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Encyclopedia > Polydor Records
Polydor Records
Parent company Universal Music Group
Founded 1924
Distributing label A&M Records (US)
Polydor Records (Outside US)
Genre(s) Various
Country of origin UK; US (re-issues and/or domestic distribution of overseas releases - only)
Official Website http://www.polydor.co.uk/
1920s vintage Polydor export label with its double-horn gramophone logo
1920s vintage Polydor export label with its double-horn gramophone logo
In 1954 Polydor Records introduced their distinctive orange label.
In 1954 Polydor Records introduced their distinctive orange label.

Polydor Records is a record label currently headquartered in the UK, and is a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. Image File history File links Polydor_logo. ... Universal Music Group (UMG), formerly MCA Music Entertainment Group, is the largest business group and family of record labels in the recording industry. ... A&M Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Universal Music Group. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Image File history File links Polydorearly78. ... Image File history File links Polydorearly78. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1010x1841, 434 KB)The typical Polydor design of the late 1950s. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1010x1841, 434 KB)The typical Polydor design of the late 1950s. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Universal Music Group (UMG), formerly MCA Music Entertainment Group, is the largest business group and family of record labels in the recording industry. ...

Contents

Company history

Beginnings

Polydor was originally an independent branch of the Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft. Its name was first used, as an export label, in 1924, the British and German branches of the Gramophone Company having severed their ties during World War I. Deutsche Grammophon claimed the rights to the His Master's Voice trademark for Germany, where HMV recordings were released under the Electrola trademark. In turn, DGG records exported out of Germany were released on the Polydor label. Deutsche Grammophon lost its rights to the His Master's Voice trademark to EMI as part of Germany's surrender terms at the end of World War II. Logo Deutsche Grammophon is a German record label. ... See also: 1923 in music, other events of 1924, 1925 in music and the list of years in music. // Events October 17 - Leos Janaceks String Quartet No. ... The Gramophone Company, based in the United Kingdom, was one of the early recording companies. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... His Masters Voice, often abbreviated to HMV, is a famous trademark in the music business, and for many years was the name of a large record company. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Electrola was founded in Berlin in 1925 by the Gramophone Company. ... A trademark or trade mark[1] is a distinctive sign of some kind which is used by an individual, business organization or other legal entity to uniquely identify the source of its products and/or services to consumers, and to distinguish its products or services from those of other entities. ... The EMI Group (LSE: EMI) is an English music company comprising the major record company, EMI Music which operates several labels, based in Brook Green in London, England, and EMI Music Publishing, based on Charing Cross Road, London. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Polydor became a popular music label in 1946 while the famously yellow Deutsche Grammophon seal became a classical music label. No Frenchman, though, could be expected to buy (or pronounce!) a product labelled Deutsche Grammophon Gesellschaft, so Polydor remained Deutsche Grammophon's export label, including Classical music, in France and the Spanish-speaking world for the remainder of the long-playing era. Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more of the mass media. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ...


In the early 1960s orchestra leader Bert Kaempfert signed unknowns Tony Sheridan and the Beat Brothers to Polydor. The Beat Brothers, of course, were actually The Beatles, and less than two years later, with a new drummer and new haircuts and now signed to Parlophone, became one of the biggest and most influential groups the world has ever seen. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Bert Kaempfert CD cover Bert Kaempfert (also Kämpfert) (b. ... Tony Sheridan (born Andrew Esmond Sheridan McGinnity on May 21, 1940), is an English rock and roll singer-songwriter and guitarist. ... The Beatles were an English rock band from Liverpool whose members were John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. ... Parlophone is a record label which was founded in Germany prior to World War I by the Carl Lindstrom Company. ...


Popular German entertainers such as James Last, Bert Kaempfert, Kurt Edelhagen, Caterina Valente and the Kessell Sisters appeared on the Polydor label, as well as many French, Spanish and Latin-American figures. James Last 2006 James Last together with fan Guenter Krueger from Berlin James Last (born Hans Last on April 17, 1929 in Bremen) is a German composer and big band leader with a large fan base in Europe and world-wide. ... The two faces of Caterina Valente: lady and tomboy. ...


PolyGram

In 1972, Polydor merged with giant Philips owned Phonogram Records to create PolyGram in the US. The Polydor label continued run as a subsidiary label under the new company. In the middle of the decade, Polydor took interest in the Sex Pistols in 1976, but lost to EMI. 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Philips HQ in Amsterdam Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics N.V.), usually known as Philips, (Euronext: PHIA, NYSE: PHG) is one of the largest electronics companies in the world. ... Phonogram Records was started in 1962 as a joint venture between Philips Records and Deutsche Grammophon. ... PolyGram was the name from 1972 of the major label recording company started by Philips as a holding company for its music interests in 1945. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Sex Pistols were an iconic and highly influential English punk rock band, formed in London in 1975. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... The EMI Group (LSE: EMI) is an English music company comprising the major record company, EMI Music which operates several labels, based in Brook Green in London, England, and EMI Music Publishing, based on Charing Cross Road, London. ...


Into the 1980s, Polydor continued to do respectable business, in spite of becoming increasingly overshadowed by its PolyGram sister label Mercury Records. A&R manager Frank Neilson was able to score a major top ten hit in March 1981 for the label with "Do The Hucklebuck" by Coast To Coast as well as signing Ian Dury, Billy Fury and the Comsat Angels to the company. In 1984, the company name was parodied in the "rockumentary" film This Is Spinal Tap (whose soundtrack album was distributed by Polydor), where "Polymer Records" were the band's record company. The 1980s refers to the years of and between 1980 and 1989. ... Mercury Records was a record label founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1945 by Irving Green, Berle Adams and Arthur Talmadge. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ian Dury, in a look combining Gene Vincent with a Cockney pearly king. ... Billy Fury (April 17, 1940 – January 28, 1983) was an English pop singer and songwriter of the 1950s to 1980s from Wavertree, Liverpool. ... Comsat Angels were a highly influential but commercially overlooked post-punk band from Sheffield, UK. Active (in various incarnations) from 1978 to 1995, the band were responsible for some of the most atmospheric music of the first half of the 80s. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term rockumentary is a neologism denoting a program on television or movie documentary about rock and roll or its musicians. ... This Is Spinal Tap (which is officially spelled with a non-functional umlaut symbol over the N) is a 1983 mockumentary directed by Rob Reiner and starring members of the semi-fictional heavy-metal glam rock band Spinal Tap. ... This Is Spinal Tap was the soundtrack to the film of the same name, released in 1984. ... A polymer is a substance composed of molecules with large molecular mass consisting of repeating structural units, or monomers, connected by covalent chemical bonds. ...


By the early 1990s, Polydor began to underperform, forcing PolyGram to trim most of its staff and shift it under their newly constructed PLG (PolyGram Label Group), a cost effective outfit designed to guide its lesser performing labels (like Island Records, London Records, Atlas Records, Verve Records) to continue operating without PolyGram wasting/losing more money. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Island Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group and is operated through The Island Def Jam Music Group. ... London Records is a record label headquartered in the United Kingdom, originally marketing records in the United States, Canada and Latin America from 1947 through the 1980s. ... Verve Records is an American Jazz record label, founded by Norman Granz in 1956, which absorbed the catalogues of his earlier labels: Norgran Records and Clef Records (founded 1953). ...


In 1994, as Island Records recovered from its sales slump, PolyGram dissolved most of PLG into it. Meanwhile, Polydor Records and Atlas Records merged into one company (Polydor/Atlas) and was shifted over to operate under another PolyGram subsidiary, A&M Records. In 1995, Polydor/Atlas became simply Polydor Records again. 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... A&M Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Universal Music Group. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Twilight years

Over the next few years, Polydor tried to keep itself afloat with new artist signings, new releases, and reissues, but ultimately continued to become more and more dormant. In 1998, PolyGram was purchased by Seagrams and absorbed into its Universal Music Group. During the consolidation of these two music giants, Polydor's US operations were dismantled, while its overseas branch remained intact with its records continuing to be distributed domestically through A&M and its new partner Interscope Records. The Seagram Company Ltd. ... Universal Music Group (UMG), formerly MCA Music Entertainment Group, is the largest business group and family of record labels in the recording industry. ...


Today, in America, the Polydor Records name and logo is mostly used on reissues of older material from its 1960s and 1970s heyday. (In the United Kingdom, however, Polydor continues to sign chart-topping acts and remains one of the strongest imprints in the country — with artists such as Girls Aloud, Sophie Ellis-Bextor, Take That and Kaiser Chiefs. It also acts as the UK label for American-based acts like Eminem and Gwen Stefani.) Girls Aloud are a British girl group created on ITV1 talent show Popstars: The Rivals in 2002. ... Sophie Michelle Ellis-Bextor (born 10 April 1979) is a multi-platinum selling English pop singer and songwriter. ... Take That are an English pop boy band that originated in Manchester, England, in 1990 after being formed by Nigel Martin Smith. ... Kaiser Chiefs are an English new wave rock band from Leeds, formed early in 1997. ... Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), better known as Eminem, is an American Grammy and Academy Award Winning rapper, record producer, and actor from Detroit, Michigan. ... Gwen Renée Stefani (born October 3, 1969) is an American singer, songwriter, fashion designer and occasional actress. ...


The pop factor

In Spring 2006, Polydor launched Fascination Records - a music label dedicated to pop music. Both Girls Aloud and Sophie Ellis-Bextor transferred to the new label. Fascination Records is a Polydor sub-label that launched in Spring 2006. ... Girls Aloud are a British girl group created on ITV1 talent show Popstars: The Rivals in 2002. ... Sophie Michelle Ellis-Bextor (born 10 April 1979) is a multi-platinum selling English pop singer and songwriter. ...


Trivia

Chariots of Fire is a British film released in 1981 with a music score by Greek electronic composer and artist Vangelis (credited as Vangelis Papathanassiou). ... Ευάγγελος Οδυσσέας Παπαθανασίου (Evangelos Odysseas Papathanassiou) [IPA: ] is a world-renowned Greek new age and electronic composer and musician, under the artist name Vangelis Papathanassiou (Βαγγέλης Παπαθανασίου) or just Vangelis (Βαγγέλης) [IPA: or ]. He is best known for his Academy Award winning score for the film Chariots of Fire, and scores for the films Blade Runner... // The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... As defined by Rule Sixteen of the Academy Awards Rules, the Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ...

See also

Artists that do, or have, record for Polydor Records. ... This is a list of record labels. ...

External links

  • UK site
  • German site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Contact Polydor Records - Contact information (1715 words)
Find contact information and address to Polydor Records and all other important record labels.
Polydor Records), managers, producers, songwriters and publishers, including credits and contact information, click here.
In it we present the recording status of the world's 500 most successful artists, including who is currently looking for songs, in what style, whom to contact and their contact details.
Polydor Records - definition of Polydor Records in Encyclopedia (134 words)
Polydor Records is a record label headquartered in Germany.
The Beat Brothers, of course, were actually The Beatles, and less than two years later, with a new drummer and new haircuts and now signed to Parlophone, became the one of the biggest and most influential groups the world has ever seen.
According the film The Filth and the Fury, Polydor was also one of the companys that took interest into the Sex Pistols in 1976, but lost to EMI.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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