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Encyclopedia > Ponca City, Oklahoma

Ponca City is a city located in north central Oklahoma, 18 miles south of the Kansas border and 15 miles east of Interstate 35. The population was 29,948 at the 2000 census. Ponca City is the most populous city in Kay County. The city is near the Salt Fork of the Arkansas River and Kaw Lake which provide recreational opportunities. Ponca City is served by Ponca City Regional Airport. Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Kay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. ... The Arkansas River flows through Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. ... Kaw Lake is a manmade lake completed in 1976 in northern Oklahoma, near Kaw City. ... Ponca City Regional Airport (IATA: PNC, ICAO: KPNC) is a public airport located in western Ponca City, Oklahoma. ...

Contents

Geography

Ponca City is located at 36°42′45″N, 97°4′21″W (36.712422, -97.072431)GR1. Adapted from Wikipedias OK county maps by Seth Ilys. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 50.0 km² (19.3 mi²). 46.9 km² (18.1 mi²) of it is land and 3.1 km² (1.2 mi²) of it (6.26%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 25,919 people, 10,636 households, and 7,019 families residing in the city. The population density was 552.6/km² (1,431.0/mi²). There were 11,871 housing units at an average density of 253.1/km² (655.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.18% White, 2.99% African American, 6.27% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.08% from other races, and 3.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.43% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 10,636 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.95. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $31,406, and the median income for a family was $39,846. Males had a median income of $32,283 versus $20,098 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,732. About 12.7% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.6% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History and the Petroleum Industry

Ponca City's history has been shaped for the most part by the ebb and flow of the petroleum industry. The Marland Oil Company, which once controlled approximately 10 percent of the world's oil reserves, was founded by eventual Oklahoma governor and U.S. congressman E. W. Marland, who drilled his first successful oil well on land he leased from the Ponca Tribe of American Indians in 1911. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1031x1604, 906 KB) photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran - statue of E. W. Marland by Jo Davidson in Ponca City Oklahoma created circa 1928. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1031x1604, 906 KB) photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran - statue of E. W. Marland by Jo Davidson in Ponca City Oklahoma created circa 1928. ... Ernest Whitworth Marland (May 8, 1874 – October 3, 1941) was an American lawyer, oil businessman, and politician who served as the tenth Governor of Oklahoma. ... Ponca City is a city located in Oklahoma. ... Marland Oil Company Founded in 1917, by Ponca City, Oklahoma oil exploration pioneer E. W. Marland when he assembled his various holdings including the 101 Ranch Oil Company into one unit, forming Marland Oil Company. ... Ernest Whitworth Marland (May 8, 1874 – October 3, 1941) was an American lawyer, oil businessman, and politician who served as the tenth Governor of Oklahoma. ... The Ponca are a Native American tribe originally living around the mouth of the [[Niobrara River],] Nebraska, but was later removed to the Indian Territory. ... A Sioux in traditional dress including war bonnet, circa 1908. ...


Marland's luck and tenacity would fuel growth and wealth that were previously unimaginable on the Oklahoma prairie, and his company virtually built the city from the ground up. Decadent 1920s mansions -- including the famed Marland Mansion and Grand Home -- were built by Marland and his associates. Because of this period of wealth and affluence, Ponca City has an unusually high concentration of buildings that exemplify the popular Spanish revival architecture of the period, as well as art deco-influenced buildings and homes. Asheville City Hall. ...


The so-called "Roaring 20s" would come to an end for Ponca City shortly before the Great Depression. After a takeover bid by J.P. Morgan Jr., son of famed financier J.P. Morgan, Marland Oil Co. eventually merged with Continental Oil Co. (Conoco) in the late 1920s and would be known as Conoco for more than 70 years. The company maintained its headquarters in Ponca City during this time and continued to grow into a global corporation. John Pierpont Morgan (April 17, 1837 – March 31, 1913), American financier and banker, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, a son of Junius Spencer Morgan (1813–1890), who was a partner of George Peabody and the founder of the house of J. S. Morgan & Co. ... Categories: Companies traded on NYSE | Corporation stubs | Oil companies of the United States | Fortune 500 companies | Companies based in Texas ...


During the oil boom years of the 1980s, Conoco was owned by the DuPont Corp., which took control of the company in 1981. After nearly two decades of ownership and an oil bust that crippled Oklahoma's economy in the late 1980s, DuPont eventually sold off its Conoco assets in 1998. By 2002, Conoco had merged with Phillips Petroleum (interestingly, another major petroleum player with roots in northern Oklahoma) to become ConocoPhillips. ConocoPhillips is now one of the five largest oil companies in the world and maintains a significant presence in its historic home state. This article is about the DuPont company. ... ConocoPhillips (NYSE: COP) is an international energy company with its headquarters located in Houston, Texas. ...


Based in Houston, Texas, ConocoPhillips continues to operate one of the United States' largest refineries in Ponca City, as well as offices at the former Phillips Petroleum corporate headquarters in Bartlesville, Oklahoma. The company's presence is much smaller than it once was, and Ponca City's population has declined steadily since the early 1990s as a result. However, recent efforts to grow the city's economy beyond the petroleum industry have landed a number of technology, manufacturing and service jobs. Houston redirects here. ... Bartlesville is a city located in Oklahoma. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ...


In 2005, ConocoPhillips announced plans to build a $5 million dollar museum across from its Ponca City refinery. With an expected completion date of May, 2007, the Conoco Museum will feature artifacts, photographs and other historical items related to the petroleum industry and its culture in northern Oklahoma. A sister museum -- Phillips Petroleum Company Museum -- will also be opened in Bartlesville, Oklahoma.


The Ponca City Conoco Museum will be funded by a private foundation. ConocoPhillips plans to allow free admission.


Native American History

Historical accounts of white settlers and the oil industry in Ponca City have often overshadowed the area's Native American population and its influences on the culture and history of the city and its environs.


Ponca City is named after the Ponca Tribe, part of which relocated from modern-day Nebraska to northern Oklahoma from 1877 to 1880. Like all of the forced American Indian removals of the 19th century, the Poncas' trek was arduous. A number of Poncas who made the initial journey died from illness and exposure to the elements while following a group of leaders to northern Indian Territory (now northern Oklahoma). The Ponca are a Native American tribe originally living around the mouth of the [[Niobrara River],] Nebraska, but was later removed to the Indian Territory. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ...


Part of the tribe was displeased with the living conditions on the land where they initially settled, and they were led on a journey toward their traditional home by the legendary civil rights leader Standing Bear in 1879. However, Standing Bear was arrested, and most of the tribal members who left eventually returned to the reservation in Oklahoma. The story of Standing Bear is perhaps best told by the memorial in his name, which stands at the intersection of Highway 60 and South Fourth Street in Ponca City. Standing Bear Standing Bear (1834(?) - 1908) was a Ponca Native American Indian chief who successfully argued in U.S. District Court in 1879 that American Indians are persons within the meaning of the law and have the rights of citizenship. ... Standing Bear Standing Bear (1834(?) - 1908) was a Ponca Native American Indian chief who successfully argued in U.S. District Court in 1879 that American Indians are persons within the meaning of the law and have the rights of citizenship. ...


The Ponca Nation, which has kept its headquarters south of Ponca City since 1879, played a major part in developing the Marland Oil Co. and the city proper when Chief White Eagle signed away valuable portions of the tribe's allotted land. In fact, the respected Ponca leader signed over the lease to the land on which E.W. Marland made his fortune in 1910. The Ponca are a Native American tribe originally living around the mouth of the [[Niobrara River],] Nebraska, but was later removed to the Indian Territory. ... Ernest Whitworth Marland (May 8, 1874 – October 3, 1941) was an American lawyer, oil businessman, and politician who served as the tenth Governor of Oklahoma. ...


In recent years, the Ponca Tribe has made a number of moves to build its infrastructure and improve services for its people. In February 2006, the tribe received a grant of more than $800,000 from the Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota for debt retirement and economic development. The Ponca are a Native American tribe originally living around the mouth of the [[Niobrara River],] Nebraska, but was later removed to the Indian Territory. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ...


Ponca City is bordered by, or in close proximity to, other Native American tribes, including the Kaw, Osage, Otoe-Missouria, Pawnee, and Tonkawa. The Kaw (or Kanza ) are an American Indian people of the central Midwestern United States. ... The Osage are American Indian People of the central Midwest. ... The Pawnee (also Paneassa, Pari, Pariki) are a Native American tribe that historically lived along the Platte, Loup and Republican Rivers in present-day Nebraska. ... Seal of the Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma Tonkawa The Tonkawa are a people native to central Texas, speaking the Tonkawa language. ...


Pioneer Woman Statue & Museum

Ponca City has the Pioneer Woman Museum and the Pioneer Woman Statue. The statue was erected in 1930 to commemorate women pioneers.


Twelve submissions were made by U.S. and international sculptors, and a finalist selected by popular vote. A museum was added in 1958 with exhibits commemorating Oklahoma women and also pictures of all twelve submissions.


Native American as well as European women are acknowledged for their leadership and stamina creating homes, raising children, and taking care of the daily business of sustaining life.


Links to sites about the statue and history:

Camp McFadden

Camp McFadden is an outdoor recreational area on Kaw Lake with high and low ropes courses, cabins, a lodge with full kitchen, outdoor activities, and RV and tent camping. It is used for team building, reunions, youth and church camps, weddings, and getaways. It began in 1927 as a camp for children and is now a multi-use recreational area. A fund raiser is currently being held selling bricks and stones for a monument on the site.


Points of Interest

  • E. W. Marland Mansion
  • Marland Grand Home
  • Cann Memorial Botanical Gardens
  • 101 Ranch Memorial
  • Pioneer Woman Statue
  • Pioneer Woman Museum
  • Kaw Lake
  • Lake Ponca
  • Standing Bear Memorial
  • Ponca Tribe Headquarters
  • Historic downtown
  • City Hall
  • Ponca City Library
  • Lew Wentz Public Pool and Golf Course
  • Camp McFadden
  • Louise Fluke Flag Plaza
  • ConocoPhillips Museum

The Cann Memorial Botanical Gardens (10 acres) are botanical gardens located at 1500 East Grand Avenue, Ponca City, Oklahoma. ... Standing Bear Standing Bear (1834(?) - 1908) was a Ponca Native American Indian chief who successfully argued in U.S. District Court in 1879 that American Indians are persons within the meaning of the law and have the rights of citizenship. ... The Ponca are a Native American tribe originally living around the mouth of the [[Niobrara River],] Nebraska, but was later removed to the Indian Territory. ... This article or section reads like an advertisement. ...

Education

  • Pioneer Technology Center is located in Ponca City.
  • Ponca City Public Schools serves the general population's education requirements
  • St. Mary's Catholic School educates local Catholic students through the 8th grade.

Pioneer Technology Center is a public career and technology education center located in Ponca City, Oklahoma and is part of the Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education system. ...

Notable Natives

Image:Don Nickles. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... Clint Rea Sodowsky (born July 13, 1972, in Ponca City, Oklahoma) is a right-handed pitcher for the Mississippi Braves. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Candy Loving, 1979 Candy Loving (born as Candis Loving on September 4, 1956 in Oswego, Kansas, U.S.A.) is an American model and actress. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ponca City: Weather and Much More from Answers.com (1640 words)
Ponca City is a city located in north central Oklahoma, 18 miles south of the Kansas border and 15 miles east of Interstate 35.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older.
Ponca City is named after the Ponca Tribe, part of which relocated from modern-day Nebraska to northern Oklahoma from 1877 to 1880.
Local News and Sports (6248 words)
Dan Meador of Ponca City is scheduled for trial Wednesday on a charge of obstructing justice by illegally filing a pleading on behalf of Gunwall and the Moores.
She was raised in Ponca City, receiving her education in the Ponca City Public Schools.
Ponca City attorney Brian T. Hermanson will be among board members of the Oklahoma Bar Association to be sworn in on Jan. 17 in the Oklahoma Supreme Court Courtroom at the State Capitol Building.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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