River in Guyana, South America. On the banks of the Pomeroon river Dutch colonists started their trade with the indian tribes during the late 16th and early 17th century. After a few decades permanent residents built plantations and African slaves were forced to work on the plantations. A small town called Nieuw Middelburg was formed, and the fortress Nova Zeelandia was built to protect the small colony. French privateers were a serious menace to the small colony. The French visited the colony in 1689 and destroyed it completely, the buildings and sugar-mills were burned and the slaves were taken away to French colonies. The plantations were not restored, and the colony was abandoned. By the end of the 18th century planters started again building plantations on the banks of the Pomeroon. Now the Pomeroon was part of the Dutch colony Essequibo and Demerara. In 1796 the British conquered the colony Essequibo and Demerara, because The Netherlands had become allies of France. At the Peace treaty of Amiens the colony was returned to the Dutch but it was reclaimed by the British within a year. At the London Convention of 1814 it was decided that Essequibo and Demerara (the Pomeroon river included) and Berbice had to be ceded to the United Kingdom. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Essequibo River is the longest river in Guyana, and the largest river between the Orinoco and Amazon. ... Demerara was one of the original British colonies that was joined into the colony of British Guiana, now Guyana. ... The Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, commonly called the London Convention or LC 72, covers the deliberate disposal at sea of wastes or other matter from vessels, aircraft, and platforms. ...
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