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Encyclopedia > Pomors

Pomors (помо́ры) are Russian settlers of the White Sea coasts. As early as the 12th century, explorers from Novgorod entered the White Sea through Northern Dvina and Onega estuaries and founded settlements along the sea coasts. They explored the Barents region and the Kola peninsula, Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya. With their ships (koches), the Pomors penetrated to the trans-Ural areas of Northern Siberia, where they founded the city of Mangazeya east of the Yamal Peninsula in the early 1500's. The Pomors maintained a Northern trade route between Arkhangelsk and Siberia. Their chief town used to be Kholmogory, until rise of Arkhangelsk in the late 1500's. The most famous Pomors are Mikhail Lomonosov, Fedot Shubin (both born near Kholmogory) and Semyon Dezhnev (born in Velikiy Ustyug). Barents Sea, the Kola Peninsula and the White Sea. ... Velikiy Novgorod (Russian: ) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the M10(E95) federal highway connecting Moscow and St. ... The Northern Dvina (Се́верная Двина́) is a river in Northern Russia flowing through the Vologda Oblast and Arkhangelsk Oblast into the Dvina Bay of the White Sea. ... Onega River (Онега in Russian) is a river in the Arkhangelsk Oblast in Russia. ... Barents may refer to a sea, an island and a region in the extreme north of Europe, all named after the explorer Willem Barents. ... Location of Kola south of the Barents Sea. ... Map of Svalbard, showing Spitsbergen in the North. ... Novaya Zemlyas position on the map. ... This article or section should be merged with Kocha Koch (pl. ... Map of Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: Уральские горы = Урал) also known simply as the Urals and as the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, is a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... Siberia is also an album by Echo & The Bunnymen. ... Mangazeya was a Northwest Siberian trans-Ural trade colony and later city in the 16-17th centuries. ... The Yamal Peninsula, located in Yamal-Nenets autonomous district of northwest Siberia, Russia, extends roughly 700km (435 mi) bordered principally by the Kara Sea on the west, and by the Gulf of Ob on the east. ... Arkhangelsk (Russian: ), formerly called Archangel in English, is a city in and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. ... Siberia is also an album by Echo & The Bunnymen. ... Kholmogory (Russian: ) is a historic village and center of the Kholmogorsky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. ... Arkhangelsk (Russian: ), formerly called Archangel in English, is a city in and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. ... Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov (Михаи́л Васи́льевич Ломоно́сов) (November 19 (November 8, Old Style), 1711 – April 15 (April 4, Old Style), 1765) was a Russian writer and polymath who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. ... Marble statue of Catherine II (1789-90). ... Kholmogory (Russian: ) is a historic village and center of the Kholmogorsky District in Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. ... Semion Ivanovich Dezhnev (Семён Ива́нович Дежнёв) (circa 1605 – 1673), Russian explorer who led the expedition that doubled the known extent of the easternmost promontory of the Eurasian continent in 1648, discovering that Asia is not connected to Alaska. ... Velikiy Ustyug, or Veliki Ustyug (Великий Устюг in Russian) is a city in the Vologda Oblast in Russia. ...


The name of Pomors is derived from the Pomorsky Coast of the White Sea (between Onega and Kem), having the root of “море” (sea). Onega is a city in the North-West of Russia at 63 54 N 38 08 S. It is situated at the mouth of the Onega river. ... View of Kem in 1911 Kem (Russian: ) is a historic town in the Republic of Karelia, Russia, located on the railroad leading from Petrozavodsk to Murmansk. ...


The traditional livelihoods of the Pomors based on the sea included animal hunting, whaling and fishing; in the tundra regions they practiced the reindeer herding. The sea trading in corn and fish with the northern Norway was important for them. This trade was so intensive that a kind of Russian-Norwegian pidgin language Moja på tvoja (or russenorsk) was created and used on the North Norwegian coast in 1750-1920. In physical geography, tundra is an area where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) Caribou redirects here. ... A Pidgin, or contact language, is the name given to any language created, usually spontaneously, out of a mixture of other languages as a means of communication between speakers of different tongues. ... Russenorsk or Russonorsk (Norwegian for Russo-Norwegian) was a pidgin language combining elements of Russian and Norwegian, created by traders and whalers from northern Norway and the Russian Kola peninsula. ... Russenorsk (or Russonorsk) was a pidgin language combining elements of Russian and Norwegian, created by traders and whalers from the Norwegian Svalbard archipelago and the Russian Kola peninsula. ...

After the collapse of the Soviet Union a debate has started as to whether the Pomors should be recognized as an indigenous people and included into the list of Northern indigenous peoples of Russia. Image File history File links Коч.jpg Modern koch. ... Image File history File links Коч.jpg Modern koch. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... This list is based solely on territory; the peoples listed here do not belong to a single language family or ethnicity: they are Finno-Ugric, Turkic, Eskimo-Aleut, and other groups. ...


As per the census of 2002, 6,571 people in Russia identified themselves as Pomors, almost all of them in Arkhangelsk Oblast (6,295) and Murmansk Oblast (127). It should be noted that one of the three universities of Arkhangelsk is named the Pomor State University. In line with the current Russian trend towards agglomeration of least populated and/or poorest federal subjects into bigger entities, a merger of Arkhangelsk and Murmansk Oblasts, the Komi Republic, and the Nenets autonomous district has been proposed, one of the possible names of this new territory being the Pomor-Nenets Republic. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Arkhangelsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Murmansk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Russia is a federation which consists of 88 subjects (Russian: ; English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... The Komi Republic (Russian: ; Komi: Коми Республика) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). ... Nenets autonomous district (Ненецкий автономный округ) is an autonomous district of Arkhangelsk Oblast in the Russian Federation. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 88 subjects (Russian: ; English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Pomors - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (381 words)
Pomors (помо́ры) are Russian settlers of the White Sea coasts.
The most famous Pomors are Mikhail Lomonosov, Fedot Shubin (both born near Kholmogory) and Semyon Dezhnev (born in Velikiy Ustyug).
The name of Pomors is derived from the Pomorsky Coast of the White Sea (between Onega and Kem), having the root of “море” (sea).
The Norwegian Barents Secretariat : Pomors press for the status of indigenous people. (409 words)
The “Pomors” is a distinguishing national name of the representatives of indigene ethnic community of the European North of Russia (the Pomor land - Pomorje).
The name “Pomors” appeared approximately in XI-XII centuries on the south-west coast of the White sea and during XIV-XVI centuries spread far to the south and east from the place of its origin.
Recognition of pomors as an indigenous people will mean that they should get the rights of free use of bio-resources and territories of their habitation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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