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Encyclopedia > Pomerelia

Pomerelia (German: Pommerellen) is a historical region in northern Poland. Pomerelia was situated in eastern Pomerania on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea, centered on the city of Gdańsk at the mouth of the Vistula. It is now located in the Polish geographic region of Gdańsk Pomerania. This is a list of major historical regions of Central Europe. ... Pommern redirects here. ... For other uses, see Baltic (disambiguation). ... For alternative meanings of GdaÅ„sk and Danzig, see GdaÅ„sk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (No rashness, no timidness) Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina GdaÅ„sk Established 10th century City Rights 1263 Government  - Mayor PaweÅ‚ Adamowicz Area  - City 262 km²  (101. ... For other uses, see Vistula (disambiguation). ... Eastern Pomerania (also Pomerelia, East Pomerania, GdaÅ„sk Pomerania, Vistula Pomerania) is a geographical and historical region in the east of Pomerania in northern Poland. ...

Contents

Early history

The territory is situated entirely in the eastern part of what Greek and Roman historians called "Magna Germania", a cultural rather than ethnographic concept. When the territory began to be called Pomerania in the 11th century, Pomerelia, along with the rest of Pomerania was inhabited by West Slavic tribes and was under the rule of Duchy of Polans. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Map of the Roman Empire and Germania Magna in the early 2nd century. ... Countries inhabited by West Slavs (in light green) Distribution of Slavic peoples by language Map showing an approximation location of Polish tribes West Slavs in 9th/10th century The West Slavs are Slavic peoples speaking West Slavic languages. ... In the first centuries of its existence, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christendom, created a strong Central European state, and integrated Poland into European culture. ...


Duchy of Pomerelia

Main article: Pomeranian duchies and dukes

In 1116/1121, Pomerania was conquered by [Poland]]. While the Duchy of Pomerania regained independence quickly, Pomerelia remained within the Polish realm. In 1138, following the death of Duke Bolesław III, Poland was fragmented into several semi-independent principalities. The princeps in Pomerelia gradually gained more power, evolving into semi-independent dukes, in contrast with other Polish territories that were governed by Piast descendants of Bolesław III. The Samborides ruling Pomerelia gradually evolved into independent dukes, who ruled the duchy until 1294. Before 1227, they were vassals of Poland and Denmark. The duchy was temporarily partitioned into the principalities of Gdańsk (Danzig), Białogarda (Belgard a.d.Leba), Świecie (Schwetz), and Lubieszewo-Tczew (Liebschau, Dirschau). The most famous dukes were Mestwin I (1207–1220), Swantopolk II (1215–1266), and Mestwin II (1271–1294). Pommern redirects here. ... West Pomeranian voivodship since 1999 West Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze Zachodnie, German: West Pommern; Latin Pomerania Occidentalis) or West Pomeranian Voivodship (Polish: województwo zachodniopomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in the northwestern part of Poland. ... BolesÅ‚aw III Wrymouth. ... Piast the Wheelwright Piast seal Piast coat of arms This article is about a Polish dynasty. ...


Christianity was introduced by Bolesław III Wrymouth of Poland and Otto von Bamberg. In 1181 Pomerania came under the direct control of the Holy Roman Empire. It was under Danish suzerainty from 1210-1227, after which it became independent again. Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... BolesÅ‚aw III Wrymouth. ... Otto of Bamberg (German: ; 1060 or 1061 - 30 June 1139) was a canonized medieval German bishop who as papal legate converted much of Pomerania to Christianity. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ...


End of independent duchy of Pomerelia

Main article: Teutonic takeover of Danzig

After the death of Mestwin II of Pomerania in 1294, his co-ruler Przemysł II of Poland claimed Pomerelia basing it on the treaty made at Langenfort , later Kempen (Treaty of Kępno) from 1282 (in which Mestwin declared Przemysł II his sole successor). Przemysl was soon succeded by Wenzel II, king of Bohemia. That agreement was made between Romish German King Albrecht I (Albert I) of the Holy Roman Empire and King Wenzel of Bohemia, who received the territory referred to as Greater Poland and Pomerelia into his possesssion and accepted soverainty over it by King Albert I. In the year 1300 at Mainz Wenzel or Wenceslas II received the Polish crown from German king Albert [1]. The Teutonic takeover of Danzig on 13 November 1308 refers to events that lead to the incorporation of the city of GdaÅ„sk into the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights. ... Mestwin II, Mszczuj II or Mściwój II (died 25 December 1294) was a duke of Eastern Pomerania in years 1266-1294. ... PrzemysÅ‚ II PrzemysÅ‚ II (October 14, 1257 – February 8, 1296), was a duke of PoznaÅ„, Greater Poland, Kraków and Pomerania, and King of Poland from 1295 until his death. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Voivodship wielkopolskie since 1999 Coat of Arms for voivodship wielkopolskie Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: , German: Großpolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is a historical region of west-central Poland. ... Mainz is a city in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. ... Wenceslaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wenceslaus II Premyslid (Czech Václav, Polish Wacław) (September 17, 1271 - June 21, 1305). ...


Upon the deaths of Wenceslas II and III and with them the exinction of the House of Przemysl the Margraviate of Brandenburg staked their claim of the territory in 1308, leading Władysław I the Elbow-high to request assistance from the Teutonic Knights, which evicted the Brandenburgers. After Władysław refused to pay the substantial fee to the Teutonic Knights, the province was annexed and incorporated in into the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights in 1309 (Teutonic takeover of Danzig). After the Second Peace of Thorn (1466), parts of the region became part of the Polish province of Royal Prussia. Coat of arms Capital Brandenburg Berlin (from 1417) Religion Roman Catholic Lutheran Calvinist Government Monarchy Margrave  - 1157–70 Albert I  - 1797–1806 Frederick William III History  - Margraviate established 3 October, 1157  - Electorate established 25 December 1356  - Brandenburg-Prussia 27 August 1618  - Kingdom of Prussia 1 January 1701  - Dissolution of the... Noble Family or Dynasty Piast dynasty Coat of Arms Piast Eagle Parents Kazimierz I Kujawski, Eufrozyna Opolska Consorts Jadwiga Kaliska Children Stefan, WÅ‚adysÅ‚aw, Kunegunda, Elżbieta, Jadwiga, Casimir III the Great Date of Birth 1261 Place of Birth - Date of Death 1333 Place of Death Cracow Coronation January... For the state, see Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights. ... Coat of arms Capital Königsberg (Kaliningrad) Religion Roman Catholicism Government Principality Hochmeister (Grand Master)  - 1209–39 Hermann von Salza  - 1510–25 Albert of Brandenburg-Ansbach Historical era Middle Ages  - Northern Crusades 1224  - Absorbed Livonia 1237  - Purchased Neumark 1404  - Hanseatic cities¹ leave, found Prussian Confed. ... The Teutonic takeover of Danzig on 13 November 1308 refers to events that lead to the incorporation of the city of GdaÅ„sk into the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights. ... Map of Royal Prussia (light pink) History  - Established October 19, 1466  - Loss of autonomy 1 July 1569  - Annexed August 5, 1772 Royal Prussia (German: ; Polish: ) was a province of the Kingdom of Poland and then the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569 to 1772. ...


As part of Prussia, the extinguished Duchy of Pomerelia (later also called Royal Prussia and West Prussia) was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the 18th century Partitions of Poland, becoming part of the Province of West Prussia. After World War I (1914-1918), the Treaty of Versailles transferred most of the region from Weimar Republic to the new Second Polish Republic, as the so-called Polish Corridor. Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... One of four districts of East Prussia in 1920 - 1938. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... This article is about the Treaty of Versailles of June 28, 1919, which ended World War I. For other uses, see Treaty of Versailles (disambiguation) . Left to right, Prime Minister David Lloyd George of the United Kingdom, Prime Minister Vittorio Emanuele Orlando of Italy, Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau of France... Anthem Das Lied der Deutschen Germany during the Weimar period, with the Free State of Prussia (in blue) as the largest state Capital Berlin Language(s) German Government Republic President  - 1918-1925 Friedrich Ebert  - 1925-1933 Paul von Hindenburg Chancellor  - 1919 Philipp Scheidemann(first)  - 1933 Kurt von Schleicher (last) Legislature... Anthem: Mazurek DÄ…browskiego Capital Warsaw Language(s) Polish Government Republic President List Prime minister List Legislature Sejm Historical era Interwar period  - World War I November 11, 1918  - Invasion November 2, 1939 Area  - 1939 388,600 km2 150,039 sq mi Population  - 1939 est. ... Polish Corridor (German: ; Polish: ) was the term used between the World Wars to refer to the Polish territory which separated the German exclave of East Prussia from the German province of Pomerania. ...


Population

Some of the minority indigenous population of Pomerelia are the West Slavic Kashubians, the Kociewiacy, and the Borowiacy. Countries inhabited by West Slavs (in light green) Distribution of Slavic peoples by language Map showing an approximation location of Polish tribes West Slavs in 9th/10th century The West Slavs are Slavic peoples speaking West Slavic languages. ... Kashubians (Kashubian: ; Polish: ), also called Kassubians or Cassubians, are a West Slavic ethnic group of north-central Poland. ... The Kociewiacy are a Polish ethnic group. ... The Borowiacy are a Polish ethnic group who traditionally inhabit the area of the Tuchola forests near Tuchola in eastern Pomerania. ...


See also

Eastern Pomerania (also Pomerelia, East Pomerania, GdaÅ„sk Pomerania, Vistula Pomerania) is a geographical and historical region in the east of Pomerania in northern Poland. ... // Historical administrative divisions Eastern Pomerania Removed Free City of Danzig, left bank of Vistula river and Grenzmark Posen-Westpreussen Pomeranian Voivodship 1920-1938 Added Bydgoszcz county 1938 Pomeranian Voivodship 1938-1939 added Free City of Gdansk Danzig-Westpreussen 1939-1945 . ... This article is about the History of GdaÅ„sk (Danzig), a city located on the Baltic Sea. ... Eastern Pomerania (also Pomerelia, East Pomerania, GdaÅ„sk Pomerania, Vistula Pomerania, Polish: , German: ), is a geographical and historical region in the east of Pomerania in northern Poland. ... Pomerania (Pommern Ger) (Pomorze Pol) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany, on the south coasts of Baltic Sea on both sides of the Oder River and reaches to the Vistula river in the east and Reknitz River in the west. ... Map of Royal Prussia (light pink) History  - Established October 19, 1466  - Loss of autonomy 1 July 1569  - Annexed August 5, 1772 Royal Prussia (German: ; Polish: ) was a province of the Kingdom of Poland and then the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569 to 1772. ... One of four districts of East Prussia in 1920 - 1938. ... Capital city GdaÅ„sk Area 18,293 km² Population (2004)  - Density 2,192,000 120/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 4 16 Communes 123 Logo of Pomeranian Voivodeship Sea port in GdaÅ„sk The Sea Towers in Gdynia will be the tallest building (138 m) in Poland outside Warsaw...

External links

  • Map of Pomerelia included in Prussia, ca. 1600

 
 

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