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Encyclopedia > Pommel horse

The pommel horse is an artistic gymnastics apparatus. It is only used by male gymnasts. Originally made of a metal frame with a wooden body and a leather cover, today the frame may contain plastic or composite materials, the body is made of plastic and may be covered with synthetic materials. Image File history File links Gymnastics_brokenchopstick. ... Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics in which competitors perform short routines (ranging from approximately 30 to 90 seconds) on different apparatus, obviously less for vaulting (see lists below). ... The shield and spear of the Roman God Mars are often used to represent the male sex In heterogamous species, male is the sex of an organism, or of a part of an organism, which typically produces smaller, mobile gametes (spermatozoa) that are able to fertilise female gametes (ova). ... Gymnasts are people who participate in the sports of either artistic gymnastics or rhythmic gymnastics. ... Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily loses electrons to form positive ions (cations) and has metallic bonds between metal atoms. ... Trunks A tree trunk as found at the Veluwe, The Netherlands Wood is a solid material derived from woody plants, notably trees but also shrubs. ... Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattlehide. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...



Measures of the apparatus are published by the FIG in the Apparatus Norms brochure. Species About 800, including: Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis- Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina- Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica- Common Fig Ficus citrifolia Ficus coronata Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii Ficus lyrata Ficus macbrideii Ficus macrophylla- Moreton Bay Fig Ficus microcarpa- Chinese...

  • Height 115 cm (including about 20 cm landing mats)
  • Length 160 cm
  • Width 35 cm
  • Height of the pommels 12 cm
  • Distance between the pommels 40 cm to 45 cm (adjustable)

The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ...


A typical pommel horse exercise involves both single leg and double leg work. Single leg skills are generally found in the form of scissors, an element often done on the pommels. Double leg work however, is the main staple of this event. The gymnast swings both legs in a circular motion (clockwise or counterclockwise depending on preference) and performs such skills on all parts of the apparatus. To make the exercise more challenging, gymnasts will often include variations on a typical circling skill by turning (moores and spindles) or by straddling their legs (Flares). Routines end when the gymnast performs a dismount, either by swinging his body over the horse or going through a handstand and hopping off. The pommel horse, its gymnastic elements, and various rules are all regulated by the Code of Points. The Code of Points is a document that regulates scoring of artistic gymnastics. ...

Pommel horse is considered by many to be the most difficult of the six men's gymnastics events.

Judging and Routine Construction

There are five element groups (or skill categories) into which all pommel horse skills are categorized. For pommel horse:

I. Single leg swings and scissors
II. Circles and flairs (with and without spindles and handstands)
III. Side- and cross-support travels
IV. Kehrswings / Wendeswings / Flops and combined elements
V. Dismounts

External links

  • The 2006 Code of Points
  • Apparatus description at the FIG website

  Results from FactBites:
Pommel Horse Gymnastics - Picture - MSN Encarta (63 words)
This gymnast performs on the apparatus known as the pommel horse during an international gymnastics competition.
The pommel horse is padded and has two pommels (handles) attached to its surface.
Gymnasts swing their bodies and legs around the pommel horse while grasping the apparatus with one or two hands, supporting their weight with their arms.
Pommel horse - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (261 words)
The pommel horse is an artistic gymnastics apparatus.
The pommel horse, its gymnastic elements, and various rules are all regulated by the Code of Points.
Pommel horse is considered by many to be the most difficult of the six men's gymnastics events.
  More results at FactBites »



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