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Encyclopedia > Pollice verso

This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. Some of the phrases are themselves translations of Greek phrases, as Greek rhetoric and literature reached its peak centuries before that of Ancient Rome. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Translation is an activity comprising the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language — the source text — and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language — called the target text, or the translation. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... List of Greek Phrases/Proverbs Αα (h)a Ageōmetrētos mēdeis eisitō. Let no-one without knowledge of geometry enter. Motto over the entrance to Platos Academy (quoted in Elias commentary on Aristotles Categories). ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that existed in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East between 753 BC and its downfall in AD 476. ...


Be aware that the Latin letter I can be used as either a vowel or a consonant. When used as a consonant, it is often replaced by the letter J by Medieval convention—hence phrases like de iure are often spelled de jure. For ease of reference, all Latin words that sometimes use J will be rendered with I on this list, as both spellings are often common, making finding phrases that could use either spelling difficult. Due to MediaWikis uppercase algorithm, ı (lower case dotless i) will bring you here. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-07-18, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-07-20, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... The letter J is the tenth of the Latin alphabet; it was the last to be added to that alphabet. ...

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A

Latin Translation Notes
A contrario             "From the opposite" Equivalent to "on the contrary" or "au contraire". An argumentum a contrario is an "argument from the contrary", an argument or proof by contrast or direct opposite.
A fortiori "From the stronger" Loosely, "even more so" or "with even stronger reason". Often used to lead from a less certain proposition to a more evident corollary.

It is unwise to invest in pyramid schemes, and, a fortiori, in e-mail pyramid schemes. A pyramid scheme is a non-sustainable business model that involves the exchange of money primarily for enrolling other people into the scheme, usually without any product or service being delivered. ...

A mari usque ad mare "From sea to sea" From Psalm 72:8, "Et dominabitur a mari usque ad mare, et a flumine usque ad terminos terrae" (KJV: "He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth"). National motto of Canada.
A pedibus usque ad caput "From feet to head" Completely. Equally a capite ad calcem, "from head to heel". See also ab ovo usque ad mala.
A posteriori "From the latter" Based on observation, the reverse of a priori. Used in mathematics, philosophy and logic to denote something that is known after a proof has been carried out.
A priori "From the former" Presupposed, the reverse of a posteriori. Used in mathematics, philosophy and logic to denote something that is known or postulated before a proof has been carried out.
Ab hinc "From here on"
Ab imo pectore "From the bottom of my heart" Attributed to Julius Caesar.
Ab initio "From the beginning" In literature, refers to a story told from the beginning rather than in media res (from the middle). In law, refers to something being the case from the start, rather than from when the court declared it so. In science, refers to the first principles. In other contexts, often refers to beginner or training courses. Ab Initio is also a software corporation.
Ab origine "From the source" From the origin, i.e. "originally". The source of the word aboriginal.
Ab ovo usque ad mala "From the egg to the apples" From Horace, Satire 1.3. Means "from beginning to end", based on the Roman main meal typically beginning with an egg dish and ending with fruit.
Ab urbe condita (a.u.c.) "From the founding of the city" Refers to the founding of Rome, in 753 BC according to Livy's count. Used as a reference point in ancient Rome for establishing dates, before being supplanted by other systems. Also anno urbe condita ("in the year that the city was founded").
Absit iniuria verbis "Let injury by words be absent" Expresses the wish that no insult or wrong be conveyed by the speaker's words, i.e. "no offense".
Absit omen "Let the omen be absent" In other words, "let there not be an omen here". Expresses the wish that something seemingly ill-boding does not turn out to be an omen for future events.
Abusus non tollit usum "Misuse does not remove use" An axiom stating that just because something can be, or has been, abused, does not mean that it must be, or always is.
Acta est fabula plaudite "The play has been performed, applaud!" A common ending to ancient Roman comedies, also claimed by Suetonius to have been Caesar Augustus' last words. Applied by Sibelius to the third movement of his String Quartet no. 2 so that his audience would realize it was the last one, as a fourth would normally be expected.
Acta non verba "Actions, not words" Motto of the United States Merchant Marine.
Acta Sanctorum "Deeds of the Saints" Also used in the singular, Acta Sancti ("Deeds of the Saint"), preceding a specific Saint's name. A common title of works in hagiography.
Ad captandum vulgus "Toward courting the crowd" To do something to appeal to the masses. Often used of politicians who make false or insincere promises to appeal to popular interest.
Ad fontes "To the sources" A motto of Renaissance humanism. Also used in the Protestant Reformation.
Ad fundum "To the bottom" Said during a generic toast, equivalent to "bottom's up!" In other contexts, generally means "back to the basics".
Ad hoc "To this thing" Generally means "for this", in the sense of improvised on the spot or designed for only a specific, immediate purpose.
Ad hominem "To the man" Connotations of "against the man". Typically used in argumentum ad hominem, a logical fallacy consisting of criticizing a person when the subject of debate is the person's ideas or argument, on the mistaken assumption that an idea is more or less valid depending on the qualities of the person endorsing or opposing it.
Ad infinitum "To infinity" Going on forever. Used to designate a property which repeats in all cases in mathematical proof.
Ad interim (ad int) "For the meantime" As in the term "chargé d'affaires ad interim" for a diplomatic officer who acts in place of an ambassador.
Ad Kalendas Graecas "To the Greek Kalends" Attributed by Suetonius to Caesar Augustus. The phrase means "never" and is similar to phrases like "when pigs fly". The Kalends were specific days of the Roman calendar, not of the Greek, and so the "Greek Kalends" would never occur.
Ad libitum (ad lib) "Toward pleasure" Loosely, "according to what pleases" or "as you wish"; libitum comes from the past participle of libere, "to please". It typically indicates in music and theatrical scripts that the performer has the liberty to change or omit something. Ad lib is specifically often used when someone improvises or ignores limitations.
Ad lucem "Toward the light" Motto of the University of Lisbon.
Ad maiorem Dei gloriam (AMDG) "To the greater glory of God" Motto of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). Johann Sebastian Bach dedicated all of his work with the abbreviation "AMDG".
Ad multos annos "To many years!" Expresses a wish for a long life. Similar to the English expression "many happy returns!"
Ad nauseam "To seasickness" More generally, "to the point of nausea". Sometimes used as a humorous alternative to ad infinitum. An argumentum ad nauseam is a logical fallacy involving basing one's argument on prolonged repetition, i.e. repeating something so much that people are "sick of it".
Ad pedem litterae "To the foot of the letter" "Exactly as it is written". Similar to the English idiom "to the letter", meaning "to the last detail".
Ad perpetuam memoriam "To the perpetual memory" Generally precedes "of" and a person's name, and is used to wish for someone to be remembered long after death.
Ad referendum
(ad ref)
"To that which must be brought back" Loosely "subject to reference", meaning that something has been approved provisionally, but must still receive official approval. Not necessarily related to a referendum.
Ad undas "To the waves" Equivalent to "to hell".
Ad usum Delphini "For the use of the Dauphin" Said of a work that has been expurgated of offensive or improper parts. The phrase originates from editions of Greek and Roman classics which Louis XIV had censored for his heir apparent, the Dauphin. Also rarely In usum Delphini ("Into the use of the Dauphin").
Ad usum proprium (ad us. propr.) "For one's own use"
Ad valorem "To the value" According to an object's value. Used in commerce to refer to ad valorem taxes, taxes based on the assessed value of real estate or personal property.
Ad vitam aeternam "To eternal life" Also "to life everlasting". A common Biblical phrase.
Addendum "It must be added" An item to be added, especially a supplement to a book.
Adsum "I am here" Equivalent to "Present!" or "Here!" The opposite of absum ("I am absent").
Advocatus Diaboli "Devil's Advocate" Someone who defends an unpopular view for the sake of discussion, rather than out of a personal belief in the validity of the argument. Originally a name for the Promotor Fidei ("Promoter of the Faith"), a canon lawyer appointed by the Roman Catholic Church to oppose canonizations.
Aegri somnia "A sick man's dreams" From Horace, Ars Poetica, 7. Loosely, "troubled dreams".
Aetatis suae "Of his own age" "At the age of". Appeared on portraits, gravestones, etc. Sometimes extended to anno aetatis suae (AAS), "in the year of his age". Sometimes shortened to just aetatis (aet.).

The tomb reads Anno 1629 Aetatis Suae 46 because she died in 1629 at age 46. Psalms (Tehilim תהילים, in Hebrew) is a book of the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh, and of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. ... The King James Version (KJV) is an English translation of the Holy Bible, commissioned for the benefit of the Church of England at the behest of King James I of England. ... Empirical or a posteriori knowledge is propositional knowledge obtained by experience or sensorial information. ... A priori is a Latin phrase meaning from the former or less literally before experience. In much of the modern Western tradition, the term a priori is considered to mean propositional knowledge that can be had without, or prior to, experience. ... Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: IMP·C·IVLIVS·CAESAR·DIVVS) (b. ... The Latin term ab initio means from the beginning and is used in several contexts: when describing literature: told from the beginning as opposed to in medias res (meaning starting in the middle of the story). ... This is a list of legal terms with short definitions. ... In a formal logical system, that is, a set of propositions that are consistent with one another, it is probable that some of the statements can be deduced from one another. ... The Latin term ab initio means from the beginning and is used in several contexts: when describing literature: told from the beginning as opposed to in medias res (meaning starting in the middle of the story). ... Look up aborigine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ab ovo (Latin — from the egg) is a reference to one of the twin eggs of Leda and Zeus disguised as a swan from which Helen was born. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... Ab urbe condita (AUC or a. ... The founding of Rome is reported by many legends, which in recent times are beginning to be supplemented by more scientific reconstructions. ... Centuries: 9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC Decades: 800s BC 790s BC 780s BC 770s BC 760s BC - 750s BC - 740s BC 730s BC 720s BC 710s BC 700s BC Events and trends 756 BC - Founding of Cyzicus. ... Bust of Livy Titus Livius (around 59 BC - 17 AD), known as Livy in English, wrote a monumental history of Rome, Ab urbe condita, from its founding (traditionally dated to 753 BC). ... This article is about Omens as divinatory portents. ... In epistemology, an axiom is a self-evident truth upon which other knowledge must rest, from which other knowledge is built up. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (69/70 AD - After 130 AD) or known as Suetonius was a prominent Roman Writer. ... Bust of Augustus Caesar Augustus redirects here. ... Sibelius Jean Sibelius (December 8, 1865 – September 20, 1957) was a Finnish composer of classical music; he also studied the violin as a young man. ... Flag of the United States Merchant Marine The United States Merchant Marine is a fleet of ships that is used to transport both imports and exports during peace time and serves as an auxiliary to the United States Navy during times of war, delivering both troops and supplies. ... In general, the term Saint refers to someone who is exceptionally virtuous and holy. ... Hagiography is the study of saints. ... In rhetoric an argument ad captandum, for capturing the gullibility of the naïve among the listeners or readers, is an unsound, specious argument, a kind of seductive casuistry. ... Ad fontes is a Latin expression which means that fundamental research is very important in politics, history and science. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... This article is about the honor; for other uses, see Toast (disambiguation). ... Ad hoc is a Latin phrase which means for this [purpose]. It generally signifies a solution that has been tailored to a specific purpose, such as a tailor-made suit, a handcrafted network protocol, and specific-purpose equation and things like that. ... An ad hominem argument, also known as argumentum ad hominem (Latin, literally argument to the man), is a logical fallacy that involves replying to an argument or assertion by addressing the person presenting the argument or assertion rather than the argument itself. ... A logical fallacy may mean nothing more than a fallacy or it may mean an error in deductive reasoning, i. ... Ad infinitum is a Latin phrase meaning to infinity. ... Infinity is a term with very distinct, separate meanings which arise in theology, philosophy, mathematics and everyday life. ... Ad interim (ad int) is Latin for temporarily or in the meantime. It also refers to a diplomatic officer who acts in place of an ambassador, as in the term chargé daffaires ad interim. Examples from classic literature: No; but she has become queen of Paris, ad interim, and... The Kalends (Latin k/calendæ, -arum), (or calends) correspond to the first days of each month of the Roman calendar. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (69/70 AD - After 130 AD) or known as Suetonius was a prominent Roman Writer. ... Bust of Augustus Caesar Augustus redirects here. ... When pigs fly is an informal way of saying that something will never happen. ... The Roman calendar changed its form several times in the time between the foundation of Rome and the fall of the Roman Empire. ... Ad libitum is Latin for at ones pleasure, often shortened to Ad lib. ... See AdLib for the computer sound card manufacturer. ... In linguistics, a participle is an adjective derived from a verb. ... The University of Lisbon (Universidade de Lisboa) is a leading public university in Lisbon, Portugal, and is composed by eight faculties. ... Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam — sometimes known less frequently in modern times using ancient Latin lettering as Ad Maiorem Dei Gloriam — also known by the abbreviation AMDG, is the motto of the Roman Catholic Church religious order called the Society of Jesus — its members known since the Catholic Reformation as the... The Society of Jesus (Societas Iesu/Jesu (S.J.) in Latin) is a Christian religious order of the Roman Catholic Church in direct service to the Pope. ... The 1748 Haussmann portrait of the composer. ... Look up ad nauseam in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Nausea (Greek Ναυτεία) is the sensation of unease and discomfort in the stomach with an urge to vomit. ... A logical fallacy may mean nothing more than a fallacy or it may mean an error in deductive reasoning, i. ... An idiom is an expression whose meaning is not compositional—that is, whose meaning does not follow from the meaning of the individual words of which it is composed. ... Ad Referendum is the Latin phrase meaning subject to reference. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... For other uses, see Dauphin (disambiguation). ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... Censorship is the control of speech and other forms of human expression, often by government intervention. ... An ad-valorem tax is a tax based on the assessed value of real estate or personal property. ... Immortality (or eternal life) is the concept of existing for a potentially infinite, or indeterminate length, of time. ... Formerly, during the canonization process by the Roman Catholic Church, the Promoter of the Faith (Latin Promotor Fidei), or Devils Advocate (Latin advocatus diaboli), was a canon lawyer appointed by the Church to argue against the canonization of the proposed candidate. ... In Western culture, canon law is the law of the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches. ... The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the Christian Church whose visible and spiritual head is the Pope, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ, and that the sole Church of Christ which... Canonization is the process of declaring someone a saint and involves proving that a candidate has lived in such a way that he or she is worthy of sainthood. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ...

Affidavit "He asserted" A legal term from Medieval Latin referring to a sworn statement. From fides, "faith".
Agenda "Things must be done" Originally comparable to a to-do list, an ordered list of things to be done. Now generalized to include any planned course of action. The singular, agendum ("it must be done"), is rarely used.
Agnus Dei "Lamb of God" Latin translation from John 1:36, where John the Baptist exclaims "Ecce Agnus Dei!" ("Behold the Lamb of God!") upon seeing Jesus, referring both to a lamb's connotations of innocence and to a sacrificial lamb.
Alea iacta est "The die has been cast" Said by Julius Caesar upon crossing the Rubicon in 49 BC, according to Suetonius. The original meaning was roughly equivalent to the English phrase "the game is afoot", but its modern meaning, like that of the phrase "crossing the Rubicon", denotes passing the point of no return on a momentous decision and entering into a risky endeavor where the outcome is left to chance.
Alias "Otherwise" An assumed name or pseudonym. Similar to alter ego, but more specifically referring to a name, not to a "second self".
Alibi "Elsewhere" A legal defense where a defendant attempts to show that he was elsewhere at the time a crime was committed.

His alibi is sound; he gave evidence that he was in another city on the night of the murder. An affidavit is a formal sworn statement of fact, written down, signed, and witnessed (as to the veracity of the signature) by a taker of oaths, such as a notary public. ... Medieval Latin refers to the Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange and as the liturgical language of the medieval Roman Catholic Church. ... An agenda is a list of points to be discussed at a meeting, along with the order of points to be discussed. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The title Lamb of God may refer to: Lamb of God (religious), one of the titles given to Jesus in Christianity. ... The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the sequence of the canon as printed in the New Testament, and scholars agree it was the fourth to be written. ... The Baptism of Christ, by Piero della Francesca, 1449 John the Baptist (also called John the Baptizer or Yahya the Baptizer) is regarded as a prophet by at least three religions: Christianity, Islam, and Mandaeanism. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... Lamb A lamb being bottle fed A lamb is a young sheep less than a year old. ... Generally speaking, a sacrificial lamb is a metaphorical reference for a person who has no chance of surviving the challenge ahead, but is placed there for the common good. ... Rolling dice A die (Old French de, from Latin datum something given or played [1]) is a small polyhedral object (usually a cube) suitable as a gambling device (especially for craps or sic bo). ... Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: IMP·C·IVLIVS·CAESAR·DIVVS) (b. ... Presumed course of the Rubicon The Rubicon (Rubico, in Italian Rubicone) is an ancient Latin name for a small river in northern Italy. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 54 BC 53 BC 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (69/70 AD - After 130 AD) or known as Suetonius was a prominent Roman Writer. ... Crossing the Rubicon is a phrase connoting the passage of a point of no return. ... The point of no return or the Rubicon is the point at which someone, or some group of people, must continue on their current course of action. ... Look up Alias in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The term alias may refer to— an assumed name, or pseudonym. ... A pseudonym (Greek: false name) is a fictitious name used by an individual as an alternative to their legal name (whereas an allonym is the name of another actual person assumed by one person, usually historical, in authorship of a work of art; e. ...

Alis volat propris "She flies with her own wings" The Oregon state motto.
Alma mater "Nourishing mother" Term used for the university one attends or has attended. Another university term, matriculation, is also derived from mater. The term suggests that the students are "fed" knowledge and taken care of by the university. The term is also used for a university's traditional school anthem.
Alter ego "Other I" Another self, a second persona or alias. Can be used to describe different facets or identities of a single character, or different characters who seem representations of the same personality. Often used of a fictional character's secret identity.
Alterum non laedere "To not wound another" One of Justinian I's three basic legal precepts.
Alumna or
Alumnus
"Pupil" A graduate or former student of a school, college or university. Alumna (pl. alumnae) is a female pupil, and alumnus (pl. alumni) is a male pupil—alumni is generally used for a group of both males and females. The word derives from alere, "to nourish", a graduate being someone who was raised and taken care of at the school (cf. alma mater).
Amicus curiae "Friend of the court" An adviser, or a person who can obtain or grant access to the favour of powerful group, like a Roman Curia. In current U.S. legal usage, an amicus curiae is a third party allowed to submit a legal opinion (in the form of an amicus brief) to the court.
Amor vincit omnia "Love conquers all" Written on bracelet worn by the Lady of Bath in Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales. See also veritas omnia vincit and labor omnia vincit.
Anno Domini (A.D.) "In the Year of the Lord" Short for Anno Domini Nostri Iesu Christi ("In the Year of Our Lord, Jesus Christ"), a common system for dating years based on a mistaken attempt to gauge the year of Jesus' birth. Years before Jesus' birth were once marked with a.C.n (Ante Christum Natum, "Before Christ was Born"), but now use the English abbreviation BC ("Before Christ").

Augustus was born in the year 63 BC, and died AD 14. State nickname: Beaver State Other U.S. States Capital Salem Largest city Portland Governor Ted Kulongoski (D) Senators Ron Wyden (D) Gordon Smith (R) Official language(s) None Area 255,026 km² (9th)  - Land 248,849 km²  - Water 6,177 km² (2. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... The matriculation ceremony at Oxford Matriculation refers to the formal process of entering a university, or of becoming eligible to enter by acquiring the required prior qualifications. ... Alter Ego has multiple meanings: Alter Ego is a game for the Commodore 64 computer. ... A persona is a social role, or a character played by an actor. ... Look up Alias in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The term alias may refer to— an assumed name, or pseudonym. ... A fictional character is any person who appears in a work of fiction. ... A secret identity is the practice of hiding a persons identity so the actual identity of the person is not known or suspected. ... Justinian I depicted on one of the famous mosaics of the St. ... The Roman Curia is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See, coordinating and providing the necessary organisation for the correct functioning of the Roman Catholic Church and the achievement of its goals. ... The Wife of Baths Tale is a tale from Geoffrey Chaucers The Canterbury Tales. ... Chaucer: Illustration from Cassells History of England, circa 1902. ... Canterbury Tales Woodcut 1484 The Canterbury Tales is a collection of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century (two of them in prose, the rest in verse). ... Anno Domini (Latin: In the Year of the Lord), or more completely Anno Domini Nostri Iesu Christi (In the Year of Our Lord Jesus Christ), commonly abbreviated AD or A.D., is the designation used to number years in the dominant Christian Era in the world today. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... Ante Christum Natum, usually abbreviated to A.C.N., a. ... BC may stand for: Before Christ (see Anno Domini)  an abbreviation used to refer to a year before the beginning of the year count that starts with the supposed year of the birth of Jesus. ... Bust of Augustus Caesar Augustus redirects here. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC - 60s BC - 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC Years: 68 BC 67 BC 66 BC 65 BC 64 BC 63 BC 62 BC 61 BC 60... Events First year of tianfeng era of the Chinese Xin Dynasty. ...

Annuit Cœptis "He has approved the undertakings" Motto on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States and on the back of the U.S. one dollar bill. "He" refers to God, and so the official translation given by the U.S. State Department is "He [God] has favored our undertakings".
Annus horribilis "Terrifying year" A recent pun on annus mirabilis, first used by Queen Elizabeth II to describe what a bad year 1992 had been for her, and subsequently occasionally used to refer to many other years perceived as "horrible". See also annus terribilis.
Annus mirabilis "Wonderful year" Used particularly to refer to the years 16651666, during which Isaac Newton made revolutionary inventions and discoveries in calculus, motion, optics and gravitation. Annus Mirabilis is also the title of a poem by John Dryden written in the same year. It has since been used to refer to other years, especially to 1905, when Albert Einstein made equally revolutionary discoveries concerning the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion and the special theory of relativity.
Annus terribilis "Dreadful year" Used to describe 1348, the year the Black Death began to afflict Europe.
Ante bellum "Before the war" As in "Status quo ante bellum", "As it was before the war". Commonly used in the Southern United States as antebellum to refer to the period preceding the American Civil War.
Ante cibum (a.c.) "Before food" Medical shorthand for "before meals".
Ante litteram "Before the letter" Said of an expression or term that describes something which existed before the phrase itself was introduced or became common.

Alan Turing was a computer scientist ante litteram, since the field of "computer science" was not yet recognized in Turing's day. Reverse side of the Great Seal of the United States Annuit Cœptis is one of two mottos (the other being Novus Ordo Seclorum) on the reverse side of the Great Seal of the United States. ... Obverse The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. ... The U.S. one dollar bill ($1) is a denomination of U.S. currency. ... God is the term used to denote the Supreme Being believed by monotheistic religions to exist and to be the creator and ruler of the Universe. ... Annus horribilis is a Latin phrase meaning horrible year. It is a pun on annus mirabilis meaning year of wonders. // The Horrible Year of 1666 The phrase was first used by the Archbishop of Canterbury in his Christamas Address of 1666 to describe the past year marked by the Great... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Events March 4 - Start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. ... Events September 2 - Great Fire of London: A large fire breaks out in London in the house of Charles IIs baker on Pudding Lane near London Bridge. ... Sir Isaac Newton, PRS (25 December 1642 (OS) – 20 March 1727 (OS) / 4 January 1643 (NS) – 31 March 1727 (NS)) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, inventor, philosopher and alchemist. ... Annus Mirabilis is a poem written by John Dryden and published in 1667. ... John Dryden John Dryden (August 19, 1631 – May 12, 1700) was an influential English poet, literary critic, and playwright. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Albert Einstein photographed by Oren J. Turner in 1947. ... Events April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411). ... Antebellum is a Latin word meaning before the war. In United States history and historiography, the term Antebellum is often used (especially in U.S. South) to refer to the period of increasing sectionalism leading to the American Civil War, instead of the term pre–Civil War. ... Look up Status quo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Status quo is a Latin term meaning the present current, existing state of affairs. ... The Southern United States or the South constitute a distinctive region covering a large portion of the United States. ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-four mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Alan Turing is often considered the father of modern computer science. ... Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Computer Science Open Directory Project: Computer Science Downloadable Science and Computer Science books Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies Belief that title science in computer science is inappropriate Categories: | ...

Ante meridiem (a.m.) "Before midday" The period from midnight to noon (cf. post meridiem).
Ante prandium (a.p.) "Before lunch" Used on pharmaceutical prescriptions to denote "before a meal". Less common is post prandium, "after lunch".
Aqua fortis "Strong water" Refers to nitric acid.
Aqua vitae "Water of life" "Spirit of Wine" in many English texts. Used to refer to various native distilled beverages, such as whisky in Scotland and Ireland, gin in Holland, brandy (eau de vie) in France, and akvavit in Scandinavia.
Arbiter elegantiarum "Judge of tastes" One who prescribes, rules on, or is a recognized authority on matters of social behavior and taste. Said of Petronius.
Arguendo "For arguing" For the sake of argument. Said when something is done purely in order to discuss a matter or illustrate a point.

Let us assume, arguendo, that your claim is correct. See also Midnight (1934 film) and Midnight (1939 film) Midnight, literally the middle of the night, was a time arbitrarily designated to determine the end of a day and the beginning of the next in some, mainly Western, cultures. ... Noon is the time exactly through the day, written 12:00 in the 24-hour clock and 12:00 noon in the 12-hour clock. ... Lunch is a meal that is taken at noon or in the early afternoon. ... Flash point not applicable R/S statement R: ? S: ? RTECS number  ? Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... Aqua vitae, not to be confused with the beverage aquavit, is an archaic name for a concentrated aqueous solution of ethyl alcohol. ... Various distilled beverages in a Spanish bar A distilled beverage, also called spirits or liquor, is a preparation for consumption containing ethyl alcohol purified by distillation from a fermented substance such as wine, malt, or grain. ... Scotch whisky Whisky (or whiskey) is an alcoholic beverage distilled from grain, often including malt, which has then been aged in wooden barrels. ... Gin and tonic This article concerns the beverage. ... Brandy pot stills at the Van Ryn Brandy Cellar near Stellenbosch, South Africa Brandy (short for brandywine, from Dutch brandewijn—fire wine) is a general term for distilled wine, usually 40–60% ethyl alcohol by volume. ... A bottle and glass of Linie brand akvavit Akvavit, also known as aquavit, is a Scandinavian distilled beverage of typically about 40% alcohol by volume. ... This article is about the Roman author Petronius. ...

Ars gratia artis "Art for art's sake" Latinized from Baudelaire's "L'art pour l'art". Motto of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Ars longa vita brevis "Art is long, life is short" The Latin translation by Horace of a phrase from Hippocrates, often used out of context. The "art" referred to in the original aphorism was the craft of medicine, which took a lifetime to acquire.
Audentes fortuna iuvat "Fortune favors the bold" From Virgil, Aeneid X, 284. Allegedly the last words of Pliny the Elder before he left the docks at Pompeii to rescue people from the eruption of Veusvius in 79. Sometimes quoted as audaces fortuna iuvat.
Audi alteram partem "Hear the other side" A legal principle of fairness. Also worded as audiatur et altera pars ("let the other side be heard too").
Aurea mediocritas "Golden mean" From Horace's Odes II, 10. Revers to the ethical goal of reaching a virtuous middle ground between two sinful extremes. The golden mean concept is common to many philosophers, chiefly Aristotle.
Auri sacra fames "Accursed hunger for gold" From Virgil, Aeneid 3,57. Later quoted by Seneca as quod non mortalia pectora coges, auri sacra fames: "What aren't you able to bring men to do, miserable hunger for gold!"
Auribus teneo lupum "I hold a wolf by the ears" A common ancient proverb, this version from Terence. Indicates that one is in a dangerous situation where both holding on and letting go could be deadly.
Aut Caesar aut nihil "Either Caesar or nothing" Indicates that the only valid possibility is to be emperor, or a similarly prominent position. More generally, "all or nothing". Adopted by Cesare Borgia as a personal motto.
Aut vincere aut mori "Either to conquer or to die" A general pledge of "victory or death".
Ave atque vale "Hail and farewell!" From Catullus, carmen 101, addressed to his deceased brother.
Ave Caesar morituri te salutant "Hail, Caesar! The ones who are about to die salute you!" From Suetonius, Cladius 21. The traditional greeting of gladiators prior to battle. morituri is also translated as "we who are about to die" based on the context in which it was spoken, and this translation is sometimes aided by changing the Latin to nos morituri te salutamus. Also rendered with imperator instead of Caesar.
Ave Europa nostra vera Patria "Hail, Europe, our true Fatherland" Anthem of Pan-Europeanists.

Art for arts sake - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Charles Baudelaire Charles Pierre Baudelaire (April 9, 1821–August 31, 1867) was one of the most influential French poets. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... This topic is considered to be an essential subject on Wikipedia. ... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BCE (between 29 and 19 BCE) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19c portrait. ... Pompeii is a ruined Roman city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania. ... Mount Vesuvius (Italian: Monte Vesuvio) is a volcano east of Naples, Italy, located at 40°49′N 14°26′E. It is the only active volcano on the European mainland, although it is not currently erupting. ... Audi alteram partem (or Audiatur et altera pars) is a Latin phrase that means, literally, hear the other side or hear both sides. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... In philosophy, especially that of Aristotle, the golden mean is the felicitous middle between two extremes, one of excess and the other of deficiency. ... Aristotle, marble copy of bronze by Lysippos. ... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BCE (between 29 and 19 BCE) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... Seneca the Younger Lucius Annaeus Seneca (often known simply as Seneca, or Seneca the Younger) (ca. ... Publius Terentius Afer, better known as Terence, was a comic playwright of the Roman Republic. ... Caesar (Latin:CAESAR, IPA: kaɪsÉ‘r [kae-sahr], common English IPA:siːzÉš [see-zr]) was originally a cognomen in ancient Rome, derived from cai- (of unknown meaning) from which Gaius also derives. ... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... Cesare Borgia (September, 1475 – March 12, 1507), Duke of Valentinois, the illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia) and Vannozza dei Cattani. ... Victory or death is the motto of the 32nd Armored Regiment of the U.S. Army. ... Gaius Valerius Catullus (ca. ... Caesar (p. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (69/70 AD - After 130 AD) or known as Suetonius was a prominent Roman Writer. ... The Latin word imperator was a title originally roughly equivalent to commander during the period of the Roman Republic. ... An anthem is a choral composition to an English religious text sung in church services. ... The International Paneuropean Union claims to be the oldest European unification movement and is also referred to as the Paneuropean Movement and the Pan Europa Movement. ...

B

Latin Translation Notes
Beata Virgo Maria (BVM) "Blessed Virgin Mary" A common name in the Roman Catholic Church for Mary, the mother of Jesus. The genitive, Beatae Mariae Virginis, occurs often as well, appearing with such words as horae ("hours"), litaniae ("litany") and officium ("office").
Beati pauperes spiritu "Blessed in spirit are the poor" Vulgate, Matthew 5:3. The full quote is "Beati pauperes spiritu quoniam ipsorum est regnum caelorum" ("Blessed in spirit are the poor, for theirs is the kingdom of the heavens").
Beati possidentes "Blessed are those who possess" Translated from Euripides.
Bis in die (bid) "Twice a day" Medical shorthand.
Bona fide "In good faith" "Well-intentioned", "fairly".
Bona officia "Good services" A nation's offer to mediate in disputes between two other nations.
Boni pastoris est tondere pecus non deglubere "It is of a good shepherd to shear his flock, not to flay them" Tiberius reportedly said this to his regional commanders, as a warning against taxing the populace excessively.
Bonum commune communitatis "Common good of the community" "General welfare". Refers to what benefits a society, as opposed to bonum commune hominis, which refers to what is good for an individual.
Bonum commune hominis "Common good of a man" Refers to an individual's happiness, which is not "common" in that it serves everyone, but in that individuals tend to be able to find happiness in similar things.
Busillis Pseudo-Latin meaning "baffling puzzle" or "difficult point". John of Cornwall (ca. 1170) was once asked by a scribe what the word meant. It turns out that the original text said in diebus illis magnis plenæ ("in those days there were plenty of great things"), which the scribe misread as indie busillis magnis plenæ ("in India there were plenty of large busillis").

Blessed Virgin Mary A traditional Catholic picture sometimes displayed in homes. ... The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the Christian Church whose visible and spiritual head is the Pope, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ, and that the sole Church of Christ which... Saint Mary redirects here. ... The genitive case is a grammatical case that indicates a relationship, primarily one of possession, between the noun in the genitive case and another noun. ... A litany, in Christian worship, is a form of prayer used in church services and processions, and consisting of a number of petitions. ... Officium (plural officia) is a Latin word with various meanings, including service, (sense of) duty, courtesy, ceremony and the likes. ... For the Arthurian Vulgate Cycle, see Lancelot-Grail Cycle. ... A Statue of Euripides Euripides (c. ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... For the practice in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Assume good faith. ... A bust of younger Emperor Tiberius For the city in Israel, see Tiberias. ... The phrase Dog Latin refers to the creation of a phrase or jargon in imitation of Latin, often by directly translating English words into Latin without conjugation or declension. ... John of Cornwall, in Latin Johannes Cornubiensis or Johannes de Sancto Germano was a Christian scholar and teacher, who was living in Paris about 1176. ... Events December 29: Assassination of Thomas Beckett, Archbishop of Canterbury, in Canterbury cathedral Eleanor of Aquitaine leaves the court of Henry II because of a string of infidelities. ...

C

Latin Translation Notes
Cacoethes scribendi "Bad habit of writing" From Juvenal. An insatiable urge to write.
Carpe diem "Pluck the day" From Horace, Odes I, 11.8. Metaphorically "seize the day".
Carthago delenda est "Carthage must be destroyed" From Roman senator Cato the Elder, who ended every speech of his during the Punic Wars with Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam, literally "For the rest, I am of the opinion that Carthage is to be destroyed". Other translations include "In conclusion, I declare that Carthage must be destroyed" and "Furthermore, I move for Carthage to be destroyed".
Casus belli "Event of war" Refers to an incident that is the justification or cause for war.
Causa mortis "Cause of death"
Cave canem "Beware of dog" Found written on a floor mosaic depicting a dog, at the entrance of a Roman house excavated at Pompeii.[1]
Caveat emptor "Let the buyer beware" The purchaser is responsible for checking whether the goods suit his need.
Caveat lector "Let the reader beware" Used when the writer does not vouch for the accuracy of a text. Probably a recent calque on caveat emptor.
Caveat venditor "Let the seller beware" The person selling goods is responsible for providing information about the goods to the purchaser.
Cessante ratione legis cessat ipsa lex "When the reason for the law ceases, the law itself ceases" A rule of law becomes ineffective when the reason for its application has ceased to exist or does not correspond to the reality anymore.
Cetera desunt "The rest is missing"
Ceteris paribus "With other things equal" Typically written in English as "all other things being equal". A phrase which rules out outside changes interfering with a situation.
Christus Rex "Christ the King" A Christian title for Jesus.
Circa (c.) or (ca.) "Around" In the sense of "approximately" or "about". Usually used of a date.

Jesus is now believed to have been born circa 6 BC. Note: This article is about the Roman poet, who is the most famous person by this name. ... This article is about the Latin phrase. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... Marcus Porcius Cato (Latin: M·PORCIVS·M·F·CATO) (234 BC - 149 BC), Roman statesman, surnamed The Censor, Sapiens, Priscus, or Major (the Elder), to distinguish him from Cato the Younger (his great-grandson), was born at Tusculum. ... The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and the Phoenician city of Carthage. ... Casus belli is a Latin expression from the international law theory of Jus ad bellum. ... Pompeii is a ruined Roman city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania. ... Caveat emptor is Latin for let the buyer beware. Before statutory law, the buyer had no warranty of the quality of goods. ... Caveat lector is Latin phrase meaning Let the reader beware. The phrase is used in written English in two distinct ways. ... In linguistics, a calque (pronounced [kælk]) or loan translation (itself a calque of German Lehnübersetzung) is a phrase borrowed from another language by literal word-for-word translation. ... Ceteris paribus is a Latin phrase, literally translated as other things the same, and usually rendered in English as all other things being equal. ... Christ is the English representation of the Greek word Χριστός (transliterated as Khristós), which means anointed. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... Look up Circa on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ...

Circulus vitiosus "Vicious circle" In logic, begging the question, a fallacy involving the presupposition of a proposition in one of the premises (see petitio principii). In science, a positive feedback loop. In economics, a counterpart to the virtuous circle.
Citius altius fortius "Faster, higher, stronger" Motto of the modern Olympics.
Claves Sancti Petri "The keys of Saint Peter" A symbol of the Papacy.
Cogito ergo sum "I think, therefore I am" A rationalistic argument used by French philosopher René Descartes to attempt to prove his own existence.
Coitus interruptus "Interrupted meeting" Aborting sexual intercourse (coitus) prior to ejaculation—the only permitted form of birth control in some religions.
Compos mentis "In control of the mind" Describes someone of sound mind. Sometimes used ironically. Also a legal principle, non compos mentis ("not in control of one's faculties"), used to describe an insane person. Samuel Johnson, author of the first English dictionary, theorized that the word nincompoop may derive from this phrase.
Concordia cum veritate "In harmony with truth" Motto of the University of Waterloo.
Condemnant quod non intellegunt "They condemn because they do not understand"
Conditio sine qua non "Condition without which not" A required, indispensable condition.
Confer (cf.) "Bring together" "Compare". Used as an abbreviation in text to recommend a comparison with another thing (cf. citation signal).
Confoederatio Helvetica (C.H.) "Helvetian Confederation" The official name of Switzerland, hence the use of "CH" for its ISO country code, ".ch" for its Internet domain, and "CHF" for the ISO three-letter abbreviation of its currency, the Swiss franc.
Coniunctis viribus "With connected strength" Or "with united powers".
Consummatum est "It is completed" The last words of Jesus on the cross in the Latin translation of John 19:30.
Contemptus saeculi "Scorn for the times" Despising the secular world. The monk or philosopher's rejection of a mundane life and worldly values.
Cor ad cor loquitur "Heart speaks to heart" From Augustine's Confessions, referring to a prescribed method of prayer: having a "heart to heart" with God. Commonly used in reference to a later quote by John Henry Cardinal Newman. A motto of Newman Clubs.
Coram Deo "In the presence of God" A phrase from Christian theology which summarizes the idea of Christians living in the presence of, under the authority of, and to the honor and glory of God.
Corpus Christi "Body of Christ" The name of a feast in the Roman Catholic Church commemorating the Eucharist.
Corpus delicti "Body of the offence" The fact that a crime has been committed, a necessary factor in convicting someone of having committed that crime; if there was no crime, there can not have been a criminal.
Corpus vile "Worthless body" A person or thing fit only to be the object of an experiment.
Credo quia absurdum "I believe it because it is absurd" Attributed to Tertullian. See fideism.
Crescat scientia vita excolatur "Let knowledge grow, let life be enriched" Motto of the University of Chicago.
Cui bono "Good for whom?" "Who benefits?" An adage in criminal investigation which suggests that considering who would benefit from an unwelcome event is likely to reveal who is responsible for that event (cf. cui prodest).
Cui prodest "For whom it advances" Short for cui prodest scelus is fecit ("for whom the crime advances, he has done it") in Seneca's Medea. Thus, the murderer is the one who gains by the murder (cf. cui bono).
Cuius est solum eius est usque ad coelum et ad inferos "Whose the land is, all the way to the sky and to the underworld is his" First coined by Accursius of Bologna in the 13th century. A Roman legal principle of property law that is no longer observed in most situations today. Less literally, "for whomsoever owns the soil, it is theirs up to the sky and down to the depths".
Cuius regio, eius religio "Whose region, his religion" The privilege of a ruler to choose the religion of his subjects. A regional prince's ability to choose his people's religion was established at the Peace of Augsburg in 1555.
Cum gladiis et fustibus "With swords and clubs" From the Bible. Occurs in Matthew 26:47 and Luke 22:52.
Cum gladio et sale "With sword and salt" Motto of a well-paid soldier. See salary.
Cum grano salis "With a grain of salt" Not to be taken too seriously or as the literal truth.

Yes, the brochure made it sound great, but such claims should be taken cum grano salis. The term vicious circle has the following meanings: Circular logic, a kind of logical fallacy. ... In logic, begging the question is the term for a type of fallacy occurring in deductive reasoning in which the proposition to be proved is assumed implicitly or explicitly in one of the premises. ... A logical fallacy may mean nothing more than a fallacy or it may mean an error in deductive reasoning, i. ... Positive feedback is a type of feedback. ... In many parts of economics there is an assumption that a complex system of determinants will tend to lead to a state of equilibrium. ... The Olympic Games, or Olympics, is an international multi-sport event taking place every four years and alternating between Summer and Winter Games. ... Saint Peter, also known as Peter, Simon ben Jonah/BarJonah, Simon Peter, Cephas and Kepha—original name Simon or Simeon (Acts 15:14)—was one of the twelve original disciples or apostles of Jesus. ... The pope is the Patriarch of the West and Bishop of Rome, and leader of the Catholic Church. ... René Descartes (1596–1650) René Descartes Latin statement cogito, ergo sum (traditionally translated as I think, therefore I am, but more accurately as I am thinking, therefore I exist) is possibly the single best-known philosophical statement. ... A separate article deals with a different philosophical position called rationalism. ... Wikisource has original works written by or about: René Descartes Works by René Descartes at Project Gutenberg A summary of his book A Discourse On Method French French Audio Book (mp3) : excerpt about animals/machines from Discourse On the Method Discourse On the Method – at Project Gutenberg Selections from the... Coitus interruptus, also commonly called Vatican roulette, the withdrawal method, the Hail Mary method, the natural method, pull and pray, belly shot, raw dog and bail, or pulling out is an unreliable method of contraception in which, during sexual intercourse, the man removes his penis from the womans vagina... The missionary position is the most common position for sexual intercourse in humans The cowgirl sex position is a position frequently combined with kissing, caressing, and embracing of the paramour. ... Illustration of the human male anatomy. ... Birth control is a regimen of one or more extra actions, devices, or medications followed in order to deliberately prevent or reduce the likelihood of a woman becoming pregnant. ... Compos Mentis can refer to: Adjective: Of sound mind, memory, and understanding. ... The term non compos mentis comes from Latin, non meaning not, compos meaning in control, and mentis, genitive singular of mens, and means It is most typically used in its negative form, non compos mentis, that is, not having control of ones faculties, as in a phrase such as... Samuel Johnson circa 2002, painted by Irish .]] Dr Samuel Johnson (September 7, 1709 Old Style/September 18 New Style 1–December 13, 1784), often referred to simply as Dr Johnson, was one of Englands most forgetful people: a poet, essayist, biographer, lexicographer, and often did stupid things like flooding... Nincompoop is a term for a person who publicly displays his ignorance. ... The University of Waterloo, also known as UW or simply Waterloo, is a medium-sized research-intensive public university in the city of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. ... cf. ... A citation signal indicates how a writer views the relationship of a citation to some statement being made. ... Helvetia on a 25 centime Swiss postage stamp, 1881 Helvetia is the Roman name for an ancient region of central Europe occupying a plateau between the Alps and the Jura Mountains. ... ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are the best known part of ISO 3166-1 and subsequent use as most of the country codes for Internet domain names (see also External Links below). ... A top-level domain (TLD) is the last part of an Internet domain name; that is, the letters which follow the final dot of any URL. For example, in the domain name wikipedia. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... Crucifixion is an ancient method of execution, where the victim was tied or nailed to a large wooden cross (Latin: crux) and left to hang there until dead. ... The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the sequence of the canon as printed in the New Testament, and scholars agree it was the fourth to be written. ... Secularism is commonly defined as the idea that religion should not interfere with or be integrated into the public affairs of a society. ... Monasticism (from Greek: monachos—a solitary person) is the religious practice of renouncing all worldly pursuits in order to fully devote ones life to spiritual work. ... A philosopher is a person devoted to studying and producing results in philosophy. ... St. ... Confessions is the name of a series of thirteen autobiographical books by St. ... J H Newman age 23 when he preached his first sermon (homily) Newmans personal coat of arms upon his elevation to the cardinalate. ... Christian theology practices theology from a Christian viewpoint or studies Christianity theologically. ... As a noun, Christian is an appellation and moniker deriving from the appellation Christ, which many people associate exclusively with Jesus of Nazareth. ... God is the term used to denote the Supreme Being believed by monotheistic religions to exist and to be the creator and ruler of the Universe. ... Corpus Christi celebrations in Antigua Guatemala, 14 June, 1979 Corpus Christi (Latin: Body of Christ) in Catholicism is a religious feast celebrated by Roman Catholics on the eighth Thursday after Easter, i. ... This article is about the Christian feast of Corpus Christi. ... The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the Christian Church whose visible and spiritual head is the Pope, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ, and that the sole Church of Christ which... The Eucharist is the rite that Christians perform in fulfillment of Jesus instruction, recorded in the New Testament, to do in memory of him what he did at his Last Supper. ... Corpus delicti (Latin: body of crime) term from Western jurisprudence which refers to the principle that it must be proven that a crime has occurred, before a person can be convicted of committing the crime. ... Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus, anglicized as Tertullian, (ca. ... In Christian theology, fideism is any of a number of positions. ... The University of Chicago is a private co-educational university located in Chicago, Illinois. ... Cui bono (Good for whom, or Who obtains a benefit) is a latin adage used in criminal investigation. ... An adage is a short, but memorable saying, which holds some important fact of experience that is considered true by many people, or it has gained some credibility through its long use. ... Seneca the Younger Lucius Annaeus Seneca (often known simply as Seneca, or Seneca the Younger) (ca. ... Cuius est solum, eius est usque ad coelum et ad inferos or for whomsoever owns the soil, it is theirs up to the sky and down to the depths is a Roman legal principle of property law no longer observed in many instances today. ... // In the study of mythology and religion, the underworld is a generic term approximately equivalent to the lay term afterlife, referring to any place to which newly dead souls go. ... Roman Law is the legal system of ancient Rome. ... Property law is the law that governs the various forms of ownership in real property (land as distinct from personal or movable possessions) and in personal property, within the common law legal system. ... Cuius regio, eius religio is a phrase in Latin that means, Whose the region is, his religion. ... The Peace of Augsburg was a treaty signed between Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League on September 25, 1555 at the city of Augsburg in Germany. ... The Gospel of Matthew (literally: according to Matthew, Greek: Κατα Μαθθαιον ) is one of the four Gospel accounts of the New Testament. ... The Gospel of Luke is the third of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament, which tell the story of Jesus life, death, and resurrection. ... // A salary is a form of periodic payment from an employer to an employee, which is specified in an employment contract. ... (With) a grain of salt is a literal translation of an ancient Latin phrase, (cum) grano salis. ...

Cum laude "With praise" The standard formula for academic Latin honors. Greater honors include magna cum laude and summa cum laude.
Cura te ipsum "Take care of your own self" An exhortation to physicians, or experts in general, to deal with their own problems before addressing those of others.
Curriculum vitae "Course of life" A résumé.
Cygnus inter anates "Swan among ducks"

Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of academic distinction with which an academic degree was earned. ... Cura te ipsum (Physician, heal thyself!) is a classical injunction, urging medical doctors to heal themselves first. ... Physician examining a child The word physician should not be confused with physicist, which means a scientist in the area of physics. ... Look up Résumé in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Look up Curriculum vitae in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

D

Latin Translation Notes
Damnum absque iniuria "Damage without injustice" A loss that results from noone's wrongdoing. In Roman law, a man is not responsible for unintended, consequential injury to another resulting from a lawful act. This protection does not necessarily apply to unintended damage by negligence or folly.
De facto "In fact" Said of something that is the actual state of affairs, in contrast to something's legal or official standing, which is described as de iure. De facto refers to the "way things really are" rather than what is "officially" presented as the fact.

Although the emperor held the title and trappings of head of state, the Shogun was the de facto ruler of Japan. Roman Law is the legal system of ancient Rome. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... In Japanese history, a shogun (将軍 shōgun) was the practical ruler of Japan for most of the time from 1192 to the Meiji Era beginning in 1868. ...

De gustibus non est disputandum "There must not be discussion regarding tastes" Also "In matters of taste there is no dispute" or "There's no arguing taste". A similar expression in English is "There's no accounting for taste".
De iure "By law" "Official", in contrast with de facto. Analogous to "in principle", whereas de facto is to "in practice".
De minimis non curat praetor "The commander does not bother with the smallest things" Also "The chief magistrate does not concern himself with trifles". Trivial matters are no concern of a high official (cf. aquila non capit muscas, "the eagle does not catch flies"). Sometimes rex ("the king") or lex ("the law") is used in place of praetor, and de minimis is a legal term referring to things unworthy of the law's attention.
De mortuis aut bene aut nihil "About the dead, either well or nothing" Less literally, "Speak well of the dead or not at all" (cf. de mortuis nil nisi bonum).
De mortuis nil nisi bonum "About the dead, nothing unless a good thing" From de mortuis nil nisi bonum dicendum est, "nothing must be said about the dead except the good", attributed by Diogenes Laertius to Chilon. In legal contexts, this quotation is used with the opposite meaning, as defaming a deceased person is not a crime. In other contexts, it refers to taboos against criticizing the recently deceased.
De nobis fabula narratur "About us is the story told" Thus, "Their story is our story". Originally referred to the end of Rome's dominance. Now often used when comparing any current situation to a past story or historical event.
De novo "From the new" "Anew" or "afresh". In law, a trial de novo is a retrial. In biology, de novo means newly-synthesized, and a de novo mutation is a mutation that neither parent possessed or transmitted. In economics, de novo refers to newly-founded companies, and de novo banks are state banks that have been in operation for five years or less.
De omni re scibili et quibusdam aliis "About every knowable thing, and even certain other things" A 15th century Italian scholar wrote the De omni re scibili portion, and a wag added et quibusdam aliis.
De Oppresso Liber "Free From Having Been Oppressed" Commonly mistranslated as "To Liberate the Oppressed". The motto of the United States Army Special Forces.
De re "About the matter" In logic, de dicto statements (about the truth of a proposition) are distinguished from de re statements (about the properties of a thing itself).
Decus et tutamen "An ornament and a safeguard" Enscribed on the edge of the British One Pound coin.
Dei Gratia Regina "By the Grace of God, Queen" Also Dei Gratia Rex ("By the Grace of God, King"). Abbreviated as D G REG preceding Fidei Defensor (F D) on British pounds, and as D G Regina on Canadian coins.
Dei sub numine viget "Under God's light she flourishes" Motto of Princeton University.
Deliriant isti Romani "They are mad, those Romans!" A translation into Latin from René Goscinny's "ils sont fous, ces romains!" in the Asterix and Obelix comic.
Deo vindice "With God as protector" Motto of the Confederate States of America. An alternate translation is "With an avenging God".
Deus ex machina "A god from a machine" From the Greek Από μηχανής Θεός (Apo mēchanēs Theos). A contrived or artificial solution, usually to a literary plot. Refers to the practice in Greek drama of lowering by machine an actor playing a god or goddess, typically either Athena or (as in Euripides) the Dioscuri onto the stage to resolve an insuperable conflict in the plot.
Deus vult "God wills it!" The principal slogan of the Crusades.
Diem perdidi "I have lost the day" From the Roman Emperor Titus. Passed down in Suetonius's biography (8).
Dies Irae "Day of Wrath" Refers to the Judgment Day in Christian eschatology. The name of a famous Medieval Latin hymn by Tommaso da Celano.
Dis aliter visum "It seemed otherwise to the gods" In other words, the gods have different plans than mortals, and so events do not always play out as people wish them to.
Dis manibus sacrum (D.M.S.) "Sacred to the ghost-gods" Refers to the Manes, Roman spirits of the dead. Loosely "To the memory of". A conventional inscription preceding the name of the deceased on grave markings, often shortened to dis manibus (D.M.), "for the ghost-gods". Preceded in some earlier monuments by hic situs est (H. S. E.), "he lies here".
Disce quasi semper victurus vive quasi cras moriturus "Learn as if always going to live; live as if tomorrow going to die"
Disiecti membra poetae "Limbs of a scattered poet" That is, "the scattered remains of the poet". From Horace, Satires, I, 4, 62.
Divide et impera "Divide and rule" A Roman maxim adopted by Julius Caesar, Louis XI and Machiavelli. Commonly rendered "divide and conquer".
Do ut des "I give that you may give" Often said or written for sacrifices, when one "gives" and expects something back from the gods.
Dominus illuminatio mea "The Lord is my light" Motto of the University of Oxford.
Dominus vobiscum "Lord be with you" Phrase used during and at the end of Catholic sermons, and a general greeting form among and towards members of Catholic organizations, such as priests and nuns. See also pax vobiscum.
Donatio mortis causa "Giving in expectation of death" A legal concept where a person in imminent mortal danger need not meet the requisite consideration to create or modify a will.
Draco dormiens nunquam titillandus "A sleeping dragon must never be tickled" Motto of the fictional Hogwarts school in the Harry Potter series.
Dramatis personae "The parts of the play" More literally, "The masks of the drama"; more figuratively, "Cast of characters". The characters represented in a dramatic work.
Dulce bellum inexpertis "War is sweet to the inexperienced" War may seem pleasant to those who have never been involved in it, though the more experienced know better. A phrase from Erasmus in the 16th century.
Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori "It is sweet and honorable to die for the fatherland" From Horace, Odes III, 2, 13. Used by Wilfred Owen for the title of a poem about World War I, Dulce et Decorum Est.
Dulce et utile "A sweet and useful thing" Horace wrote in his Ars Poetica that poetry must be dulce et utile ("pleasant and profitable"), both enjoyable and instructive.
Dum spiro spero "While I breathe, I hope" Motto of South Carolina.
Dum Roma deliberat Saguntum perit "While Rome debates, Saguntum is in danger" Used when someone has been asked for urgent help, but responds with no immediate action. Similar to Hannibal ante portas, but referring to a less personal danger.
Dura lex sed lex "The law is harsh, but it is the law"

Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary De jure (in Classical Latin de iure) is an expression that means based on law, as contrasted with de facto, which means in fact. The terms de jure and de facto are used like in principle and in practice when one... De minimis is a Latin expression meaning about minimal things, which is mostly used as part of de minimis non curat praetor or de minimis non curat lex, in the sense that law is not interested in trivial matters. ... // Definition According to Cicero, Praetor was a title which designated the consuls as the leaders of the armies of the state. ... The Latin tag de mortuis nil nisi bonum dicendum est is usually shortened to de mortuis nil nisi bonum or sometimes just nil nisi bonum. ... Diogenes Laërtius, the biographer of the Greek philosophers, is supposed by some to have received his surname from the town of Laerte in Cilicia, and by others from the Roman family of the Laërtii. ... Chilon of Sparta or Chilo of Sparta was a Lacedaemonian, son of Damagetus and one of the Seven Sages of Greece. ... A taboo is a strong social prohibition (or ban) relating to any area of human activity or social custom declared as sacred and forbidden; breaking of the taboo is usually considered objectionable or abhorrent by society. ... In law, the expression trial de novo literally means new trial. It is most often used in certain legal systems that provide for one form of trial, then another if a party remains unsatisfied with the decision. ... In law, the expression trial de novo literally means new trial. It is most often used in certain legal systems that provide for one form of trial, then another if a party remains unsatisfied with the decision. ... In medicine and genetics, a de novo mutation is a mutation which neither parent possessed or transmitted. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... De Oppresso Liber or to free the oppressed is the motto of the United States Army Special Forces. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army Special Forces, the Green Berets. ... This article discusses the British One Pound circulating coin issued since 1983, only. ... Dei Gratia Regina (often abbreviated to D. G. Regina and seen as D·G·REGINA) is latin for By the Grace of God, Queen. ... For details of notes and coins, see British coinage and British banknotes. ... The Canadian dollar, CAD or C$, is the unit of currency of Canada. ... Princeton University, located in Princeton, New Jersey, is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. ... René Goscinny (August 14, 1926 – November 5, 1977) French author, editor and humorist, who is best known for the comic strip Astérix, which he created with illustrator Albert Uderzo, and the comic strip Lucky Luke. // Early life René was born in Paris in 1926, to Stanislaw Simkha Goscinny, a... A shrewd, cunning little warrior; all perilous missions are immediately entrusted to him. ... Obelix Obelix (originally Obélix) is a character, a sidekick with superhuman strength in the Asterix comic books. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans February 4, 1861 until captured... Deus ex machina (deus ex māchinā, plural deÄ« ex māchinÄ«s) is Latin for god from the machine and is a calque from the Greek ápo mÄ“chanÄ“s theós, (pronounced in Ancient Greek ). It originated with Greek and Roman theater, when a mechane would lower actors... Athena from the east pediment of the Afea temple in Aegina After a sculpture of Athena at the Louvre. ... A Statue of Euripides Euripides (c. ... In Greek mythology, Castor (or Kastor) and Pollux (sometimes called Polydeuces) were the twin sons of Leda and the brothers of Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra. ... This article is about the medieval crusades. ... This is about the emperor of ancient Rome. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (69/70 AD - After 130 AD) or known as Suetonius was a prominent Roman Writer. ... Dies Iræ (Day of Wrath) is a famous Latin hymn written by Thomas of Celano. ... In Christian eschatology, the Last Judgment or Judgement Day is the ethical-judicial trial, judgment, and punishment/reward of individual humans (assignment to heaven or to hell) by a divine tribunal at the end of time, following the destruction of humans present earthly existence. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Thomas of Celano, in Italian Tommaso da Celano from his hometown of Celano in the Abruzzo, (ca. ... In Roman mythology, the Manes were the souls of deceased love ones. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... In politics and sociology, divide and rule (also known as divide and conquer) is a strategy of gaining and maintaining power by breaking up larger concentrations of power into chunks that individually have less power than the one implementing the strategy. ... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus), until its radical reformation in what was later to be known as the Byzantine Empire. ... Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: IMP·C·IVLIVS·CAESAR·DIVVS) (b. ... Louis XI Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 - August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), was a King of France (1461 - 1483). ... Detail of the portrait of Machiavelli, ca 1500, in the robes of a Florentine public official Niccolò Machiavelli (May 3, 1469—June 21, 1527) was an Italian political philosopher during the Renaissance. ... Divide and conquer (derived from the Latin saying Divide et impera) can mean either: In politics and sociology, a strategy to gain or maintain power: see divide and rule In computer science, an algorithm design paradigm based on recursion: see divide and conquer (computer science). ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Consideration is a central concept in the common law of contracts. ... In the law, a will or testament is a document by which a person (the testator) regulates the rights of others over his property or family after death. ... Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is a fictional school of magic that is the main setting of the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Cover of the original novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone. ... Dramatis personae is a Latin phrase (literally the persons of the drama) for the characters in the plot of a play, and is used to refer collectively to the characters represented in a dramatic work (various forms of theater, but also on screen) to be played by the acting cast... Desiderius Erasmus in 1523 Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (also Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam) (October 27, probably 1466 – July 12, 1536) was a Dutch humanist and theologian. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori is a line from the Roman lyrical poet Horaces Odes (iii 2. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... Wilfred Owen Wilfred Edward Salter Owen, MC (March 18, 1893 – November 4, 1918) was an English poet. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas. ... Dulce Et Decorum Est (written in 1917 and published posthumously in 1921) is a poem written by English poet and World War I soldier Wilfred Owen. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... Ars Poetica is the name of at least three pieces of literature. ... State nickname: Palmetto State Official languages English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford (R) Senators Lindsey Graham (R) Jim DeMint (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 40th 82,965 km² 6 Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 26th 4,012,012 51. ... Saguntum, now Sagunt, (Castilian Sagunto) is an ancient city in the fertile district of Camp de Morvedre in the province of Valencia in eastern Spain. ...

E

Latin Translation Notes
E pluribus unum "From more, one" Generally translated "Out of many, one" or "Many from one". National motto of the United States of America. Motto of the Sport Lisboa e Benfica Portuguese soccer club.
Ecce Homo "Behold the Man!" From the Latin translation of the Gospel of John, where Pilate speaks these words as he presents Jesus, crowned with thorns, to the crowd. Oscar Wilde opened his defense with this phrase when on trial for sodomy, characteristically using a well-known Biblical reference as a double entendre. It is also the title of Friedrich Nietzsche's autobiography and of the theme music by Howard Goodall for the BBC comedy Mr. Bean.
Editio princeps "First edition"
Emeritus "Veteran" Also "worn-out". Often used to denote a position held at the point of retirement, as an honor, such as professor emeritus or provost emeritus. This does not necessarily mean that the honoree is no longer active.
Ergo "Therefore" Used to show a logical conclusion (cf. cogito ergo sum).
Errare humanum est "To err is human" From Seneca the Younger. The full quote is errare humanum est perseverare diabolicum: "to err is human; to persist is of the Devil".
Esse quam videri "To be, rather than to seem" Truly being something, rather than merely seeming to be something. Motto of North Carolina.
Esto perpetua "Let it be perpetual" Said of Venice by the Venetian historian Fra Paolo Sarpi.
Et alibi (et al.) "And elsewhere" A less common variant on et cetera used at the end of a list of locations to denote unlisted places.
Et alii (et al.) "And others" Used similarly to et cetera ("and the rest"), to stand for a list of names. Alii is actually masculine, so it can be used for men, or groups of men and women; the feminine, et aliae, is appropriate when the "others" are all female, and the neuter, et alia ("and other things"), is also common. APA style suggests that et alii may be used if the work cited was written by more than six authors; MLA style suggests that only three are necessary.
Et cetera (etc.) or (&c.) "And the rest" Nowadays also used to mean "and so on", "and more", etc.
Et in Arcadia ego "I, too, am in Arcadia" See memento mori.
Et nunc reges intelligite erudimini qui iudicati terram "And now, kings, understand: be instructed, you who have judged the Earth" From Psalms 2, 4.3.
Et sequens (et seq.) "And the following"
Et tu, Brute "Even you, Brutus?" Also "You too, Brutus?" and "And you, Brutus?" Used to indicate a betrayal by someone close. From Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, based on the traditional dying words of Julius Caesar. However, these were almost certainly not Caesar's true last words; Plutarch quotes Caesar as saying, in Greek (which was the language of Rome's elite at the time), "και συ τεκνον" (Kai su, teknon?), in English "Even you, my son?" Some have speculated based on this that Brutus was Caesar's child, though there is no substantial evidence of this.
Ex abundantia enim cordis os loquitur "For out of an abundance of the heart, the mouth speaks" From the Gospel of Matthew, 12:34, and the Gospel of Luke, 6:45. Sometimes rendered without enim ("for").
Ex aequo "From the equal" "On equal footing", i.e. "in a tie".
Ex animo "From the heart" Thus, "sincerely".
Ex ante "From before" "Beforehand", "before the event". Based on prior assumptions.
Ex Astris Scientia "From the Stars, Knowledge" The motto of the fictional Starfleet Academy on Star Trek. Adapted from ex luna scientia, which in turn was modeled after ex scientia tridens.
Ex cathedra "From the chair" A phrase applied to the Pope when he is speaking infallibly and, by extension, to others who speak with supreme authority or arrogance.
Ex Deo "From God"
Ex dolo malo "From fraud" Literally "from harmful deceit", dolus malus being the Latin legal term for "fraud". The full legal phrase is Ex dolo malo non oritur actio ("An action does not arise from fraud"). When an action has its origin in fraud or deceit, it cannot be supported; thus, a court of law will not assist a man who bases his course of action on an immoral or illegal act.
Ex gratia "From kindness" More literally "from grace". Refers to someone voluntarily performing an act purely out of kindness, as opposed to for personal gain or from being forced to do it. In law, an ex gratia payment is one made without recognizing any liability or legal obligation.
Ex hypothesi "From the hypothesis" Thus, "by hypothesis".
Ex lege "From the law"
Ex libris "From the books" Precedes a person's name, with the meaning of "From the library of..."
Ex luna scientia "From the moon, knowledge" The motto of the Apollo 13 moon mission, derived from ex scientia tridens.
Ex nihilo nihil fit "Nothing may come from nothing" From Lucretius, and said earlier by Empedocles. Its original meaning is "work is required to succeed", but its modern meaning is a more general "everything has its origins in something" (cf. causality). It is commonly applied to the conservation laws in philosophy and modern science, while ex nihilo is used in theology to refer to various creationist religious traditions that hold that the universe was created by God "out of nothing".
Ex officio "From the office" By virtue of office or position; "by right of office". Often used when someone holds one position by virtue of holding another.

The Vice President of the United States is ex officio President of the Senate. E pluribus unum is included in the Great Seal of the United States E pluribus unum is a national motto of the United States of America. ... Here is a list of state mottos for countries and their subdivisions around the world. ... Sport Lisboa e Benfica (commonly referred to as simply SL Benfica, Benfica or Benfica Lisbon) is a football club based in Lisbon, Portugal. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... Correggios Ecce Homo depicts the humanity of the suffering Jesus Ecce Homo (Latin for Behold the Man) were the words used by Pilate at the trial of Christ. ... The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the sequence of the canon as printed in the New Testament, and scholars agree it was the fourth to be written. ... Pontius Pilate (Latin Pontius Pilatus) was the governor of the small Roman province of Judea from 26 until 36? AD although Tacitus believed him to be the procurator of that province. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... Oscar Wilde Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Anglo-Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and short story writer. ... Sodomy is a term of religious origin to characterise certain sexual acts. ... Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) was a German philosopher, whose critiques of contemporary culture, religion, and philosophy centered around a basic question regarding the foundation of values and morality. ... Howard Goodall Howard Goodall (b. ... Mr. ... Emeritus is a title given to a retired professor, bishop or other professional. ... A row of Concept2 indoor rowers An indoor rower (also known as an ergometer, ergo, erg or rowing machine) is a machine used to simulate the action of rowing on land. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... Seneca the Younger Lucius Annaeus Seneca (often known simply as Seneca, or Seneca the Younger) (ca. ... State nickname: Tar Heel State; Old North State Other U.S. States Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Governor Michael Easley (D) Senators Elizabeth Dole (R) Richard Burr (R) Official language(s) English Area 139,509 km² (28th)  - Land 126,256 km²  - Water 13,227 km² (9. ... Location within Italy Venice (Italian: Venezia), the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice, 45°26′ N 12°19′ E, population 271,663 (census estimate 2004-01-01). ... Paolo Sarpi. ... In linguistics, grammatical genders, also called noun classes, are classes of nouns requiring different agreement forms on determiners, adjectives, verbs or other words. ... APA style is a widely accepted format for writing research papers that specifies such things as the arrangement and punctuation of footnotes and bibliographies. ... The Modern Language Associations (MLA) style manual is an academic style guide. ... Look up Et cetera on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Et cetera, usually abbreviated to etc. ... Et in Arcadia ego is a Latin phrase that most famously appears as the title of two paintings by Nicolas Poussin 1594–1665). ... Arcadia or Arkadía (Greek Αρκαδία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a region of Greece in the Peloponnesus. ... Psalms (Tehilim תהילים, in Hebrew) is a book of the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh, and of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. ... Et tu, Brute? were, according to legend, the last words of Julius Caesar, Roman dictator, author and general. ... Marcus Junius Brutus Caepio (85 BC – 42 BC), or simply Brutus, was a Roman senator of the late Roman Republic. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Julius Caesar is a tragedy by William Shakespeare probably written in 1599. ... Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: IMP·C·IVLIVS·CAESAR·DIVVS) (b. ... Plutarch Mestrius Plutarchus (ca. ... The Gospel of Matthew (literally: according to Matthew, Greek: Κατα Μαθθαιον ) is one of the four Gospel accounts of the New Testament. ... The Gospel of Luke is the third of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament, which tell the story of Jesus life, death, and resurrection. ... Ex Astris, Scientia is the motto of Starfleet Academy from the Star Trek television series. ... The official logo of Starfleet Academy, circa 2370. ... http://www. ... In Roman Catholic dogma, the Latin phrase ex cathedra, literally meaning from the throne is applied in Catholic theology to statements made by the pope in his capacity as infallible guide and teacher of the faithful. ... The pope is the Patriarch of the West and Bishop of Rome, and leader of the Catholic Church. ... In Catholic theology, papal infallibility is the dogma that the Pope, when he solemnly defines a matter of faith or morals ex cathedra (that is, officially and as pastor of the universal Church), is correct, and thus does not have the possibility of error. ... Ex gratia (sometimes ex-gratia) is Latin and is most often used in a legal context. ... In the most general sense, a liability is anything that is a hindrance, or puts one at a disadvantage. ... Ex libris (Latin: from books) is a phrase often used in an ownership inscription or a bookplate, usually found on the inside of a book cover or on one of the first few pages. ... Apollo 13 was an American space mission, part of the Apollo program. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Nothing comes from nothing is a philosophical expression often stated in its Latin form: ex nihilo nihil fit. ... Lucretius Titus Lucretius Carus (ca. ... Empedocles of Agrigentum Empedocles (c. ... The philosophical concept of causality or causation refers to the set of all particular causal or cause-and-effect relations. ... In physics, a conservation law states that a particular measurable property of an isolated physical system does not change as the system evolves. ... This article is about the Abrahamic belief; creationism can also refer to origin beliefs in general or, centuries earlier, to an alternative to traducianism. ... Richard B. Cheney, 46th and current Vice President of the United States The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who, in the words of Adlai Stevenson, is a heartbeat from the presidency. ... The President of the Senate is the title often given to the presiding officer, or chairman, of a senate. ...

Ex opere operato "From the work that worked" A theological phrase that refers to the notion that the act of receiving a sacrament actually confers the promised benefit, such as a baptism actually and literally cleansing one's sins. In the Roman Catholic Church, affirms that the source of grace is God, not just the actions or disposition of the recipient.
Ex oriente lux "From the East, the light" Superficially refers to the sun rising in the east, but alludes to culture coming from the Eastern world.
Ex parte "From a part" A legal term meaning "by one party" or "for one party".
Ex post facto "From a thing done afterward" Said of a law with retroactive effect.
Ex scientia tridens "From knowledge, a trident" The United States Naval Academy motto. Refers to knowledge bringing men power over the sea comparable to that of the Greek god Poseidon.
Ex silentio "From silence" In general, the claim that the absence of something demonstrates the proof of a proposition. An argumentum ex silentio ("argument from silence") is an argument based on the assumption that someone's silence on a matter suggests ("proves" when a logical fallacy) that person's ignorance of the matter.
Ex tempore "From time" "This instant", "right away" or "immediately".
Ex vi termini "From the force of the term" Thus, "By definition".
Excelsior "Higher" "Ever upward!" The state motto of New York.
Excusatio non petita accusatio manifesta "An excuse that has not been sought is an obvious accusation" More loosely, "he who excuses himself, accuses himself"—an unprovoked excuse is a sign of guilt.
Exempli gratia (e.g.) "For the sake of example" Usually shortened in English to "for example" (see citation signal). Often confused with id est (i.e.).[2]
Exeunt "They leave" The plural of exit. Also extended to exeunt omnes, "everyone leaves".
Exit "He leaves" Commonly used in theatrical stage directions to note where an actor or actress should leave the stage. The plural is exeunt.
Experimentum crucis "Crucial experiment" Literally "Experiment of the cross". A decisive text of a scientific theory.
Expressio unius est exclusio alterius "The expression of the one is the exclusion of the other" "Mentioning one thing may exclude another thing". A principle of legal statutory interpretation: the explicit presence of a thing implies intention to exclude others.
Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus "No Salvation Outside the Church" A disputed thesis of Roman Catholic theology, referring to absolution.
Extra territorium ius dicenti impune non paretur "He who administers justice outside of his territory is disobeyed with impunity" Refers to extraterritorial jurisdiction. Often cited in law of the sea cases on the high seas.

Ex opere operato is a Latin theological expression meaning by the work worked. ... A sacrament is a Christian rite that mediates divine grace. ... Baptism is a water purification ritual practiced in certain religions such as Christianity, Mandaeanism, and Sikhism, and has its origins with the Jewish ritual of mikvah. ... Sin has been a term most usually used in a religious context, and today describes any lack of conformity to the will of God; especially, any willful disregard for the norms revealed by God is a sin. ... The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the Christian Church whose visible and spiritual head is the Pope, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ, and that the sole Church of Christ which... Ex parte is a Latin legal term meaning from (by or for) one party (pronounced ekss par-TAY or ekss par-TEE, although the proper Latin is Eks PAR-teh). An ex parte decision is one decided by a judge without requiring the plaintiff to be present. ... This is a list of legal terms, often from Latin: A mensa et thoro A mensa et thoro, from bed and board. ... An ex post facto law (Latin for from a thing done afterward), also known as a retrospective law, is a law that is retroactive, i. ... Poseidon sculpture holding a trident A trident is a three pronged staff. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is located in Annapolis, Maryland. ... Andrea Doria as Neptune by Agnolo Bronzino: a potent allegory of Genoas hegemony in the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... The argument from silence (also called argumentum e(x) silentio in Latin) is that the silence of a speaker or writer about X proves or suggests that the speaker or writer is ignorant of X. Here is an example of a legitimate argument from silence: John: Do you know any... A logical fallacy may mean nothing more than a fallacy or it may mean an error in deductive reasoning, i. ... Excelsior can refer to the following: Excelsior, Minnesota Excelsior, Wisconsin The Excelsior District, a neighborhood in San Francisco, California Excelsior College, a bachelors and masters degree-granting institution in Albany, New York Excelsior Rotterdam, a football club USS Excelsior, a starship in Star Trek Excelsior a car Excelsior... State nickname: The Empire State Official languages None. ... A citation signal indicates how a writer views the relationship of a citation to some statement being made. ... In the sciences, an experimentum crucis, or critical experiment, is an experiment capable of decisively determining whether or not a particular hypothesis or theory is correct. ... A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two lines or bars intersecting each other at a 90° angle, dividing one or two of the lines in half. ... Statutory interpretation is the process of reading and applying statutory law. ... The Ecclesiastical Latin phrase Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus (sometimes briefly Extra Ecclesiam), literally meaning outside the church there is no salvation, is a slogan that summarises the doctrine that one must be a member of the Roman Catholic church in order to be saved. ... The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the Christian Church whose visible and spiritual head is the Pope, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ, and that the sole Church of Christ which... Absolution in a liturgical church refers to the pronouncement of Gods forgiveness of sins. ... Extraterritoriality is the state of being exempt from the jurisdiction of local law, usually as the result of diplomatic negotiations. ... Admiralty law (usually referred to as simply admiralty and also referred to as maritime law) is a distinct body of law which governs maritime questions and offenses. ... The terms international waters, transboundary waters, or High Seas apply where any of the following types of bodies of water (or their drainage basins) transcend international boundaries: oceans, large marine ecosystems, enclosed or semi-enclosed regional seas and estuaries, rivers, lakes, groundwater systems (aquifers), and wetlands. ...

F

Latin Translation Notes
Fac simile "Make a similar thing" Origin of the word facsimile, and, through it, of fax.
Falsus in uno falsus in omnibus "False in one thing, false in everything" A Roman legal principle indicating that a witness who willfully falsifies one matter is not credible on any matter. Rarely applied in modern jurisprudence.
Felo de se "Felon from himself" An archaic legal term for one who commits suicide, referring to early English common law punishments, such as land seizure, inflicted on those who killed themselves.
Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt "Most men willingly believe that which they wish to" People believe what they wish was true, even if it isn't. Attributed to Julius Caesar.
Festina lente "Hurry slowly" An oxymoronic motto of Caesar Augustus. It encourages proceeding quickly, but with calm and caution.
Fiat iustitia et pereat mundus "Let there be justice, even should the world perish" From Ferdinand I.
Fiat iustitia ruat coelum "Let there be justice should the sky fall" Attributed to Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus.
Fiat lux "Let there be light" More literally, "let light arise" (cf. lux sit). From the Latin translation of Genesis, Dixitque Deus fiat lux et facta est lux ("and God said, 'Let there be light', and light was made"). The motto of the University of California and Angelo State University.
Fidei defensor (Fid Def) or (fd) "Defender of the faith" A title given to Henry VIII of England by Pope Leo X on October 17, 1521 before Henry became a heresiarch. Appears on all British coins, usually abbreviated.
Fluctuat nec mergitur "She wavers and is not immersed" Motto of Paris.
Fons et origo "The spring and source" "The fountainhead and beginning". The source and origin.
Fortis est veritas "Truth is strong" Motto on the coat of arms of Oxford, England.

Fax (short for facsimile - from Latin fac simile, make similar, i. ... Roman Law is the legal system of ancient Rome. ... Felo de se, Latin for felon of himself, is an archaic legal term meaning suicide. ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life; it is sometimes a noun for one who has committed or attempted the act. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: IMP·C·IVLIVS·CAESAR·DIVVS) (b. ... An oxymoron (plural oxymora) (noun) is a figure of speech that combines two normally contradictory terms (e. ... Bust of Augustus Caesar Augustus redirects here. ... Ferdinand I Habsburg Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (March 10, 1503 – July 27, 1564) was one of the Habsburg emperors that at various periods during his life ruled over Austria, Germany, Bohemia and Hungary. ... Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus was a statesman of ancient Rome and the father-in-law of Julius Caesar. ... Fiat lux is a Latin phrase meaning let there be light when relating to Genesis (1:3). ... Let There Be Light (Fiat lux in Latin) is one of the most famous phrases in the English language, due to its presence in the third verse of the King James Bible: Genesis 1:1 - In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin), also called The First Book of Moses, is the first book of Torah (five books of Moses), and is the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of... The University of California (UC) is a public university system within the State of California. ... Angelo State University was created as Angelo State College in 1965 by an act of the 58th Session of the Texas Legislature in 1963. ... Fidei defensor (Latin for Defender of the Faith) has been one of the titles of the English (and later British) monarch since it was granted on October 17, 1521 by Pope Leo X to King Henry VIII of England. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Leo X, born Giovanni di Lorenzo de Medici (11 December 1475, Florence – 1 December 1521, Rome), pope between 1513 and his death, is known primarily for his failure to stem the Protestant Reformation, which began during his reign when Martin Luther first attacked the Roman Catholic Church. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... A Heresiarch (also hæresiarch, according to the OED) is a founder or leader of a Heretical doctrine or movement, as considered by those who claim to maintain an orthodox religious tradition or doctrine. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 ( 2001 census). ...

G

Latin Translation Notes
Generalia specialibus non derogant "Universal things do not detract from specific things" A principle of legal statutory interpretation: If a matter falls under a specific provision and a general provision, it shall be governed by the specific provision.
Genius loci "Spirit of place" The unique, distinctive aspects or atmosphere of a place, such as those celebrated in art, stories, folk tales, and festivals. Originally, the genius loci was literally the protective spirit of a place, a creature usually depicted as a snake.
Gloria in Excelsis Deo "Glory to God in the Heights" Often translated "Glory to God on High". The title and beginning of an ancient Roman Catholic doxology. See also ad maiorem Dei gloriam.
Graviora manent "Heavier things remain" In other words, "More severe things await" or simply "The worst is yet to come".
Gutta cavat lapidem non vi sed saepe cadendo "A drop hollows a stone not by force, but by often falling" From Ovid, Epistulae ex Ponto IV, 10, 5.

Statutory interpretation is the process of reading and applying statutory law. ... In Roman mythology a Genius loci was the protective spirit of a place. ... Spirit of place refers to the unique, distinctive and cherished aspects of a place; often those celebrated by artists and writers, but also those cherished in folk tales, festivals and celebrations. ... Gloria in Excelsis Deo (Latin for Glory to God in the highest) is the title and beginning of the great doxology (song of praise) used in the Roman Catholic mass and, in translation, in the services of many other Christian churches. ... The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the Christian Church whose visible and spiritual head is the Pope, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ, and that the sole Church of Christ which... A doxology is a short hymn of praise to God in various Christian worship services, often added to the end of canticles, psalms, and hymns. ... Engraved frontispiece of George Sandyss 1632 London edition of Publius Ovidius Naso (Sulmona, March 20, 43 BC â€“ Tomis, now Constanta AD 17) Roman poet known to the English-speaking world as Ovid, wrote on topics of love, abandoned women, and mythological transformations. ...

H

Latin Translation Notes
Habeas corpus "You may have the body" A legal term from the 14th century or earlier. Refers to a number of legal writs to bring a person before a court or judge, most commonly habeas corpus ad subjiciendum ("you may have the body to bring up"). Commonly used as the general term for a prisoner's legal right to have the charge against them specifically identified.
Habemus papam "We have a pope" Used after a Roman Catholic Church papal election to announce publicly a successful ballot to elect a new pope.
Hac lege "With this law"
Haec olim meminisse iuvabit "One day, this will be pleasing to remember" Commonly rendered in English as "One day, we'll look back on this and smile". From Virgil's Aeneid.
Hannibal ante portas "Hannibal before the gates" Refers to wasting time while the enemy is already here.
Haud ignota loquor "I speak not of unknown things" Thus, "I say no things that are unknown". From Virgil's Aeneid, II, 91.
Hic et nunc "Here and now"
Hic iacet "Here lies" Written on gravestones or tombs, preceding the name of the deceased. Equivalent to hic sepultus ("here is buried").
Hic sunt leones "Here there are lions" Written on uncharted territories of old maps.
Hinc illae lacrimae "Hence those tears" From Terence, Andria, line 125. Originally literal, referring to the tears shed by Pamphilus at the funeral of Chrysis, it came to be used proverbally in the works of later authors, such as Horace (Epistula XIX, 41).
Historia vitae magistra "History, the teacher of life" From Cicero, Tusculanas, 2, 16. Also "History is the mistress of life".
Homo homini lupus est "Man is a wolf to man" From Hobbes, Leviathan. The claim that humans prey on their own kind, i.e. that they are inherently selfish.
Homo sum humani a mi nihil alienum puto "I am a human being; nothing human is strange to me" From Terence, Heautontimoroumenos. Originally "strange" or "foreign" (alienum) was used in the sense of "irrelevant", as this line was a response to the speaker being told to mind his own business, but it is now commonly used to advocate respecting different cultures and being humane in general. Puto ("I consider") is not translated because it is meaningless outside of the line's context within the play.
Honeste vivere "To live virtuously" One of Justinian I's three basic legal concepts.
Honor virtutis praemium "Esteem is the reward of virtue"
Honoris causa "For the sake of honor" Said of an honorary title, such as "Doctor of Science honoris causa".
Hora somni (h.s.) "At the hour of sleep" Medical shorthand for "at bedtime".
Horas non numero nisi serenas "I do not count the hours unless they are sunny" A common inscription on sundials.
Horribile dictu "Horrible to say" That is, "a horrible thing to relate". A pun on mirabile dictu.
Hostis humani generis "Enemy of the human race" Cicero defined pirates in Roman law as being enemies of humanity in general.
Hypotheses non fingo "I do not fabricate hypotheses" From Newton, Principia. Less literally, "I do not assert that any hypotheses are true".

In English Common Law habeas corpus is the name of several writs which may be issued by a judge ordering a prisoner to be brought before the court. ... The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the Christian Church whose visible and spiritual head is the Pope, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ, and that the sole Church of Christ which... The Sistine Chapel is the location of the conclave. ... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BCE (between 29 and 19 BCE) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... Hannibals feat in crossing the Alps with war elephants passed into European legend: a fresco detail, 1510, Capitoline Museums, Rome Hannibal (from Punic, literally Baal is merciful to me, 247 BC – 182 BC) was a politician, statesman and considered one of the greatest military commanders in history. ... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BCE (between 29 and 19 BCE) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... Headstones in the Japanese Cemetry in Broome, Western Australia A cemetery in rural Spain A typical late 20th century headstone in the United States A headstone, tombstone or gravestone is a marker, normally carved from stone, placed over or next to the site of a burial. ... Publius Terentius Afer, better known as Terence, was a comic playwright of the Roman Republic. ... In Greek mythology, Pamphilus (or Pamphylus) was a son of Aegimius. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... Marcus Tullius Cicero (standard English pronunciation ; Classical Latin pronunciation ) (January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin orator and prose stylist. ... This article is about the philosopher Thomas Hobbes. ... Publius Terentius Afer, better known as Terence, was a comic playwright of the Roman Republic. ... Justinian I depicted on one of the famous mosaics of the St. ... Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of academic distinction with which an academic degree was earned. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Wall sundial Wall sundial in Warsaws Old Town A sundial measures time by the position of the sun. ... Marcus Tullius Cicero (standard English pronunciation ; Classical Latin pronunciation ) (January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin orator and prose stylist. ... A pirate digging…perhaps to bury treasure, perhaps a grave. ... Roman Law is the legal system of ancient Rome. ... Sir Isaac Newton, PRS (25 December 1642 (OS) – 20 March 1727 (OS) / 4 January 1643 (NS) – 31 March 1727 (NS)) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, inventor, philosopher and alchemist. ... The Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Latin: mathematical principles of natural philosophy, often Principia or Principia Mathematica for short) is a three-volume work by Isaac Newton published on July 5, 1687. ...

I

Latin Translation Notes
Ibidem (ibid.) "In the same place" Usually in bibliographic citations.
Id est (i.e.) "It is" "That is (to say)", or sometimes "in this case", depending on the context. Never equivalent to exempli gratia (e.g.).[3]

Id est, i.e. "that is", is commonly abbreviated "i.e.". Bibliography is the study of books. ...

Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum (INRI) "Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews" Based on a Christian belief that "This one is King of the Jews" was written in Latin, Greek and Aramaic at the top of the cross Jesus was crucified on.
Igne natura renovatur integra "Through fire, nature is reborn whole" An alchemical aphorism invented as an alternate meaning for the acronym INRI.
Igni ferroque "With fire and iron" A phrase describing scorched earth tactics. Also rendered as igne atque ferro, ferro ignique, and other variations.
Imago Dei "Image of God" From the religious concept that man was created in "God's image".
Imitatio dei "Imitation of a god" A principle, held by several religions, that believers should strive to resemble their god(s).
Imperium in imperio "An order within an order" A group of people who owe utmost fealty to their leader(s), subordinating the interests of the larger group to the authority of the internal group's leader(s).
Imperium sine fine "An empire without an end" In Virgil's Aeneid, Jupiter ordered Aeneas to found a city (Rome) from which would come an everlasting, neverending empire, the endless (sine fine) empire.
Imprimatur "Let it be printed" An authorization to publish, granted by some censoring authority (originally a Catholic Bishop).
In absentia "In the absence" Used in a number of situations, such as in a trial carried out in the absence of the accused.
In camera "In the chamber" Figuratively, "In secret".
In casu "In the event" "In this case".
In duplo "In double" "In duplicate".
In effigie "In the likeness" "In (the form of) an image", as opposed to "in the flesh" or "in person".
In esse "In existence"
In extenso "In the extended" "In full", "completely", "unabridged".
In fidem "Into faith" To the verification of faith.
In fieri "In becoming" Thus, "Pending".
In fine (i.f.) "In the end" At the end.

The footnote says "p. 157 in fine": "the end of page 157". A Crucifix with the stylized INRI plaque attached. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... Nazareth (Arabic الناصرة an-Nāṣirah; Hebrew נָצְרַת, Standard Hebrew Náẓərat, Tiberian Hebrew Nāṣəraṯ) is an ancient town in northern Israel. ... According to Christian tradition, the True Cross is the cross upon which Jesus was crucified. ... Crucifixion is an ancient method of execution, where the victim was tied or nailed to a large wooden cross (Latin: crux) and left to hang there until dead. ... Alchemy is an early protoscientific practice combining elements of chemistry, physics, astrology, art, semiotics, metallurgy, medicine, and mysticism. ... A Crucifix with the stylized INRI plaque attached. ... A scorched earth defence is a military tactic which involves destroying anything that might be useful to the enemy whilst advancing through or withdrawing from an area. ... Imago Dei is taken from the Latin meaning the Image of God. This concept and theological doctrine states that human beings are created Gods image and therefore have inherent value independent of their utility or function. ... Imitatio dei (Latin, imitating god) is a religious concept according to which virtue among man is found by resembling God, to which man should aspire. ... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BCE (between 29 and 19 BCE) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... Jupiter et Thétis - by Jean Ingres, 1811. ... Aeneas (Greek: Αινείας, Aineías) was a Trojan hero, the son of prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite (Venus in Roman sources). ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost 4,000,000 1... Imprimatur is an official approval from the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church stating that a literary or similar work is free from error in matters of doctrine and morals, and hence acceptable reading for faithful Catholics. ... In Absentia is progressive rock band Porcupine Trees sixth studio album and was released on September 24, 2002. ... In camera (Latin: in chamber) is a legal term meaning in secret. It applies to court cases (or portions thereof) to which the public are not admitted. ...

In flagrante delicto "In a blazing wrong" Equivalent to the English idiom "caught red-handed": caught in the act of committing a crime.
In flore "In blossom" Blooming.
In foro "In forum" Legal term for "In court".
In hoc signo vinces "By this sign you will conquer" Words Constantine claimed to have seen in a vision before the Battle of Milvian Bridge.
In illo tempore "In that time" "At that time", found often in Gospel lectures during Masses, used to mark an undetermined time in the past.
In loco "In the place" That is, "At the place".

The nearby labs were closed for the weekend, so the water samples were analyzed in loco. This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Forums on computers are really good you really should join one to share your ideas ... Bronze, contemporary head of Constantine. ... The Battle of Milvian Bridge took place on October 28, 312 between the Roman Emperors Constantine the Great and Maxentius. ...

In loco parentis "In the place of a parent" A legal term meaning "assuming parental (i.e. custodial) responsibility and authority".
In lumine tuo videbimus lumen "In your light we will see the light" Motto of Columbia University and Ohio Wesleyan University.
In manus tuas commendo spiritum meum "Into your hands I entrust my spirit" According to Luke 23:46, the last words of Jesus on the cross.
In medias res "Into the middle of things" From Horace. Refers to the literary technique of beginning a narrative in the middle of, or at a late point in, the story, after much action has already taken place. Examples include the Iliad, the Odyssey, and Paradise Lost. Compare ab initio.
In memoriam "Into the memory" Equivalent to "in the memory of". Refers to remembering or honoring a deceased person.
In necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas "In necessary things unity, in doubtful things liberty, in all things charity" "Charity" (caritas) is being used in the classical sense of "compassion" (cf. agape). Motto of the Cartellverband der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindungen. Often misattributed to Augustine of Hippo.
In nuce "In a nut" Comparable to "In a nutshell".
In partibus infidelium "In the parts of the infidels" That is, "in the land of the infidels", infidels here referring to non-Christians. After Islam conquered a large part of the Roman Empire, the corresponding bishoprics didn't disappear, but remained as titular sees.
In pectore "In the heart" A Cardinal named in secret by the pope. See also ab imo pectore.
In personam "Into a person" "Directed towards a particular person". In a lawsuit in which the case is against a specific individual, that person must be served with a summons and complaint to give the court jurisdiction to try the case. The court's judgment applies to that person and is called an "in personam judgment." In personam is distinguished from in rem, which applies to property or "all the world" instead of a specific person. This technical distinction is important to determine where to file a lawsuit and how to serve a defendant. In personam means that a judgment can be enforceable against the person, wherever he or she is. On the other hand, if the lawsuit is to determine title to property (in rem), then the action must be filed where the property exists and is only enforceable there.
In rerum natura "In the nature of things"
In saeculo "In the times" "In the secular world", that is, outside a monastery, or before death.
In salvo "In safety"
In silico "In silicon" Coined in the early 1990s for scientific papers. Refers to an experiment or process performed virtually, as a computer simulation. The term is Dog Latin modeled after terms such as in vitro and in vivo. The Latin word for silicon is silicium, so the correct Latinization of "in silicon" would be in silicio, but this form has little usage.
In situ "In the place" In the original place, position, or arrangement. In medical contexts, it implies that the condition is still in its original place and has not spread.
In statu nascendi "In the state of being born" Just as something is about to begin.
In toto "In all" "Totally", "completely".
In triplo "In triple" "In triplicate".
In vacuo "In a void" "In a vacuum"; in isolation from other things.
In vino veritas "In wine there is truth" That is, wine loosens the tongue.
In vitro "In glass" An experiment or process performed in a non-natural laboratory setting, such as in a test tube, or outside of a living organism or cell. Alternatives include in vivo and in silico.
In vivo "On a living thing" An experiment or process performed on a living specimen.
Incredibile dictu "Incredible to say" A pun on mirabile dictu.
Index Librorum Prohibitorum "Index of Forbidden Books" A list of books considered heretical by the Roman Catholic Church.
Integer vitae scelerisque purus "Unimpaired by life and clean of wickedness" From Horace. Used as a funeral hymn.
Inter alia "Among other things"
Inter alios "Among others" Often used to compress lists of parties to legal documents.
Inter arma enim silent leges "During warfare, in fact, the laws are silent" Said by Cicero in Shakespeare's Julius Caesar to describe the Rome that thought Caesar could do no wrong, even though he had committed a heinous crime. Also used in the Star Trek DS9 episode of the same name to justify Admiral William Ross' decision to assist Agent Sloan from Section 31 in destabilizing the Romulan Senate.
Inter caetera "Among others" Title of a papal bull.
Inter spem et metum "Between hope and fear"
Inter vivos "Between the living" Said of property transfers between living persons, as opposed to inheritance; often relevant to tax laws.
Intra muros "Within the walls" Thus, "Not public". Source of the word intramural.
Intra vires "Within the powers" That is, "Within the authority".
Ipse dixit "He himself said it" Commonly said in Medieval debates referring to Aristotle, who was considered the supreme authority on matters of philosophy. Used in general to emphasize that some assertion comes from some authority, i.e. as an appeal to authority, and the term ipsedixitism has come to mean any unsupported rhetorical assertion that lacks a logical argument.
Ipsissima verba "The very words themselves" "Strictly word for word" (cf. verbatim).
Ipso facto "By the fact itself" Or "By that very fact".
Ira Deorum "Wrath of the Gods" Like the vast majority of inhabitants of the ancient world, the ancient Romans practiced pagan rituals, believing it important to achieve a state of Pax Deorum ("Peace of the Gods") instead of Ira Deorum ("Wrath of the Gods"): earthquakes, floods, famine, etc.
Ita vero "Thus indeed" A useful phrase, as the Romans had no word for "yes", preferring to respond to questions with the affirmative or negative of the question (i.e. "Are you hungry?" was answered by "I am hungry" or "I am not hungry", not "Yes" or "No").
Ite missa est "Go, the things have been sent" The final words of the Roman Missal, meaning "Leave, the mass is finished".
Iura novit curia "The court knows the laws" A legal principle (e.g. in Germany) that says that lawyers are not to argue the law, as that is the office of the court. Sometimes miswritten as iura novat curia ("the court renews the laws").
Iuris ignorantia est cum jus nostrum ignoramus "It is ignorance of the law when we do not know our own rights"
Ius in bello "Law in war" Also Ius ad bellum ("Law toward war") and Ius post bellum ("Law after war").
Ius primae noctis "Law of the first night" The droit de seigneur.
Iustitia omnibus "Justice for all" Motto of the District of Columbia.

The term in loco parentis, Latin for in the place of a parent, refers to the legal responsibility of a person or organization to take on some of the functions and responsibilities of a parent. ... This is a list of legal terms with short definitions. ... Columbia University is a private university in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. ... Ohio Wesleyan University (also Wesleyan or OWU, pronounced oh-WOO) is a private coeducational liberal arts college located in Delaware, Ohio. ... The Gospel of Luke is the third of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament, which tell the story of Jesus life, death, and resurrection. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... dklhgjsanvhg fliuvgrtlyegviaeryugtuoahvyhuay g  :-) The Iliad (Greek Ιλιάς, Ilias) tells part of the story of the siege of the city of Ilium, i. ... Odysseus and Nausicaä - by Charles Gleyre The Odyssey (Greek Οδύσσεια) is the second of the two great Greek epic poems ascribed to Homer, the first of which is the Iliad. ... Title page of the first edition Paradise Lost (1667) is an epic poem by the 17th century English poet John Milton. ... The Latin phrase in necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas means in certain things unity; in doubtful things liberty; in all things charity. It is often misattributed to St. ... Caritas (Latin) is a term in Christian theology (one of the three theological virtues), meaning loving kindness towards others; it is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it is said to both glorify and reflect the nature of God. ... Agapē (in Greek written αγάπη; pronounced ah-GAH-peh or AH-gah-peh) is the Greek word for divine, unconditional, self-sacrificing love. ... Cartellverband The Cartellverband der katholischen deutschen Studentenverbindungen or Cartellverband (CV) is a german umbrella organisation of catholic student fraternities (Studentenverbindung). ... St. ... An infidel Is an unbeliever with respect to a particular religion, especially Christianity or Islam. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... Islām is described as a dÄ«n, meaning way of life and/or guidance. Six articles of belief There are six basic beliefs shared by all Muslims: 1. ... When first appointed auxiliary bishop of the Diocese of Honolulu in Hawaii, Joseph Anthony Ferrario became a titular bishop of the titular see of the ancient Egyptian city of Cusae. ... In pectore, meaning in the breast, is a Latin term used within Roman Catholicism to refer to the ability of a pope to name secret cardinals whose names are not revealed and whose identities are therefore known only to the pope (in his breast) and (in accordance with doctrine) to... A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official in the Roman Catholic Church, ranking just below the Pope and appointed by him as a member of the College of Cardinals during a consistory. ... The pope is the Patriarch of the West and Bishop of Rome, and leader of the Catholic Church. ... In personam (in purr-soh-nam) from Latin for directed toward a particular person. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in order to recover a right, obtain damages for an injury, obtain an injunction to prevent an injury, or obtain a declaratory judgment to prevent future legal disputes. ... A summons is a legal document issued by a court addressed to a defendant in a legal proceeding. ... A court is an official, public forum which a sovereign establishes by lawful authority to adjudicate disputes, and to dispense civil, labour, administrative and criminal justice under the law. ... In law, jurisdiction refers to the aspect of a any unique legal authority as being localized within boundaries. ... A judgment or judgement, in a legal context, is synonymous with the formal decision made by a court following legal proceedings. ... A defendant is any party who is required to answer the complaint of a plaintiff in a civil lawsuit before a court, or any party who has been formally charged or accused of violating a criminal statute. ... // Use of the term The concept of property or ownership has no single or universally accepted definition. ... Secularism is commonly defined as the idea that religion should not interfere with or be integrated into the public affairs of a society. ... in silico is an expression used to mean performed on computer or via computer simulation. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silicon, Si, 14 Chemical series metalloids Group, Period, Block 14, 3, p Appearance dark gray, bluish tinge Atomic mass 28. ... The phrase Dog Latin refers to the creation of a phrase or jargon in imitation of Latin, often by directly translating English words into Latin without conjugation or declension. ... In situ (in place in Latin), a term used in: biology, where it means to examine the phenomenon exactly in place where it occurs (without removing it in some special medium etc. ... Wiktionary has a definition of: In vitro In vitro (Latin: within glass) means within a test tube, or, more generally, outside a living organism or cell. ... In vivo (Latin for (with)in the living). ... The Index Librorum Prohibitorum (List of Prohibited Books) is a list of publications which the Roman Catholic Church censored for being a danger to itself and its members. ... The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the Christian Church whose visible and spiritual head is the Pope, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ, and that the sole Church of Christ which... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... Inter Arma Enim Silent Leges is a Latin phrase meaning In times of war, the law falls silent. ... Marcus Tullius Cicero (standard English pronunciation ; Classical Latin pronunciation ) (January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin orator and prose stylist. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Julius Caesar is a tragedy by William Shakespeare probably written in 1599. ... http://www. ... Papal bull of Pope Urban VIII, 1637, sealed with a leaden bulla. ... Aristotle, marble copy of bronze by Lysippos. ... An appeal to authority is a type of argument in logic also known as argument from authority, argumentum ad verecundiam (Latin: argument to respect) or ipse dixit (Latin: he himself said it, where an unsupported assertion depends on the asserters credibility). ... Ipsedixitism is the pejorative term for an unsupported rhetorical assertion; the term in Logic for a missing argument. ... Ipso Facto was a Spanish football player, the goalkeeper for the national side in the 1970 World Cup. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that existed in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East between 753 BC and its downfall in AD 476. ... Within a Christian context, paganism (from Latin paganus) and heathenry are catch-all terms which have come to connote a broad set of spiritual/religious beliefs and practices of a natural religion, as opposed to the Abrahamic religions based on scriptures. ... The Roman Missal (Missale Romanum) is the liturgical book that contains the texts and rubrics for the celebration of the Latin rite of Mass. ... Mass is a property of physical objects that, roughly speaking, measures the amount of matter they contain. ... The jus primae noctis meaning law (or right) of the first night, and droit du seigneur meaning the lords right, is the purported right of the lord of an estate to deflower its virgins. ... ...

L

Latin Translation Notes
Labor omnia vincit "Work conquers all things" Motto of Oklahoma.
Lapsus calami "A slip of the pen"
Lapsus linguae "A slip of the tongue"
Lapsus memoriae "A slip of memory" Source of the term memory lapse.
Laus Deo "Praise be to God"
Legitime "Lawfully" A legal term describing a "forced share", the portion of a deceased person's estate from which the immediate family cannot be disinherited. From the French héritier legitime ("rightful heir").
Lex artis "Law of the art" The rules that regulate a professional duty.
Lex ferenda "The law that should be borne" The law as it ought to be.
Lex lata "The law that has been borne" The law as it is.
Lex rex "The law is king" A principle of government advocating a rule by law rather than by men. The phrase originated as a double entendre in the title of Samuel Rutherford's controversial book Lex, Rex (1644), which espoused a theory of limited government and constitutionalism.
Lex talionis "The law of retaliation" Retributive justice (cf. an eye for an eye).
Libra (lb) "Scales" Literally "balance". Its abbreviation, lb, is used as a unit of weight, the pound.
Locus classicus "A classic place" A quotation from a classical text used as an example of something.
Lorem ipsum A mangled fragment from Cicero's De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum ("On the Limits of Good and Evil", 45 BC), used as typographer's filler to show fonts (a.k.a. greeking). An approximate literal translation might be "rrow itself", as the term is from dolorum ipsum quia, meaning "sorrow because of itself", or less literally, "pain for its own sake".
Luctor et emergo "I struggle and emerge" Motto of the Dutch province of Zeeland to denote its battle against the sea.
Lucus a non lucendo "It is a grove by not being light" From late 4th-century grammarian Honoratus Maurus, who sought to mock implausible word origins such as those proposed by Priscian. A pun based on the word lucus ("dark grove") having a similar appearance to the verb lucere ("to shine"), arguing that the former word is derived from the latter word because of a lack of light in wooded groves. Often used as an example of absurd etymology.
Lupus in fabula "The wolf in the story" With the meaning "Speak of the wolf, and he will come". Occurs in Terence's play Adelphoe.
Lupus non mordet lupum "A wolf does not bite a wolf"
Lux et veritas "Light and truth" A translation of the Hebrew Urim and Thummim. Motto of Yale University and Indiana University. An expanded form, Lux et veritas floreant ("Let light and truth flourish") is the motto of the University of Winnipeg
Lux sit "Let there be light" A more literal Latinization of the phrase "let there be light", the most common translation of fiat lux ("let light arise", literally "let light be made"), which in turn is the Latin Vulgate Bible phrase chosen for the Genesis line "ג וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים, יְהִי אוֹר; וַיְהִי-אוֹר" ("And God said: 'Let there be light.' And there was light"). Motto of the University of Washington.

Oklahoma is a Midwest state of the United States (with strong Southern, Western, and Midwestern influences) and its U.S. postal abbreviation is OK; others abbreviate the states name Okla. ... In civil and Roman law, the legitime, or forced share, of a decedents estate is that portion of the estate from which he cannot disinherit his children, or his parents, without sufficient legal cause. ... Estate is a term used in the common law. ... For other uses, see inheritance (disambiguation). ... Look up Lex ferenda in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Lex ferenda (also called de lege ferenda) is a Latin expression that means what the law ought to be (as opposed to lex lata). ... Look up Lex lata in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Lex lata (also called de lege lata) is a Latin expression that means the law as it exists (as opposed to lex ferenda). ... A double entendre or innuendo is a figure of speech similar to the pun, in which a spoken phrase can be understood in either of two ways. ... Samuel Rutherford (1600? - 1661) was a theologian and controversialist, born at Nisbet, Roxburghshire, educated at Edinburgh University, where he became in 1623 Regent of Humanity (Professor of Latin). ... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ... A type of government in which the functions and powers exercised by that government are prescribed, limited, and restricted by law, usually in a written constitution. ... Constitutionalism is the limitation of government by law. ... Retributive justice is a theory of criminal justice wherein punishments are justified on the grounds that the criminal has created an imbalance in the social order that must be addressed by action against the criminal. ... The phrase an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth expresses a form of retributive justice also known as lex talionis (Latin, law of retaliation). It may have originated in ancient near-Eastern and Middle Eastern law, such as Babylonian law. ... Officially the pound is the name for at least three different units of mass: The pound (avoirdupois). ... Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a logo guidelines document. ... Marcus Tullius Cicero (standard English pronunciation ; Classical Latin pronunciation ) (January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin orator and prose stylist. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC 43 BC 42 BC... Typographic work Typography (from the Greek words typos = form and graphein = to write) is the art and technique of selecting and arranging type styles, point sizes, line lengths, line leading, character spacing, and word spacing for typeset applications. ... In typography, a typeface consists of a co-ordinated set of grapheme (i. ... Location of Zeeland in the Netherlands Zeeland is a province of the Netherlands. ... The Latin sentence Lucus a non lucendo can be translated as The word for grove is lucus because it is not light [non lucet] in a grove. ... Priscian (Priscianus Caesariensisi), the celebrated Latin grammarian, lived about A.D. 500, i. ... A pun (also known as paronomasia) is a figure of speech which consists of a deliberate confusion of similar words or phrases for rhetorical effect, whether humorous or serious. ... Etymology is the study of the origins of words. ... Publius Terentius Afer, better known as Terence, was a comic playwright of the Roman Republic. ... Urim and Thummim For the ancient city of Urim see Ur. ... Yale University is a private university in New Haven, Connecticut. ... The Indiana University system, technically founded in 1820, is an eight-campus university system in the state of Indiana. ... The University of Winnipeg received its charter in 1967 but its roots date back more than 130 years. ... Let There Be Light (Fiat lux in Latin) is one of the most famous phrases in the English language, due to its presence in the third verse of the King James Bible: Genesis 1:1 - In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. ... The Vulgate Bible is an early 5th century translation of the Bible into Latin made by St. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin), also called The First Book of Moses, is the first book of Torah (five books of Moses), and is the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of... The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a major public research university in the Seattle metropolitan area. ...

M

Latin Translation Notes
Magna cum laude "With great praise" A common Latin honor, above cum laude and below summa cum laude.
Magna Europa est Patria Nostra "Great Europe is Our Fatherland" Political motto of pan-Europeanists.
Magna est vis consuetudinis "Great is the power of habit"
Magno cum gaudio "With great joy"
Magnum opus "Great work" Said of someone's masterpiece.
Mala fide "In bad faith" Said of an act done with knowledge of its illegality, or with intention to defraud or mislead someone. Opposite of bona fide.
Malum discordiae
"[The] apple of discord" — allusion to the apple of Paris which was the cause of the Trojan war in Greek mythology, and also a punning reference to the near-homonymous word malum "evil". (The word for "apple" has a long [a] vowel in Latin and the word for "evil" a short [a] vowel, but they are normally written the same.)
Malum quo communius eo pejus
"The more common an evil is, the worse it is."
Malum in se
"Wrong in itself" — a crime that is inherently wrong; cf. malum prohibitum.
Malum prohibitum
"Prohibited wrong" — something that society decided to forbid, but is not inherently evil.
Manu militari;
"With (or By) a military hand" — using armed forces in order to achieve a goal.
Manu propria (m.p.)
"With (one's) own hand"
Manus celer dei

"The swift hand of God" - originally used as the name of a ship in the Marathon game series, its usage has spread. Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of academic distinction with which an academic degree was earned. ... Magnum opus (sometimes Opus magnum), from the Latin meaning great work, refers to the best or most renowned achievement of an author, artist, or composer. ... Originally, the term masterpiece (or chef doeuvre) referred to a piece of handicraft art produced by a journeyman aspiring to become a master craftsman in the old European guild system, which is partially retained today only in Germany. ... The Judgement of Paris, Peter Paul Rubens, ca 1636 (National Gallery, London) The Judgement of Paris is a story from Greek mythology, in which the legendary roots of the Trojan War can be found. ... Malum in se (plural mala in se) is a Latin phrase meaning wrong in itself; it is an act that is illegal from the nature of the act, i. ... Malum prohibitum (plural mala prohibita, literal translation: wrong because prohibited) is a Latin phrase used in law to refer to crimes made so by statute, as opposed to crimes based on English common law and obvious violations of societys standards which are defined as malum in se. ... Marathon is a series of science fiction first-person shooter computer games from Bungie Software released for the Apple Macintosh. ...

Me vexat pede
"My foot itches" (literally, "he / it annoys me at the foot"). Maybe in the sense of "this person makes me want to kick him".
Mea (maxima) culpa
"It is my (greatest) fault" — used in Christian prayers and confession.
Meliora
"Better", carrying the connotation of "always better" - motto of University of Rochester
Melita, domi adsum.
"Honey, I'm home." (from the joke phrasebook, Latin for All Occasions; grammatically correct, but the phrase would be anachronistic in ancient Rome)
Memento mori
"Remember that you will die!"
Memores acti prudentes futuri
"We are mindful of the past and careful for the future" (from the North Hertfordshire District Council coat of arms)
Mens et Manus
"Mind and Hand" - motto of Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Mens sana in corpore sano
"A healthy mind in a healthy body", or "A healthy mind requires a healthy body".
Mens rea
"Guilty mind." A term used in discussing the mindset of an accused criminal.
Meminerunt omina amantes
"Lovers remember all"
Minatur innocentibus qui parcit nocentibus
"He threatens the innocent who spares the guilty."
Mirabile dictu
"Wonderful to tell."
Miserere nobis
"Have mercy upon us" - a phrase within the Gloria and the Agnus Dei, to be used at certain points in Christian religious ceremonies.
Modus operandi (M. O.)
"Method of operation" — usually used to describe a criminal's methods.
Modus ponens
"Method of adding" — loosely "method of affirming", a logical rule of inference, saying that from proposition P and if P then Q one can conclude Q.
Modus tollens
"Method of subtracting" — loosely "method of denying", a logical rule of inference, saying that from propositions not Q and if P then Q one can conclude not P.
Modus morons
Not actually Latin, but a wordplay on the above two, referring to the oft-made logical fallacy that from if P then Q and not P, one would conclude not Q.
Modus vivendi
"Way of living" — i.e., an accommodation between disagreeing parties to allow life to go on.
Montis Insignia Calpe
"Badge of the Rock of Gibraltar"
Morituri te salutant
"They who are about to die salute you!"
Motu proprio
"On his own initiative" or "by his own accord." Identifies a class of Papal documents.
Multum in parvo
"Much in little" — e.g., "Latin phrases are often multum in parvo, because they convey much in few words."
Mundus Vult Decipi
"the world wishes to be deceived."
Mutatis mutandis
"With those things changed which needed to be changed" — i.e., "with the appropriate changes".

Mea Culpa is a Latin phrase that translates into English as my fault, or my own fault. In order to emphasize the message, the adjective maxima may be inserted, resulting in mea maxima culpa, which would translate as my [most] grievous fault. The origin of the expression is in a... Latin for all Occasions (Latin:LINGVA LATINA OCCASIONIBUS OMNIBUS) is a book containing translations of modern phrases into Latin. ... An anachronism (from Greek ana, back, and chronos, time) is an artifact that belongs to another time, a person who seems to be displaced in time (i. ... Memento mori is a Latin phrase that means Remember that you are mortal (or literally remember mortality). It names a genre of artistic creations that vary widely from one another, but which all share the same purpose, which is to remind people of their own mortality. ... Mens sana in corpore sano is a famous quotation by Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis. ... Mens rea is a Criminal Law concept which focuses on the mental state of the accused and requires proof of a positive state of mind such as intention, recklessness or wilful blindness, or criminal negligence. ... Gloria in Excelsis Deo (Latin for Glory to God in the highest)woot is the title and beginning of the great doxology (song of praise) used in the Roman Catholic Mass and, in translation, in the services of many other Christian churches. ... Agnus Dei, the Lamb of God Agnus Dei is Latin for Lamb of God and refers to Jesus Christ in his role of the perfect sacrificial offering that atones for the sins of man in Christian theology, hearkening back to ancient Jewish Temple sacrifices. ... As a noun, Christian is an appellation and moniker deriving from the appellation Christ, which many people associate exclusively with Jesus of Nazareth. ... Modus operandi (often used in the abbreviated form MO) is a Latin phrase, approximately translated as mode of operation. ... In Logic, Modus ponens (Latin: mode that affirms) is a valid, simple argument form (often abbreviated to MP): If P, then Q. P. Therefore, Q. or in logical operator notation: P → Q P ⊢ Q where ⊢ represents the logical assertion. ... Mathematical logic is a discipline within mathematics, studying formal systems in relation to the way they encode intuitive concepts of proof and computation as part of the foundations of mathematics. ... In logic, especially in mathematical logic, a rule of inference is a scheme for constructing valid inferences. ... Modus tollens (Latin: mode that denies) is the formal name for indirect proof or proof by contrapositive, often abbreviated to MT. It can also be referred to as denying the consequent. ... Mathematical logic is a discipline within mathematics, studying formal systems in relation to the way they encode intuitive concepts of proof and computation as part of the foundations of mathematics. ... In logic, especially in mathematical logic, a rule of inference is a scheme for constructing valid inferences. ... Name given to a certain type of Papal rescript, where the clause motu proprio (of his own accord) is used, signifying that the provisions of the rescript were decided by the pope personally and not by a cardinal or other advisors. ... James Branch Cabell photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1935 James Branch Cabell (April 14, 1879 - May 5, 1958) was an American author of fantasy fiction and belles lettres. ... In Latin, mutatis mutandis means upon changing what needs to be changed, where what needs to be changed is usually implied by a prior statement assumed to be understood by the reader. ...

N

Natura non contristatur
"Nature isn't sentimental"
Nemine contradicente (nem. con.)
"Without contestation" — literally, "with no one speaking against;" used especially in committees, where a matter may be passed nem. con..
Nemo dat quod non habet
"No one can pass better title than they have"; literally, "no one gives what he doesn't possess."
Nemo me impune lacessit
"No-one provokes me with impunity" — Motto of The Order of the Thistle, found stamped on the milled edge of certain UK Pound coins. It is also the motto of the Montressors from the Edgar Allen Poe short story The Cask of Amontillado.
Ne cede malis
"Do not give into misfortune." While used as a level name in the Marathon series to reflect the doomed theme of the level, it was the family motto of one of the developers.
Ne plus ultra (also nec plus ultra, non plus ultra)
"nothing more beyond" literally, but figuratively it is a descriptive phrase meaning the best or most extreme example of something. The Pillars of Hercules, for example, were the ne plus ultra (in the literal sense) of the ancient Mediterranean world. Charles V's heraldic emblem reversed this idea, using a depiction of this phrase inscribed on the Pillars—without the negation. This represented Spain's expansion into the New World.
Nihil novi
"Nothing new". This expression exists in two versions: 1) 'Nihil novi sub sole' - "Nothing new under the sun" (Vulgate) 2) 'Nihil novi nisi commune consensu' - "Nothing new without the consensus of all" - a 1505 law of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the cornerstones of its Golden Liberty
Nihil obstat
"Nothing prevents" — a notation, usually on a title page, indicating that a Catholic censor has reviewed the book and found nothing objectionable to faith or morals in its content. See also imprimatur.
Nihil per orem (n.p.o.)
"Nothing by mouth" (medical shorthand)
Nil admirari
"Admire no one"; "Be astonished at nothing"
Nil desperandum
"Never despair"
Nil satis nisi optimum
"Nothing but the Best is Good Enough" Motto of Everton Football Club, residents of Goodison Park, Liverpool.
Nisi dominus frustra
"Except the Lord build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the Lord keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain" — the first three words of Psalm 127. The motto of Edinburgh, amongst others.
Nolens (aut) volens
"Willing or not", comparable with "willy-nilly", though that is derived from Old English will-he nil-he (i.e., [whether] he will or [whether] he will not).
Noli me tangere
"Touch me not" — according to the Gospel of John, this was said by Christ to Mary Magdalene after his Resurrection.
"Noli turbare circulos meos." (Archimedes)
Translation: "Do not disturb my circles!" ("Don't upset my calculations!")
Uttered to a Roman soldier who, despite being given orders not to, killed Archimedes at the conquest of Syracuse. That soldier was executed for his act.
Nolle prosequi
"Not willing to prosecute" — a legal motion by a prosecutor or other plaintiff to drop legal charges, usually in exchange for a diversion program or out-of-court settlement.
Nolo contendere
"No Contest" a plea that can be entered on behalf of a defendant in a court that states the accused doesn't admit guilt but will accept punishment for a crime. Nolo contendere pleas cannot be used as evidence in another trial.
Nomen dubium
"Doubtful name" — a scientific name of unknown or doubtful application.
Nomen est omen
"A name is an omen"
Nomen nescio (N. N.)
"Name unknown" — literally, "I do not know the name", implying an unknown person.
Nomen nudum
"Naked name" — a purported scientific name that does not fulfill the proper formal criteria and therefore cannot be used unless it is subsequently proposed correctly.
Non causa pro causa
"Non-cause for cause" — a logical fallacy.
Non compos mentis or Non compos sui
"Of unsound mind."
Non facias malum, ut inde fiat bonum
"You are not to do evil, that good may result therefrom." — Two wrongs don't make a right
Non in legendo sed in intelligendo legis consistunt
"The laws consist not in being read, but in being understood."
Non liquet
"it is not clear" — a sometimes controversial decision handed down by a judge when they feel that the law is not complete
Non mihi solum
"Not for myself alone"
Non obstante veredicto
"Notwithstanding the verdict" — a legal motion asking the court to reverse the jury's verdict on the grounds that the jury could not reasonably have reached such a verdict.
Non omnis moriar
"I shall not wholly die" — A part of me will survive death.
Non progredi est regredi
"Not to go forward is to go backward"
Non sequitur
"It does not follow" — a statement that is the result of faulty logic.
Non serviam
"I will not serve."
Non sum qualis eram
"I am not what I once was" — I have changed.
Nos morituri te salutamus
"We who are about to die salute you" — spoken by Gladiators before battle
Nota bene (NB)
"Note it well" — i.e., "please note", "important note".
Novus Ordo Seclorum
"New Order of the Ages" — motto on the Great Seal of the United States; from Virgil.
Nullam rem natam
"No thing born" — i.e., "nothing". It has been claimed that this expression is the origin of Italian nulla, French rien, and Spanish/Portuguese nada, all with the same meaning.
Numerus clausus
"Closed number."
Nunc dimittis
"Now you are dismissing" — Spoken by Simeon when holding the baby Jesus when he felt he was ready to be dismissed into the afterlife ('he had seen the light'); often used in the same way the phrase 'Eureka' is used; from the Gospel of Luke (New testament)
Nunc pro tunc
"Now for then" — has retroactive effect, effective from an earlier date
Nunc scio quid sit amor
"Now I know what love is" — Virgil, Eclogues VII

Nemo dat quod non habet, literally meaning no one [can] give what they dont have is a legal rule, sometimes called the nemo dat rule that states that the purchase of a possession from someone who has no ownership right to it also denies the purchaser any ownership title. ... James VII ordained the modern Order. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809–October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, editor and critic. ... The Cask of Amontillado is a horror short story by Edgar Allan Poe, published in 1846. ... Marathon has multiple meanings Marathon (sport), an athletic event Marathon, Greece (and the Battle of Marathon), after which the sport was named Other places with the name in the United States Marathon (village), New York Marathon (town), New York Marathon, Texas Marathon, Florida Marathon, Ontario in Canada Until 1990, the... Near Gades/Gadeira (modern Cádiz, just beyond the strait) was the westernmost temple of Tyrian Heracles (Melqart), near the eastern shore of the island (Strabo 3. ... Charles V Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain Charles V (Spanish: Carlos I, Dutch: Karel V, German: Karl V.) (24 February 1500–21 September 1558) is considered (the first) King of Spain though in fact his son was the first to use that title. ... Spain was the center of one of the first Global Empires. ... A fragment of this article needs translation from Polish into English. ... For the Arthurian Vulgate Cycle, see Lancelot-Grail Cycle. ... Events March 5 - Papal dispensation issued for the marriage of Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon June 27 - Henry VIII of England repudiates his engagement to Catherine of Aragon, at his fathers command King Alexander_of_Poland signed Nihil_novi act - Poland became Nobles Democracy Poland prohibits peasants from leaving... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Golden Liberty (latin: Aurea Libertas, Polish: Złota Wolność, sometimes used in plural form; this phenomena can be also reffered to as Golden Freedoms, Nobles Democracy or Nobles Commonwealth, Polish: Rzeczpospolita Szlachecka) refers to a unique democratic political system in the Kingdom of Poland and later, after the Union of Lublin... Nihil obstat is an official approval by a delegated censor of the Roman Catholic Church to publish a work dealing with faith or morals. ... For omission and secrecy, see censorship. ... Imprimatur is an official approval from the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church stating that a literary or similar work is free from error in matters of doctrine and morals, and hence acceptable reading for faithful Catholics. ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Psalms (Tehilim תהילים, in Hebrew) is a book of the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh, and of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. ... Edinburghs location in Scotland Edinburgh viewed from Arthurs Seat. ... Noli me Tangere by Hans Holbein the Younger Noli me tangere is the Latin version of the words spoken, according to the Gospel of John, by Jesus to Mary Magdalen, meaning touch me not (the quotation appears in John 20:17). ... The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the sequence of the canon as printed in the New Testament, and scholars agree it was the fourth to be written. ... Mary Magdalene is described, both in the canonical New Testament and in the New Testament apocrypha, as a devoted disciple of Jesus. ... According to the New Testament, especially the Gospels, Jesus, also called Christ, had the power to lay his life down and to take it up again, being both human and God as well as the Promised Messiah. ... A legal motion is a procedural device in law to bring a limited but contested matter before a court for decision. ... The prosecutor is the chief legal representative of the prosecution in countries adopting the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system. ... A plaintiff, also known as a claimant, or a complainant is the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court. ... In scientific classification, a nomen dubium (Latin for doubtful name, plural nomina dubia) is a scientific name that is valid but of unknown or doubtful application: that is, it may be impossible to determine whether a specimen belongs to that group or not. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: it is patent nonsense. ... Fallacies of questionable cause, also known as causal fallacies, non causa pro causa (non-cause for cause in Latin) or false cause, are informal fallacies where a cause is incorrectly identified. ... A fallacy is a bad argument. ... The term non compos mentis comes from Latin, non meaning not, compos meaning in control, and mentis, genitive singular of mens, and means It is most typically used in its negative form, non compos mentis, that is, not having control of ones faculties, as in a phrase such as... Judgment notwithstanding the verdict, or J.N.O.V. for short (Lat. ... In law, a verdict indicates the judgment of a case before a court of law. ... A court is an official, public forum which a sovereign establishes by lawful authority to adjudicate disputes, and to dispense civil, labour, administrative and criminal justice under the law. ... This article may be confusing for some readers, and should be edited to enhance clarity. ... Non sequitur may refer to: Non sequitur (logic), a logical fallacy Non sequitur (absurdism), a comment which is humorously absurd or has no relation to the comment it follows Non Sequitur (comic strip), the comic strip Non Sequitur (ensemble), the musical ensemble at The Walden School This is a disambiguation... In literature, the Latin phrase non serviam was spoken by Satan as he refused to serve God. ... Pollice Verso, an 1872 painting by Jean-Léon Gérôme, is a well known history painters researched conception of a gladiatorial combat. ... The phrase Novus Ordo Seclorum (Latin for New Order of the Ages) appears on the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States, first designed in 1782 and printed on the back of the American dollar bill since 1935. ... Obverse The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. ... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that... Numerus Clausus (closed number in Latin) is one of many methods used to limit the number of students who may study at a university. ... Nunc Dimittis is the Latin name of the passage in the second chapter of Luke that is commonly called the Canticle of Simeon. ... Simeon or Shimon (שִׁמְעוֹן) is a Hebrew name meaning Hearkening; listening, Standard Hebrew Å imÊ¿on, Tiberian Hebrew Å imʿôn) The Greek form of the name is Simon. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... Eureka (or Heureka; Greek ) is a famous exclamation attributed to Archimedes, see: Eureka (word). ... The Gospel of Luke is the third of the four canonical Gospels of the New Testament, which tell the story of Jesus life, death, and resurrection. ... The New Testament, sometimes called the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures, is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written after the birth of Jesus. ... Nunc pro tunc is a Latin expression in common use in the English language. ... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that... The Eclogues is one of three major works by the Latin poet Virgil. ...

O

O tempora, O mores!
"Oh the times! Oh the morals!" (Marcus Tullius Cicero, Catilina I, 1, 2) also translated "Oh the times! Oh the customs!".
Oculus dexter (O.D.)
"Right eye" (ophthalmologist shorthand)
Oculus sinister (O.S.)
"Left eye" (ophthalmologist shorthand)
Oderint dum metuant
"Let them hate, so long as they fear"
Odi et amo
"I hate (her), and I love (her)" — from Catullus.
Odium theologicum
"Theological hatred" — a name for the special hatred generated in theological disputes.
Omne ignotum pro magnifico
"All that is unknown appears magnificent".
Omnia dicta fortiora, si dicta latina 
"Everything sounds more impressive when said in Latin" — Mostly used as a form of irony to poke fun at people who seem to use Latin phrases and quotes only to make themselves sound more important or "educated".
Omnia præsumuntur legitime facta donec probetur in contrarium
"All things are presumed to be lawfully done, until proof be made to the contrary."
Opera omnia
"All works" — the collected works of some author.
Opera posthuma
"Posthumous works" — i.e., published after the author's death.
Opere citato (op. cit.)
"In work (already) cited" — used in academic works when referring again to the last source mentioned or used.
Ophidia in herba
"A snake in the grass" — any hidden danger or unknown risk.
Opus Dei
"The Work of God" or "God's Work".
Ora et labora
"Work and pray"

Marcus Tullius Cicero (standard English pronunciation ; Classical Latin pronunciation ) (January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin orator and prose stylist. ... In 63 BC Marcus Tullius Cicero (106–43 BC), orator, statesman and patriot, attained the rank of consul and in that capacity exposed to the Roman Senate the plot of Lucius Sergius Catilina (approx. ... This article refers to the sight organ. ... An optical refractor in use. ... An optical refractor in use. ... Gaius Valerius Catullus (ca. ... The Latin phrase Odium theologicum, literally meaning theological hatred, is the name given to the particular rancor and hatred generated by disputes over theology. ... Theology is reasoned discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, word or reason). It also refers to the study of other religious topics. ... Saint Josemaría Escrivá, Founder of Opus Dei The Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei, commonly known as Opus Dei (Latin for Work of God), is a prelature created by the Roman Catholic Church, composed of a prelate, secular priests, and lay people, whose mission is to spread... God is the term used to denote the Supreme Being believed by monotheistic religions to exist and to be the creator and ruler of the Universe. ... God is the term used to denote the Supreme Being believed by monotheistic religions to exist and to be the creator and ruler of the Universe. ...

P

Pace
"With peace" — used to indicate that the speaker contradicts someone else: "...but acquired characteristics are not inherited, pace Jean-Baptiste Lamarck..."
Pace tua
"With your permission."
Pacta sunt servanda
"They must serve pacts," indicating the binding power of treaties.
Panem et circenses
"Bread and circus plays" — Juvenal, Satires 10, 81, describing all that was needed for the emperors to placate the Roman mob, and today used to describe any public entertainment used to distract public attention from more important matters.
Parens patriae
"Parent of the country."
Pari passu
"With equal step" — moving together, simultaneously, etc..
Passim
"Throughout", "here and there", "frequently" — of a word that occurs several times in a cited texts; also, in proof reading, of a change that is to be repeated everywhere needed.
Pater familias
"Father of the family."
Pater peccavi
"Father, I have sinned" — the traditional beginning of a Catholic confession.
Pauca sed matura
"Few, but ripe." From The King and I by Rogers and Hammerstein. It was said to be one of Carl Gauss's favorite quotations.
Pax Americana
"The Peace of America" — a euphemism for the United States of America and its sphere of influence, adapted from Pax Romana (q.v.)
Pax Britannica
"The Peace of Britain" — a euphemism for the British Empire, adapted from Pax Romana (q.v.)
Pax Dei
"Peace of God", Peace and Truce of God movement, 10th Century, France.
Pax Deorum
"Peace of the Gods" — Like the vast majority of inhabitants of the ancient world, the Romans practiced pagan rituals, believing it important to achieve a state of Pax Deorum (The Peace of the Gods) instead of Ira Deorum (The Wrath of the Gods). Earthquakes, floods, famine, etc.
Pax et bonum
"Peace and goodness". The motto of St. Francis of Assisi and, consequently, the motto of his monastery in Assisi, in the Tuscany region of Italy. Italian translation: pace e bene.
Pax et lux
"Peace and light". The motto of Tufts University
Pax Romana
"The Peace of Rome" — the peace forcefully imposed by the Roman Empire.
Pax Sinica
"The Peace of China" — a euphemism for periods of peace in East Asia during times of a strong Chinese empire, adapted from Pax Romana (q.v.)
Pax tecum
"Peace be with you (singular)."
Pax vobiscum
"Peace be with you (plural)."
Pendent opera interrupta
"The work hangs interrupted" — from the Æneid of Virgil, Book IV
Per annum
"Per year."
Per ardua ad astra
"Through adversity to the stars." — Motto of the British Royal Air Force, also motto of the Royal Canadian Air Force
Per aspera ad astra
"The hard way towards the stars", or "through hardship to the stars" (a state motto of Kansas)
Per capsulam
"By letter."
Per caput or per capita
"Per head" — i.e., "per person".
Per curiam
"by [the] court."
Per definitionem
"by definition."
Per diem
"Per day." — a specific amount of money an organization allows an individual to spend per day. Typically, this is for travel expenses.
Per os (p.o.)
"By mouth" (medical shorthand)
Per procura; per procurationem (p.p.)
"Through the agency (of)" — used to indicate that a person is signing a document on behalf of another person (correctly placed before the name of the person signing, but often placed before the name of the person on whose behalf the document is signed, sometimes through incorrect translation of the alternative abbreviation "per pro." as "for and on behalf of").
Per se
"By itself" or "in itself" — i.e., without referring to anything else, intrinsically, taken without qualifications, etc.; for instance, negligence per se.
Per stirpes
"Per branch" — used in wills to indicate that each branch of the testator's family should inherit equally; contrast per capita.
Per veritatem vis
Through truth, strength (Motto of Washington University in St. Louis)
Perpetuum mobile
"Thing in perpetual motion."
Persona non grata
"Person not wanted" — an unwanted or undesirable person. In diplomatic contexts, a person rejected by the host government. (Unwelcome, banned)
Petitio principii
"Begging the principle" — i.e., "begging the question"; a logical fallacy.
Pia desideria
"Pious desires."
Pia fraus
"Pious betrayal" — expression from Ovid used to describe betrayal which serves Church purposes.
Pollice verso
"Turned thumb"—used by Roman crowds to declare verdict of defeated gladiator. It is uncertain whether the thumb was turned up, down, or concealed inside one's hand. This is also the name of a famous painting depicting gladiators by Jean-Léon Gérôme. [4]
Pons asinorum
"Bridge of asses". Any obstacle that stupid people find hard to cross, originally used of Euclid's Fifth Proposition in geometry.
Pontifex Maximus
"The greatest high priest" — a traditional epithet of the pope and previously of the Roman emperors. The pontifices were the most important priestly college of the ancient Roman religion; their name is usually thought to derive from pons facere, 'to make a bridge', which in turn is usually linked to their religious authority over the bridges of Rome, especially the Pons Sublicius.
Posse comitatus
"Power of the county".
Post aut propter
"After it or because of it" — causality between to phenomena is not established; cf. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc
Post cibum (p.c.)
"After meals" (medical shorthand)
Post facto
"After the fact." (see ex post facto)
Post hoc, ergo propter hoc
"After this, therefore because of this" — the logical fallacy that the fact that one thing happens after another means that the first thing caused the second.
Post meridiem (p.m.)
"After noon" — in the period from noon to midnight. (Cf. ante meridiem)
Post mortem
"After death."
Post scriptum (p.s.)
"Post script" used to mark additions to a letter, after the signature.
Post tenebras lux
"After darkness, light" - a motto of the Protestant Reformation inscribed on the Reformation Wall in Geneva, Switzerland.
Prima facie
"At first sight" — used to designate evidence in a trial which is suggestive, but not conclusive, of something (e.g., a person's guilt).
Primum non nocere
"First, do no harm." — A medical precept, attributed to Hippocrates.
Primus inter pares
"First among equals" — a title of the Roman emperors.
Principia probant, non probantur
"Principles prove, they are not proved." — Fundamental principles require no proof.
Probatio pennae
"Trying out the pen"
Pro bono (publico)
"For the (public) good" — said of a lawyer's work that is not charged for.
Pro forma
"As a matter of form"
Pro hac vice
"for this occasion" — request of a state court to allow an out-of-state lawyer to represent a client. (see List of legal terms)
Pro patria
"For (the) country"
Pro rata
"For the rate" — i.e., proportionately.
Pro re nata (prn)
"As needed" (medical shorthand)
Pro studio et labore
"For hard work and labor."
Pro tanto
"for so much", "partially fulfilled", a philosophical term meaning: the acceptance of a theory or idea without fully accepting the explanation
Pro tempore
"For the time (being)" — i.e., "temporary."
Profanum vulgus
"The uninitiated masses" — from Horace.
Propria manu (p.m.)
"By own hand."
prox.
abbreviation for proximo. Formerly used in formal correspondence to refer to the following month. See also ult. and inst.
Punctum saliens
"The outstanding point" — i.e., the essential or most notable point.

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck (August 1, 1744 – December 28, 1829) was a major 19th century French naturalist, who was one of the first to use the term biology in its modern sense. ... Note: This article is about the Roman poet, who is the most famous person by this name. ... Proofreading is reading a proof copy of text for the purpose of detecting errors. ... The pater familias was the eldest or ranking male in a Roman household. ... This article is about the practice of confession in the Christian faith. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (Gauß) (April 30, 1777 _ February 23, 1855) was a legendary German mathematician, astronomer and physicist with a very wide range of contributions; he is considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. ... The term Pax Americana (Latin: American Peace) denotes the period of relative peace in the Western world since the end of World War II in 1945, coinciding with the dominant military and economic position of the United States. ... Pax Romana, Latin for the Roman peace, is the long period of relative peace experienced by states within the Roman Empire. ... Pax Britannica (Latin for the British Peace, modelled after Pax Romana) refers to a period of British imperialism after the Battle of Waterloo, which led to a period of overseas British expansionism. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps The British Empire was the worlds first global power and the largest empire in history. ... Pax Romana, Latin for the Roman peace, is the long period of relative peace experienced by states within the Roman Empire. ... The Peace and Truce of God was a medieval European movement of the Roman Catholic Church which applied spiritual sanctions in order to control and stop the violence of feudal society. ... The Peace and Truce of God was a medieval European movement of the Roman Catholic Church which applied spiritual sanctions in order to control and stop the violence of feudal society. ... Within a Christian context, paganism (from Latin paganus) and heathenry are catch-all terms which have come to connote a broad set of spiritual/religious beliefs and practices of a natural religion, as opposed to the Abrahamic religions based on scriptures. ... Francis of Assisi by El Greco Saint Francis of Assisi (born in Assisi, Italy, 1182; died there on October 3, 1226) founded the Franciscan Order or Friars Minor. He is the patron saint of animals, merchants, Catholic action and the environment. ... Crest of the township (comune) of Assisi Assisi (Latin: Asisium) is a town and episcopal see in Italy in Perugia province, Italy, in the Umbria region, on the western flank of Mt. ... Tuscany (Italian Toscana) is a region in central Italy, bordering on Latium to the south, Umbria and Marche to the east, Emilia-Romagna and Liguria to the north, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. ... Tufts University is a private university located in Medford, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. ... Pax Romana, Latin for the Roman peace, is the long period of relative peace experienced by states within the Roman Empire. ... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus), until its radical reformation in what was later to be known as the Byzantine Empire. ... Pax Sinica (Latin for Chinese Peace) is a term referring to a time of peace in East Asia and/or the world, maintained by Chinese hegemony. ... Geographic scope of East Asia East Asia is a subregion of Asia that can be defined in either geographical or cultural terms. ... China is the worlds oldest continuous major civilization, with written records dating back about 3,500 years and with 5,000 years being commonly used by Chinese as the age of their civilization. ... Pax Romana, Latin for the Roman peace, is the long period of relative peace experienced by states within the Roman Empire. ... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BCE (between 29 and 19 BCE) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that... Annum is a Latin term meaning year. ... A year is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) was the air force of Canada from 1924 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Armed Forces. ... State nickname: The Sunflower State Official languages None Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Governor Kathleen Sebelius (D) Senators Sam Brownback (R) Pat Roberts (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 15th 82,277 mi²; 213,096 km² 0. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... A definition may be a statement of the essential properties of a certain thing, or a statement of equivalence between one expression and another, usually more complex expression that gives the meaning of the first. ... Per diem, or per day, is a Latin phrase meaning specific amount of money an organization allows an individual to spend per day. ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Negligence per se is the legal doctrine whereby certain acts are considered intrinsically negligent, with no requirement to prove the negligence was known or intended. ... Per stirpes is a Latin phrase (meaning per branch) used in wills that specifies that each branch of the testators family is to receive an equal share of the estate. ... In the law, a will or testament is a document by which a person (the testator) regulates the rights of others over his property or family after death. ... A testator is a person who has made a legally binding will or testament, which specifies what is to be done with that persons family and/or property after death. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article or section should include material from Parallel Path See also Perpetuum mobile as a musical term Perpetual motion machines (the Latin term perpetuum mobile is not uncommon) are a class of hypothetical machines which would produce useful energy in a way science cannot explain (yet). ... Persona non grata (Latin, plural: personae non gratae), literally meaning an unwelcome person, is a term used in diplomacy with a specialized and legally defined meaning. ... There are two current usages to the phrase Begging the question. Recently, in popular usage, it is often used as a synonym for raising the question. However the original meaning, still recommended by most prescriptive writers on Standard English usage, is quite different: it describes a type of logical fallacy... A fallacy is a bad argument. ... Engraved frontispiece of George Sandyss 1632 London edition of Publius Ovidius Naso (Sulmona, March 20, 43 BC â€“ Tomis, now Constanta AD 17) Roman poet known to the English-speaking world as Ovid, wrote on topics of love, abandoned women, and mythological transformations. ... Jean-Léon Gérôme (May 11, 1824 - 1904) was a French painter and sculptor who produced many works in a historical, Orientalist style. ... Euclid Euclid of Alexandria (Greek: ) (ca. ... Geometry (Greek γεωμετρία; geo = earth, metria = measure) arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships. ... Alternate meanings: see Pontifex (disambiguation) In Ancient Rome, the Pontifex Maximus was the high priest of the collegium of the Pontifices, the most august position in Roman religion, open only to a patrician, until 254 BC, when a plebeian first occupied this post. ... The pope is the Patriarch of the West and Bishop of Rome, and leader of the Catholic Church. ... Roman Emperor is the title historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... Religion in ancient Rome combined several different cult practices and embraced more than a single set of beliefs. ... The oldest bridge across the Tiber in Italy near Rome. ... Posse Comitatus can refer to: In common law, Posse Comitatus refers to a means of law enforcement in unusual circumstances. ... Post hoc ergo propter hoc is Latin for after this, therefore because of this. ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... An ex post facto law (Latin for from a thing done afterward), also known as a retrospective law, is a law that is retroactive, i. ... Post hoc ergo propter hoc is Latin for after this, therefore because of this. ... A fallacy is a bad argument. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... Coat of arms of the Canton of Geneva Coat of arms of the City of Geneva Geneva (French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra, Romansh Genevra, Spanish: Ginebra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zurich), located where Lake Geneva (French: Lac de Genève or Lac L... Prima facie is a Latin expression meaning at first sight, used in common law regions to denote a case that is strong enough to justify further discovery and possibly a full trial. ... The law of evidence governs the use of testimony (eg. ... In legal parlance, a trial is an event in which parties to a dispute present information (in the form of evidence) in a formal setting, usually a court, before a judge, jury, or other designated finder of fact, in order to achieve a resolution to their dispute. ... Primum non nocere is a Latin phrase that means First, do no harm. ... This topic is considered to be an essential subject on Wikipedia. ... First among equals is a phrase which indicates that a person is the most senior of a group of people sharing the same rank or office. ... This is a list of Roman Emperors with the dates they controlled the Roman Empire. ... Probatio pennae (also written probatio pennę in medieval Latin; literally trying out the pen) is the medieval term for breaking in a new pen. ... Pro bono is a phrase derived from Latin meaning for the good. The complete phrase is pro bono publico, for the public good. It is used to designate legal or other professional work undertaken voluntarily and without payment, as a public service. ... A lawyer is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law and in other forms of dispute resolution. ... Many companies report pro forma earnings, in addition to normal earnings calculated under the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), in their quarterly and yearly financial reports. ... This is a list of legal terms with short definitions. ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ...

Q

Q. E. D.
See Quod erat demonstrandum.
q. v.
See Quod vide.
Quære
"(You might) ask..." — used to introduce questions, usually rhetorical or tangential questions.
Quod me nutrit me destruit
What nourishes me, destroys me.
Qualis artifex pereo!
"What a great artist dies with me!" — attributed to Nero by Suetonius.
Qua patet orbis
"As far as the world extends" — motto of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps
Quae vide (qq.v.)
"Which things see" — plural of Quod vide.
Quaque die (qd)
"Every day" (medical shorthand)
Quaque hora (qh)
"Every hour" (medical shorthand)
Quater in die (qid)
"Four times a day" (medical shorthand)
Qui tacet consentire videtur
"Silence gives consent." — sometimes accompanied by the proviso "ubi loqui debuit (ac potuit)", that is, "when he ought to have spoken (and could do so)".
Quid est veritas?
"What is truth?" - Pilate's question to Jesus (John 18:38 - Vulgate)
Quid novi ex Africa?
"What's new out of Africa?" — derived from an Aristotle quote.
Quid pro quo
"This for that" or "A thing for a thing" — i.e., in english, a favor for a favor.
Quidnunc? or Quid nunc?
"What now?" — as a noun, a quidnunc is a busybody or a gossip.
Quidquid latine dictum sit, altum viditur.
Whatever is said in Latin sounds profound.
Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?
"Who watches the watchers?"
Quis ut Deus?
"Who is like unto God?" (Who would have the audacity to compare oneself to Him?)
Quo errat demonstrator
"Where the prover errs" — a pun on Quod erat demonstrandum (q.v.).
Quo fata ferunt
"Whither the fates lead us" Motto of Bermuda.
Quo usque tandem?
"For how much longer?" — from Cicero's speech to the Roman senate regarding the conspiracy of Catiline: Quo usque tandem abutere, Catilina, patientia nostra? i.e., "For how much longer, Catilina, will you abuse our patience?".
Quo vadis
"Where are you going?" — according to Christian legend, asked by St. Peter meeting Jesus on the Appian way in Rome. The question is asked by St. Peter in John 13:36; The King James version has 'Lord, whither goest thou?" but the Vulgate has Domine quo vadis.
Quod erat demonstrandum (Q.E.D.)
"That which was to be demonstrated" — often written (abbreviated) at the bottom of a mathematical proof.
Quod licet Iovi, non licet bovi
"What is permitted to Jupiter is not permitted to the ox"
Quod vide (q.v.)
"Which see" — used after a term or phrase that should be looked up elsewhere in the current document or book.

This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... Nero Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (December 15, 37–June 9, 68), born Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, also called (50–54) Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, was the fifth and last Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (69/70 AD - After 130 AD) or known as Suetonius was a prominent Roman Writer. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Ecce Homo (Behold the Man!), Antonio Ciseris depiction of Pontius Pilate presenting a scourged Jesus of Nazareth to the people of Jerusalem Pontius Pilate (Latin Pontius Pilatus) was the governor of the small Roman province of Judea from AD 26 until around AD 36. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... For the Arthurian Vulgate Cycle, see Lancelot-Grail Cycle. ... Aristotle, marble copy of bronze by Lysippos. ... Quid Pro Quo is an upcoming film set to star Nick Stahl, Vera Farmiga and Anna Chlumsky. ... Marcus Tullius Cicero (standard English pronunciation ; Classical Latin pronunciation ) (January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin orator and prose stylist. ... The Roman Senate (Latin, Senatus) was a deliberative body which was important in the government of both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. ... Catiline (Lucius Sergius Catilina) (108 BC-62 BC) was a Roman politician of the 1st century BC who is best known for the Catiline (or Catilinarian) conspiracy, an attempt to overthrow the Roman Republic, and in particular the power of the aristocratic Senate. ... Meanings of Quo vadis: Quo vadis is a Latin phrase meaning Where do you go? or Who goes there?. It is used as a proverbial phrase from the Bible (John 16:5). ... Beliefs Though enormous diversity exists in the beliefs of those who self-identify as Christian, it is possible to venture general statements which describe the beliefs of a large majority . ... According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... Remains of the Appian Way in Rome, Italy The Appian Way (Latin: Via Appia) is a famous road built by the Romans. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost 4,000,000 1... According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ... Q. E. D. is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase quod erat demonstrandum (literally, which was to be demonstrated). This is a translation of the Greek (hóper édei deÄ©xai) which was used by many early mathematicians including Euclid and Archimedes. ...

R

Rara avis
"A rare bird" — i.e., an extraodinary or unusual thing (from Juvenal's Satires: rara avis in terris, nigroque simillima cygno, "a rare bird on the earth, and very like a black swan").
Ratio legis
"Legal foundation."
Ratio decidendi
"Reason for the decision" — the legal, moral, political, and social principles used by a court to compose the rationale of a judgment.
Re
"In the matter of" (ablative of res 'thing') — often used in e-mail replies. It is a common misconception that the "Re:" in e-mail replies stands for "reply" or "response". The use of Latin "re", in the sense of "about, concerning", is English usage. Whether to leave it in Latin or to translate it may depend on the usage of the target language; but the Internet norm is to leave it in Latin. See also discussion page.
Rebus sic stantibus
"Matters standing thus" — The doctrine that treaty obligations hold only as long as the fundamental conditions and expectations that existed at the time of their creation hold.
Reductio ad absurdum
"Reduction to absurdity" — a technique of argument that proves the thesis by showing that its opposite is absurd or logically untenable. This is an oft-used method of proof in mathematics and philosophy.
In general usage outside mathematics & philosophy, a reductio ad absurdum is a tactic in which the logic of an argument is challenged by reducing the concept to its most absurd extreme. [5]
Regnat populus
"The People rule."
Repetitio est mater studiorum
"Repetition is the mother of study"
Requiescat in pace (R.I.P.)
"May he rest in peace" — a benediction for the dead. Often inscribed on tombstones or other grave markers.
Res ipsa loquitur
"The thing speaks for itself" — a phrase from the common law of torts that means negligence can be inferred from the fact that such an accident happened, without proof of exactly how.
Res ipsa loquitur, sed quid in infernos dicit?
"The thing speaks for itself, but what the hell does it say?" — a sarcastic pseudo-Latin commentary on res ipsa loquitur, reminding the listener that we must still interpret the significance of events that "speak for themselves".
Res iudicata
Literally, "Judged thing" — i.e., matter which has been decided by a court. Commonly, the legal concept that once a matter has been finally decided by the courts it cannot be litigated again. See also Double jeopardy
Respice Finem
"Regard the end" or "Look to the end" in certain context.
Respiciendum est judicanti ne quid aut durius aut remissius constituatur quam causa deposcit; nec enim aut severitatis aut clementiæ gloria affectanda est.
"The judge must see that no order be made or judgment given or sentence passed either more harshly or more mildly than the case requires; he must not seek renown, either as a severe or as a tender-hearted judge."
Res nullius
"Nobody's thing" — i.e., goods without owner. — used for things or beings which belong to nobody and are up for grabs, e.g., uninhabited not-yet-colonised land, wandering wild animals, etc.
Romani ite domum
"Romans go home" — as written one hundred times over the palace walls by Brian of Nazareth. See Monty Python's "Life of Brian"
Rosa rubicundior, lilio candidior, omnibus formosior, semper in te glorior
"Redder than the rose, whiter than the lilies, fairer than everything, I will always glory in thee."

Note: This article is about the Roman poet, who is the most famous person by this name. ... Latin phrase meaning the reason for the decision. It is a legal phrase which refers to the legal, moral, political, and social principles used by a court to compose the rationale or ratio decidendi of a particular judgment. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A treaty is a binding agreement under international law concluded by subjects of international law, namely states and international organizations. ... Reductio ad absurdum (Latin for reduction to the absurd, traceable back to the Greek ἡ εις άτοπον απαγωγη, reduction to the impossible, often used by Aristotle) is a type of logical argument where we assume a claim for the sake of argument, arrive at an absurd result, and then conclude the original assumption must... Res ipsa loquitur is a legal term from the Latin meaning literally, The thing speaks for itself. The doctrine is applied to claims which, as a matter of law, do not have to be explained beyond the obvious facts. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... In the common law, a tort is a civil wrong, other than a breach of contract for which the law provides a remedy. ... Res judicata (from res iudicata, Latin for a thing decided), more commonly res judicata in legal usage, is a common law doctrine meant to bar relitigation of cases between the same parties in court. ... Double jeopardy is a procedural defense (and, in the United States and India, a constitutional right) that forbids a defendant from being tried a second time for a crime, after having already been tried for the same crime. ... Res nullius is a principle by which a nation may assert control of an unclaimed territory. ... Nazareth (Arabic الناصرة an-Nāṣirah; Hebrew נָצְרַת, Standard Hebrew Náẓərat, Tiberian Hebrew Nāṣəraṯ) is an ancient town in northern Israel. ... The Monty Python troupe in 1970. ... Life of Brian is a film from 1979 by Monty Python which deals with the life of Brian (played by Graham Chapman), a young man born at the nearly the same time as, and in a manger right down the street from Jesus. ...

S

Saltus in demonstrando
"Leap in demonstration."
Salus populi suprema lex esto
"The welfare of the people is the highest law." Motto of the state of Missouri. John Locke used the phrase in his Second Treatise (On Civil Government) to describe the proper organization of government.
Salva veritate
"With truth preserved", or "saved by the truth".
Salvator Mundi
"The Saviour of the World" - usually refers to Christ, and is the title of paintings by Albrecht Dürer and Leonardo da Vinci.
Salvo errore et omissione (s.e.e.o.)
"Except for errors and omissions" — appears on statements of "account currents".
Salvo honoris titulo (SHT)
"Excluding the title" — used in writings to unfamiliar persons, as an excuse for not using the correct title.
Sancta sedes
"the Holy Chair" — i.e., the Papacy or the Holy See.
Sancta Simplicitas
"Blessed Simplicity" or "Holy Simplicity"
Sapere aude
"Dare to be wise" — motto of the Manchester Grammar School and other institutions; originally from Horace, Epistle II; quoted by Immanuel Kant to define Enlightenment.
Sapienti sat (est), also dictum sapienti sat est or sat sapienti.
"Enough for the wise" — understandable for a wise one without the need for explanations. Source: Plautus.
Sedes apostolica
"the Apostolic Chair" — i.e., the Papacy or the Holy See.
Sede vacante
"The seat (i.e., the Holy See) being vacant" — the interregnum between two popes.
Servus servorum Dei
"Servant of the servants of God" — a title for the Pope.
Semper fidelis
"Always faithful" — motto of the United States Marine Corps, often abbreviated Semper Fi.
Semper paratus
"Always prepared" — the motto of the United States Coast Guard and the United States Cavalry's 12th Regiment.
Semper reformanda
"Always reforming" - a shortened form of a motto of the Protestant Reformation: Ecclesia reformata semper reformanda est ("The reformed church must always be reforming"), which refers to the Protestant argument that the church must continually re-examine itself, reconsider its doctrines, and be prepared to accept change, in order to conform more closely to orthodox Christian belief as revealed in Holy Scripture. (The shortened form, semper reformanda, literally means "always about to be reformed", and the usual translation, "always reforming", is taken from sentence where it is used in a passive periphrastic construction.)
Semper ubi sub ubi
"Always where under where" — a Latin translation joke. Nonsensical, but the English translation is a pun of "Always wear underwear"
Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR)
"The Senate and the People of Rome" — i.e., "The Aristocrats and the Commoners", the official name of the Roman Republic. "SPQR" was carried on battle standards by the Roman Legions.
Sesquipedalia verba
"Words a foot and a half long" — long and complicated words that are used without
Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice
"If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you" -- the motto of the U.S. state of Michigan.
Sic
"Thus", "just so" — states that the preceding quoted material appears exactly that way in the source, usually despite errors of spelling, grammar, usage, or fact.
Sic et non
"Yes and no"
Sic itur ad astra
"Thus to the stars" — that's how to achieve fame.
Sic passim
"thus in various places" — used when referencing books; see passim.
Sic semper tyrannis
"Thus always to tyrants." — state motto of Virginia.
Sic transit gloria mundi
"So passes the glory of the world" — meaning nothing on Earth lasts forever.
Sic vita est
"Such is life" — That's how life is.
Signetur (sig or S/)
"Let it be labeled" (medical shorthand)
Signum Fidei
"Sign of our faith"
Sine anno (s.a.)
"Without year" — used in bibliographies to indicate that the date of publication of a document is unknown.
Sine die
"Without a (set) day" — originally from old common law texts, where it indicates that a final, dispositive order has been made in the case: there is nothing left for the court to do, so no date for further proceedings is set.
Sine ira et studio
"Without anger or bias" — impartially. From Tacitus, Annals 1.1
Sine loco (s.l.)
"Without place" — used in bibliographies to indicate that the place of publication of a document is unknown.
Sine nomine (s.n.)
"Without name" — used in bibliographies to indicate that the publisher of a document is unknown.
Sine qua non
"Without which not" — used to denote something that is an essential part of the whole.
Sine scientia ars nihil est
"Art without knowledge is nothing". A skill (ars) and knowledge (scientia) are tightly intervowen and could not exist one without the other.
Sit venia verbo
"With apologies for the word" — i.e., "pardon my French."
Si vis pacem, para bellum
"If you wish for peace, prepare for war."
Sola Fide
"By Faith Alone" - the material principle of the Protestant Reformation and one of the Five solas, referring to the Protestant claim that the Bible teaches that men are saved by faith apart from works.
Sola Gratia
"By Grace Alone" - a motto of the Protestant Reformation and one of the Five solas, referring to the Protestant claim that the Bible teaches salvation is unearned.
Sola Scriptura
"By Scripture Alone" - the formal principle of the Protestant Reformation and one of the Five solas, referring to the Protestant idea that the Bible alone is ultimately authoritative, not the Pope or Tradition.
Soli Deo Gloria
"To God Alone [be] the Glory" - a motto of the Protestant Reformation and one of the Five solas, referring to the idea that God is the author of all good things and deserves all the praise for them. (Johann Sebastian Bach often signed his manuscripts with the abbreviation S.D.G. to invoke this phrase.)
Solus Christus (or Solo Christo)
"Christ Alone" (or "By Christ Alone") - a motto of the Protestant Reformation and one of the Five solas, referring to the Protestant claim that the Bible teaches that Jesus is the only mediator between God and mankind.
Stamus Contra Malo
Supposed to be "We fight against the evil" — the motto of the Jungle Parol in The Phantom where there actually is a mistranslation to the Latin — it should be "Stamus Contra Malum".
Stante pede
"On standing foot" — immediately.
Stare decisis
"To stand by things decided" — uphold previous rulings, recognize precedence
Statim (stat)
"Immediately" (medical shorthand)
Status quo (ante)
"The state that was (before)" — the status of affairs or situation prior to some upsetting event.
Stet
"Let it stand" — marginal mark in proofreading to indicate that something previously deleted or marked for deletion should be retained.
Stricto sensu
"In the strict sense."
Stupor mundi
"Wonder of the world", the title by which Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, was known.
Sua sponte
"Of own accord." — motto of the U.S. Army Rangers. Also a legal term
Sub Cruce Lumen
"Under the Cross is the Light." — motto of the University of Adelaide, Australia. Refers to the Southern Cross.
Sub iudice or sub judice
"Under a judge" — said of a case that cannot be publicly discussed until it is finished.
Sub poena duces tecum
"Bring with you under penalty" — legal writ requiring appearance with documents, etc..
Sub poena (subpoena)
"Under penalty" — of a request (usually by a court) that must be complied to on pain of punishment.
Sub rosa
"Under the rose" — secretly (a rose was placed above a door to indicate that what was said in the room beyond was not to be repeated outside).
Sub specie æternitatis
"From eternity's point of view." (Spinoza, Ethics)
Sui generis
Of its (own) kind — in a class of its own.
Sui juris
Of one's own right — capable of (legal) responsibility; legal and ecclesiastical use.
Sum quod eris / Fui quod sis
"I am what you will be / I was what you are" — gravestone incriptions that remind the reader of the inevitability of death. Also see Tu fui, ego eris.
Summa cum laude
"With the highest honor."
Summum bonum
"The supreme good."
Summum malum
"The supreme evil."
Sunt lacrimae rerum
"There are tears to things." (Virgil, Æneid)
Sunt omnes unum
"They are all one."
Suo moto [alt. Suo motu]
"Upon one's own initiative". Usually used when a court of law, upon its own initiative, (i.e. no petition has been filed) proceeds against a person or authority that it deems has committed an illegal act. [This phrase for some intriguing reason, seems to be used almost exclusively in South Asia - can someone shed further light on this?]
Supra
See Vide supra.
Suum cuique
"To each his own."
Suum cuique tribuere
"To render to every man his due." — One of Justinian's three basic concepts of law.

State nickname: The Show Me State Official languages English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City (largest metropolitan area is Saint Louis) Governor Matt Blunt (R) Senators Kit Bond (R) Jim Talent (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 1. ... John Locke - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Christ is the English representation of the Greek word Χριστός (transliterated as Khristós), which means anointed. ... Self-Portrait, 1493, Oil on Canvas Albrecht Dürer (May 21, 1471 - April 6, 1528) was a German painter, wood carver, engraver, and mathematician. ... Leonardo da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian Renaissance architect, musician, anatomist, inventor, engineer, sculptor, geometer, and painter. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... Sapere aude is a Latin phrase meaning Dare to know. ... The Manchester Grammar School (MGS) is an independent boys school (ages 11-18) in Manchester, England. ... Horace Quintus Horatius Flaccus, (December 8, 65 BC - November 27, 8 BC), known in the English-speaking world as Horace, was the leading lyric poet in Latin, the son of a freedman, but himself born free. ... His tomb and its pillared enclosure outside the cathedral in Königsberg are some of the few artifacts of German times preserved by the Soviets after they conquered East Prussia in 1945. ... The Age of Enlightenment refers to the 18th century in European philosophy, and is often thought of as part of a larger period which includes the Age of Reason. ... Titus Maccius Plautus (born at Sarsina, Umbria in 254 B.C.) was a comic playwright in the time of the Roman Republic. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... Sede vacante in the canon law of the Roman Catholic Church is the vacancy of the episcopal see of a particular church. ... An interregnum is a period between kings, between popes of the Roman Catholic Church, or between consuls of the Roman Republic. ... The pope is the Patriarch of the West and Bishop of Rome, and leader of the Catholic Church. ... The pope is the Patriarch of the West and Bishop of Rome, and leader of the Catholic Church. ... Semper Fidelis is a Latin motto translating to always faithful. It is the motto of: United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps, the amphibious infantry complementary to the United States Navy, who often reduce it to Semper Fi; the motto signifies the dedication that individual Marines are... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military. ... Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is the coast guard of the United States. ... The United States Cavalry was a horse-mounted cavalry force which existed in various forms between 1775 to 1942. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Doctrine, from Latin doctrina, (compare doctor), means a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system. ... Semper ubi sub ubi is a Latin motto, originated in 20th century. ... Modern coat of arms of Rome SPQR is an initialism for the Latin phrase Senatus Populusque Romanus. ... The Roman Senate (Latin, Senatus) was a deliberative body which was important in the government of both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. ... See also Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... Legion can refer to several encylopedic topics, including: In military history, an organization or military unit: A Roman legion. ... A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia and Palmyra Atoll (an uninhabited incorporated unorganized territory), form the United States of America. ... State nickname: The Wolverine State, The Great Lakes State Official languages English de-facto Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Governor Jennifer Granholm (D) Senators Carl Levin (D) Debbie Stabenow (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 11th 96,889 mi² / 250,941 km² 41. ... SIC may mean: Word-like casing: Sic (Latin), [sic] representing thus or as it is written here. This is often a short-hand indicating that a quoted source contains an error. ... This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ... Sic semper tyrannis is a Latin phrase meaning Thus always to tyrants. It is the state motto of Virginia (and also that of the USS Virginia), recommended by George Mason to the Virginia Convention in 1776. ... State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner (D) Tim Kaine (D-Governor Elect) Senators John Warner (R) George Allen (R) Official language(s) English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ... A List of Latin proverbs is provided at Wikiquote:Latin proverbs. ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Signum Fidei is a Latin phrase which means Sign of Faith. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... Gaius Cornelius Tacitus Publius or Gaius Cornelius Tacitus (ca. ... The Annals, or, in Latin, Annales, is a history book by Tacitus covering the reign of the 4 Roman Emperors succeeding to Caesar Augustus. ... Sine qua non or conditio sine qua non is a Latin legal term for without which it could not be (but for). It refers to an indispensable action, condition or thing. ... Sola fide (by faith alone), also historically known as the justification of faith, is a doctrine that distinguishes Protestant denominations from Catholicism and Eastern Christianity in Christianity. ... In Christian theology, a material principle is the central teaching of a religion, religious tradition or movement, religious body or organization. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... The Five Solas are five Latin phrases (or slogans) that emerged during the Protestant Reformation and summarize the Reformers basic beliefs and emphasis in contradistinction to the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church of the day. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Bible (sometimes The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word, or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βιβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, plural of βιβλιον, biblion, book, originally a diminutive of βιβλος, biblos, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos, meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported this writing material... Salvation refers to deliverance from an undesirable state or condition. ... The word faith has various uses; its central meaning is similar to belief, trust or confidence, but unlike these terms, faith tends to imply a transpersonal rather than interpersonal relationship – with God or a higher power. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... The Five Solas are five Latin phrases (or slogans) that emerged during the Protestant Reformation and summarize the Reformers basic beliefs and emphasis in contradistinction to the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church of the day. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Bible (sometimes The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word, or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βιβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, plural of βιβλιον, biblion, book, originally a diminutive of βιβλος, biblos, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos, meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported this writing material... Salvation refers to deliverance from an undesirable state or condition. ... Sola scriptura (Latin By Scripture alone) is one of five important slogans of the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. ... In Christian theology, a formal principle is the authority which forms or shapes the doctrinal system of a religion, religious movement or tradition or a religious body or organization. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... The Five Solas are five Latin phrases (or slogans) that emerged during the Protestant Reformation and summarize the Reformers basic beliefs and emphasis in contradistinction to the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church of the day. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Bible (sometimes The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word, or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βιβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, plural of βιβλιον, biblion, book, originally a diminutive of βιβλος, biblos, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos, meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported this writing material... The pope is the Patriarch of the West and Bishop of Rome, and leader of the Catholic Church. ... The word tradition, comes from the Latin word traditio which means to hand down or to hand over. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... The Five Solas are five Latin phrases (or slogans) that emerged during the Protestant Reformation and summarize the Reformers basic beliefs and emphasis in contradistinction to the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church of the day. ... God is the term used to denote the Supreme Being believed by monotheistic religions to exist and to be the creator and ruler of the Universe. ... The 1748 Haussmann portrait of the composer. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which emerged in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... The Five Solas are five Latin phrases (or slogans) that emerged during the Protestant Reformation and summarize the Reformers basic beliefs and emphasis in contradistinction to the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church of the day. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... For other uses, see Mediation Mediator is a book series written by Meg Cabot. ... God is the term used to denote the Supreme Being believed by monotheistic religions to exist and to be the creator and ruler of the Universe. ... Mankind may refer to: Human beings and their society An alias of professional wrestler Mick Foley The MMORTS Mankind The morality play Mankind. ... The Phantom is a comic strip created by Lee Falk (also creator of Mandrake the Magician), recounting the adventures of a costumed crime-fighter called the Phantom. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Stare decisis (Latin:, Anglicisation:, to stand by things decided) is a Latin legal term, used in common law to express the notion that prior court decisions must be recognized as precedents, according to case law. ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Look up Status quo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Status quo is a Latin term meaning the present current, existing state of affairs. ... Status quo ante is a Latin term meaning, the state of things as it was before. ... Proofreading means reading a proof copy of a text in order to detect and correct any errors. ... Frederick II (left) meets al-Kamil (right). ... Official force name 75th Ranger Regiment Rangers Other names Airborne Rangers Army Rangers U.S. Army Rangers Branch U.S. Army Chain of Command USASOC Description Special Operations Force, rapidly deployable light infantry force. ... This is a list of legal terms with short definitions. ... Southern Cross is the English name of Crux Australis, a constellation visible in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Subpoena Duces Tecum (Latin for: bring with under penalty of punishment). ... A subpoena (pronounced suh-pee-nuh) is a writ commanding a person to appear under penalty (from Latin). ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Baruch Spinoza Spinozism Liberalism Contributions to liberal theory Voorburg External links The Ethics - Split-screen Latin/English or Latin/French The EthicsA READABLE version with all the content still there. ... Pronunciation SOO-eye jen-ER-ihs Sui generis is a (post) Latin expression, literally meaning of its own kind/genus or unique in its characteristics. ... Sui iuris is a Latin phrase that literally means “of one’s own right”. It is usually spelled sui juris in civil law, which uses the phrase to indicate legal competence, the capacity to manage one’s own affairs (Blacks Law Dictionary, Oxford English Dictionary). ... Headstones in the Japanese Cemetry in Broome, Western Australia A cemetery in rural Spain A typical late 20th century headstone in the United States A headstone, tombstone or gravestone is a marker, normally carved from stone, placed over or next to the site of a burial. ... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BCE (between 29 and 19 BCE) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... Justinian may refer to: Justinian I, a Roman Emperor; Justinian II, a Byzantine Emperor; Justinian, a storeship sent to the convict settlement at New South Wales in 1790. ...

T

Tabula rasa
"Scraped tablet" — i.e., "a blank slate". Romans used to write on wax-covered wooden tablets, which were erased by scraping with the flat end of the stylus. John Locke used the term to describe the human mind at birth before it had acquired any knowledge.
Tabula gratulatoria
"List of congratulations."
Talis qualis
"As such"
Taliter qualiter
"Somewhat"
Tempora Heroica
"The Heroic Age."
Tempus fugit
"Time flies."
Tempus rerum imperator
"Time is the commander of all things."
Ter in die (tid)
"Thrice a day" (medical shorthand)
Terminus ad quem
"Limit until which" — see Terminus ante quem. May also refer to the latest possible ending date of a non-punctual event (period, era, etc.).
Terminus ante quem
"Limit before which" — in archaeology or history refers to the date before which an artifact or feature must have been deposited.
Terminus a quo
"Limit from which" — see Terminus post quem. May also refer to the earliest possible starting date of a non-punctual event (period, era, etc.).
Terminus post quem
"Limit after which" — in archaeology or history refers to the date after which an artifact or feature must have been deposited.
Terra firma
"Solid ground."
Terra incognita
"Unknown land."
Terra nullius
"No man's land" — a neutral or uninhabited area, or land not under the sovereignty of any recognized political entity.
Tertium non datur
"No third is given" — logical axiom that a claim is either true or false, with no third option.
Timeo Danaos, et dona ferentes
"I fear the Greeks, even bearing gifts." — in Virgil’s Æneid, II, 49, said by Laocoon with reference to the Trojan Horse. The complete quote is quidquid id est, timeo Danaos, et dona ferentis ("Whatever it is, I fear..."; ferentis as an archaic form of ferentes, a form often used by Virgil).
Translatio imperii
"Transfer of rule" — belief in the transfer of the Empire from the Roman Empire of antiquity to the medieval Holy Roman Empire.
Treuga Dei
"Truce of God" — a decree by the medieval Church that all feuds should be cancelled during the Sabbath (effectively from Wednesday or Thursday night until Monday).
Tu autem
"You, also" — see memento mori.
Tuebor
"I will protect." — One finds this phrase on the Great Seal on the flag of the state of Michigan.
Tu fui, ego eris
"I was you, you will be me" — i.e., "What you are, I was; what I am, you will be."; a gravestone inscription to remind the reader that death is unavoidable.
Tu quoque
"You too" - used to describe the logical fallacy of attempting to defend one's position merely by pointing out the same weakness in one's opponent. If a politician is criticised for advocating an inadequately-funded plan, and replies that his or her opponent's plan is equally inadequately funded, this is a 'tu quoque' argument: undermining the counterproposal on the same basis does not make the original plan any more satisfactory.
Tu quoque fili
"You too, son" — attributed to Julius Caesar; see Et tu, Brute.

Tabula rasa (Latin: scraped tablet, though often translated blank slate) is the notion that individual human beings are born blank (with no built-in mental content), and that their identity is defined entirely by events after birth. ... Wax has traditionally referred to a substance that is secreted by bees (beeswax) and used by them in constructing their honeycombs. ... Common disk-shaped tablets A pharmacological tablet is a medicinal or other active substance mixed with binder powders and pressed into a tablet form. ... Styli used in writing in the Fourteenth Century. ... John Locke - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The mind is the term most commonly used to describe the higher functions of the human brain, particularly those of which humans are subjectively conscious, such as personality, thought, reason, memory, intelligence and emotion. ... Tempora Heroica is a quirky and original MUD. It is a text-based, fantasy roleplaying game that is home to a long-standing virtual community of colorful characters and players. ... A medical prescription (â„ž) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... Terra incognita is a term used in exploration for unknown territory that has not been mapped or documented. ... Terra nullius is a Latin expression deriving from Roman Law meaning empty land or no mans land. Modern applications of the term stem from 16th and 17th century doctrines describing land that was unclaimed by a sovereign entity recognized by European authorities as land that was not owned at... A sculpture of Virgil, probably from the 1st century AD. Publius Vergilius Maro (October 15, 70 BC–19 BC), known in English as Virgil or Vergil, is a Latin poet, the author of the Eclogues, the Georgics and the Aeneid, the last being an epic poem of twelve books that... The Aeneid is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BCE (between 29 and 19 BCE) that tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy where he became the ancestor of the Romans. ... Laocoön (Greek Λαοκοων, pronounced roughly La-oh-koh-on), son of Acoetes, was allegedly a priest of Poseidon (or of Apollo, by some accounts) at Troy; he is famous for warning the Trojans in vain against accepting the Trojan Horse from the Greeks, and for his subsequent divine execution. ... 19th century etching of the Trojan Horse The Trojan Horse is part of the myth of the Trojan War, as told in the Latin epic poem The Aeneid of Virgil. ... The term translatio imperii, Latin for transfer of rule, typically refers to the passing of the crown of the Roman emperor. ... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus), until its radical reformation in what was later to be known as the Byzantine Empire. ... The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation (German: Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation â–¶(?), Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium Nationis Germanicae, see names and designations of the empire) was a political conglomeration of lands in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the early modern period. ... The Peace and Truce of God was a medieval European movement of the Roman Catholic Church which applied spiritual sanctions in order to control and stop the violence of feudal society. ... This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ... State nickname: The Wolverine State, The Great Lakes State Official languages English de-facto Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Governor Jennifer Granholm (D) Senators Carl Levin (D) Debbie Stabenow (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 11th 96,889 mi² / 250,941 km² 41. ... Headstones in the Japanese Cemetry in Broome, Western Australia A cemetery in rural Spain A typical late 20th century headstone in the United States A headstone, tombstone or gravestone is a marker, normally carved from stone, placed over or next to the site of a burial. ... Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: IMP·C·IVLIVS·CAESAR·DIVVS) (b. ... This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ...

U

Ubi re vera ... or ubi revera ...
"Where(as), in reality ..."
Ubi solitudinem faciunt, pacem appellant
"Where they make a wasteland, they call it peace" — Tacitus, Agricola, ch. 30.
Una salus victis, nullam sperare salutem
"The only hope for the doomed is not to hope for safety" - Virgil's Aeneid
ult.
abbreviation for ultimo. Formerly used in formal correspondence to refer to the previous month. Compare with inst. and prox.
Ultima ratio
"Last argument" — the last resort. Louis XIV, King of France, had Ultima Ratio Regum ("The last resort of kings") engraved on the cannons of his armies.
Ultra vires
"Without authority"
Unus multorum
"One of many" — an average person.
Urbi et Orbi
"To the city (of Rome) and to the globe" — standard opening of Roman proclamations; also a traditional blessing by the Pope.
Ut biberent, quando (or quoniam) esse nollent
"So that they might drink, since they refused to eat" — from a story by Suetonius (Vit. Tib. 2.2) and Cicero (De Natura Deorum, 2.3). The phrase was said by Roman admiral Publius Claudius Pulcher, right before the battle of Drepana, as he threw overboard the sacred chickens which had refused to eat the grain offered them — an unwelcome omen of bad luck. So the sense is "if they do not perform as expected, they must suffer the consequences".
Ut infra
"As below."
Ut retro
"As backwards" or "as on the back side" — i.e., "as above" or "as on the previous page".
Ut supra
"As above."

Gaius Cornelius Tacitus Publius or Gaius Cornelius Tacitus (ca. ... The Agricola (Latin title: De vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae) is a book by Tacitus, written c. ... For the musical group of the same name, see Louis XIV (band). ... Urbi et Orbi, literally to the City (of Rome) and to the World, was a standard opening of Roman proclamations. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost 4,000,000 1... The pope is the Patriarch of the West and Bishop of Rome, and leader of the Catholic Church. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus (69/70 AD - After 130 AD) or known as Suetonius was a prominent Roman Writer. ... Marcus Tullius Cicero (standard English pronunciation ; Classical Latin pronunciation ) (January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin orator and prose stylist. ... Publius Claudius Pulcher (of the Claudii family) was a Roman general. ... Battle of Drepana Conflict First Punic War Date 249 BC Place Offshore Drepana, in Sicily Result Carthaginian victory The battle of Drepana or Drepanum (offshore modern Trapani, western coast of Sicily, 249 BC) was the a naval battle between the fleets of Carthage and the Roman Republic, fought during the...

V

Vade mecum
"Go with me" — a vade-mecum or vademecum is an item one carries around, especially a handbook.
Vade retro!
"Go back!" — i.e., "step back!", "begone!" Publius Terent, Formio I, 4, 203.
Vade retro Satana!
"Go back, Satan!" or "Go back, Lucifer!"— implied meaning "go away, do not dare to tempt me!". From a popular Medieval Catholic exorcism formula, apparently based on a rebuke by Jesus to Peter in the Vulgate, Mark 8:33: vade retro me, Satana. ("step back from me, Satan!").
Vanitas vanitatum, omnia vanitas
"Vanity, vanity, all is vanity" (Bible, Ecclesiastes, 1:2)
Vaticinium ex eventu
"Prophecy from the event" - prophecy made to look as written before the events it describes, while in fact being written afterwards.
Vae victis
"Woe to the conquered"
Veni, vidi, vici
"I came, I saw, I conquered" — the full text of a message sent by Julius Caesar to the Roman Senate, to describe his battle against King Pharnakles of Pontus near Zela in 47 BC.
Vera causa
"The true cause (of)"
Verba ita sunt intelligenda, ut res magis valeat quam pereat
Legal phrase meaning "Words are to be so understood that the subject-matter may be preserved rather than destroyed".
Verbatim et litteratim
"Word by word and letter by letter."
Verbi divini minister
"Servant of the word of God" — i.e., a priest.
Verbum Dei
"Word of God"
Verbum Domini Manet in Aeternum
"The Word of the Lord Endures Forever" — VDMA, the motto of the Lutheran Reformation.
Veritas
"Truth" - the current motto of Harvard University. Also the British political party Veritas.
Veritas, Christo et Ecclesiae
"Truth for Christ and the Church" - the founding motto of Harvard University
Veritas Omnia Vincit
"Truth conquers all" - the motto of Wilfrid Laurier University, Ontario
Versus (vs or v.)
"Against" — as in "Good versus Evil".
Veto
"I forbid" — a right to unilaterally stop a certain piece of legislation.
Via
"By way (of)" (lit. road). — "I will contact you via e-mail"
Via media
"Middle path" — the Church of England was said to be a via media between the errors of Roman Catholicism and the extremes of Protestantism.
Vice-versa
"With places exchanged" — i.e., "in reverse order", "conversely".
Victoria aut mori! (Victoria aut mors)
"Victory or Death!"
Vide infra (v.i.)
"See below."
Vide supra (v.s. or supra)
"See above" or "See earlier in this writing"
Videre licet (videlicet, viz.)
"one may see" — used to introduce examples or a listing of something just named.
Vis legis
"Force of the law"
Visio dei
"God's vision."
Vita ante acta
"Life lived before" — i.e., a previous life
Vivat, crescat, floreat!
"May he/she/it live, grow, and flourish!"
Vivat Regina!
"Long live the Queen!"
Vivat Rex!
"Long live the King!"
Votum separatum
An independent, minority voice
Vox clamantis in deserto
"The voice of one shouting in the desert/wilderness". From Isaiah 40, quoted by John the Baptist in the gospels. Sometimes this has connotations of "unheeded" or "in vain", but it is also the motto of Dartmouth College, where it is taken to mean an isolated beacon of education and culture among the wilds of New Hampshire.
Vox Populi
"voice of the people"
Vox Populi, vox Dei
"The voice of the people is the voice of God"

Vade mecum is from Latin, literally meaning go with me. ... Publius Terentius Afer, better known as Terence, was a comic playwright of the Roman Republic. ... Exorcism is the practice of evicting demons or other evil spiritual entities which are supposed to have possessed (taken control of) a person or object. ... A famous painting of Jesus from the Chapel of Łagiewniki Jesus, also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ (from the Greek Ιησούς Χριστός ; transliteration: Iesous Christos). He is also considered an important prophet in Islam. ... Saint Peter, also known as Peter, Simon ben Jonah/BarJonah, Simon Peter, Cephas and Kepha—original name Simon or Simeon (Acts 15:14)—was one of the twelve original disciples or apostles of Jesus. ... For the Arthurian Vulgate Cycle, see Lancelot-Grail Cycle. ... The Gospel of Mark is traditionally the second of the New Testament Gospels. ... The Bible (sometimes The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word, or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βιβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, plural of βιβλιον, biblion, book, originally a diminutive of βιβλος, biblos, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos, meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported this writing material... Ecclesiastes, Kohelet in Hebrew, is a book of the Hebrew Bible. ... Vaticinium ex eventu (Prophecy from the event) is a technical theological or historiographical term referring to a prophecy written after the author already had information about the events he was foretelling. The text is written so as to appear that the prophecy had taken place before the event. ... Vae victis is Latin for Woe to the conquered. In 390 BC, an army of Celtic Gauls led by Brennus attacked Rome, capturing all of the city except for the Capitoline Hill, which was successfully held against them. ... Veni, vidi, vici is a famous Latin phrase coined by Roman general and consul Julius Caesar in 47 BC; Caesar used the phrase as the full text of his message to the Roman senate describing his recent victory over Pharnaces II of Pontus in the Battle of Zela. ... Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: IMP·C·IVLIVS·CAESAR·DIVVS) (b. ... The Roman Senate (Latin, Senatus) was a deliberative body which was important in the government of both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. ... The ponti people are also known as the dunce peoples of greece For Pontus the Greek god, see Pontus (mythology) After the colonisation of the Anatolian shores by the Ionian Greeks, Pontus soon became a name which was applied, in ancient times, to extensive tracts of country in the northeast... Zela is a titular see of Asia Minor, suffragan of Amasea in the Helenopontus. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 52 BC 51 BC 50 BC 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC... Veritas is a United Kingdom political party, formed in 2005 as a split from the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP). ... The word veto comes from Latin and literally means I forbid. ... Legislation refers to the process of enacting statutory laws, or to the set of statutory laws in a state. ... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a movement within Christianity, representing a split from within the Roman Catholic Church during the mid-to-late Renaissance in Europe —a period known as the Protestant Reformation. ... Isaiah (Hebrew ישׁעיהו Yeshayahu or Yəša‘ăyāhû) is a book of the Jewish Hebrew Bible as well as the Christian Old Testament, containing prophecies attributed to Isaiah. ... The Baptism of Christ, by Piero della Francesca, 1449 John the Baptist (also called John the Baptizer or Yahya the Baptizer) is regarded as a prophet by at least three religions: Christianity, Islam, and Mandaeanism. ... For the genre of Christian-themed music, see gospel music. ... Dartmouth College is a small private university in Hanover, New Hampshire, and a member of the Ivy League. ... State nickname: Granite State, Mother of Rivers, White Mountain State, Switzerland of America [1] Official languages English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Governor John Lynch (D) Senators Judd Gregg (R) John Sununu (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 46th 24,239 km² 3. ...

See also

This is a list of Latin words with derivatives in English (and other modern languages). ... This list of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names is intended to help those unfamiliar with classical languages understand and remember the scientific names of organisms. ... A number of Latin terms are used in legal terminology and legal maxims. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... A medical prescription (℞) is a written order by a medical doctor to a pharmacist for a treatment to be provided to the doctors patient. ... An eyeglass prescription is a written order by an ophthalmologist or an optometrist to an optician for eyeglasses. ... A Brocard is a juridical principle usually expressed in Latin (and often derived from juridical works of the past), traditionally used to concisely express a wider legal concept or rule. ... Here are some examples of French words and phrases used by English speakers. ... This page lists English translations of several French phrases used in English texts and presumed to be understood by the English reader. ... A list of French proverbs can be found at Wikiquote:French proverbs. ... Below is a list of German expressions used in English. ... This page lists English translations of German words and phrases used in English texts and presumed to be commonly understood by the English reader. ... List of Greek Phrases/Proverbs Αα (h)a Ageōmetrētos mēdeis eisitō. Let no-one without knowledge of geometry enter. Motto over the entrance to Platos Academy (quoted in Elias commentary on Aristotles Categories). ... Here are some words or phrases from the Spanish that are sometimes used in English slang, but have not entered the standard lexicon. ...

Notes

  1. ^  Cave Canem
  2. ^  Exempli gratia (e.g.) and id est (i.e.) are commonly confused and misused in colloquial English. The former, exempli gratia, means "for example", and is used before giving examples of something (e.g., "I have lots of favorite colors, e.g., blue, green, and hot pink"). The latter, id est, means "that is", and is used before clarifying the meaning of something, i.e. when elaborating, specifying, or explaining rather than when giving examples (e.g., "I have lots of favorite colors, i.e. I can't decide on just one"). See Dictionary.com for more information.

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