690 words)
Pope from 1254-61 (Rinaldo Conti), of the house of Segni, which had already given two illustrious sons to the Papacy, Innocent III and Gregory IX, date of birth uncertain; died 25 May, 1261, at Viterbo.
On the death of Innocent IV, at Naples, 7 December, 1254, the aged Cardinal was unanimously chosen to succeed him.
Alexander IV ruled the spiritual affairs of the Church with dignity and prudence.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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