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Encyclopedia > Pop Art
Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? (1956) is one of the earliest works to be considered pop art.

Pop art is a visual art movement that emerged in the mid 1950s in Britain and in parallel in the late 1950s in the United States. The coinage of the term Pop Art is often credited to British art critic/curator, Lawrence Alloway in an essay titled The Arts and the Mass Media, although the term he uses is "popular mass culture" [1] Nevertheless, Alloway was one of the leading critics to defend mass culture and Pop Art as a legitimate art form. Pop art is one of the major art movements of the twentieth century. Characterized by themes and techniques drawn from popular mass culture, such as advertising and comic books, pop art is widely interpreted as either a reaction to the then-dominant ideas of abstract expressionism or an expansion upon them. Pop art, like pop music, aimed to employ images of popular as opposed to elitist culture in art, emphasizing the banal or kitschy elements of any given culture. It has also been defined by the artists use of mechanical means of reproduction or rendering techniques that down play the expressive hand of the artist. Pop art at times targeted a broad audience, and often claimed to do so. Image File history File links Hamilton-appealing2. ... Image File history File links Hamilton-appealing2. ... Just what is it that makes todays homes so different, so appealing? Just what is it that makes todays homes so different, so appealing? is a small (26cm square) 1956 collage widely credited to Richard Hamilton that is an early example of Pop Art and is the first... An art movement is a tendency or style in art with a specific common philosophy or goal, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time, or, at least, with the heyday of the movement more or less strictly so restricted (usually a few months, years or... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... An art critic is normally a person who have a speciality in giving reviews mainly of the types of fine art you will find on display. Typically the art critic will go to an art exhibition where works of art are displayed in the traditional way in localities especially made... Look up curator in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Lawrence Alloway (London, 1926 - New York, January 2, 1990) was an English art critic and curator who worked in the United States from the 1960s. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in a modern society. ... // Advert redirects here. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Jackson Pollock, No. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... Kitsch is a term of German origin that has been used to categorize art that is considered an inferior copy of an existing style. ...

Much of pop art is considered very academic, as the unconventional organizational practices used often make it difficult for some to comprehend. Pop art and minimalism are considered to be the last modern art movements and thus the precursors to postmodern art, or some of the earliest examples of postmodern art themselves.[2] Birth of Venus, Alexandre Cabanel, 1863 Academic art is a style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies or universities. ... For other uses, see Minimalism (disambiguation). ... Dejeuner sur lHerbe by Pablo Picasso At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892 The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893 I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911 Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917 Campbells Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two... Postmodern art is a term used to describe art which is thought to be in contradiction to some aspect of modernism, or to have emerged or developed in its aftermath. ...



In that it marked a return to sharp paintwork and representational art, pop art was a response to abstract expressionism.[3] However, it also was a continuation of certain aspects of abstract expressionism, such as a belief in the possibilities for art, especially for large-scale artwork.[3] Similarly, pop art was both an extension and a repudiation of Dadaism.[3] While pop art and Dadaism explored some of the same subjects, pop art replaced the destructive, satirical, and anarchic impulses of the Dada movement with detached affirmation of the artifacts of mass culture.[3] Jackson Pollock, No. ... Cover of the first edition of the publication, Dada. ...

Pop art in the United States

Drowning Girl (1963). On display at the Museum of Modern Art, New York.

Temporally, the British pop art movement predated the American; however, American pop art has its own origins separate from British pop art.[3] During the 1920s American artists Gerald Murphy, Charles Demuth and Stuart Davis created paintings prefiguring the pop art movement that contained pop culture imagery such as mundane objects culled from American commercial products and advertising design.[4][5][6] Image File history File links Roy_Lichtenstein_Drowning_Girl. ... Image File history File links Roy_Lichtenstein_Drowning_Girl. ... View across garden, in new MoMA building by Yoshio Taniguchi The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. ... Gerald Clery Murphy, born in Boston, Massachusetts on March 25, 1888, was heir to the family who owned Mark Cross Company, sellers of fine leather goods. ... Charles Demuth (November 9, 1883 - October 23, 1935) was an American Precisionist painter. ... Photograph of Stuart Davis, 1940 Stuart Davis (December 7, 1894 - June 24, 1964), American painter, was born in Philadelphia to Edward Wyatt Davies and Helen Stuart Davies. ...

Pop art in Spain

In Spain, the study of pop art is associated with the "new figurative." which arose from the roots of the crisis of informalism. Eduardo Arroyo could be said to fit within the pop art trend, on account of his interest in the environment, his critique of our media culture which incorporates icons of both mass media communication and the history of painting, and his scorn for nearly all established artistic styles. However, the Spaniard who could be considered the most authentically “pop” artist is Alfredo Alcaín, because of the use he makes of popular images and empty spaces in his compositions. Popular press redirects here; note that the University of Wisconsin Press publishes under the imprint The Popular Press. Mass media is a term used to denote a section of the media specifically envisioned and designed to reach a very large audience such as the population of a nation state. ...

Also in the category of Spanish pop art is the “Chronicle Team” (El Equipo Crónica), which existed in Valencia between 1964 and 1981, formed by the artists Manolo Valdés and Rafael Solbes. Their movement can be characterized as pop because of its use of comics and publicity images and its simplification of images and photographic compositions. Location Coordinates : 39°29′ N 0°22′ W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name València (Catalan) Spanish name Valencia Founded 137 BC Postal code 46000-46080 Website http://www. ... Manolo Valdés, born 1942, is a Spanish artist residing in New York, working in paint, sculpture, and mixed media. ...

Filmmaker Pedro Almodovar emerged from Madrid's "La Movida" subculture (1970s) making low budget super 8 pop art movies and was subsequently called the Andy Warhol of Spain by the media at the time. In the book "Almodovar on Almodovar" he is quoted saying that the 1950s film "Funny Face" is a central inspiration for his work. One pop trademark in Almodovar's films is that he always produces a fake commercial to be inserted into a scene. This article is about motion pictures. ... Pedro Almodóvar (born September 24, 1949) is a Spanish filmmaker. ... Kodachrome 40 KMA464P Super 8 Cartridge Super 8 mm film, also simply called Super 8, is a motion picture film format that was developed in the 1960s and released on the market in 1965 by Eastman Kodak as an improvement of the older 8 mm home movie format, and the...

Pop art in Japan

Pop art in Japan is unique and identifiable as Japanese because of the regular subjects and styles. Many Japanese pop artists take inspiration largely from anime, and sometimes ukiyo-e and traditional Japanese art. The best-known pop artist currently in Japan is Takashi Murakami, whose group of artists, Kaikai Kiki, is world-renowned for their own mass-produced but highly abstract and unique superflat art movement, a surrealist, post-modern movement whose inspiration comes mainly from anime and Japanese street culture, is mostly aimed at youth in Japan, and has made a large cultural impact. Some artists in Japan, like Yoshitomo Nara, are famous for their graffiti-inspired art, and some, such as Murakami, are famous for mass-produced plastic or polymer figurines. Many pop artists in Japan use surreal or obscene, shocking images in their art, taken from Japanese hentai. This element of the art catches the eye of viewers young and old, and is extremely thought-provoking, but is not taken as offensive in Japan. A common metaphor used in Japanese pop art is the innocence and vulnerability of children and youth. Artists like Nara and Aya Takano use children as a subject in almost all of their art. While Nara creates scenes of anger or rebellion through children, Takano communicates the innocence of children by portraying nude girls. Animé redirects here. ... View of Mount Fuji from Numazu, part of the Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō series by Hiroshige, published 1850 Ukiyo-e ), pictures of the floating world, is a genre of Japanese woodblock prints (or woodcuts) and paintings produced between the 17th and the 20th centuries, featuring motifs of... Takashi Murakami, September 17, 2006. ... Kaikai Kiki Co. ... Superflat is a postmodern art movement influenced by manga and anime. ... Animé redirects here. ... Yoshitomo Nara. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Hentai )   is a Japanese word that can be used to mean metamorphosis or abnormality. In Japan hentai has a negative connotation, and is commonly used to mean sexually perverted. In the West the term is used as slang for sexually explicit or pornographic comics and animation, particularly Japanese anime, manga... Aya Takano (タカノ綾 Takano Aya) born 1976 in Saitama, Japan. ...

Paintings and sculpture

Notable pop artists

American Supermarket Exhibition 1964. ... Blakes album cover Sir Peter Thomas Blake (born June 25, 1932, in Dartford, Kent) is an English pop artist, best known for his design of the sleeve for The Beatles album Sgt. ... British Pop artist Derek Boshiers (b. ... Patrick Caulfield, CBE (30 January 1936 – 29 September 2005) was an English painter and printmaker known for his bold pop art canvases. ... ALAN DARCANGELO (1930-1998) was an American Artist and Printmaker, best known known for his paintings of highways and road signs. ... Jim Dine (born June 16, 1935) is an American pop artist. ... William Eggleston (born July 27, 1939) is an American photographer. ... Erró (born Guðmundur Guðmundsson in 1932 in Ólafsvík, Iceland) is a postmodern artist. ... Marisol Escobar (1963) Maria Sol Escobar (born May 22, 1930), otherwise known simply as Marisol, is a sculptor born in Paris of Venezuelan lineage, living in Europe, the United States and Caracas. ... Red Grooms (born Charles Rogers Grooms on June 7, 1937) is an American multimedia artist best known for his colorful pop-art constructions depicting frenetic scenes of modern urban life. ... Richard Hamilton (born February 24, 1922) is an English painter and collage artist. ... Harings Radiant Baby Keith Haring (May 4, 1958 - February 16, 1990) was a pre-eminent artist and social activist whose work responded to the New York street culture of the 1980s. ... We Two Boys Together Clinging, 1961. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jasper Johnss Map, 1961 Jasper Johnss Flag, Encaustic, oil and collage on fabric mounted on plywood,1954-55 Detail of Flag (1954-55). ... Allen Jones (born 1937) is a British pop artist famous for his exhibition of erotic sculptures, like the set Chair, Table and Hat Stand (1969), each of which turns a woman into an item of furniture. ... Alex Katz (born July 24, 1927) is an American figural artist associated with the Pop Art movement. ... Corita Kent, born Frances Kent, also known as Sister Corita, (November 20, 1918 – September 18, 1986) was an artist and an educator who worked in Los Angeles and Boston. ... Nicholas Krushenick (May 31, 1929 – February 5, 1999) was one of the forerunners of the pop art movement. ... Yayoi Kusama (草間弥生 ,born March 29, 1929) has been called Japans greatest living artist. ... Roy Lichtenstein (27 October 1923–29 September 1997) was a prominent American pop artist, whose work borrowed heavily from popular advertising and comic book styles, which he himself described as being as artificial as possible. // Roy Lichtenstein was born on 27 October 1923 into an upper-middle-class family in... Richard Lindner (November 11, 1901 – April 16, 1978) was a German-American painter. ... John McHale (born Maryhill, Glasgow 1922, died Houston,Texas 1978) was an artist, a founder member of the Institute of Contemporary Arts, and a founder of the Independent Group, which was a British movement that originated Pop Art which grew out of a fascination with American mass culture and post... One of Peter Maxs art galleries, at The Forum Shops at Caesars Peter Max born Peter Max Finkelstein, (October 19th, 1937) in Berlin, Germany, and was raised in Shanghai, China, and in Israel before his family settled in the United States of America in 1953. ... Takashi Murakami, September 17, 2006. ... Yoshitomo Nara. ... Claes Oldenburg (born January 28, 1929) is a sculptor, best known for his public art installations typically featuring very large replicas of everyday objects. ... Julian Opie (born 1958) is a leading contemporary English artist, who uses computerised imagery. ... Paolozzis Newton, bronze (1995) in the courtyard of the British Library Paolozzi follows William Blakes 1795 print Newton in illustrating how Isaac Newtons equations changed our view of the world to being one determined by mathematical laws. ... Peter Phillips is an English artist who is one of the pioneers of the Pop Art movement. ... Sigmar Polke Spiderman (Spiderman; Acrylic on paper, mounted on linen. ... Pietro Psaier (1936 — 2004) was born in Italy. ... Pushwagner in front of Axel Jensens ship S/Y Shanti Devi. © 1983 Robert E. Haraldsen Epp painting by Pushwagner in the home of Axel Jensen © 2002 Robert E. Haraldsen. ... 1935 Born: July 24, Sacramento, CA Mel Ramos was a fictitious character invented to give Nikki Osborn the lowest grades possible. ... Rauschenberg redirects here. ... Larry Rivers (August 17, 1923 - August 14, 2002) was a Jewish American musician, artist and actor. ... James Rosenquist (born November 29, 1933) is an acclaimed American artist and one of the protagonists in the pop-art movement. ... Edward Ruscha (b. ... George Segal was originally a painter, who later moved into sculpture. ... Aya Takano (タカノ綾 Takano Aya) born 1976 in Saitama, Japan. ... Three Machines (1963), by Wayne Thiebaud. ... Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who was a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ... John Wesley was born in Los Angeles, California, in 1928. ... Tom Wesselmann, Sunset Nude with Matisse Odalisque, oil on canvas, 2003 Tom Wesselmann, Still Life #20, mixed media, 1962, Albright-Knox Art Gallery Buffalo, New York Tom Wesselmann (February 23, 1931 - December 17, 2004) was an American pop artist who specialised in found art collages. ...

See also

Op art is a term used to described certain paintings made primarily in the 1960s which exploit the fallibilty of the eye through the use of optical illusions. ... Plop art is a derogatory term for public art sculptures made for corporate office plazas, the spaces in front of government buildings, and other public areas, including parks. ... Cover Art by Mark Ryden Cover Art by Joe Coleman Todd Schorr, Futility in the Face of a Hostile World, 2003. ... The “Figuration Libre” is an artistic movement of the beginning of the years 1980, appeared in a context of “serious” art, minimalist and conceptual. ... Superflat is a postmodern art movement influenced by manga and anime. ...


  1. ^ Lawrence Alloway, "The Arts and the Mass Media," Architectural Design & Construction, February 1958.
  2. ^ Harrison, Sylvia (2001-08-27). Pop Art and the Origins of Post-Modernism. Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Piper, David. The Illustrated History of Art, ISBN 0753701790, p486-487.
  4. ^ New Yorker article, accessed online August 28, 2007
  5. ^ Wayne Craven, American Art: History and Culture, p.464.
  6. ^ accessed online August 28, 2007
Also see articles: History of painting, Western painting Clio, muse of heroic poetry and history, by Pierre Mignard, 17th century. ... International Gothic is a subset of Gothic art developed in Burgundy, Bohemia and northern Italy in the late 1300s and early 1400s. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and Wife by Jan van Eyck (1434). ... In Parmigianinos Madonna with the Long Neck (1534-40), Mannerism makes itself known by elongated proportions, affected poses, and unclear perspective. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... A style of 18th century French art and interior design, Rococo style rooms were designed as total works of art with elegant and ornate furniture, small sculptures, ornamental mirrors, and tapestry complementing architecture, reliefs, and wall paintings. ... Late Baroque classicizing: G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that... Romantics redirects here. ... For other uses, see Realism (disambiguation). ... Persephone, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ... Birth of Venus, Alexandre Cabanel, 1863 Academic art is a style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies or universities. ... This article is about the art movement. ... Camille Pissarro, Haying at Eragny, 1889, Private Collection Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1910, to describe the development of European art since Manet. ... Neo-Impressionism is a term coined by the French art critic Félix Fénéon in 1887[1] to characterise the late-19th century art movement led by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac, who first exhibited their work in 1884 at the exhibition of the Société des Artistes... Chromoluminarism is a technique used by Neo-impressionists such Georges Seurat (1859-1891). ... Detail from Seurats La Parade (1889), showing the contrasting dots of paint used in pointillism. ... The Yellow Christ (Le Christ jaune) 1889, oil on canvas Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York Cloisonnism is a style of post-Impressionist painting with bold forms separated by dark contours. ... Nabis (or Les Nabis; the prophets, from the Hebrew term for prophet) was a group of young post-impressionist avant-garde Parisian artists of the 1890s that influenced the fine arts and graphic arts in France at the turn of the 20th century. ... Synthetism is a style of painting that developed out of Cloisonnism. ... Thomas Cole (1801-1848) View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm or The Oxbow 1836 The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement by a group of landscape painters, whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism. ... 20th Century Art begins with Impressionism through to contemporary art. ... Dejeuner sur lHerbe by Pablo Picasso At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892 The Scream by Edvard Munch, 1893 I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911 Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917 Campbells Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two... Georges Braque, Woman with a guitar, 1913 Cubism was a 20th century art movement, pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music and literature. ... 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Stanley Ralph Ross (July 22, 1937, New York City – March 16, 2000) started his career in advertising, however soon went to work as a writer and actor on various television shows, most notably cult-classics such as the 1960s Batman series starring Adam West and also The Monkees. ... Charles Hoffman (September 28, 1911 - April 8, 1972) was a film and television writer and film producer. ... Leslie H. Martinson( January 16, 1915 - ) was director of moderately successful if not best known theater and television movies, including Batman, Gary Colemans Kid with the Broken Halo, PT-109, and Rescue From Gilligans Island. ... Nelson Smock Riddle, Jr. ... Neal Hefti (born October 29, 1922 in Hastings, Nebraska) is an American jazz trumpeter, composer, tune writer, and arranger. ... Harry W. Gerstad (June 11, 1909 - July 17, 2002) was a film editor that sometimes directed films. ... Charles B. Fitzsimons (May 8, 1924 in Ranelagh, County Dublin, Ireland - February 14, 2001 in Los Angeles, California from liver failure) was an Irish actor before emigrating to the USA. He became a Hollywood film actor and later a supervising production executive before becoming a producer himself. ... Born in New Haven, Conn. ... Jack Martin Smith (1911 - 1993) was a highly successful Hollywood art director with over 130 films to his credit and nine Academy Award nominations which ultimately yielded three Oscars. ... Walter M. Scott (7 November 1906 – 2 February 1989) was an Academy Award winning set decorator who worked on movies such as The Sound of Music and Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. ... Benjamin Emmet Nye, Sr. ... William E. May, better known as Billy May (10 November 1916 – 22 January 2004) was an American composer, arranger and musician. ... Lenwood Ballard Bill Abbott, also known as L.B.Abbott (13 June 1908, Pasadena, California - 28 September 1985, Los Angeles) was a special effects expert, cinematographer and cameraman. ... George Barris is one of the best-known designers of custom cars in the world. ... The Batboat from Batman: The Movie[1]. The Batboat is the fictional personal boat of comic book superhero Batman. ... The Batcopter from Batman: The Movie. ... The Batcycle from Batman: The Movie. ... Batmans current costume, as shown in the Hush story arc. ... The Batcomputer, the computer system used by comic book superhero Batman and housed in his underground headquarters, the Batcave. ... This article is about the fictional place. ... The Batcave. ... Wayne Manor in 1989s Batman. ... One possible map of Gotham. ... For the 1989 version starring Michael Keaton, see Batman (1989 film). ... Barbara Joyce as the Huntress from Legends of the Superheroes. ... The New Adventures of Batman is an animated series produced by Filmation in 1977 featuring the DC Comics superheroes Batman and Robin, and occasionally Batgirl. ... The Green Hornet is a fictional character, a masked crime fighter. ... This article is about the various depictions of the fictional character Batman, the DC Comics superhero. ... The Batman supervillain Joker has made several appearances in media other than DC Comics. ... This article is about the comic book superhero Robin as he appears in other media, such as films, television and radio. ... Actress Dina Meyer portrays Barbara Gordon in the television series Birds of Prey This article focuses on the adaptations of fictional superheroine Barbara Gordon into popular media. ... Batman prepares to do the Batusi Batusi was a 1960s style go-go dance invented and performed by Batman. ... Camp is an aesthetic in which something has appeal because of its bad taste or ironic value. ... A deathtrap is a literary and dramatic plot device in which a villain, who has captured the hero or another sympathetic character, attempts to use an elaborate and usually sadistic method of murdering him/her. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Le Pop Art (3818 words)
Pop Art in Britain refers to a group of artists who began appearing on the scene in the mid-1950s.
The term Pop Art was coined by Lawrence Alloway in the late 1950s, to indicate that art has a basis in the popular culture of its day and takes from it a faith in the power of images.
Pop Art is identified as a now concluded period in the history of art.
Pop Art - MSN Encarta (617 words)
Pop Art, visual arts movement of the 1950s and 1960s, principally in the United States and Britain.
The historical antecedents of pop art include the works of Dadaists (see Dada) such as the French artist Marcel Duchamp, as well as a tradition, in U.S. painting of the 19th and early 20th centuries, of trompe l'oeil pictures and other depictions of familiar objects.
The pop art movement itself, however, began as a reaction against the abstract expressionist style of the 1940s and 1950s, which the pop artists considered overly intellectual, subjective, and divorced from reality.
  More results at FactBites »



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