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Encyclopedia > Pompei
Comune di Pompei

Municipal coat of arms
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Naples (NA)
Mayor Claudio D'Alessio
Area 12 km² (5 sq mi)
Population (as of December 31, 2004)
 - Total 25,751
 - Density 2,146/km² (5,558/sq mi)
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 40°45′N, 14°30′E
Gentilic
Dialing code 081
Postal code 80045, 80040
Frazioni Messigno, Pompei Scavi
Patron Beata Vergine del Rosario
 - Day May 8

Location of Pompei in Italy
Website: www.comune.pompei.na.it

Pompei is a city in the province of Naples (Campania, Italy). Image File history File links Merge-arrows. ... For other uses, see Pompeii (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pompeii (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Pompei-Stemma. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... The province of Naples (Italian: Provincia di Napoli) is a province in the Campania region of Italy. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Italy_Regions_(including_Pelagie_Islands). ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The province of Naples (Italian: Provincia di Napoli) is a province in the Campania region of Italy. ... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ...


History

The gens Pompeia, who gave the name to the ancient city, was of Oscan origins. A settlement appeared probably in this area around the 7th century BC, on what was an important crossroad between Cumae, Nola and Stabiae. According to Strabo, Pompei was also captured by the Etruscans, and in fact recent excavations have shown the presence of Etruscan inscriptions and a 6th century necropolis. Pompei was captured a first time by the Greek colony of Cumae, allied with Syracuse, between 525 and 474 BC. Oscan, the language of the Osci, is in the Sabellic branch of the Italic language family, which is a branch of Indo-European and includes Umbrian, Latin and Faliscan. ... Cumae (Cuma, in Italian) is an ancient Greek settlement lying to the northwest of Naples in the Italian region of Campania. ... For other uses, see Nola (disambiguation). ... The city of Stabiae was at the foot of Mount Vesuvius, and therefore was one of the communities damaged by its eruption in 79 AD. Some few people got away from the initial lava, and told others of the coming erruption, but succumbed to the ash as it started to... The Greek geographer Strabo in a 16th century engraving. ... See: Etruscan civilization Etruscan language Etruscan alphabet Etruscan mythology See also: Tyrrhenian, Lemnian, Pelasgian. ... Syracuse (Italian, Siracusa, ancient Syracusa - see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a city on the eastern coast of Sicily and the capital of the province of Syracuse, Italy. ...


Caught into the Samnite Wars (4th century), Pompei was forced to accept the status of socium of Rome, maintaining however linguistic and administrative autonomy. In the 4th century it was fortified. Pompei remained faithful to Rome during the Second Punic War. Combatants Roman Republic Samnium The Samnite Wars were three wars between the early Roman Republic and the tribes of Samnium. ... Combatants Roman Republic Carthage Commanders Publius Cornelius Scipio†, Tiberius Sempronius Longus Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, Gaius Flaminius†, Fabius Maximus, Claudius Marcellus†, Lucius Aemilius Paullus†, Gaius Terentius Varro, Marcus Livius Salinator, Gaius Claudius Nero, Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus†, Masinissa, Minucius†, Servilius Geminus† Hannibal Barca, Hasdrubal Barca†, Mago Barca†, Hasdrubal Gisco†, Syphax...

Fresco in the excavations of Pompei portraying Europa and the bull.

Starting from the 2nd century BC the intensive agriculture and the wine and olive growing allowed Pompeii to flourish outstandingly. In 91 BC, Pompeii sided against Rome in the Social War, and was thenceforth stormed by Sulla. In 80 BC the Roman general transferred here a colony of veterans. Image File history File linksMetadata Pompeiii. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Pompeiii. ... Europa and Zeus, on the Greek €2 coin A commemorative Italian euro coin depicts Europa holding a pen over the text of the Constitution of Europe. ... Combatants Roman Republic Italian allies of the Marsi, Samnites, Marrucini, Vestini, Paeligni, Frentani, Picentes Praetutii, Hirpini Commanders Publius Rutilius Lupus , Gaius Marius, Pompeius Strabo, Lucius Julius Caesar, Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Titus Didius, Lucius Porcius Cato Quintus Poppaedius Silo, Gaius Papius Mutilus, Herius Asinius, Publius Vettius Scato, Publius Praesenteius, Gaius Vidacilius... Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix (Latin: L·CORNELIVS·L·F·P·N·SVLLA·FELIX) ¹ (ca. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC - 80s BC - 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC Years: 85 BC 84 BC 83 BC 82 BC 81 BC - 80 BC - 79 BC 78 BC 77...


In 79 AD it was destroyed by the famous eruption of the Vesuvius. Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 0s BC - 0s - 10s - 20s - 30s - 40s - 50s - 60s - 70s - 80s - 90s - 100s Years: 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 Events June 23 - Titus succeeds his father Vespasian as Roman emperor. ... Mount Vesuvius (Italian: Monte Vesuvio) is a volcano east of Naples, Italy, located at 40°49′N 14°26′ E. It is the only active volcano on the European mainland, although it is not currently erupting. ...


Main sights

The city is mainly famous for the ruins of the ancient city of Pompeii, located in the frazione of Pompei Scavi. For other uses, see Pompeii (disambiguation). ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ...


The central basilica, dedicated to Madonna del Rosario di Pompei, has become a site for Catholic pilgrimages in recent years. It houses a canvas by Luca Giordano. St. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... The creation of man, fresco in the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi in Florence, 1684-1686. ...


According to Claire Weiss, an area supervisor in the archaeological Anglo-American Project at the ruins of ancient Pompeii, while the rest of the world thinks of the city mainly in connection with the Roman ruins, "in Italy is better known for being home to the Cathedral of Pompei" ([1]).


External links


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The Internet Classics Archive | Pompey by Plutarch (6941 words)
Pompey accepted the proposal, and they were privately contracted; however, the secret was not so closely kept as to escape the multitude, but it was discernible enough, from the favour shown him by Antistius in his cause.
Pompey at first endeavoured to appease and pacify them by fair speeches; but when he saw that his persuasions were vain, he left the bench, and retired to his tent with tears in his eyes.
Pompey, having made use of and expended the greatest part of his own private revenues upon the war, sent and demanded moneys of the senate, adding that, in case they did not furnish him speedily, he should be forced to return into Italy with his army.
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