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Encyclopedia > Pomo (tribe)

Pomo is the name used to designate certain of the native people of what is now Northern California. The people called Pomo were originally linked by location, language, and other elements of culture. They were not socially or politically linked as a large unified "tribe." Instead, they lived in small groups ("bands"), linked by geography, lineage and marriage, and relied upon fishing, hunting and gathering for their food. They lived on the Pacific coast to the north of San Francisco between Cleone and Duncan's Point, and inland to Clear Lake. There was a separate group near Stonyford, California (the Northeast Pomo). State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Official language(s) English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Clear Lake is the largest (by area) freshwater lake wholly in California. ...

The name Pomo is derived from a suffix -pomo or -poma, which was attached to the names of villages and local groups, the meaning of which is unknown.

The Pomo spoke seven very distinct Pomoan languages. There are still a few speakers of some of the Pomoan languages and efforts are being made by the Pomo people to preserve those languages and other elements of their culture. Pomoan is a family of endangered languages spoken in northern California on the Pacific coast. ...

There were about 8,000 Pomo in 1770. The 1910 Census reported 777 Pomo, but that is probably low. Kroeber estimated 1,200 in the same year. According to the 1930 census there were 1,143. 1770 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

The United States acknowledges many groups of native people of the United States as "federally recognized tribes," giving them a quasi-sovereign status similar to that of states. Many other groups are not recognized. The Pomo groups presently recognized by the United States are based in Sonoma, Lake, and Mendocino Counties and include, among others: the Lytton Band of Pomo Indians, Cloverdale Band of Pomo Indians, Dry Creek Band of Pomo Indians, Guidiville Band of Pomo Indians, Manchester-Point Arena Band of Pomo Indians, Coyote Valley Band of Pomo Indians, Hopland Band of Pomo Indians, Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians, and the Kashia Band of Pomo Indians.

  Results from FactBites:
Pomo (764 words)
Pomo is a word believed to be derived from Poma, the village name given by anthropologists at the beginning of the century.  The Pomo originated in California and were divided into three regions, the coast, the valley, and the lake regions of northern, central and southern California.
The northern Pomo are named the Bokeya, the central are the Yokiya, and the southern Pomo are the Kashia.
The Pomo had two ceremonial rituals including the “Ghost Dance,” during which the dead were recognized and the “Far South,” which was a rite of passage for children of the tribe.
The California Pomo People, Brief History -- Native American Art (4723 words)
Meanwhile, the Pomo, especially those in the fertile, well-watered lands at the south of their country, were rounded up in what descendants describe as "death marches" and interned at Fort Bragg to the north, and Covelo, (Round Valley).
The Pomo could not always return to their traditional villages, because these wre often on the best locations in the area, and had been taken by whites -- so the escapees tended to resettle on the isolated outskirts -- usually poor, arid land.
For the Pomos, land was purchased in Lake, Sonoma, and Mendocino counties (i.e.
  More results at FactBites »



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