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Encyclopedia > Polka
Street musicians in Prague playing a polka

Polka is a fast, lively Central European dance, and also a genre of dance music. It originated in the middle of the 19th century in Bohemia, and is still a common genre of Czech and Slovenian folk music; it is common both in Europe and in the Americas. In classical music, many polkas were composed by both Johann Strauss I and his son Johann Strauss II; a couple of well-known ones were composed by Bedřich Smetana and Jaromír Vejvoda, the author of Škoda lásky ("Roll Out the Barrel"). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1365x1812, 1913 KB) Street musicians in Prague performing a Polka. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1365x1812, 1913 KB) Street musicians in Prague performing a Polka. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... Musical genres are categories which contain music which share a certain style or which have certain elements in common. ... Dance music is music composed, played, or both, specifically to facilitate or accompany dancing. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Folk music can have a number of different meanings, including: Traditional music: The original meaning of the term folk music was synonymous with the term Traditional music, also often including World Music and Roots music; the term Traditional music was given its more specific meaning to distinguish it from the... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... World map showing the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere historically considered to consist of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Johann Strauss I Johann Strauss I (German: Johann Strauß) born in Vienna, (March 14, 1804 – September 25, 1849) was an Austrian Romantic composer known particularly for his waltzes and for popularizing it alongside Josef Lanner thereby (without intention) setting the foundations for his sons to carry on his musical dynasty. ... Johann Strauss II The Waltz King coming to life in the Stadtpark, Vienna Johann Strauss II (in German: Johann Strauß (Sohn), Johann Strauss (son); in English also Johann Strauss the Younger, Johann Strauss Jr. ... Portrait of BedÅ™ich Smetana BedÅ™ich Smetana (pronounced ; 2 March 1824 - 12 May 1884) was a Czech composer. ... Jaromír Vejvoda (March 28, 1902 Zbraslav u Prahy – November 13, 1988 at the same place) was a Czech composer of music and the author of the Beer Barrel Polka. Life and work Vejvoda learned to play the fiddle and flugelhorn in a band led by his father. ... Beer Barrel Polka, also known as Roll Out the Barrel, is a song which became popular world-wide during World War II. The music was originally composed by the Czech musician Jaromír Vejvoda aka Twinkletoes in 1927. ...


The name comes from the German word Polka[1], meaning "Bohemian Dance" which comes from the Czech word polka, also meaning "Bohemian dance", which itself is lent from the Polish polka, literally meaning "Polish woman", the feminine form of polak. The word may also be an German-originating alteration of Czech pulka, meaning "half." Due to its name it is often mistakenly attributed to Poland. It should also not be confused with the polska, a Swedish 3/4-beat  dance with Polish roots; cf. polka-mazurka. A related dance is the redowa. Polkas have a 2/4  time signature. Bohemians are inhabitants of Bohemia, in the Czech Republic. ... The Poles (Polish: Polacy) are a nation inhabiting the country of Poland (in Central Europe) and a number of other states in the world, where they form a significant Polish diaspora. ... The polska is a family of music and dance forms shared by the Nordic countries: called polsk in Denmark, polska in Sweden and Finland and by several names in Norway in different regions and/or for different variants - including pols, rundom, springleik, and springar. ... Image File history File links 3-4_rhythm_metre_meter_time_measure. ... The polka-mazurka is a dance, musically similar to the mazurka, but danced much like the polka. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Image File history File links 2-4_rhythm_metre_meter_time_measure. ... Metre or meter (US) is the measurement of a musical line into measures of stressed and unstressed beats, indicated in Western music notation by a symbol called a time signature. ...

Contents

Styles

There are various styles of contemporary polka. Of the US types, the North American "Polish-style polka" has roots in Chicago, and can be identified as 'Chicago honky' and 'Chicago push' styles. This 'push' version or style of Polka features accordion, Chemnitzer concertina, bass, drums, and (almost always) two trumpets. The 'honky' variation of this style uses clarinet and one trumpet. North American "Slovenian-style polka" is fast and features piano accordion and/or diatonic button accordion, and is associated with Cleveland. North American "Dutchman-style" features an oom-pah sound, often with a tuba, and has roots in the American Midwest. "Conjunto-style" has roots in Northern Mexico and Texas, and is also called Norteño. In the 1980s and 1990s several bands began to combine polka with various rock styles, sometimes referred to as "punk polka", "alternative polka" or "San Francisco-style". Also, uyu9yyyyyyyyyyyya "duranguense" polka which comes from Durango and is a Mexican type of music. This uses drums, sax, trombones, keyboards, and a tuba-keyboard, it is in a rapid beat. Artist like Grupo Montez De Durango, Alacranes Musical, Horoscopos De Durango, Conjunto Atardecer, K-paz De La Sierra. Irish traditional music has also adopted the polka into its repertory and there it has come into its own distinct flavor. There is even Peruvian Polca. Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... A Chemnitzer concertina is a musical instrument of the hand-held bellows-driven free-reed category, sometimes called squeezeboxes (Ed. ... Slovenian-style polka is an American style of polka in the Slovenian tradition. ... This article is about the instrument as a whole. ... A diatonic button accordion is a type of button accordion where the melody-side keyboard is limited to the notes of diatonic scales in a small number of keys (sometimes only one). ... Cleveland redirects here. ... Oom-pah is an onomatopoeic name for a type of Germanic music typically involving brass instruments. ... For other uses, see Tuba (disambiguation). ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Tejano is also the name of Texans of Spanish origin. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Norteño (literally meaning northern in Spanish; also known as conjunto) is a genre of Mexican music. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


In the pampas, there is another kind of polka (that is called polca). It is a very very fast beat, with a 3/4 compass. Instruments used: acoustic guitar (usually six strings, but sometimes seven strings), electric or acoustic bass (sometimes fretless), accordion (sometimes piano accordion, sometimes button accordion), and sometimes some percussion is used. The lyrics always praise the gaucho warriors from the past or tell about the life of the gaucho campeiros (provincial gauchos who keep the common way). The pampas (from Quechua for plain) are the fertile lowlands that extend across c. ... For other uses, see Gaucho (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Gaucho (disambiguation). ...


The polka in the classical repertoire

Bedřich Smetana incorporated the polka in his opera The Bartered Bride (Czech: Prodaná nevěsta) and in particular, Act 1. Portrait of BedÅ™ich Smetana BedÅ™ich Smetana (pronounced ; 2 March 1824 - 12 May 1884) was a Czech composer. ... The Bartered Bride (Czech: , The Sold Bride) is the second opera, a comedy, by BedÅ™ich Smetana. ...


While the polka is Bohemian in origin, most dance music composers in Vienna (the capital of the vast Habsburg dynasty which is the cultural centre for music from all over the empire) composed the polka and included the dance in their repertoire at some point of their career. The Strauss family in Vienna for example, while probably more well-known for their waltzes also composed polkas which have survived obscurity. Josef Lanner and other Viennese composers in the 19th century also wrote many polkas to satiate the demands of the dance music-loving Viennese. In France, another dance-music composer Emile Waldteufel also wrote many polkas in addition to his chief profession of penning waltzes. For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Strauss (German: Strauß) is a common German surname, with variant spellings Strauß, Straus and Strouse, possibly originating in Middle High German strûz fight. In Switzerland, or in the English language, Strauß is usually spelled Strauss. ... A waltz (German: , Italian: , French: , Spanish: , Catalan: ) is a ballroom and folk dance in   time, done primarily in closed position. ... Josef Lanner (12 April 1801 – 14 April 1843) was an Austrian dance music composer who was best remembered as one of the earliest Viennese composers to reform the waltz from a simple peasant dance to one that even the highest society would dance to and actually enjoy the waltz music... Emile Waldteufel (December 9, 1837 - February 12, 1915) was a French composer of popular music as well as waltzes and polkas. ...


The polka evolved during the same period into different styles and tempi. In principle, the polka written in the 19th century has a 4-theme structure; themes 1A and 1B as well as a 'Trio' section of a further 2 themes. The 'Trio' usually has an 'Intrada' to form a break between the two sections. The feminine and graceful 'French polka' (polka française) is slower in tempo and is more measured in its gaiety. Johann Strauss II's Annen Polka op. 114, Demolirer polka op. 269, the Im Krapfenwald'l op. 336 and the Bitte schön! polka op. 372 are examples of this type of polka. The polka-mazurka is also another variation of the polka, being in the tempo of a mazurka but danced in a similar manner as the polka. The final category of the polka dating around that time would be the 'polka schnell' which is a fast polka (also known as a 'galop'). It is in this final category of which Eduard Strauss is better known for as a composer as he penned the 'Bahn Frei' polka op. 45 and other examples. Earlier, Johann Strauss I and Josef Lanner wrote polkas which are either designated as a 'galop' (quick tempo) or as a regular polka which may not fall into any of the categories described above. Demolirer-Polka (Demolition Mens Polka) op. ... Im Krapfenwaldl (In Krapfens Woods) op. ... The polka-mazurka is a dance, musically similar to the mazurka, but danced much like the polka. ... The mazurka (Polish: mazurek, named after Polands Mazovia district; mazurka is the feminine form of mazurek) is a Polish folk dance in triple metre with a lively tempo, containing a heavy accent on the third or second beat. ... Eduard Strauss (15 March 1835 - 28 December 1916) was an Austrian composer who, together with brothers Johann Strauss II and Josef Strauss formed the Strauss musical dynasty. ... Johann Strauss I Johann Strauss I (German: Johann Strauß) born in Vienna, (March 14, 1804 – September 25, 1849) was an Austrian Romantic composer known particularly for his waltzes and for popularizing it alongside Josef Lanner thereby (without intention) setting the foundations for his sons to carry on his musical dynasty. ...


The polka was also a further source of inspiration for the Strauss family in Vienna when it was written only for plucked string instruments (pizzicato) resulting in the well-known 'Pizzicato Polka' jointly written by Johann II and Josef Strauss. Johann II also wrote a later 'New Pizzicato Polka' (Neu Pizzicato-Polka) op. 449 culled from music of his operetta 'Fürstin Ninetta'. Much earlier, he also wrote a 'joke-polka' (German "scherz-polka") entitled 'Champagne-Polka' op. 211 which hints at the uncorking of champagne bottles and its subsequent popping sounds. Jazz bass is played almost exclusively in pizzicato. ... Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter. ...


Organizations

The International Polka Association based in Chicago works to preserve the cultural heritage of polka music and to honor its musicians through the Polka Hall of Fame. The International Polka Association is a group located in Chicago, Illinois that is dedicated to the study and preservation of polka music and the cultural heritage of Polish Americans who have made this music the central musical tradition of their heritage. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...


The United States Polka Association based in Cleveland, Ohio serves to promote polka music and honor musicians. This organization is similar to the IPA.


The newest polka organization is Polka America Corporation based out of Ringle, Wisconsin. This newest organization promotes all genres and dedicates itself to supporting all levels in the polka field.


Grammy Awards were first presented for polka in 1985. The first award went to America's Polka King, Frank Yankovic, for his "70 Years of Hits" album on Cleveland International Records, produced by Joey Miskulin and Dragutin Razum. Cleveland International Records had another Polka Grammy winner with Brave Combo's Polkasonic in 1999. Other Polka Grammy nominees on Cleveland International Records include Frank Yankovic's "America's Favorites" (1986), "Songs of the Polka King Vol. I" (Produced by Joey Miskulin and Slavko Slivovitz, 1996), "Songs of the Polka King Vol. II" (1997), and Brave Combo's "Kick Ass Polkas" (2000). Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Frankie Yankovic (July 15, 1915 - October 14, 1998) was a polka musician of Slovenian origin from Cleveland, Ohio. ... Cleveland International Records is an independent record label formed in 1977 by Steve Popovich. ... Cleveland International Records is an independent record label formed in 1977 by Steve Popovich. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Cleveland International Records is an independent record label formed in 1977 by Steve Popovich. ...


"Polka Varieties" was an hour-long television program of polka music originating from Cleveland, Ohio. It was the only television program for this type of music in the US. From 1956 to 1975, "Polka Varieties" ran solely in WEWS-TV, Cleveland, on Sunday afternoons from 1:00 to 2:00, and was syndicated during its later years to 30 television markets. The program featured various popular Polish, Slovenian, Italian, and Bohemian-style bands. America's Polka King Frankie Yankovic was the original band to perform on the show. Other bands included Richie Vadnal, George Staiduhar, Markic-Zagger, and Hank Haller. Original host Tom Fletcher was replaced by Paul Wilcox, whose presence became an indelible part of the show.[2]


Samples

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Some polka artists

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Eläkeläiset on stage in Germany spring 2004 Eläkeläiset (Finnish for pensioners) is a humppa band founded 1993, that plays humppa and jenkka music in Germany, Finland and elsewhere. ... Slavko Avsenik (b. ... Eddie Blazonczyk is a polka musician and leader of the band The Versatones. ... Brave Combo is a polka/rock band based in Denton, Texas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tom Brusky (born 1970) is a Slovenian-style polka musician and bandleader from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... Finntroll is a folk metal band from Finland. ... Myron Floren Myron Floren (born November 5, 1919 in Roslyn, South Dakota - died 23 July 2005 in Los Angeles County, California) is best known as being the accordionist on The Lawrence Welk Show between 1950 and 1982. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Walt Groller (born February 12, 1931 in Allentown, Pennsylvania) is an American polka musician. ... Haunted Cologne is a polka/punk band from Phoenix, Arizona, with brothers Andrew and Tristan Jemsek. ... Walter Lil Wally Jagiello Małego Władziu (August 1, 1930 – August 17, 2006) was an American polka musician and songwriter from Chicago, Illinois. ... Walter Lil Wally Jagiello, Mały Władziu (August 1, 1930 – August 17, 2006), was an American (of Polish background) polka musician and songwriter from Chicago, Illinois. ... Global Kryner is a six-piece Austrian progressive jazz-folk band, consisting of clarinet player Christof Spörk, bass trombonist, tenor and yodeller Sebastian Fuchsberger, guitarist Edi Koehldorfer, trumpet player Karl Rossmann, accordion player Anton Sauprügl, and jazz vocalist Sabine Stieger. ... Categories: Polka musicians | Musician stubs ... Loituma is a Finnish quartet whose members combine the Finnish vocal tradition with the sounds of the kantele (Finnish zither). ... The Mad Maggies is a San Francisco Bay Area band formed by composer, Maggie Martin. ... Ladislav Walter Ostanek (b. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Polkacide is a band based in the San Francisco Bay Area that plays their own unique style of polka. ... POLKAHOLIX is a polka/rock band from Berlin / Germany. ... The Mike Schneider Polka Band performing at Tony Petkovseks 2006 Thanksgiving Polka Weekend. ... Slovenian-style polka is an American style of polka in the Slovenian tradition. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... Jimmy Sturr is a polka musician and leader of Jimmy Sturr & His Orchestra. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Lawrence Welk (March 11, 1903 – May 17, 1992) was a musician, accordion player, bandleader, and television impresario, hosting The Lawrence Welk Show from 1951 to 1982. ... This article is about the musician himself. ... Frankie Yankovic (July 15, 1915 - October 14, 1998) was a polka musician of Slovenian origin from Cleveland, Ohio. ... Bobby Jones can refer to different people: Bobby Jones: a golf player Bobby J. Jones: a baseball player Bobby M. Jones: a baseball player Bobby Jones: a basketball player Bobby Jones: a gospel singer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the... Mojo Nixon (born Neill Kirby McMillan, Jr. ... El Grupo Móntez de Durango El Grupo Móntez de Durango is a duranguense band currently based in Chicago, USA. This group is well known in the United States and some states in Mexico like Baja California, Sonora, Sinaloa and Zacatecas. ...

See also

Austrian folk dancing (see Austria) is mostly associated with Schuhplattler, Landler, Polka or Waltz. ... Typical rhythm of a Polonaise For a robe à la polonaise, see Polonaise (clothing). ... The polka-mazurka is a dance, musically similar to the mazurka, but danced much like the polka. ... The mazurka (Polish: mazurek, named after Polands Mazovia district; mazurka is the feminine form of mazurek) is a Polish folk dance in triple metre with a lively tempo, containing a heavy accent on the third or second beat. ... Tejano (Spanish for Texan) or Tex-Mex[1] music is the name given to various forms of folk and popular music originating among the Hispanic-descended Tejanos of Central and South Texas. ... Tejano (Spanish for Texan) or Tex-Mex[1] music is the name given to various forms of folk and popular music originating among the Hispanic-descended Tejanos of Central and South Texas. ...

References

  1. ^ [1]

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Polka History of Dance (762 words)
Polka is defined as a vivacious couple dance of Bohemian origin in duple time; was a basic pattern of hop-step-close-step; a lively Bohemian dance tune in 2/4 time.
Bohemian historians believe that the polka was invented by a peasant girl (Anna Slezak, in Labska Tynice in 1834) one Sunday for her amusement.
The polka was introduced in England by the middle of the nineteenth century.
Polka - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (907 words)
Polka is a type of dance and genre of dance music.
In classical music, many polkas were composed by both Johann Strauss I and his son Johann Strauss II; a couple of well-known ones were composed by Bedrich Smetana and Jaromír Vejvoda, the author of Škoda lásky ("Roll Out the Barrel").
The Deviant Underground Polka Association, or DUPA in Chicago, Illinois works to push the eXtreme polka music to younger audiences by live perfomances and events with both eXtrme Polka bands and more tradtional groups at the same time: Such as Lil Wally and The Polkaholics shows at Zakopane Lounge in Chicago.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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