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Encyclopedia > Poonch District

District Poonch or Punch popularly known as mini Kashmir, is the smallest in area and the remotest district of Azad Kashmir. It is bounded by the Line of Control (Boundary between Indian and Pakistan occupied Kashmir) on three sides. The 1947-48 war between India and Pakistan divided it into two parts. One went to Pakistan and the other remained with India. Majority of the population of the district practise Islam. Look up Punch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Punch can refer to: Punch from Punch and Judy Punch (magazine) Punch (drink), various mixed drinks often containing fruit or fruit juice, sometimes alcoholic Punch (strike), blow made with a fist. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... Azad Kashmir (Urdu: ‎, English: ), is part of the Pakistani administered section of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas; its official name is Azad Jammu and Kashmir. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ...


Presently District Poonch in Indian Kashmir is divided into four tehsils: Haveli, Mandi, Mendhar and Surankote. Each tehsil has its Tehsildar, which is the administrative head. The district is further divided into six blocks: Poonch, Mandi, Mendhar, Balakote, Surankote and Buffliaz. The administrative head of each block is the Block Development Officer (BDO). A Tehsil is an administrative subdivision or tier of local government in some South Asian countries. ...

Contents

History

Poonch has a very long history BC when Alexander invaded the lower Jhelum belt to fight Porus, this region was known as Dravabhisar. Based on the Mahabharata evidence [1], and evidence from 7th c Chinese traveler Yuan Chawang [2], the districts of Rajaori, Poonch and Abhisara had been under the sway of the Republican Kambojas during epic times [3]. Mahabharat redirects here. ... ... Kambojas are a very ancient people of north-western parts of ancient Indian subcontinent and what is now Afghanistan, frequently mentioned in ancient texts, although not in the Rig Veda. ... The ancient Sanskrit epics, the Ramayana and Mahabharata, laid the cornerstone for much of Hindu religion. ...


Around 850 AD Poonch became a sovereign state ruled by Raja Nar, who was basically a horse trader. Its name also appears in Rajtarangini, a chronicle of Kashmir written by Kalhan. It was called Prontsa then. According to Rajtrangani Raja Trilochan Pal of Poonch gave a tough fight to Mahmood Ghazanavi who invaded this area in 1020 A.D. Ghazanavi failed to enter Kashmir, as he could not capture the fort of Lohara (modern day Loran, in district Poonch). In 1596, Mughal King Jahangir made Siraj-Ud-Din ruler of Poonch. Siraj-Ud-Din and his descendant Raja Shahbaz Khan, Raja Abdul Razak, Raja Rustam Khan and Raja Khan Bahadur Khan ruled this area up to 1792 AD. In 1819 this area was captured by Maharaja Ranjeet Singh and it remained under the occupation of Khalsa Darbar of Lahore till 1850. Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... Kalhan is gotra of Jats found in India. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ...


In 1850, Raja Moti Singh who was son of Raja Dhayan Singh, the Prime Minister of Khalsa Darbar set up its separate principality known as Poonch state. Till 1935/36 Poonch remained a separate state, under the Khalsa Durbar. Then it was reduced to a Jaagir by Maharaja Hari Singh of Jammu. The era from 1850 to 1947 is considered as the Golden Period of the history of Poonch. The Principality of Poonch got status of a state from British Raj in 1901 AD during the reign of Raja Baldev Singh. The rule of Raja Moti Singh, Baldev Singh, Sukhdev Singh, Jagatdev Singh and Raja Shiv Rattan Dev Singh witnessed all round development of Poonch state. The historic Poonch fort was renovated and redesigned. Many other buildings were also constructed. Jammu   (Hindi: जम्मू, Urdu: جموں) is one of the three regions comprising the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ...


Partition of Poonch

1947 changed it all. The Muslims of Poonch always resented the oppressive policies of the Maharaja of Jammu, after he took charge of Poonch in 1936. At the time of partition, there were rumors that muslims were being massacred in Jammu. It enraged the Poonchies and they intensified the struggle for independence from Jammu. A major part of the district went to Azad Kashmir. During the 1947-48 war between India and Pakistan, Poonch city was under attack of the rebel Poonchies, Pakistani tribals and Pakistan army for about one year. It was in the month of November, 1948 that Poonch city was re-united with India.


Azad Kashmir Poonch or Punch

The Poonch or Punch Rawalakot District of Azad Kashmir has its district headquarter at Rawalakot. This region has produced numerous business, political and military leaders. District Poonch,popularly known as mini Kashmir, is the smallest in area and the remotest district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. ... Look up Punch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Punch can refer to: Punch from Punch and Judy Punch (magazine) Punch (drink), various mixed drinks often containing fruit or fruit juice, sometimes alcoholic Punch (strike), blow made with a fist. ... Rawalakot (Urdu: راولا کوٹ) is a city in Azad Kashmir, Rawalakot is the capital of the Poonch District of Azad Kashmir. ... Azad Kashmir (Urdu: ‎, English: ), is part of the Pakistani administered section of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas; its official name is Azad Jammu and Kashmir. ... Rawalakot (Urdu: راولا کوٹ) is a city in Azad Kashmir, Rawalakot is the capital of the Poonch District of Azad Kashmir. ...


The Founder and President of Azad Kashmir, Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan belonged to Poonch. Prior to division of Poonch, the city of Poonch consisted of the only High School in all of Poonch. President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... Azad Kashmir (Urdu: ‎, English: ), is part of the Pakistani administered section of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas; its official name is Azad Jammu and Kashmir. ... Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan Sardar M. Ibrahim Khan was the Founder - President of Azad Jammu and Kashmir occupied by Pakistan. ...


Poonch has produced leaders such as:

  • Shaikh Ghulam Ahmad of Rawalakot
  • General (Retired) Muhammad Aziz Khan, Chairman Joint Chief of Staff Committee, Pakistan Military
  • Maj. General M. Rahim Khan.
  • Maj. General M Anwar Khan
  • M. Rashed Khan Former Chairman of Pakistan Banking Council
  • Lt. Col. Tassadaq Hussain Khan, the former Chief of the Armed Forces of the Sultanate of Oman.
  • Colonel Khan Muhammad Khan Conqueror of Mirpur in 1947
  • Lt Col Muhammad Gulzar Khan of Androte et al just to name a few.

Ghulam Ahmad and Jamila Begum Hawker Hurricane Final resting place Final resting place Shaikh Ghulam Ahmad (23 May, 1923-20 September, 2003) formed Resources Company Ltd. ... Rawalakot (Urdu: راولا کوٹ) is a city in Azad Kashmir, Rawalakot is the capital of the Poonch District of Azad Kashmir. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Born in village Rehara of Poonch district of Azad Kashmir. ...

People

People of different faiths, live peacefully in the district. Races like Gujjars, Bakerwals, Punjabis, Kashmiris and Rajputs - mostly Muslims live in harmony. Gujjars mostly reside on the slopes of mountains. They have small pieces of land for cultivation, and cattle for supplementing their economy. Bakerwals are nomadic tribes. Gujjars and Bakerwals speak Gojri whereas rest of the population (excluding Kashmiris) speak Pahari/Poonchi. The mother tongue is a great cementing factor of the Pahari speaking people because they remain so closely associated with each other that cultural ethoes transcend all that of distinct beliefs and faiths. sardar kasshif ur rehman a reknowmn name of that district.he is doing job now a days in MTBC.


Peace

With the recent developments between India and Pakistan, the divided people are again coming into contact with each other. The opening of the Poonch-Rawalakot bus is an important step in this direction.


References

  1. ^ MBH 7.4.5; 7/91/39-40.
  2. ^ Watters, Yuan Chawang, Vol I, p 284.
  3. ^ See: Political History of Ancient India, 1996, p 133, 219/220, Dr H. C. Raychaudhury, Dr B. N. Mukerjee; A History of India, p 269-71, N. R. Ray, N. K. Sinha; Journal of Indian History, P 304, University of Allahabad. Department of Modern Indian History, University of Kerala - 1921.

External links

Official
  • Official website of District Poonch- India Administered
  • Official website of the Government of Azad Kashmir (Pak Occupied Kashmir)
  • [1] (The entire list of rulers starting from Raja Moti Singh)
Related links

Virtual Tour of Poonch


 
 

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