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Encyclopedia > Pomgol
A 1921 Pomgol stamp
A fantastic Pomgol stamp issued by Marco Fontana (Italy)

Pomgol Russian: Помгол was the name of two organizations created in Soviet Russia during the Russian famine of 1921. The name is an abbreviation of the Russian term "Помощь голодающим" or "Relief for Starving". Soviet Russia is sometimes used as a somewhat sloppy synonym to the Soviet Union — although the term Soviet Russia sometimes refers to Bolshevist Russia from the October Revolution in 1917 to 1922 (Although Russian communists officially formed RSFSR in 1918). ... Help!, a Soviet poster from 1921. ...

Contents

Pomgol All-Russian Public Committee

The first Pomgol was created by Patriarch Tikhon, named civic All-Union Public Committee for the Relief of Starving (Pomgol Public Committee, Всероссийский общественный комитет помощи голодающим) It included notable Russian people: scientists, artists, church leaders, public activists, many of which were of non-Bolshevik persuasion. Tikhon appealed to the international religious community and soon some aid began to arrive. The Soviet government disliked this course of affairs, and Tikhon's Pomgol was disbanded on August 27, 1921. Instead, governmental Pomgol was established. [1] (Vasily Belavin, Василий Иванович Белавин in Russian) Russian Orthodox patriarch of Moscow and all Russias (1917-1925). ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Pomgol Central Commission of VTsIK

The Pomgol Central Commission (Центральная комиссия помощи голодающим при ВЦИК) established by the Soviet government (VTsIK) existed during July 1921 — October 1922. It was headed by Mikhail Kalinin, chairman of VTsIK. It coordinated all related to the famine relief. To this end it established the Pomgol Commissions at all administrative levels of the Soviet state. The term Central Executive Committee refers to governing bodies with executive power of various parties and governments. ... Mikhail Kalinin A 1919 image showing Joseph Stalin, Vladimir Lenin, and Mikhail Kalinin (right) Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin (Russian: ) (November 19 [O.S. November 7] 1875 – June 3, 1946) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and Soviet politician. ...


Pomgol Commission and famine

A pomgol lottery ticket

Among the activities of pomgol was the first Soviet statewide lottery with all proceeds directed for famine relief.[2] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A lottery is a popular form of gambling which involves the drawing of lots for a prize. ...


Pomgol took an active part in requisition of Russian Orthodox Church valuables. [3] The Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (Russian: ), also known as the Orthodox Christian Church of Russia, is a body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ...


In mid-1922 the Soviet Union declared that the immediate danger of the famine is over and replaced the policy of "struggle against the famine" with the "struggle against the consequences of the famine"[4] and Pomgol CC was replaced by the Posledgol Central Commission of VTsIK.


References

  1. ^ Цыпин. В. Учебник для православных духовных семинарий. Московская Патриархия. Издательский дом «Хроника». 1994, глава III, excerpt (Russian)
  2. ^ Лотерейные билеты СССР и РСФСР центральных выпусков, Советский коллекционер, 1989(27), С.168-193 (Russian)
  3. ^ А.Левитин–Краснов, В.Шавров ОЧЕРКИ ПО ИСТОРИИ РУССКОЙ ЦЕРКОВНОЙ СМУТЫ, Appendix 2 for Vol. 1
  4. ^ Charles M. Edmondson, "An Inquiry into the Termination of Soviet Famine Relief Programmes and the Renewal of Grain Export, 1922-23", Soviet Studies, Vol. 33, No. 3 (1981), pp. 370-385
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